• Relief maps of the Western Front

    Friday 13 July 2007 by Dianne Rutherford. 2 comments

    The Memorial holds some very interesting three-dimensional relief maps made in 1919 by the Australian War Records Section (the parent organisation of the Australian War Memorial). They were made in London by men who were still in England, waiting to be repatriated home. Relief map of Zonnebeke area, Belgium Section 5AW, who created the maps was established sometime around December 1918 and was managed by Lieutenant Cyril …

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  • Victoria Crosses of 1917

    Thursday 12 July 2007 by Craig Tibbitts. 1 comments

    Victoria Cross The Victoria Cross is the highest British and Commonwealth award for acts of bravery in wartime. In the First World War 64 Australians were awarded this medal. During the battles of 1917 on the Western Front eighteen Australians won the Victoria Cross. Murray, VC P01465.004 Captain Henry William (Harry) Murray (13th Infantry Battalion, 4th Division AIF). 4-5 February 1917, at Stormy Trench,…

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  • A Brief Military History of Flanders

    Wednesday 27 June 2007 by Craig Tibbitts. 2 comments

    For much of its history Flanders has been a strategically important area during the centuries of conflict in Europe.  Ypres, as a major town of the region and a wealthy economic centre, has often been a focal point of the fighting there.  Flanders’ location has also put it at the crossroads between long-time rivals England and France, and later as part of the Netherlands territories of other great powers, such as Spain and Austria. …

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  • 90th Anniversary of the Battle of Arras

    Tuesday 26 June 2007 by Peter Burness. 3 comments

    While 11 April 1917 saw the launch of the first action at Bullecourt, on 9 April the larger Arras Offensive commenced.  The Arras Offensive of 1917 is often referred to as the Battle of Arras and is a significant battle honour more identified with the British Army.  This offensive does however also incorporate the smaller ‘battles’ and 'actions' of the Scarpe, of Vimy Ridge which the Canadians commemorate, and Bullecourt which …

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  • The Generals of 1917

    Friday 22 June 2007 by Craig Tibbitts.

    /collection/ART03339 ART03339 /collection/ART03349 ART03349 /collection/ART00195 ART00195 /collection/ART02926 ART02926 /collection/ART02987 ART02987 /collection/ART00102 ART00102 /collection/ART00199 ART00199 /collection/ART03347 ART03347 The AIF Generals At the beginning of 1917 the general officers …

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  • Battle honours - Bullecourt

    Thursday 21 June 2007 by Craig Tibbitts.

    While reading about the Australians at Bullecourt in 1917, it struck me as odd that there is only one official battle honour for what seemed to be two distinctly separate battles, albeit in the same location. Furthermore, the official battle honour only refers to the second battle that occurred in May, and seemingly ignores the first battle that took place on 11 April. To satisfy my curiosity, I looked in to the matter further, with …

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  • Australia's records: preserved as sacred things

    Tuesday 12 June 2007 by Craig Tibbitts.

    Australia's records: preserved as sacred things - pictures relics and writings. By C. E. W. Bean, The Anzac Bulletin, Vol 40, 10 October 1917. British Headquarters, France, September 29 [1917]. By C. E. W. BEAN. Bean in northern France, December 1917 E01430 Every country after this war will have its war museums and galleries, and its library of records rendered sacred by the millions of gallant, precious lives laid down …

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  • The Australian War Records Section

    Tuesday 12 June 2007 by Anne-Marie Conde. 9 comments

    Ninety years ago, in May 1917, the Australian War Records Section (AWRS) was formed in London. It is from this date that we trace the formal origins of the Australian War Memorial. Over the next two years the AWRS acquired approximately 25,000 objects, as well as paper records, photographs, film, publications, and works of art. All were brought back to Australia in 1919 and formed the basis of the collection of what would eventually …

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  • Caring for the past

    Tuesday 12 June 2007 by Anne-Marie Conde.

    It is not enough to expect the evidence of the past to be preserved as a matter of chance or accident. Someone has to care. /photograph/D00073 D00073 Evidence of the past comes to us by many means: documents, photographs, books, newspapers, objects, works of art, films, buildings, landscapes, eyewitness accounts. Not everything is kept, however. Time, neglect, destruction and sometimes –perversely – a desire to …

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  • Messines - Tunnellers and Mines

    Friday 25 May 2007 by Craig Tibbitts. 18 comments

    Tunnellers – Hill 60 The Battle of Messines was fought along a wide frontage. Australian infantry fought on the southern end of this line near Messines village, while to the north at Hill 60 near Ypres Australian tunnellers played a vital role in the detonation of part of a series of huge mines beneath the enemy’s trenches. The 1st Australian Tunnelling Company had worked there since November 1916, extending shafts for the mines …

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