“When the air raid siren sounds …”

The government campaign used the Japanese air raids on northern Australia to convince those living in the south that their turn was not far off. As a result, they expected to see Japanese bombers flying over their towns and cities at any moment.

The lessons learned by the British during the Blitz in 1940 were adapted for local conditions by Australia’s National Emergency Services. Sirens were installed, shelters dug, and volunteers trained in first aid, fire fighting and other air raid precautions.

Adelaide children help construct air raid shelters, January 1942 - 045120 Adelaide children help construct air raid shelters, January 1942045120

Public air aid shelter - 042825 Public air aid shelter042825

If you are in a building when the air raid siren sounds - ARTV02591 If you are in a building when the air raid siren soundsARTV02591

ARP warden’s helmet - REL29506 ARP warden’s helmetREL29506

National Emergency Services whistle - REL/09979 National Emergency Services whistleREL/09979

Air raid warden’s rattle - REL/14094 Air raid warden’s rattleREL/14094