A Mounted Trooper and his horse on display in the Boer War Gallery at the Australian War Memorial. A Mounted Trooper and his horse on display in the Colonial Conflicts Gallery at the Australian War Memorial.

These galleries tell of Australia’s early military history from European settlement to the end of the Boer War.

During the nineteenth century most Australian colonies formed small armies and navies, the beginnings of a defence force for Australia. Late in the century colonial forces became involved in overseas conflicts in support of the British Empire in New Zealand, in the Sudan, in China and South Africa.

The galleries show how some part-time volunteers trained to defend their homes against possible threats. We also learn of the courage and endurance shown by those who left home for active service in New Zealand, the Sudan, China, and South Africa.

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