Brigadier Neil Hamilton Fairley
ID numberART24271
Collection typeArt
TitleBrigadier Neil Hamilton Fairley
MeasurementOverall: 48.5 x 35.6 cm
Object typeDrawing
MakerHeysen, Nora
Place madeAustralia: Queensland, North Queensland, Cairns
Date made1945
Physical descriptionblack conte crayon on paper
CopyrightAWM copyright
DescriptionPortrait depicting Brigadier Neil Fairley, CBE, FRS, MD, DSc (Melb), FRCP (Lond), FRACP, DTM&H, Director of Medicine Land Headquarters South West Pacific Area, Chairman Combined Advisory Committee to General MacArthur on Tropical Medicine and Sanitation SWPA.
There were grave fears for the strength of Australians fighting in the malaria prone regions of the Pacific during the Second World War. By June 1943, it was estimated 25,000 Australians in Papua and New Guinea had contracted malaria. Supplies of quinine, used to treat malaria since the First World War, and the synthetic drug atebrin were inadequate to meet demand. Brigadier Fairley was instrumental in the establishment of the Land Headquarters Medical Research Unit was quickly established in Cairns, Queensland where a specialist team of researchers trialled synthetic anti-malarial drugs.