Dive deeper into the events that shaped ANZAC history and led to the rituals and traditions we observe today.
The Last Post
In military tradition, the Last Post is the bugle call that signifies the end of the day's activities.
A period of silence
The idea for one or two-minutes silence to remember the fallen is said to have originated with Edward George Honey, a Melbourne journalist and First World War veteran.
Rifle volleys and gun salutes
While making a loud noise has long been regarded as a form of celebration, the origins of such salutes are a little obscure.
Most remembrance ceremonies include a reading of a poem designed to help the listener understand the experiences of service people and their relatives in wartime.
The Rouse and the Reveille
Since Roman times, bugles or horns had been used as signals to command soldiers on the battlefield and to regulate soldiers’ days in barracks.
The tradition of reversing and resting on arms has been a mark of respect or mourning for centuries.
The unknown soldier
Plans to honour an unknown Australian soldier were first put forward in the 1920s but it was not until 1993 that one was at last brought home.
Flags at half mast
The tradition of lowering flags to half mast as a sign of remembrance is believed to have its origins on the high seas.
The lone piper
The origins of the lone piper are obscure, although a lone piper has been a feature of Scottish military ceremonies for several hundred years.
The acronym was first written as “A & NZ Army Corps”. However, clerks in the corps headquarters soon shortened it to ANZAC.
“Anzac spirit” came to stand for the positive qualities which Australians have seen their forces show in war – endurance, courage, ingenuity, good humour and mateship.
Roll of Honour
The Roll of Honour records and commemorates members of the Australian armed forces who have died during or as a result of war service and other operations.
The Commemorative Roll commemorates Australians who died during or as a result of service in wars, conflicts or operations identical with the Roll of Honour, but who are not members of the Australian armed forces.
During the First World War, many boys gave false ages in order to join as soldiers. Their numbers are impossible to determine.
More than 13,000 Australian soldiers married while serving overseas during the First World War.