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Australian prisoners of war: Second World War
Prisoners of the Japanese: histories of the battalions involved

Further online resources

Australian prisoners of war: Second World War - Prisoners of the Japanese [General information about prisoners of the Japanese]
Australian prisoners of war: Second World War - Prisoners of the Japanese [Guide to researching prisoners of the Japanese]

Listed below are the major forces to which battalions contributed. There may have been some battalion members who were sent to other working parties and forces. The numbers in square brackets at the beginning of the AIF entries is the battalion number.

AIF

[2/18] James Burfitt, Against all odds: the history of the 2/18th Battalion, AIF (Frenchs Forest, NSW: 2/18th Battalion, AIF Association, c. 1991). [2/18th Battalion contributed men to A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and J Forces. Contains nominal rolls for Changi, Blakang Mati, and forces, Java and Sumatra.]

[2/19] R. W. Newton, The grim glory of the 2/19th Battalion, AIF (Sydney: 2/19th Battalion, AIF, Association, 1976). [2/19th Battalion contributed men to: A, B, E, C, D, F, G, and H Forces, Senior Officers Party, Japan parties under Varley and Newton, Japan ex-Thailand party, and French-Indochina party. Contains a list of prisoners of war and where they died, but not forces lists.]

[2/20] Don Wall, Singapore & beyond: the story of the men of the 2/20th Battalion told by the survivors (East Hills, NSW: 2/20th Battalion Association, 1985). [2/20th Battalion contributed men to: Singapore parties, A, C, D, F, H, J Forces, Officers Party and Japan parties from Thailand. Contains forces' nominal rolls.]

[2/21] Courtney Harrison, Ambon, island of mist: 2/21st Battalion, AIF (Gull Force), prisoners of war 1941-45 (North Geelong, Vic.: T. W. and C. T. Harrison, 1988). [2/21st Battalion men were sent to Hainan Island.]

[2/22] Douglas Aplin, Rabaul 1942 (Melbourne: [McCarron Bird for the] 2/22nd Battalion, AIF, Lark Force Association, 1980). [2/22nd Battalion men travelled on the Montevideo Maru.]

[2/26] W. R. Magarry, The battalion story: 2/26th Battalion, 8th Division, AIF (Jindalee, Qld.: W. R. Magarry, [1994?]). [2/26 battalion contributed men to: A, B, D, F, H and J Force. Unit nominal roll only]

[2/29] Robert W. Christie (ed.) A history of the 2/29th Battalion, 8th Australian Division, AIF ([Malvern, Vic.]: 2/29th Battalion, AIF, Association, 1983). [2/29th Battalion contributed men to: A, B, F, H and J Forces. Contains nominal roll and notes whether KIA (killed in action) or DPW (died prisoner of war).]

[2/30] A. W. Penfold, W. C. Bayliss, K. E. Crispin, Galleghan's greyhounds : the story of the 2/30th Australian Infantry Battalion, 22nd November 1940 - 10th October 1945 (Sydney: 2/30th Battalion, AIF, Association, Halstead Press, 1949). [2/30th Battalion contributed men to: A, B, F, H, and J Forces. Nominal roll includes notes KIA, DOW (died of wounds), Dx (died of other causes), M (missing), W (wounded), MID (Mention in Despatches), and lists total deaths by force.]

[2/40] Peter Henning, Doomed battalion: mateship and leadership in war and captivity: the Australian 2/40th Battalion 1940-45 (St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1995). [2/40th Battalion contributed men to: A, C, D, F, H, J Forces and Japan parties from Thailand . Nominal roll lists location in prisoner-of-war camps at war's end, as well as cause and place of death.]

Other units

E. F. Aitken, The story of the 2/2nd Australian Pioneer Battalion (Melbourne: 2/2nd Pioneer Battalion Association, 1953). [Roll of honour, including prisoner-of-war deaths by general area, e.g., Burma-Thailand, Japan, etc.]

Les Cody, Ghosts in khaki: the history of the 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion, 8th Australian Division AIF (Carlisle, WA: Hesperian Press, 1997). [Nominal roll lists of force, area, fate, etc.]

POW experience

Hugh Clarke, Colin Burgess, Russell Braddon, Prisoners of war (Sydney: Time-Life Books in association with John Ferguson, 1988). [Provides an overview of the Australian prisoner-of-war experience in Europe and under the Japanese; includes personal anecdotes and biographical information.]

Betty Jeffrey, White coolies: an account of the true story which inspired the film Paradise Road (Pymble, NSW: Angus & Robertson, 1997). [Lists Vyner Brooke nurses by place of death.]

Michael McKernan, This war never ends: the pain of separation and return (St. Lucia, Old: University of Queensland Press, 2001). [Examines the political, social and psychological impact of the prisoner of war experience on the homefront, during and after war].

Hank Nelson, POW Prisoners of war: Australians under Nippon (Sydney: ABC Enterprises for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 1985). [Provides an overview of the Australian prisoner-of-war experience under the Japanese; includes personal anecdotes and biographical information.]

Allan S. Walker, Middle East and Far East, The official history of Australia in the war of 1939-1945, Series 5 (Medical) Vol. II, (Canberra: Australian War Memorial, 1953). [The medical story of the Australian Army during the war; contains a detailed account of medical work among prisoners of war, camp life and conditions.]

Don Wall, Heroes at sea (Mona Vale, NSW: D. Wall, c. 1991)  [Nominal rolls:  Honour roll Montevideo Maru, civilians lost on Montevideo Maru. Honour roll Tamahoko Maru (including RAN and RAAF personnel). Honour roll SS Van Waerwijck. Honour roll Rakuyo Maru (including HMAS Perth and RAAF casualties).]

Don Wall, Sandakan under Nippon : the last march (Mona Vale, NSW: D. Wall, 1997). [Plan of 8 Mile Camp, late 1943-45; complete list of sentences for the "Sandakan incident", Feb-Mar 1944; honour roll for B Force; honour roll for E Force; list of personal effects found at various locations belonging to the prisoners.]

Brendan Whiting, Ship of courage: the epic story of HMAS Perth and her crew (St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1994). [Roll of honour, including those who died while prisoners of war.]

Lionel Wigmore, The Japanese Thrust, The official history of Australia in the war of 1939-1945, Series 1 (Army), Vol. IV, (Canberra: Australian War Memorial, 1957). [Details operations of the Australian army against Japan, including the prisoner-of-war experience; also contains information relating to each of the forces.]