IVOR HELE - THE HEROIC FIGURE
Impup of Bankora
drawn in Markham River Valley area, New Guinea in 1943
coloured crayons, carbon pencil, black pencil on paper
55.8 x 37.4cm
acquired under official war art scheme in 1943
This portrait shows Impup, a local New Guinean, wearing a medal received for loyal services, as indicated in the lower left hand corner of the drawing. Hele has not emphasised the medal, however, only hinting at it by two faint lines on Impups chest. For Hele, the most important aim in this portrait was to provide an insight into Impups personality. In order to achieve this the artist has worked extensively on the subjects furrowed brow and deep facial indentations, re-applying black lines over the red crayon for further emphasis.
Throughout the campaign the Australians were assisted by the Papuan and New Guinean people, who helped to transport supplies and carry Australian casualties through the difficult terrain. Throughout his career Hele demonstrated a talent for portraiture, winning the Archibald Prize five times in the 1950s. Established in 1921, the Archibald Prize is awarded each year for the best portrait painted by an Australian artist.
Questions and discussion
List words to describe Impups personality. What qualities in Heles drawing evoke these responses?
Explore the role of portraiture during war time. Consider portraits today and discuss how attitudes to portraiture have changed.
The Archibald Prize is a continuing record of changing values and attitudes, not only towards artistic development but also to social and cultural affairs generally. Research the Archibald Prize winners (you may wish to start with the Archibald Prize article on Australia's Cultural Network) and discuss why Hele was a popular choice.
Draw or paint a portrait of a member of your class. Try to capture the persons particular characteristics and personality.