• The Anzacs of Brightlingsea

    Thursday 23 June 2016 by Amanda Rebbeck. 4 comments

    On Friday 17 June 2016 a three-day ANZAC Centenary weekend will begin in Brightlingsea, Essex, England. This ancient maritime town, located at the mouth of the River Colne, was the location of an Australian Engineers Training Depot (AETD) during the First World War. It housed up to ten thousand Australian and New Zealand soldiers between 1916 and 1919. The establishment of the AETD, grew out of the need to find additional locations for ANZAC …

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  • A hundred years of the RSL – a history in badges

    Thursday 16 June 2016 by Kerry Neale. 9 comments

    Returned Sailors and Soldiers Imperial League Badge: Lieutenant Colonel J F Donnelly DSO, 1 Pioneer Battalion, AIF

    In June 1916, a conference of state-based returned soldiers associations recommended the formation of The Returned Sailors and Soldiers Imperial League of Australia (RSSILA). The RSSILA was founded by returning soldiers from the First World War with the aim of continuing to provide the camaraderie, concern, and mateship shown among Australian troops while they were at war. Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria were the founding …

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  • On the Eve of Battle: Documents introducing the AIF to the Western Front - II: Lessons from Verdun

    Monday 13 June 2016 by Craig Berelle.

    AWM26 38/1 image 1

    In June and early July nearly 100 years ago, the newly arrived Australian Imperial Force moved into their allocated positions for the coming British offensives on the Western Front. On The Eve of Battle presents a select group of documentshighlighting the grim and the curious as the Australian and New Zealanders organised to be battle-ready. Lessons from Verdun Brigade Major Thomas Blamey, then a junior staff officer who later reached the …

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  • A Bush hospital in the heart of England

    Tuesday 7 June 2016 by Craig Blanch. 4 comments

    Bishops Knoll

    The Great War had already entered its third year by the time the first edition of Coo-ee!, the magazine of one of the most remarkable “Australian” military hospitals of the war, was released. Coo-ee!, first published in England on 10 November 1916, was the journal of the Bishop’s Knoll War Hospital. The inaugural edition was dedicated “to the first thousand sick and wounded Australian soldiers who were patients at Bishop’s Knoll …

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  • New addition to the digitisation team

    Friday 3 June 2016 by Kathryn Hicks. 1 comments

    A3 Flatbed Scanner

    The digitisation team in the Research Centre recentlywelcomed a new member to our scanning family. Currently our small team is responsible for all of the imaging of Research Centre items which go out to the web. This includes the Reports of Proceedings and Anzac Connections project. Up until now the images have been scanned using only flatbed scanners and a wide format map scanner. One of our A3 Flatbed Scanner Our Wide-format scanner These…

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  • Anzac Connections: digitising the music of the First World War

    Tuesday 31 May 2016 by Meagan Nihill.

    The Australian War Memorial is currently undertaking a project to create a comprehensive digital archive of the Anzacs and their deeds, and of the wider Australian experience of war. As part of this project, we are hoping to digitise and make available online the pieces of sheet music listed below. Included are the names of people associated with these songs: composers, lyricists, arrangers, etc. If you are related to any of these people, or …

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  • Australians on the Western Front 1916 - 100 years ago

    Thursday 26 May 2016 by . 3 comments

    “We thought we knew something of the horrors of war, but we were mere recruits, and have had our full education in one day.”Ronald Alison McInnis 19 July, 1916 This year marks the centenary of Australia’s first year on the Western Front. It was to become a year of terrible sacrifice. The experiences of some Australians who served in 1916 are preserved in the Memorial’s archive and are now available online. From the battlefield of …

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  • “What does AMR&O 253A (1)(n) mean?”

    Wednesday 25 May 2016 by Jennifer Milward.

    No. 3 Military Discharge Depot, Royal Park, Victoria. 27 August 1946

    We occasionally get asked this question by family historians researching military service during the Second World War. The abbreviation appears in Second World War personal service records on the Proceedings for Discharge form, and could have anything from an (a) to an (n) at the end. No. 3 Military Discharge Depot, Royal Park, Victoria. 27 August 1946 131261 AMRO stands for …

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  • Highlight on official records of the First World War: AWM251 &AWM256 AIF Administrative Headquarters, 1914-18 War

    Wednesday 25 May 2016 by Craig Berelle.

    AWM256 17_1_197 page 1.jpg 2/Lt F M Barry, 10th Battalion

    Highlight on the official records of the First World War is a centenary program of posts highlighting those records created 100 years ago, whythey exist and how we can help make these essential records available for research purposes. Function and provenance In May 1916, the AIF Intermediate Base moved from Cairo to London and amalgamated with existing infrastructure there to form Administrative Headquarters, AIF (under the control of the …

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  • Influences on the Music and Lyrics Written by First World War Australian Servicemen

    Friday 20 May 2016 by .

    The following blog post was written by Alison Mountain from the Australian National University whilst completing a research internship at the Australian War Memorial as part of her studies. Music has always played a significant role in war; from the use of bugles and snare drums as forms of communication, to the escapism of writing organised melodies to distract soldiers from the barrage of noise that constitutes traditional warfare, and to …

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