War

Accession Number ART09445
Collection type Art
Measurement overall: 141.0 x 118.0 x 76.5 cm
Object type Sculpture
Physical description bronze
Location Main Bld: Outdoor Exhibition Area
Maker Mackennal, Bertram
Place made United Kingdom: England, Greater London, London
Date made 1906
Conflict First World War, 1914-1918
Period 1900-1909
Copyright

Item copyright: Copyright expired - public domain

Public Domain Mark This item is in the Public Domain

Description

The sculpture War, also known as Bellona, was gifted to the Commonwealth of Australia in 1920 by the internationally renowned Australian sculptor Bertram Mackennal as a tribute to the "gallantry, extreme courage and fortitude of our troops at Anzac". Mackennal had modelled the sculpture in London in 1906, long before the First World War and possibly in response to the Boer War.
In Roman mythology, Bellona was the goddess of war. Throughout art history, she has been depicted with common implements of war, such as a sword or spear. Mackennal's depiction of Bellona bears the upper half of a shield, and a helmet incorporating death's head as grim evidence of the harvest of war.