Wednesday 16 November 2011 by Sue Ducker. No comments
News, Collection, Collection Highlights

The Memorial is interested in making contact with the relatives or contributors to the famous Changi quilts.  If you can provide more information about the women who made these quilts please contact sue.ducker@awm.gov.au

REL/14235 - Embroidered quilt : Female internees, Changi Prison, "Australian Quilt" REL/14235 - Embroidered quilt : Female internees, Changi Prison, "Australian Quilt" REL

When Singapore fell on 15 February 1942, 400 women and children were interned. The quilts were the idea of Mrs Ethel Mulvaney. Supposedly made for the wounded in Changi hospitals, the quilts were actually meant to relieve boredom, to boost morale, and to pass information to other camps. Three quilts were made, one each for the Red Cross organisations of Britain, Australia and Japan. 

The Australian War Memorial is privileged to hold two of these quilts, the Australian Quilt  [REL/14235] and the Japanese Quilt [RELAWM32526].  The quilt for the British Red Cross was taken to England after the war.

Dozens of women contributed to the quilts, embroidering or appliquéing small pieces of salvaged material which were then combined to create the three quilts.  According to one of contributors, Sheila Bruhn (nee Allen) “You could call them signature quilts, but they are also more than that, for they represent the thoughts and hopes of these women, linking them to the nearby Prisoners of War, some of whom were their husbands, to the Girl Guide movement and to the Red Cross Society”.

A fourth quilt, the Girl Guide Quilt, constructed from blocks of hexagons, is held by the Imperial War Museum in London.

A full description of the quilts, their history and a detailed description of the Australian quilt, panel by panel, is available on the Australian War Memorial’s online Encyclopaedia.

Below is an alphabetical listing of those who contributed to the quilts held by the Australian War Memorial, the quilt in which their work is sewn, the square number and a description of each square:

Name Quilt Square Description
Agnew, M. R. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 48 Red, yellow and blue flowers cut from floral print fabric and applied with black, green and grey buttonhole-stitch. Flowers sit in a green chain-stitch bowl with a green and pink chain-stitch band across it. Yellow chain-stitch signature ‘M.R. ?Agne[w]’.
Aitken, V. W. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 35 Eight small scattered appliquéd flowers in puce, blue and green, cut from floral fabric and applied with red buttonhole-stitch. Signature in red stem-stitch ‘V? W? Aitken’.
Allen, Sheila REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 21 Green satin-stitch map of Australia with dark brown kangaroo and green grass within it. Top left corner has a pale grey aeroplane and bottom left corner a passenger ship in black and cream on a pale blue sea. Shadow lettering in red stem-stitch at top ‘AUSTRALIA’ and bottom ‘CHANGI’. Signature in red stem-stitch, bottom right corner ‘Sheila Allen 1st May 1942’. The word ‘Prison’ beside the word ‘Changi’ at bottom has been drawn in pencil but over stitching has been removed
Auger, T. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 65 Black, beige, green and mauve stem and satin-stitch embroidery of a palm tree and a thistle. Mauve stem-stitch signature ‘JUDY GOOD’. Square 66: Appliquéd blue, green, grey and cream floral fabric [same fabric as Square 55] edged with grey buttonhole-stitch. Signature in dark grey stem stitch ‘T.AUGET [or AUGER]’.
Austen-Hofer, E. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 27 Figure of a Japanese child? with a rake beneath a tree. Face, body and jacket in brown, pink and green stem and buttonhole-stitch. Trousers appliquéd from pink and white fabric. Rake and clogs in brown chain-stitch. ‘Leaves’ on tree made from appliquéd circles of brightly coloured fabric; trunk from brown and blue chain-stitch. Chain-stitch flowers in pink and mauve at base of tree. Blue chain-stitch pond behind figure. Green chain-stitch signature ‘E. Austen-Hofer’.
Austin-Hofer, E. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 8 Blue, mauve and silver-grey stem-stitch wall with figure of a woman in a red dress sitting in the lower right corner. She has a thought bubble of a tree with a blue and cream trunk, green leaves and pink flowers; a brown, white and black loaf of bread; a red, green and black bottle with ‘WINE’ label, and words ‘AND THOU BESIDE ME IN THE WILDERNESS’ [a misquote of Omar Khayyam]. Upper right corner has signature in red ‘CHANGI E. Austen-Hofer’
Barnes, N. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 11 Dark brown and silver-grey butterfly surrounded by yellow, pink and mauve chain-stitch daisies with pale-green satin-stitch leaves. Cream satin-stitch signature ‘B. Milliard’ and mauve satin-stitch signature ‘N..oa? Barnes’.
Beck, Helen RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 33 Mount Fuji in white and pink stem-stitch with a light brown stem and chain-stitch pine tree in the foreground. Signature in light brown stem-stitch ‘Helen Beck’.
Bell, M. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 54 Grey and blue convolvulus flower and bud in buttonhole and satin-stitch. Flower has a yellow centre. Leaves, stems and tendrils are embroidered in dark and light green chain, stem and satin-stitch. Signature in grey stem-stitch ‘M Bell’.
