• Exploring the Archives: Written Records from the First World War

    Thursday 24 November 2016 by .

    AWM25 213/7

    AWM25 Written Records.Highlight on the official records of the First World War is a centenary program of posts highlighting those records created 100 years ago, whythey exist and how we can help make these essential records available for research purposes.AWM25 213/7Function and provenanceIt was not until the beginning of 1917 that any steps towards the collection of the historical records of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) were taken. From …

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  • ‘Lost with all hands’: HMAS Sydney II, 19 November 1941.

    Saturday 19 November 2016 by Kerry Neale. 6 comments

    Starboard side view of the cruiser HMAS Sydney II, August 1941.

    75 years ago, on 19 November 1941, HMAS Sydney II, a light cruiser of the Royal Australian Navy, was lost following a battle with the German raider HSK Kormoran off the Western Australian coast. The loss of the Sydney with its 645 crew remains Australia’s worst naval disaster. The Kormoran was also sunk, but 317 of its crew of 397 were rescued. Starboard side view of the cruiser HMAS Sydney II, …

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  • On this day: 11 November 1916

    Wednesday 9 November 2016 by .

    On 11 November 1918 the guns fell silent. However, on 11 November 1916, one hundred years to this day, the end was nowhere in sight. Some 38,000 Australians were yet to lose their lives, almost twice the numberalreadylost since the war had started in 1914. The Australians had already given their all on the scrub-laced hills of Gallipoli, in the waterlogged trenches of Fromelles, and the cratered hellscape of Pozieres. No one could deny that …

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  • Art of Nation: Latest progress shots

    Wednesday 9 November 2016 by Anthea Gunn.

    Memorial landscape

    We have just received work-in-progress shots of the next phase of Art of Nation: the landscaping that will surround the building.Image: OrteliaThis immediately ‘grounds’ the building – rather than the ‘heavenly’ atmosphere in an earlier phase, when the building was being created in isolation from the landscape.View from front door, down Anzac Parade, 8 November 2016. Image: OrteliaThe landscape also serves to position the viewer in …

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  • An Anzac Biscuit Bakeoff!

    Tuesday 1 November 2016 by Dianne Rutherford. 2 comments

    A few years back I looked at two First World War “Anzac Biscuits” recipes that never made the grade and thought I would look at other early Anzac Biscuit recipes.The Anzac Biscuit (also called “Anzac Crispies” or sometimes just “Anzacs” - there's also a similar biscuit called "Nutties") is one of the most iconic pieces of Australia’s food heritage, along with the pavlova, and the lamington. While these days what makes an Anzac …

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  • Cartridge cutlery: Early souvenirs of the Australian War Memorial Museum

    Wednesday 26 October 2016 by Dianne Rutherford. 1 comments

    German 7.92mm cartridges, similar to these, were used in making the Memorial souvenirs in the 1920s and 1930s.

    During the 1920s and 1930s the Australian War Memorial (known at the time as the Australian War Memorial Museum) needed to raise money to help with the construction of the building here in Canberra. One of the ways the Memorialdid this was through the sale of souvenirs made from over ten thousand small arms ammunition cartridges theAustralian War Records Section (the precursor to the Memorial)had collected on the Western Front between 1917 and …

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  • Understanding Australian Identity discs part 4: Second World War, Royal Australian Air Force

    Monday 17 October 2016 by Dianne Rutherford.

    Some RAAF members wearing their metal identity discs.

    Unlike for the Navy and Second AIF, I havenot been able to locate copies of orders regarding the issuing, marking and wearing of identity discs for members of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) during the Second World War. The information below wascompiled from the inspection of identity discs in the Memorial’s collection and information on comparable items found in publications and online. Some …

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  • Maryang San: A victory against the odds

    Tuesday 4 October 2016 by . 5 comments

    Maryang San: A victory against the odds 3-8 October 1951As dusk fell on 5 October 1951, Lieutenant Maurie Pears looked out from the summit of Maryang San, which he and his platoon had only just captured. He could see his comrades along the ridgeline below consolidating their newly-won positions and evacuating their casualties from a day of tough fighting. He could also see the massif of Kowang San across the valley, where he and his men had been …

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  • Centenary of "3 Squadron" AFC

    Monday 19 September 2016 by Dianne Rutherford. 3 comments

    Parachute used to supply soldiers with ammunition during the Battle of Hamel. On display in the First World War 1918 Gallery

    The unit that became knownas 3 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC), was formed at Point Cook, in Victoria on 19 September 1916. However, it was initially designated 2 Squadron AFC. On 31 March 1917 it was re-designated 69 Squadron (Australian) Royal Flying Corps (RFC), before finally being designated 3 Squadron AFC on 20 January 1918. Below is a selection of objects associated with 3 Squadron AFC that are currently on display in the …

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  • A "Glen Innes family record"

    Monday 19 September 2016 by Jennifer Milward.

    Glen Innes, September 1917 Mrs Sarah Heydon was no doubt a very proud woman. One of her sonsand fifteen grandsons (five sets of brothers) were serving with the Australian Imperial Force. Her photograph, along with one of each of her fifteen grandsons, was published in the Sydney Mail in September 1917(see National Library of Australia Trove database, "Glen Innes family record"). ARTV06715 …

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