Some Australian pilots qualified at courses at Point Cook, Victoria, and at Richmond, New South Wales; however, from 1917, most were trained in England. It took about 8 months to produce a pilot, commencing with classes in practical work and theory before handling aircraft.
After about 3 hours dual flying, candidates made their first solo flight. Pupils might then spend time with more advanced trainers like the Avro 504K. A candidate could complete about 20 hours flying, including some long cross-country flights and some night-flying, before qualifying as a pilot and being allowed to wear the ‘wings’ insignia.
The training for observers concentrated on weapons, shooting, visual observation, navigation, and photography. Air mechanics were trained as carpenters, welders, blacksmiths, engine fitters, riggers, electricians and machinist and for other trades.