Bell, M. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 40 Black stem-stitch figure of a Scottish terrier in centre, with black, white and yellow satin-stitch figure of Jiminy Cricket in top left corner. Signature in black stem-stitch ‘M.Bell’.
Blackman, E. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 18 Toddler in yellow stemstitch with curl on top of head, black eyes, pink mouth, and a wreath of pink and mauve flowers on its head. The child is seated on a mauve stool placed on a pink rug with a black zig-zag edge. Black stem-stitch signature ‘E. Blackman’.
Blackman, s. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 5 Stem-stitch outline of a yellow bear riding a pink and black tricycle. The tricycle is towing another yellow bear sitting in a mauve cart with pink wheels. The features of the bears are in black. Black stem-stitch signature ‘S. Blackman’.
Bloom, Freddy REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 53 Black, red and grey stem-stitch winged alarm clock in top left corner with three walnuts? in lower right corner and signature in centre ‘F.BLOOM’.
Bloom, Freddy RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 7 Appliquéd daffodil with green ribbon stem and leaves and a yellow towelling flower. Cream stem-stitch ‘DAFFODIL RAMPANT by F.BLOOM’. Placement of flower head, stem and leaves is made to look like a striking cobra.
Bond, Betty REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 47 Yellow ochre, grey, light green, black, white and red representation of a house in Malacca with trees, palms and a mountain done in stem and satin- stitching and cross-hatching. Underneath ‘MALACCA’ in red stem-stitch. Signature above in yellow ochre stem-stitch ‘Betty Bond 24.5.42’.
Bridges, S. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 55 Six satin-stitch flowers. Two royal blue with yellow centres, two yellow with brown centres and two purple with yellow centres. Green stem-stitch stems and leaves. Signature in red stem-stitch ‘S. [or G.] Bridges.’.
Broardbent, M. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 40 Circle of large yellow and small blue flowers in satin-stitch. Yellow flowers have black centres and blue flowers yellow. Pale green leaves. Grey chain-stitch signature ‘M Broadbent’.
Brown, I. D. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 45 Two sprigs of heather in green stem-stitch and mauve and puce knot-stitch. Signature in green stem-stitch ‘I.D.BROWN’.
Brown, I. D. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 3 Dark brown stem-stitched wall with pink buttonhole stitch hollyhocks set against it. There are smaller flowers and foliage, in yellow, orange, purple, mauve and green chain, stem and satin-stitch, and green satin-stitched Cyprus trees. Signature in green ‘I.D. BROWN’
Burgin, Valerie REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 44 Grey wool representation of a wall. The lines of wool are held in place by cram cotton over-stitching. Above in red embroidery ‘CHANGI HOLIDAY HOME’. Beneath, also in red, ‘Valerie Burgin Cell 38 A.V.’. [Stitching missing in some places]
Burnes, Margaret REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 24 Red, yellow and green satin-stitch maple leaves with ‘CANADA’ above them. Below signatures in satin and stem-stitch ‘M.Burns’ and ‘E.Mulvany’.
Burnes, Margaret RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 49 Yellow ochre buttonhole-stitch flower with black stem-stitch details and pale green buttonhole and stem-stitch leaves and stalk. Signature in yellow ochre stem-stitch ‘MARGARET BURNS’.
Burstall, Norah REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 45 Satin stitch representation of a tropical fruit or vegetable in two shades of green. Green stem-stitch signature ‘Norah Burstall’.
Clark, M. G. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 32 Shirley poppy flowers and buds sewn in cream and pink buttonhole-stitch with olive green stem-stitch stems and leaves. Signature in olive green stem-stitch M.G.CLARK.’
Cogan, Geraldine REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 26 Three stylised pink flowers and leaves in satin-stitch, in shades of pink and green, within a double green circle. Pink stem stitch words within the circle edges ‘GERALDINE COGAN CHANGI SINGAPORE 1942’.
Corley, G. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 43 Blue and green appliqué fabric flowers in a basket. Blue flowers are edged with black satin stitch and defined with blue and orange thread. Leaves and stems are over-sewn with black and defined with various shades of green. Basket is embroidered in black. Black stem-stitch signatures ‘D.Corley’ and ‘G.Gottleib’.
Corneilius, D. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 62 Blue stem-stitch dove of peace. Red stem-stitch signature ‘D.CORNELIUS’.
Cray, Joan Stanley REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 48 Brown stem-stitch figure of a male skier, set against mountains. Signature in same colour ‘JOAN STANLEY CRAY’.
Cubbin, J. M. S. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 61 Pink, puce, white and green floral fabric flowers appliquéd with dark blue buttonhole-stitch. Signature in grey chain-stitch ‘J.M S Cubbin’.
