• 70th anniversary of the sinking of the Rakuyō Maru

    Thursday 11 September 2014 by Lachlan Grant. 3 comments

    Former Australian prisoners of war are rescued by the crew of USN submarine USS Pampanito (SS-383). These men survived the sinking of two Japanese troop transports, the Kachidoki Maru and the Rakuyo Maru by Pampanito and USS Sealion II (SS-315) on 12 September 1944 respectively.

    Former Australian prisoners of war are rescued by the crew of USN submarine USS Pampanito (SS-383). These men survived the sinking of two Japanese troop transports, the Kachidoki Maru and the Rakuyo Maru by Pampanito and USS Sealion II (SS-315) on 12 September 1944 respectively. P03651.005 Seventy years ago this week, on 12 September 1944, two Japanese ships transporting …

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  • The war that shaped Australia

    Tuesday 9 September 2014 by Karl James.

    Brothers and members of 453 Squadron RAAF, 402823 Flight Lieutenant John William (Jack)

    The war that shaped Australia “My Dear Mother … I entered this war with the knowledge that I had a rather small chance of coming out of it alive. I was under no false impression – I knew I had to kill – and perhaps be killed. Since I commenced flying I have spent probably the happiest time of my life … Above all, Mother dear, I have proved to my satisfaction that I was, at least, a man.”…

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  • They had to remember they were soldiers, albeit female

    Tuesday 29 July 2014 by Suzy Nunes. 1 comments

    View looking west showing the compounds of the 12th Australian Prisoner of War Camp at Cowra, with the Group Headquarter buildings in the foreground.

    By August 1944 there were 2,223 Japanese prisoners of war in Australia. Of these 1,104 were housed in Camp B of No. 12 Prisoner of War Compound near Cowra, in the central west of New South Wales. The Italian, Japanese, Taiwanese and Korean prisoners of war interned at Cowra were treated in accordance with the Geneva Conventions. But relations between the Japanese prisoners of war and their guards from the 22nd Garrison Battalion were …

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  • They also served: why D-Day matters to Australia

    Friday 6 June 2014 by Lachlan Grant. 1 comments

    Flight Sergeant Fred Wood with the chief gendarme in a Norman village. A fitter with the RAAF, Wood was in charge of maintenance of the Spitfires of No. 453 Squadron and was Mentioned in Despatches for his service in Normandy.

    Flight Sergeant Fred Wood with the chief gendarme in a Norman village. A fitter with the RAAF, Wood was in charge of maintenance of the Spitfires of No. 453 Squadron and was Mentioned in Despatches for his service in Normandy. 042284 Seventy years ago this week, the largest invasion force in history sailed towards the shores of Normandy in France. D-Day, June 6, 1944, has …

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  • Remembering the war in New Guinea

    Monday 9 September 2013 by Karl James. 5 comments

    Finschhafen Area, New Guinea, 9 November 1943. Matilda tanks carrying out training manoeuvers preparatory to their use in action against the Japanese strong posts in the Finschhafen Area

    Seventy years ago, in September 1943, Australian and American forces launched a major offensive against the Japanese occupying New Guinea. Tens of thousands of Allied troops participated in a series of operations that recovered great areas of occupied New Guinea and provided the springboard for General Douglas MacArthur’s successful later advance into the Netherlands East Indies and the Philippines.…

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  • Film Collection Online: The Department of Information Second World War films

    Friday 12 July 2013 by Daniel Eisenberg. 2 comments

    To complement the release of the film collection online, the film and sound team are creating a series of highlight reels to give you a taste of the material that is now readily available at your finger tips! The Department of Information (DOI) was established at the commencement of the Second World War and employed cinematographers Damien Parer, Frank Hurley, Frank Bagnall and Bill Carty - to name a few. Their brief was to shoot …

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  • "The Last Halifax"

    Friday 21 June 2013 by Jacob Lessmann. 6 comments

    One of the 462 Squadron Halifax crew members.

    One of the 462 Squadron Halifax crew members. P01523.012 My name is Jacob Lessmann. I am 15 years old and had the opportunity to work in Military Heraldry Technology section for a week. On the night of 16/17 April 1945, Halifax MZ467 of 462 Squadron, RAAF, embarked from the RAF base at Foulsham, UK at 2358 hours [11:58pm] to carry out a flight over Augsburg, Germany. Ten …

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  • From the Film and Sound Collection - The Great Arrival/My Hero

    Wednesday 13 February 2013 by Daniel Eisenberg. 1 comments

      This footage is an edited down version of a recent donation to the Australian War Memorial - F11790 - entitled 'The Great Arrival.' The footage shows Arthur John Carmody, who served in the RAAF, greeting his English war bride Mary Carmody (nee Oldroyd). According to the story passed down through the family, Mary arrived on Australia Day 1946 at Station pier in Melbourne and was on the first ship of war brides coming from Europe. …

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  • Medals of a Rat

    Wednesday 31 August 2011 by David Gist. 4 comments

    Visitors to the Memorial’s exhibition Rats of Tobruk 1941 will have noticed the unofficial Rats of Tobruk medal presented, according to its engraving, by Lord Haw Haw. Around twenty of these medals were made at Tobruk, which illustrates one of the earliest examples of the town’s defenders reclaiming the title ‘Rat’, bestowed on them by the propaganda radio program ‘Germany Calling’. Visitors may also notice the brasso caked …

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  • Tobruk Diaries: ‘Tobruk essential for each side’

    Monday 11 July 2011 by Carlie Walker. 1 comments

    Bryant’s Diary:  Friday 11th July 1941 I can get around on my own now.  I feel a bit shaky, but I’m getting stronger.  A convoy of wounded arrived from Tobruk during the night.   Cosgriff’s Diary:  Friday 11th July 1941 Mosquitoes have me beat – worse than bombers.  Missa Tempore Belli [Mass in Time of War]. Few casualties this morning from line change over 17th/32nd...To beach after lunch – two clients only – Dick Ley …

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