• Terry's biscuits

    Wednesday 30 November 2016 by Dianne Rutherford. 12 comments

    Terry 'Snow' Hendle (image courtesy of the Hendle family)On 29 November 1966 Lance Corporal Terry Hendle received a tin of homemade Anzac biscuits from his Mum, Adelaide. Terry had been with the 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (6RAR) in Vietnam for six months, beginning his tour of duty on 31 May. He was serving near Nui Dat as part of Operation Ingham, a Search and Destroy mission that took place between 18 November and 3 …

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  • ‘Lost with all hands’: HMAS Sydney II, 19 November 1941.

    Saturday 19 November 2016 by Kerry Neale. 6 comments

    Starboard side view of the cruiser HMAS Sydney II, August 1941.

    75 years ago, on 19 November 1941, HMAS Sydney II, a light cruiser of the Royal Australian Navy, was lost following a battle with the German raider HSK Kormoran off the Western Australian coast. The loss of the Sydney with its 645 crew remains Australia’s worst naval disaster. The Kormoran was also sunk, but 317 of its crew of 397 were rescued. Starboard side view of the cruiser HMAS Sydney…

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  • An Anzac Biscuit Bakeoff!

    Tuesday 1 November 2016 by Dianne Rutherford. 2 comments

    A few years back I looked at two First World War “Anzac Biscuits” recipes that never made the grade and thought I would look at other early Anzac Biscuit recipes.The Anzac Biscuit (also called “Anzac Crispies” or sometimes just “Anzacs” - there's also a similar biscuit called "Nutties") is one of the most iconic pieces of Australia’s food heritage, along with the pavlova, and the lamington. While these days what makes an …

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  • Cartridge cutlery: Early souvenirs of the Australian War Memorial Museum

    Wednesday 26 October 2016 by Dianne Rutherford. 1 comments

    German 7.92mm cartridges, similar to these, were used in making the Memorial souvenirs in the 1920s and 1930s.

    During the 1920s and 1930s the Australian War Memorial (known at the time as the Australian War Memorial Museum) needed to raise money to help with the construction of the building here in Canberra. One of the ways the Memorialdid this was through the sale of souvenirs made from over ten thousand small arms ammunition cartridges theAustralian War Records Section (the precursor to the Memorial)had collected on the Western Front between …

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  • Understanding Australian Identity discs part 4: Second World War, Royal Australian Air Force

    Monday 17 October 2016 by Dianne Rutherford.

    Some RAAF members wearing their metal identity discs.

    Unlike for the Navy and Second AIF, I havenot been able to locate copies of orders regarding the issuing, marking and wearing of identity discs for members of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) during the Second World War. The information below wascompiled from the inspection of identity discs in the Memorial’s collection and information on comparable items found in publications and online.…

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  • Centenary of "3 Squadron" AFC

    Monday 19 September 2016 by Dianne Rutherford. 3 comments

    Parachute used to supply soldiers with ammunition during the Battle of Hamel. On display in the First World War 1918 Gallery

    The unit that became knownas 3 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC), was formed at Point Cook, in Victoria on 19 September 1916. However, it was initially designated 2 Squadron AFC. On 31 March 1917 it was re-designated 69 Squadron (Australian) Royal Flying Corps (RFC), before finally being designated 3 Squadron AFC on 20 January 1918. Below is a selection of objects associated with 3 Squadron AFC that are currently on display in the …

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  • "Your loving father"

    Friday 2 September 2016 by Eleni Holloway. 1 comments

    REL49046. ‘Pluto’ the toy dog that Marion Mountney received in 1944 when she was only a few months old.

    In 1945, Private Godfrey Mountney took pen to paper and wrote to his youngest daughter Marion for her first birthday.“Hello my darling daughter,Many happy returns of the day and an extra big kiss from Daddy. I wonder as you sit and listen to your Mummy read this to you, do you in your own little mind know what it is all about and who it is from, remember the dark headed man that suddenly came into your life one day not so long ago, …

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  • "I knew by the screams that someone had caught it"

    Monday 15 August 2016 by . 3 comments

    One hundred years ago, on 14 August 1916, brothers Robert (Bob) and Stephen (Steve) Allen, from A Company, 13th Battalion, AIF, picked their way down Tom’s Cut, a communications trench near Mouquet Farm. Part of a group of 10 men, they had been detailed to carry rations to their company near the front line. It was their second trip of the day.The Allens, from Sydney, were part of a close-knit family, united by hardship. Their mother, …

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  • Enemy weapons captured at Long Tan

    Friday 12 August 2016 by Shane Casey.

    Figure 1 	Flying Officer John Tyrrell (left) and FO Alan Stephens (right) inspect captured Viet Cong weapons at the 1st Australian Task Force at Nui Dat. The men are handling a Goryunov machine gun.  Behind them are some of the enemy small arms captured. In the background is a 60mm mortar, light machine guns on bipods and two 57mm recoilless rifles.

    On 18th August 1966 a force of up to 2000 Viet Cong advancing through a rain-swept rubber plantation encountered infantrymen from D Company 6th Battalion Royal Australian Regiment. Standing their ground against impossible odds, the Australians prevailed, killing at least 245 enemy, but losing 18 of their comrades in action. Left behind on the chaotic battlefield the next morning was a considerable quantity of enemy equipment – personal…

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  • Wounded and missing : Private William Benton

    Friday 5 August 2016 by Eleni Holloway. 6 comments

    Studio portrait of 3775 Private (Pte) William Benton, 9th Reinforcements, 24th Battalion, of South Richmond, Vic.

    Studio portrait of 3775 Private (Pte) William Benton, 9th Reinforcements, 24th Battalion, of South Richmond, Vic. DA13672 “I saw a man called Benton wounded on August 5th at Pozieres Ridge. A piece of shell cracked his helmet and wounded him in the head… He walked out with other wounded men. They would have about two miles to go to the Dressing Station. There was …

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