Cutler, R. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 29 Appliquéd tulips made from blue and ochre patterned fabric edged with cream buttonhole-stitch. Leaves in light green fabric. Signature in red chain-stitch ‘R.Cutler’.
de Jager, S. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 62 Three flower sprigs in plain blue, green, cream, yellow and mauve fabrics appliquéd in buttonhole-stitch. Details, such as stamens, veining etc. have been added in green, blue and white cotton. Signature in dark blue chain-stitch ‘S de Jager’.
de Moubray, Katherine REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 58 Pink stem-stitch tudor rose with cream french knot centre and cream stem-stitch leaves and stalk. Beneath, within a pink stem-stitch scroll a mauve signature ‘Katherine de Moubray’.
Dickinson, Pauline RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 50 Dolly Varden figure at a dovecote in a flower garden. Figure has green and blue stem-stitch poke bonnet, mauve and pink stem-stitch bodice, yellow stem-stitch neck and arms, and blue, mauve and green floral print fabric skirt applied with blue buttonhole-stitch. Dovecote in green satin-stitch; doves in blue satin-stitch. Flowers and path in green, blue, orange, mauve and pink satin and stem stitch. Signature in pale green stem-stitch ‘Pauline Dickinson 1942’.
Dixson, Nolah RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 53 Bunch of pale yellow and orange flowers with green leaves and brown stems in buttonhole, stem and satin-stitch. Outstanding quality embroidery. Signature in brown chain-stitch ‘Nolah [or Norah] Dixon’.
Edwards, J. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 42 Pair of grey chain-stitch doves with yellow eyes and beaks, and red feet. One bird is within a pale green, mauve and yellow circle of chain-stitch flowers. Grey chain-stitch signature ‘J.Edwards’.
Edwards, M RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 8 Printed fabric flowers and leaves in blue and green, with pink, red and yellow details, appliquéd with red buttonhole-stitch. Signature in red back-stitch ‘M. Edwards’.
Ennis, M. Elizabeth REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 30 Dark blue stem-stitch passenger liner on a silver-grey sea, leaving the palm trees (also dark blue) of Singapore behind. Beneath the words, on dark blue, ‘HOMEWARD BOUND’. Signature in black stem-stitch ‘M.ELIZABETH ENNIS’.
Evans, A RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 31 Three groups of red and pink chain-stitch daisies, with yellow centres and green stem-stitch stems, leaves and ground. Signature in green stem-stitch ‘A? Evans’.
Fletcher, Lucy REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 55 Appliquéd floral fabric in pale blue, cream and grey [same fabric as Square 66] edged with silver-grey buttonhole-stitch. Signature in silver-grey stem-stitch ‘Lucy Fletcher’
Fr, S REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 63 Stem and satin-stitch wreath of flowers with a bee and a butterfly. Flowers in orange, mauve, cream and silver-grey with green stems. Beige chain-stitch signature ‘S. (or G) FR...(disappears into seam).
Francis, E. M. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 4 Nine chain and stem-stitch daisy heads in shades of pink, mauve, purple and blue, with yellow and black centres. Signature in green stem-stitch ‘E.M. Francis’.
Francis, Kay REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 54 All over pattern of chainstitch flowers in shades of pink, mauve, blue, red and green. Plain fabric diamond shape in centre bears green embroidered signature ‘KAY FRANCIS’.
Good, Judy REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 49 Arabesque, lyre-shaped design in pink, mauve and pale green stem-stitch. The following signatures etc are easily legible ‘Thumbs Up’, ‘J Tompkins’, ‘The Crypt', ‘Helen Loxton’, ‘Judy Good’, ‘Irene Whitehead’, ‘J.H. Nealson’ and ‘M.S.MacDonald’. Each arabesque ends with a tiny embroidered place name e.g. ‘Ipoh’
Gottleib, G. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 43 Blue and green appliqué fabric flowers in a basket. Blue flowers are edged with black satin stitch and defined with blue and orange thread. Leaves and stems are over-sewn with black and defined with various shades of green. Basket is embroidered in black. Black stem-stitch signatures ‘D.Corley’ and ‘G.Gottleib’.
Gouch, E. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 7 Appliquéd flowers made from cut-out floral print fabric in pink, blue and brown. The appliqué is edged with cream button-hole stitch. Signature in cream stem-stitch ‘E.Gouch’.
Greaves, F. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 59 Sprig of holly in red, green, brown and black chain-stitch. Red stem-stitch signature ‘F. Greaves’.
Griffith-Jones, A. L. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 34 Mauve, green, grey, dark blue and cream stem-stitch figure of a man shooting on the moors. There are flowers and other vegetation in the foreground and ‘1942’ in green issuing from the gun barrel. Signature in mauve stem-stitch ‘A.L. Griffith-Jones’.
Hancock, Clarice RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 66 Machine embroidered black, orange and white ‘floss’ flower, cut out and appliquéd with cream over-stitching. Signature in pink back-stitch ‘CLARICE HANCOCK’
Harkness REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 61 Bunch of flowers in elongated chain-stitch, with french knot centres, and stem and satin-stitch leaves and stems. Flowers in pink, gold and blue, with gold centres; leaves in green. Pink signature ‘HARKESS’.
