British War Medal 1914-20 : Lieutenant J Maxwell, 18 Battalion, AIF
ID numberOL00413.005
Collection typeHeraldry
TitleBritish War Medal 1914-20 : Lieutenant J Maxwell, 18 Battalion, AIF
Object typeMedal
MakerUnknown
Place madeUnited Kingdom
Date madec 1920
Physical descriptionSilver
DescriptionBritish War Medal 1914-20. Engraved around edge with recipient's details. This medal is an official replacement, issued in 1949 for the lost original, which still exists.
SummaryJoseph Maxwell was born at Forest Lodge, Sydney, NSW, in 1896. A boiler-maker's apprentice before the war, he enlisted in the AIF in February 1915, and became an original member (No 607) of 18 Battalion. Maxwell served with the battalion at Gallipoli, and travelled with it to France in 1916, being promoted to Sergeant late in the year, and to Warrant Officer in mid 1917. His first decoration, the Distinguished Conduct Medal, came as a result of an attack near Westhoek, Belgium, in September 1917, and within a period of almost exactly 12 months, he was further decorated three times for gallantry. Commissioned in 18 Battalion as a 2nd Lieutenant, and soon promoted to Lieutenant, he was awarded the Military Cross in March 1918 for leadership of a patrol near Ploegsteert, Belgium, and a bar to the award in August, for taking command of his company during the great Allied offensive. At Beaurevoir in October 1918, for his bravery in one of the final Australian actions of the war, Joe Maxwell was recommended for the Victoria Cross, which he received from the King at Buckingham Palace in March 1919. Between the wars, he held a variety of jobs in the ACT and NSW, and in 1932 published his colourful and highly successful autobiography "Hell's Bells and Mademoiselles". During the Second World War, he several times attempted to enlist in the 2nd AIF under an assumed name, eventually being successful in Queensland, where he not so well known. His identity was soon revealed, however, and he was given a position in a training battalion. Maxwell died in Sydney in July 1967.