By August 1944 there were 2,223 Japanese prisoners of war in Australia. Of these 1,104 were housed in Camp B of No. 12 Prisoner of War Compound near Cowra, in the central west of New South Wales.
The Italian, Japanese, Taiwanese and Korean prisoners of war interned at Cowra were treated in accordance with the Geneva Conventions. But relations between the Japanese prisoners of war and their guards from the 22nd Garrison Battalion were poor, due largely to significant cultural differences.
What is it?
Examine this object and tell us what you think it is in the comments section below.
We will post the answer and the full story next week!
This is #11 in the Education team's Collection Detection series, where we look at an unusual collection item and the story behind it.
The National Collection is rich with material and stories relating to wartime propaganda. When thinking about this it is only natural to recall the graphic printed pamphlets and posters depicting strong emotionally charged messages eliciting support for the war and suspicion of the enemy. One vehicle for propaganda which is perhaps less well known is that of the medallion.
This is the third in a series of blogs about First World War uniforms and covers the basic aspects of the Australian Imperial Force headwear during the First World War.
In a three year ARC funded research project titled: Beyond Allied Histories: Dayak Memories of World War II in Borneo the ANU and the Memorial will provide new research into how different groups of people experienced the Second World War in Borneo. The research team combines anthropological expertise from Dr Christine Helliwell of the College of Arts and Social Sciences at ANU with curatorial expertise from Robyn van Dyk, Head of the Research Centre at the Memorial, in a genuinely collaborative project.
Monday 7 July 2014 by Garth O'Connell. 22 comments
Art, Collection, Exhibitions, Family history, Personal Stories Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander servicemen and women, Indigenous Australians at war, Prisoners of war
The end of armed conflict in the European theatre of the Second World War in May 1945 saw tens of thousands of western Allied Prisoners of War from all over the world be repatriated to the United Kingdom for their first steps in their eventual return to their families and friends.
In the Norman countryside raged a tank battle. The air was filled with noise, explosions, screeching tracks, collapsing buildings and the smell of cordite. Captain Leslie George Coleman had been in a building on the first floor directing radio traffic between the battalion and brigade HQs. Later moving from his position, a projectile hit the wall above Coleman and in the ensuing maelstrom he was wounded in his shoulder. He was at the tip of the Allied advance in Normandy with the 4th County of London Yeomanry (4CLY), the date 13 June 1944, the location, Villers-Bocage.