Heath, K. M. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 64 Grey and black stem-stitch scene of a table set for tea. A church and a village can be seen through the window. Signature in grey stem-stitch on the table edge ‘K.M.HEATH’
Heath, K. M. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 33 Black, pink and cream stem-stitch image of Changi Prison, seen from behind bars, with a Japanese flag flying from the central tower. Signature in black ‘prison’ arrows ‘K.Heath’.
Hegarty, B. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 65 Five tulips in pink, puce, yellow and mauve buttonhole and stem-stitch, with green stem-stitch stalks and leaves. Signature in green stem-stitch ‘B.HEGARTY’.
Henderson RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 18 Appliquéd flower, stem and leaves in grey, red, cream and yellow print fabric, edged with black buttonhole-stitch. Signature in black chain-stitch ‘Henderson’.
Hergarth, Bridget REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 41 Red, white and blue stem-stitch ‘V’ for Victory, filled with blue and pink satin-stitch flowers with green leaves. Signature in blue stem-stitch ‘Bridget Hergarth’.
Hillies, Ada RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 56 Maroon, pink and white brocade fabric flower appliqued with grey buttonhole-stitch. Signature in grey stem-stitch ‘Ada. H[W?]illies’.
Hooper, G. S RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 26 Bunch of heavy, pink grub roses, and other flowers, with green foliage. Signature in brown stem-stitch ‘Mrs G.S. Hooper’.
Hughes, Mary C. C. C. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 11 Two interlocking circles of satin-stitch flowers and leaves in shades of blue, pink, orange and green. Flowers have yellow centres. Signature in green stem-stitch ‘Mary C.C.C. Hughes’.
Hughes, Mary C. C. C. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 39 Red stem-stitch map of England with light blue embroidered ‘Scotland’, ‘England’, ‘Wales’, ‘North Sea’, ‘Irish Sea’, ‘English Channel’, ‘Edinburgh’, ‘Cardiff’ and ‘London’. Top right has buttonhole-edged cloud in blue with red ‘England Scotland & Wales’. Red stem-stitch signature ‘Mary C.C.C.Hughes’.
Iris RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 60 Dark red fabric three-petal flowers with yellow centres, applied with black buttonhole-stitch, with green fabric leaves applied with yellow buttonhole-stitch. Signature in pink ‘IRIS’.
Jackson, P. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 10 Appliquéd printed fabric flowers and leaves in red, pink, blue and green, edged with black buttonhole-stitch. Signature in black chainstitch ‘P. Jackson’.
Jamieson, A. L. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 57 Grey feather-stitch circle with a red, pink, blue and green printed floral fabric flower in the centre applied with grey over-stitching. Signature in grey feather-stitch ‘A.L. Jamieson’.
Jenkins, Isobel REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 59 Satin and stem-stitch figures in black, red, mauve, blue, brown and yellow of two of the Seven Dwarfs from Disney's ‘Snow White’. Top left is a black embroidered menu ‘Bubor Soup - Rice Limejuice Rice Pudding’. Lower right is a red embroidered menu ‘Porridge Cold Ham - Rice Soup - Pickles Bun - Butter Cheese’. Across the centre in black ‘THERE IS ALWAYS A TOMORROW’.  Signature in black ‘Isobel Jenkins (R.A.M.C.)’.
Jones, Eileen RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 44 Circle of pale pink, pale blue, yellow and white flowers in candlewick-stitch, with green stem-stitch leaves. Cream stem-stitch signature ‘Eileen Jones’. Embroidery appears to have been done on a lawn handkerchief which has then been appliqued to the cotton issue square with white buttonhole-stitch.
Jones, Eileen REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 31 Fine black chain-stitch head of a `Tommy' in a steel helmet, giving the thumbs-up. Signature ‘EILEEN JONES’.
Jones, Nora J. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 27 Vase or basket of flowers in shades of yellow, rust, dark cream and green, in a combination of satin, elongated chain, stem and buttonhole-stitches. Signature in dark cream stem-stitch ‘Nora J.Jones’.
Jones, Nora J. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 6 Spray of mauve, pink and blue printed fabric flowers appliqued with black buttonhole stitch. Signature in black stem-stitch ‘NORA J. JO[NES]’.
Kennard, K. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 37 Pink, mauve, green, yellow and black pansies and a daisy. Stem-stitch signature in pink and green ‘Marion Williams’; grey chain-stitch signature ‘P J Mitchell’ and grey stem-stitch signature ‘K.Kennard’
King, E RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 34 Yellow stem-stitch sun rising out of a grey stem-stitch sea. Yellow stem-stitch ‘Singapore 28-4-1942’ and grey stem-stitch signature ‘E? King’.
Kinnear, G. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 23 Appliquéd flowers cut from mauve and blue printed floral fabric, edged with grey button-hole stitch. Signature in grey chain-stitch ‘G.Kinnear’.
Kock, Cynthia RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 41 Fine red chain and satin-stitch rose with green chain and stem-stitch leaves and stem. Red stem-stitch signature ‘Cynthia Kock’.
