Evacuation of ANZAC

19 December 1915 - 20 December 1915

After the failure of the August 1915 offensives at Suvla and ANZAC, Allied forces on the Gallipoli peninsula had few options remaining but to dig in for a difficult winter. In October 1915 the British Government began to consider the need for evacuation. After several weeks of debate and delay, ANZAC and Suvla were finally relinquished on 19 December, with Helles following suit on 9 January 1916. The evacuations at ANZAC, Suvla and Helles were, ironically a triumph of staff planning though it is also likely that the Turkish intelligence was not totally unaware of plans to disengage. By the time of evacuation close to 46,000 allied troops had been killed during the fighting on land from a total of 250,000 casualties. The Turkish forces suffered losses that were possibly even greater.