Remains of collar with Rising Sun badge : 2 Brigade, Krithia, Gallipoli

Accession Number RELAWM00356.004
Collection type Heraldry
Object type Heraldry
Physical description Brass, Wool
Maker Unknown
Place made Australia
Date made c 1914-1915
Conflict First World War, 1914-1918

Remains of the proper left collar from an Australian tunic with a Rising Sun collar badge still attached. The badge is coated in verdigris and has the remains of dried mud.

History / Summary

Relic of the advance towards Krithia made by the 2nd Brigade AIF(5, 6, 7 and 8 Infantry Battalions) on the afternoon of 8 May 1915. Some 500 Australians were killed in this attack, and many of their bodies, being under direct enemy fire, could not be recovered.

Charles Bean and the Australian Historical Mission returned to Gallipoli in early 1919, and visited the Krithia battlefield on 8 March, looking for signs of the Australian soldiers. In his book 'Gallipoli Mission' (1948), Bean wrote that they 'found the remains of Australians everywhere on the plain, as far forward as the two trenches of the Redoubt Line, 400 and 500 yards ahead respectively. We found Australian kit, and the arm patches of the 6th Battalion, red and purple, and the bronze "Australia" from the shoulder strap, right up to the front Redoubt Line.'

A number of these poignant items were collected by the Historical Mission, while the bodies were buried, mostly in Redoubt Cemetery, by the Imperial War Graves Commission.