Kronin, A. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 21 Appliquéd flower (rose?) in faintly striped cream fabric. Flower edged with pink buttonhole-stitch; details of petals in pink chain-stitch. Signature in pink chain-stitch ‘A.Kronin’.
Ktts, Rhoda RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 13 Bunch of orange, gold and pink chain-stitch daisies with green stem-stitch stems and leaves. Stems held together with pale blue stem-stitch tie decorated with orange dots. Pale blue stem-stitch signature ‘Rhoda KITTS’.
Lacey, C. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 14 Two green fabric clover leaves appliquéd with green buttonhole-stitch. Stems in green stem-stitch. Signature in green stem-stitch ‘C.Lacey’.
Lacey, H. G. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 32 Stem and satin-stitch embroidery of Sir Francis Drake playing bowls at Plymouth before setting out to defeat the Spanish Armada in 1588. Shows Sir Francis smoking a pipe and bowling, part of a galleon and houses, and the words ‘ROSE INNE’, ‘PLYMOUTH HOE 1588’. Colours - black, cream, blue, puce and green. Signature in puce stem-stitch ‘H.G. Lacey’.
LaCloche, A. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 17 Union Jack in red, white and lavender stem-stitch, flying from a black staff. Signature in red stem-stitch [some stitches missing] ‘A. LaCloche’.
Lindsay, Gladys RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 28 Pink and green chain and stem-stitch tulip. Pink stem-stich signature ‘Gladys Lindsay’.
Logan, Diana REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 28 Embroidered hat badge of the Gordon Highlanders in silver, grey, green, brown, yellow and dark blue, showing antlered stag within a wreath, surmounted by a crown. Underneath the regimental motto ‘BYDAND’ [watchful]. Signature in puce stem-stitch ‘Diana Logan’. Above, also in puce, ‘CHANGI 1942’. The word prison is sketched in pencil but the stitching has been removed.
Loveridge, Edith A. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 58 Three orange buttonhole-stitch marigolds with black centres and green chain and stem-stitch leaves and stems. Black satin-stitch signature ‘Edith A Loveridge’
Loxton, Helen REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 49 Arabesque, lyre-shaped design in pink, mauve and pale green stem-stitch. The following signatures etc are easily legible ‘Thumbs Up’, ‘J Tompkins’, ‘The Crypt', ‘Helen Loxton’, ‘Judy Good’, ‘Irene Whitehead’, ‘J.H. Nealson’ and ‘M.S.MacDonald’. Each arabesque ends with a tiny embroidered place name e.g. ‘Ipoh’
MacDonald, M. S. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 49 Arabesque, lyre-shaped design in pink, mauve and pale green stem-stitch. The following signatures etc are easily legible ‘Thumbs Up’, ‘J Tompkins’, ‘The Crypt', ‘Helen Loxton’, ‘Judy Good’, ‘Irene Whitehead’, ‘J.H. Nealson’ and ‘M.S.MacDonald’. Each arabesque ends with a tiny embroidered place name e.g. ‘Ipoh’
MacIntosh-Whyte, Joan REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 52 Black fabric appliqué and black and brown satin and running-stitch showing a small figure sitting in a shaft of sunlight in a Changi cell, with the words ‘HOW LONG O LORD HOW LONG!’. Underneath the signatures ‘JOAN MACINTOSH-WHYTE IRIS G.PARFITT CELL 2G AIII’.
Martin, L. A. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 22 Yellow chain-stitch daisies with black centres, and black stem-stitch leaves and stems. Leaves have red chain-stitch ribs. Signature in red chain-stitch ‘L.A. Martin’.
Martin, N. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 52 Grey chain-stitch bell-shaped flowers with dark and light green chain and running stitch stems and leaves. Signature in dark green chain-stitch ‘N Martin’.
Mather, Dorothy REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 35 Royal blue and red stem-stitch map of the Malay Peninsula and Singapore, with arrows linking the towns of Alar Star, Taiping, Sarambon and Changi. Verse and signature in red ‘I wandered down a long long trail from Alar Star to Changi gaol. Dorothy Mather’.
Maunder RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 24 Crocus flowers cut from gold brocade fabric appliquéd with gold button-hole stitch. Further details added in black stem-stitch. Stems and leaves in light green and blue stem-stitch. Signature in green stem-stitch ‘Maunder’.
McCubbin, J REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 23 Three stem and satin-stitch thistles in shades of green, mauve and brown, within a green circle held by a sprig of heather, in the same colours, tied with a green bow. Signature in green stem-stitch ‘J.McCUBBIN’.
McIntyre, V. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 42 Dark green armoured figure of St George fighting a red dragon blowing red and yellow fire. Signature in cream stem-stitch ‘V.McIntyre’.
McIvor, J. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 15 Appliquéd map of Scotland in fine pink/blue/yellow check fabric that has an overall tartan effect. Edged with silver-grey buttonhole stitch. Two signatures stem-stitched in the same grey ‘J. McIvor’ and ‘S.K. McKenzie’. Brown stain above the ‘M’ of McKenzie.
