• Highlight on official records of the First World War: AWM251 &AWM256 AIF Administrative Headquarters, 1914-18 War

    Wednesday 25 May 2016 by Craig Berelle.

    AWM256 17_1_197 page 1.jpg 2/Lt F M Barry, 10th Battalion

    Highlight on the official records of the First World War is a centenary program of posts highlighting those records created 100 years ago, whythey exist and how we can help make these essential records available for research purposes. Function and provenance In May 1916, the AIF Intermediate Base moved from Cairo to London and amalgamated with existing infrastructure there to form Administrative Headquarters, AIF (under the control …

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  • Cold case: What has become of Murphy the donkey?

    Friday 13 May 2016 by Craig Berelle. 2 comments

    [1] AWM255 95.jpg

    A volunteer with the Research Centre's official records section recently came across a document in the collection relating to a search for "Murphy" the donkey in the weeks following the Gallipoli campaign. This post traces the original documentary record, many presented as electronic images for the first time. Charles Bean, Australia's official war correspondent in 1916, was interested in circulating an item of news seeking the …

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  • On the Eve of Battle: Documents introducing the AIF to the Western Front - I: Offensive spirit

    Tuesday 10 May 2016 by Craig Berelle.

    AWM26 38/4

    In June and early July nearly 100 years ago, the newly arrived Australian Imperial Force moved into their allocated positions for the coming British offensives on the Western Front. On The Eve of Battle presents a select group of documentshighlighting the grim and the curious as the Australian and New Zealanders organised to be battle-ready. Offensive spirit The tremendous emphasis the Commander in Chief placed on "offensive spirit" …

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  • Decoration from Destruction: the First World War Trench Art of Sapper Pearl

    Thursday 28 April 2016 by Kerry Neale.

    A dump of 18 pounder shell cases at Birr Cross Roads, in the Ypres Sector, where positions were occupied by the 2nd Divisional Artillery, during the battle of Zonnebeke, 20 September 1917, when these shells were used. Photographer: Frank Hurley.

    During the battles that raged between 1914 and 1918, millions of shells were blasted between the fighting forces, leaving the people and the ground around them mutilated. This was a new type of war, yet there was an unexpected by-product of these used shell cases: trench art. A dump of 18 pounder shell cases at Birr Cross Roads, in the Ypres Sector, where positions were occupied by the 2nd …

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  • Highlight on official records of the First World War: AWM352 Miscellaneous records of the 2nd Pioneer Battalion, AIF, 1914-18 War

    Thursday 31 March 2016 by Craig Berelle. 5 comments

    AWM352 [7]

    Highlight on the official records of the First World War is a centenary program of posts highlighting those records created 100 years ago, whythey exist and how we can help make these essential records available for research purposes. AWM352 [7] Function and Provenance A Pioneer Battalion was created for each division in the AIF (Australian Imperial Force). On 10 March 1916, the 2nd Pioneer Battalion (Western Australia) was formed in …

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  • Highlight on official records of the First World War: AWM48 - High Commissioner's Office, London, registry files, 1914-18 War

    Friday 11 March 2016 by Craig Berelle.

    AWM48 1640/14 War correspondents to accompany British forces

    Highlight on the official records of the First World War is a centenary program of posts highlighting those records created 100 years ago, whythey exist and how we can help make these essential records available for research purposes. Function and provenance In 1924, Mr T H E Heyes was appointed Australian Representative to the Historical Section (Military Branch) of the Committee of Imperial Defence. His major task was to examine …

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  • Royal Australian Navy records of the First Gulf War – End of the War

    Thursday 25 February 2016 by Stuart Bennington.

    First page of AAP bulletin for the Navy 28 February 1991 – AWM386 [12/4 Part 1]

    25 years ago the First Gulf War was coming to a very rapid conclusion. After months of build-up and months of CNN wheeling out their latest expert for the hour in their 24 hour coverage, the world had stood tensed waiting for something to happen. On 17 January it all finally started, with an aerial bombing campaign which gave CNN no end of images to play over and over. It all built towards an inevitable crescendo, when on 24 February the…

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  • CDT3 Report of Proceedings First Gulf War

    Friday 19 February 2016 by Stuart Bennington. 2 comments

    Report of Proceedings front cover

    Report of Proceedings front cover A very recent acquisition for the Memorial from the SeaPower Centre is the Reports of Proceeding of Clearance Diving Team 3 (CDT3) during the First Gulf War. Reports of proceedings are usually a set of monthly reports of the goings on of a particular ship or establishment in the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). This one is different in being arranged as a sort of scrap book covering the whole of the …

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  • Wearing patriotism

    Friday 29 January 2016 by Eleni Holloway. 2 comments

    Elsie Myra (Judy) Richards of Newcastle, pictured here in September, 1942, is operating a lathe in a munitions factory. A row of 20-pounder anti-tank shells sit in the foreground.

    Elsie Myra (Judy) Richards of Newcastle, pictured here in September, 1942, is operating a lathe in a munitions factory. A row of 20-pounder anti-tank shells sit in the foreground. 013178 The needs of the factory worker In Britain and Australia during the Second World War, the head scarf worn by the munitions worker was adopted for pragmatic reasons, more than fashionable …

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  • Australian of the Year 2016

    Tuesday 26 January 2016 by Stephanie Boyle. 1 comments

    Image : AWM P12391 Photographic portrait of Lt.General David Morrison

    This striking portrait of former Chief of Army and 2016 Australian of the Year, David Morrison, was taken by renowned Australian photographer Peter Brew-Bevan. Brew- Bevan donated to the Australian War Memorial's National Collection in 2015. Read on

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