|Place||Middle East: Ottoman Empire, Turkey, Dardanelles, Gallipoli, Cape Helles Area, Cape Helles|
First World War, 1914-1918
Turkish projectile : Cape Helles, Gallipoli
Turkish cast iron artillery projectile with a rounded nose and four ridges along the side. The projectile is 75 mm diameter. The head of the shell is truncated, bored out to approx 22 mm diameter, and screwed to receive the bush for the fuze. The item is approx 160 mm high with a thin metal cylindrical shaped piece screwed into the bottom. It appears to have been about 15 mm in thickness and 24 mm in diameter. This latter is thought to be part of a fuzing mechanism. The head of the projectile commences 110 mm from the base. The projectile tapers to approx 59 mm diameter under the head, which is approx 71 mm diameter.
The projectile is encircled with four 10mm wide slots. It is possible that these slots contained now missing driving bands. The relic is corroded and retains soil elements.
This Turkish projectile was collected by members of the Australian War Records Section (AWRS) at Cape Helles in January 1919. A small party of AWRS staff, led by Lieutenant William Hopkin James, worked on Gallipoli between December 1918 and March 1919, taking photographs and collecting items for the national collection.
If the absence of copper driving bands is deliberate (rather than accidental) this item may have been fired from a smooth bore gun. The Turks used a number of old artillery pieces during the campaign, some of which were over 40 years old. However, it is possible that the projectile dates from an earlier period and is not associated with the 1915 Gallipoli campaign.