|Unit||Australian Imperial Force|
|Measurement||Overall: 81.2 cm x 65 cm|
|Physical description||oil on canvas|
First World War, 1914-1918
Item copyright: Copyright expired - public domain
This item is in the Public Domain
Major General William Holmes
Portrait of Major General William Holmes, CMG, DSO, VD, commanded the 4th Division AIF and 5th Infantry Brigade, formerly also the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF). William Holmes was born at Victoria Barracks, Sydney, the son of a British Army Officer. Holmes began his citizen infantry at the age of ten. He served in the war in South Africa with the first NSW contingent; was commissioned and awarded the DSO, Mentioned in Despatches, wounded and finished the war as lieut-colonel. He commanded the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force that occupied German New Guinea in 1914 and acted for a period as administrator. In 1915 Holmes went to Egypt as commander of the 5th Infantry Brigade, AIF, and led it in the Gallipoli campaign. He then became GOC of the 4th Division, commanding that formation on the Western Front until he was mortally wounded on 2 July 1917 at Messines. General Holmes, earlier appointed a CMG, was the second AIF divisional commander killed in action in the war - the first being General Bridges at Gallipoli.