McKenzie, S. K. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 15 Appliquéd map of Scotland in fine pink/blue/yellow check fabric that has an overall tartan effect. Edged with silver-grey buttonhole stitch. Two signatures stem-stitched in the same grey ‘J. McIvor’ and ‘S.K. McKenzie’. Brown stain above the ‘M’ of McKenzie.
McLeod, C. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 2 Circle of blue hearts, and red and blue flowers with yellow centres, in fine stem and satin-stitch. Blue stem-stitch signature beneath ‘C McLeod’.
McMorine, Martha REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 29 Appliquéd fabric butterfly edged with dark blue button-hole stitch. Antennae and pattern on wings in dark blue stem-stitch. Signature in dark blue stem-stitch ‘Martha McMorine’.
Moir, E. A. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 36 Three red stem-stitch flowers with red and yellow centres and pale green leaves and stems. Signature in grey stem-stitch ‘E.A. Moir’.
Morier, M. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 12 Three interlocking circles of satin-stitch flowers. One circle red flowers with white centres, one white with red centres and one grey with white centres. Signature in grey satin-stitch ‘M. MORIER’.
Muir, E. M. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 1 Red stem-stitched outlines of three flowers, with stems and leaves in dark cream thread. Name embroidered in cream ‘E.M. Muir’. The embroidery has been done over a blue indelible pencil design.
Mulvany, Ethel RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 38 Satin and stem-stitch arabesque spray of flowers and leaves in greens, reds, orange, pink, blue, yellow and grey. Work of outstanding quality. Signature in black stem-stitch ‘Ethel Mulvany’.
Mulvany, Ethel REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 24 Red, yellow and green satin-stitch maple leaves with ‘CANADA’ above them. Below signatures in satin and stem-stitch ‘M.Burns’ and ‘E.Mulvany’.
Murphy, E. H. H. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 10 Three green stem-stitch circles bearing respectively, purple and green thistle, mauve and green heather, and blue and green bluebells. Underneath in green stemstitch ‘THERE WILL ALWAYS BE AN ENGLAND AS LONG AS SCOTLAND STANDS. E.H.H. MURPHY’.
Murphy, Pat RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 47 Brown, green, red, yellow, mauve, pink, blue, puce and black stem, chain and buttonhole-stitch embroidery of a garden gate in a wall with various flowers, including hollyhocks, growing in front of it. Signature above in blue ‘Pat Murphy’.
Nealson, J. H. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 49 Arabesque, lyre-shaped design in pink, mauve and pale green stem-stitch. The following signatures etc are easily legible ‘Thumbs Up’, ‘J Tompkins’, ‘The Crypt', ‘Helen Loxton’, ‘Judy Good’, ‘Irene Whitehead’, ‘J.H. Nealson’ and ‘M.S.MacDonald’. Each arabesque ends with a tiny embroidered place name e.g. ‘Ipoh’
Oldworth, E. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 60 Wreath of pale grey satin-stitch flowers with yellow centres and green stems and leaves. Signature in black ‘E.Oldworth’.
P, A. M, REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 13 Wreath of light blue wool cross-stitch flowers with yellow centres and pale green leaves. Signature in yellow wool cross-stitch ‘A.M.P.’.
Palomar, Leonor RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 15 Posey of buttonhole-stitch flowers in shades of pink, blue, mauve, purple, yellow and orange, with green buttonhole-stitch leaves. Stem-stitch signature ‘Leonor Palomar’.
Parfitt, Iris P. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 52 Black fabric appliqué and black and brown satin and running-stitch showing a small figure sitting in a shaft of sunlight in a Changi cell, with the words ‘HOW LONG O LORD HOW LONG!’. Underneath the signatures ‘JOAN MACINTOSH-WHYTE IRIS G.PARFITT CELL 2G AIII’.
Patterson, V. M. H. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 51 Maypole seen from above with a green satin-stitch circle of grass and red, blue and pink chain-stitch flowers. Coloured chain-stitch `ribbons' in orange, blue, pink, yellow, cream and green lead from the centre of the pole to the letters of the maker's name in the grass ‘V M H PATTERSON’.
Pearson, E. M. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 17 Bunch of mauve, pink and blue chain-stitch flowers with yellow centres, in a vase stem-stitched in two shades of green. Signature in blue stem-stitch ‘E.M.Pearson’.
Rackham, Anne REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 14 White stem-stitched Highland Terrier with brown eye, nose and claws, standing on olive green grass. Olive green stem-stitch signature ‘ANNE RACKHAM’.
Rank, M. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 20 Appliquéd flowers and leaves cut from blue, red and green floral print fabric. Applied and edged with black buttonhole-stitch. Signatures in red stem-stitch ‘M.Rank E.Sadler Psa.103’. [Refers to Psalm 103: ‘Praise the Lord, O my soul: and all that is in me praise his holy Name’. Rank and Sadler were American missionaries]
Rattray, Edith Lascelles RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 5 Red and yellow chain-stitch tulips with green chain-stitch stems and leaves. Signature in red stem-stitch ‘Edith Lascelles Rattray’.
