• Wearing patriotism

    Friday 29 January 2016 by Eleni Holloway. 2 comments

    Elsie Myra (Judy) Richards of Newcastle, pictured here in September, 1942, is operating a lathe in a munitions factory. A row of 20-pounder anti-tank shells sit in the foreground.

    Elsie Myra (Judy) Richards of Newcastle, pictured here in September, 1942, is operating a lathe in a munitions factory. A row of 20-pounder anti-tank shells sit in the foreground. 013178 The needs of the factory worker In Britain and Australia during the Second World War, the head scarf worn by the munitions worker was adopted for pragmatic reasons, more than fashionable …

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  • Forgotten star

    Friday 22 January 2016 by Stephanie Hume. 6 comments

    Robert Chisholm was born William Leslie Chisholm on 18 April 1894 in Melbourne, Victoria. He was one of six children, born to Annie (née Absalom) and Robert Chisholm. He enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) on 23 November 1915, joining the Australian Army Service Corps as a driver. He embarked from Melbourne on board HMAT Persic on 22 December 1916. Upon arrival in France he was attached to the 2nd Australian Divisional …

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  • Uniforms of the Australian Naval & Military Expeditionary Force

    Wednesday 13 January 2016 by Craig Blanch.

    Cadets in Universal Training Pattern uniform circa 1913.

    At the outbreak of the First World War Australia immediately pledged a contingent of 20,000 men in support of England. Within days Britain forwarded a request for an additional force to capture and occupy German possessions in the Pacific, particularly the wireless stations instrumental in communications used bythe powerful German naval squadron based in the area. Nine days later, on 19 August 1914,a hurriedly equipped force of 1500 …

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  • Royal Australian Navy records of the First Gulf War

    Monday 4 January 2016 by Stuart Bennington. 1 comments

    Back in 1990 as I was flying back to Australia after a month in England I noticed the flight path took the plane over the Middle East. I didn’t think much of it at the time, as the Earth usually does from 20,000 feet, the area looked serene. Little did I know that in less than two weeks this serenity would be broken on 2 August 1990 when Saddam Hussein’s armies rolled into Kuwait and started what was to become the First Gulf War …

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  • The German Officer's Corset

    Monday 4 January 2016 by Dianne Rutherford. 2 comments

    Corset taken from a German prisoner of war by French troops in Belgium, 1916.

    This corset was worn by an unknown German officer on the Western Front during the First World War. It was removed from him by French troops when he was taken prisoner at Dickiebusch, Belgium in 1916 and collected by Captain Louis de Tournouër, an officer in the 9th Regiment de Chasseurs who served in Marshal Petain's Staff in 1915-1916. Corset taken from a German prisoner of war by French …

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  • Capturing the Albatros

    Wednesday 23 December 2015 by Amanda Rebbeck. 3 comments

    Albatros D.Va D5390/17 on display in the Australian War Memorials Over the Front exhibition

    The remarkable events that resulted in the first enemy aircraft to be brought down intact by the Australian Flying Corps (AFC) were marred by the news that two of their own had disappeared in the aftermath of the fierce and fiery battle. Albatros D.Va D5390/17 on display in the Australian War Memorials Over the Front exhibition RELAWM04806 The story begins in the early …

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  • Wartime Inspired Christmas Decorations

    Tuesday 22 December 2015 by Dianne Rutherford. 1 comments

    Since I started work in Military Heraldry Technology (MHT) I have enjoyed learning the techniques used to make some of the items in our collection to gain a better understanding of their constructionand the effort it took to make them. I have used what I learned to make some Christmas decorations in my spare time, inspired by items held in the Memorial’s collection. Christmas tree decorated with items inspired by the collection …

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  • An Australian in the Air Transport Auxiliary

    Tuesday 15 December 2015 by Dianne Rutherford.

    Some members of the Air Transport Auxiliary

    The Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA) played an important role in the air war in Europe during the Second World War and the Memorial is pleased to add to the collection the uniform of an Australian, First Officer Ian Robert Llewellyn, who served in the ATA from 1943. Some members of the Air Transport Auxiliary 006308 A civilian organisation, the ATA was responsible for ferrying…

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  • How to make a "Butterfly" belt

    Tuesday 24 November 2015 by Dianne Rutherford. 1 comments

    Butterfly belt made in New Guinea late in the war.

    Butterfly belt made in New Guinea late in the war. REL/21579.002 One thing I like to try and do with items held in the Memorial's collection is to get an understanding of how they were made or how they were used. So thought I would investigate how Australian soldiers made the beautiful butterfly belts we hold in our collection. Made from pieces of butterfly wing, cigarette …

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  • Preliminary stage of the evacuation from Anzac Cove: narrative from battalion war diaries

    Monday 23 November 2015 by . 4 comments

    Map of Gallipoli

    Map of Gallipoli SC02009 Theevacuation ofGallipoli began on 22 November 1915, when a plan was adopted during a conference at General Headquarters, Mudros. This was after Lord Kitchener's visit to Gallipoli in early November, during which he told General Birdwood to start thinking about how to evacuate, and before the recommendation was approved by British Parliament. …

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