• Highlight on official records of the First World War: AWM25 Written Records, 1914-18 War

    Thursday 24 November 2016 by Craig Berelle.

    AWM25 213/7

    Highlight on the official records of the First World War is a centenary program of posts highlighting those records created 100 years ago, whythey exist and how we can help make these essential records available for research purposes.AWM25 213/7Function and provenanceIt was not until the beginning of 1917 that any steps towards the collection of the historical records of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) were taken. From the beginning …

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  • ‘Lost with all hands’: HMAS Sydney II, 19 November 1941.

    Saturday 19 November 2016 by Kerry Neale. 6 comments

    Starboard side view of the cruiser HMAS Sydney II, August 1941.

    75 years ago, on 19 November 1941, HMAS Sydney II, a light cruiser of the Royal Australian Navy, was lost following a battle with the German raider HSK Kormoran off the Western Australian coast. The loss of the Sydney with its 645 crew remains Australia’s worst naval disaster. The Kormoran was also sunk, but 317 of its crew of 397 were rescued. Starboard side view of the cruiser HMAS Sydney…

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  • Centenary of "3 Squadron" AFC

    Monday 19 September 2016 by Dianne Rutherford. 3 comments

    Parachute used to supply soldiers with ammunition during the Battle of Hamel. On display in the First World War 1918 Gallery

    The unit that became knownas 3 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC), was formed at Point Cook, in Victoria on 19 September 1916. However, it was initially designated 2 Squadron AFC. On 31 March 1917 it was re-designated 69 Squadron (Australian) Royal Flying Corps (RFC), before finally being designated 3 Squadron AFC on 20 January 1918. Below is a selection of objects associated with 3 Squadron AFC that are currently on display in the …

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  • "Your loving father"

    Friday 2 September 2016 by Eleni Holloway. 1 comments

    REL49046. ‘Pluto’ the toy dog that Marion Mountney received in 1944 when she was only a few months old.

    In 1945, Private Godfrey Mountney took pen to paper and wrote to his youngest daughter Marion for her first birthday.“Hello my darling daughter,Many happy returns of the day and an extra big kiss from Daddy. I wonder as you sit and listen to your Mummy read this to you, do you in your own little mind know what it is all about and who it is from, remember the dark headed man that suddenly came into your life one day not so long ago, …

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  • Wounded and missing : Private William Benton

    Friday 5 August 2016 by Eleni Holloway. 6 comments

    Studio portrait of 3775 Private (Pte) William Benton, 9th Reinforcements, 24th Battalion, of South Richmond, Vic.

    Studio portrait of 3775 Private (Pte) William Benton, 9th Reinforcements, 24th Battalion, of South Richmond, Vic. DA13672 “I saw a man called Benton wounded on August 5th at Pozieres Ridge. A piece of shell cracked his helmet and wounded him in the head… He walked out with other wounded men. They would have about two miles to go to the Dressing Station. There was …

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  • Relics from Romani

    Thursday 4 August 2016 by Kerry Neale. 1 comments

    A view of Romani. One of a series of images relating to the service of Lieutenant Fred Harold Tomlins, 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment.

    A view of Romani. One of a series of images relating to the service of Lieutenant Fred Harold Tomlins, 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment. P00153.019 The battle of Romani, fought between 3 and 5 August 1916, put a stop to the Turkish threat to the Suez Canal and marked the beginning of the British forces' drive out of Egypt and into Palestine. The British defences were …

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  • On the Eve of Battle: Documents introducing the AIF to the Western Front - V: The town that was Pozieres

    Friday 22 July 2016 by Craig Berelle.

    AWM26 39/1 [/3]

    In June and early July 100 years ago, the newly arrived Australian Imperial Force moved into their allocated positions for the coming British offensives on the Western Front. On The Eve of Battle presents a select group of documents highlighting the grim and the curious as the Australian and New Zealanders organised to be battle-ready. The final blog in this series provides a background into the town whose attack by soldiers of the 1st …

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  • Perth to Fremantle to Fromelles

    Tuesday 19 July 2016 by Craig Blanch. 5 comments

    The Battle of Fromelles by Charles Wheeler

    In the late afternoon of the 19th of July 1916 near the small German held village of Fromelles, Australians advanced across 300 metres of open ground in broad daylight toward the enemy. By the next afternoon over 5500 Australians were dead, wounded, or missing. Over 1000 of those killed have no known grave. It is regarded by many as the single largest disaster in Australian history. With 24 sets of brothers and at least one father and …

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  • Dr Stening's dental instruments

    Sunday 17 July 2016 by Amanda Rebbeck. 3 comments

    Three improvised dental instruments used during the Second World War in Taisho Prisoner of War Camp.

    On display in the Australian War Memorial’s Second World War Gallery are three objects that at first glance seem quite small and unassuming. After just a little digging however, you find that they help to illustrate the extremely harrowing conditions experienced by Second World War prisoners of the Japanese and one man’s near impossible task of trying to provide hismen with basic medical and dental care.…

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  • On the Eve of Battle: Documents introducing the AIF to the Western Front - IV: Patrols and Raids

    Friday 15 July 2016 by Craig Berelle.

    AWM26 39/1 [/3] image 1

    In June and early July 100 years ago, the newly arrived Australian Imperial Force moved into their allocated positions for the coming British offensives on the Western Front. On The Eve of Battle presents a select group of documents highlighting the grim and the curious as the Australian and New Zealanders organised to be battle-ready. Patrols and raids Trench raids were a common feature of the fighting on the Western Front. Usually …

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