Reilly, Rodney REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 22 Dark blue and red stem-stitch figure of a Michelin tyre type figure that is knitting and the words ‘Tiny, William, Joe, Suge?, Joe, Watty, Allan’. Signature ‘Rodney Reilly’.
Renton, Constance E. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 43 Appliquéd grey satin rabbit edged with grey buttonhole-stitch, with grey stem-stitch whiskers and a white satin-stitch tail. Rabbit is sitting in a field of pink and yellow flowers and green grass in satin and stem-stitch. Light green stem-stitch signature ‘Constance E. Renton’.
Russell-Davis, Freda E. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 46 All-over pattern of yellow, pink and blue chain-stitch flowers with leaves and stems in various shades of green. Signature in green chain-stitch ‘F.E. Russell-Davis’.
Russell-Davis, Freda E. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 20 Appliquéd Dolly Varden figure with mauve satin poke-bonnet and sash and pale blue satin dress with puffed sleeves. Dress lifts at back to show four rows of appliquéd lace petticoat. Bonnet has green satin-stitch ribbons and yellow flowers. Dress is over embroidered in a sprig pattern of yellow French knot flowers and green chain stitch leaves. The figure is set against a border of red, puce, pink, blue, cream and yellow flowers in stem and chain-stitch and French knots. There are smaller groups of similar flowers on both bottom corners. Embroidered signature in green stem-stitch ‘F.E. Russell-Davis (Freda)’.
Ruthven, D RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 16 Spray of light blue chain-stitch daisies with yellow centres and green stem-stitch stalks and leaves. Signature in red stem-stitch ‘D.Ruthven’.
Sadler, E. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 20 Appliquéd flowers and leaves cut from blue, red and green floral print fabric. Applied and edged with black buttonhole-stitch. Signatures in red stem-stitch ‘M.Rank E.Sadler Psa.103’. [Refers to Psalm 103: ‘Praise the Lord, O my soul: and all that is in me praise his holy Name’. Rank and Sadler were American missionaries]
Scott, Mary P. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 19 Appliquéd flower made from cream fabric printed with pale blue and mauve flowers. The fabric cut-outs have been applied with cream buttonhole-stitch. Signature in pale blue stem-stitch ‘M.P.Scott.’.
Scott, Mary P. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 6 Bunch of chain-stitch flowers and foliage in dark blue, light blue, pink and white. Flowers have yellow centre dots. Signature in brown stem-stitch ‘Mary P. Scott’.
Sheila REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 51 Brown and cream chain and stem-stitch figure of a Tommy with a steel helmet, pack and rifle, and brown stem-stitch hands giving the thumbs-up sign. The soldier is dreaming of Hovis bread, wine, cigarettes, women and beer, which are contained within a pink stem-stitch bubble. Dark blue stem-stitch signature ‘SHEILA’.
Shorthouse REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 9 Single appliqué, four-petalled, buff coloured flower edged with red button-hole stitch. Signature in cream stem-stitch ‘Mrs. Shorthouse’.
Smalley, B. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 16 Stem-stitch and elongated chain-stitch daisies and foliage with curved stems and leaves. Foliage is light green and daisies red, silver-grey and yellow. Signature in black stem-stitch ‘B. Smalley’.
Smallwood, M. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 12 Running, satin and chain-stitch ‘picture’ of an open-barred window in a brick prison cell, showing truckle bed with blanket and pillow, packing-case table with mug, bucket, dress on a hanger, and a bra and two pairs of panties drying on a line. Colours- cream, beige, light blue, dark green and pink. Above, in cream satin-stitch ‘A ROOM WITH A VIEW’ and ‘M. SMALL’[rest of signature in seam - Smallwood]
Sowerby, O. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 57 Cut out and appliquéd printed fabric of a Scots piper. Signature in grey back-stitch ‘O.SOWERBY’.
Stafford, N. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 9 Bunch of cherries in fine red and blue chain-stitch, with pale green chain-stitch leaves, brown chain-stitch stem and pale green satin-stitch cherry stalks. Signature in red chain-stitch ‘N. STAFFORD’.
Sullivan, M. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 30 Four appliquéd flowers and leaves made from plain coloured cream, gold, blue, mauve, purple, pink and white fabric, edged with black and cream buttonhole-stitch. Stamens and leaf ribs in green and red longstitch. Signature in blue stem-stitch ‘M. SULLIVAN’.
Tan, Ruth K. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 39 Bunch yellow, red and green chain and buttonhole-stitch flowers with dark green chain-stitch stems and leaves. Signature in red back back-stitch ‘Ruth K.Tan’.
Thomas, Mary REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 2 Five flowers, in mauve, yellow, red and blue, with stems and leaves in green, on a green hill. The sky is blue and the sun and its rays yellow. Executed in stem and running stitch. White chain-stitch name ‘MARY THOMAS’.
Tomkins, G. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 38 Appliquéd fabric scene of the New Zealand mountains and a lake. Fabrics in white, blues, mauve and brown have been used. Green satin-stitch has been used to edge and further define the scene. Beneath in blue stem-stitch ‘NEW ZEALAND MOUNTAINS G.Tompkins’.
Tompkins, J. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 49 Arabesque, lyre-shaped design in pink, mauve and pale green stem-stitch. The following signatures etc are easily legible ‘Thumbs Up’, ‘J Tompkins’, ‘The Crypt', ‘Helen Loxton’, ‘Judy Good’, ‘Irene Whitehead’, ‘J.H. Nealson’ and ‘M.S.MacDonald’. Each arabesque ends with a tiny embroidered place name e.g. ‘Ipoh’
Uniake, M. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 37 Red, yellow and grey stem-stitch flowers with green stem and chain-stitch leaves. Black stem-stitch ‘KIA ORA’ and signature ‘M Uniake’.
Uniake, M. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 64 Two Gollywog figures cut out of brown fabric and appliqued with cream button-hole stitch. They have green wool hair, yellow eyebrows, cream eyes and teeth, red noses, mouths and ties. One has embroidered in black above it ‘Dungie’, the other ‘Dungetta’ [refers to Mrs Uniake's son and daughter interned with her]. Black stem-stitch signature ‘M.Uniake’.
Unknown RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 63 Stem and running stitch embroidery of a red Japanese bridge over a white and blue river, with a background of mountains, trees and shrubs in green, light brown, red, white and aqua. Signature not legible - disappears into border.
Von Hagt, Ethne REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 56 Stem and running-stitch representation, in black, brown, cream, yellow, red, green and pink, of ‘Changi Hairdresser A.III Cell 7’. Shows stool, hairdresser, broom, bench with scissors, brush etc, and a mirror, all set against a black grid. Notice reads ‘Hours 10-12.30 DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY’. Red stem-stitch signature ‘Ethne von Hagt’.
Von Hagt, Violet REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 19 Red stem-stitch heart with silver-grey words within it ‘Good Luck. Happy Days 1942’. Underneath in red ‘A.III Cell.7 Changi’. Signature in silver grey ‘Violet von Hagt’.
Watson, Margarie REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 36 Thatched cottage with latticed windows set in a flower garden. Embroidery in a combination of satin, stem and buttonhole-stitches and green, yellow, blue, mauve, brown and different pink wools mixed with green cotton embroidery thread. Signature in black stem-stitch ‘Marjorie Watson’.
Watson, Mary REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 4 Elongated chain-stitch daisies in brown, beige, light blue, cream and pink, all with brown centres, contained within a cream herringbone stitch rectangular border. A triangle in each corner of the rectangle is filled with the daisies and in the centre is a pale grey stem-stitch signature ‘May Watson 1942’.
Webster, M. A. REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 46 Red and white satin-stitch, four-armed cross-roads sign. Arms bear respectively the words ‘TOMORROW’, ‘TODAY’, ‘EVERYDAY’ and ‘YESTERDAY’. Above is ‘1942’ and below ‘CHANGI’. Signature in same colours ‘M.A.Webster’.
White, H. D. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 1 Dark blue chain-stitch swallow tailed pennant and staff with Japanese characters in red satin-stitch (translates as ‘Banzai!’), with red satin-stitch signature beneath ‘H.D. White’.
Whitehead, Irene REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 49 Arabesque, lyre-shaped design in pink, mauve and pale green stem-stitch. The following signatures etc are easily legible ‘Thumbs Up’, ‘J Tompkins’, ‘The Crypt', ‘Helen Loxton’, ‘Judy Good’, ‘Irene Whitehead’, ‘J.H. Nealson’ and ‘M.S.MacDonald’. Each arabesque ends with a tiny embroidered place name e.g. ‘Ipoh’
Wickett, Mary RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 3 Bunch of red, yellow and blue flowers with green leaves cut from a piece of floral print fabric and appliquéd in light and dark blue, red and green buttonhole-stitch. Stems are embroidered in green stem-stitch and are held together with a light blue stem-stitch bow. Signature beneath in black stem-stitch ‘Mary Wickett. 30-4-42’.
Williams, Sue REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 25 Stem and satin-stitch scene of Penang in green, beige, cream and blue, showing beach, native boat on the water, hills, a cloud and a palm tree, all within a beige stem-stitch rectangle. ‘PENANG’ and signature ‘SUE WILLIAMS’ in blue.
Willis, Helen REL/14235 "Australian Quilt" 50 Heavy yellow cotton stem and satin-stitch embroidery of the regimental collar badge of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders showing interlocking wreaths containing a Scottish wild cat and a boar respectively. The scrolls to contain the mottos [Sans Peur and Ne Oblivis Caris] have been embroidered in but the mottos have not been filled in. Signature in black stem-stitch ‘Helen Willis’.
Wood, F. RELAWM32526 "Japanese Quilt" 25 Appliquéd flowers cut from plain coloured fabric in cream, orange and green, edged with cream buttonhole-stitch. Stamens, leaves and ribs have been applied in satin-stitch. Signature in pink chain-stitch ‘F.Wood’.