Lieutenant Arthur Arundel Mackenzie

Birth Date 12 April 1891
Birth Place Australia: New South Wales, Greta
Death Date 09 May 1970
Death Place Australia: New South Wales, Guyra
Final Rank Lieutenant
Units
Commonwealth of Australia Gazette 4 February 1919 on page 135 at position 16
London Gazette 16 September 1918 on page 11050 at position 1

Arthur Arundel Mackenzie was born at Greta, New South Wales, on 12 April 1891. Sadly, he lost his mother when he was about six years old. Before the First World War he spent several years in the senior cadets and at the time of enlisting was a member of the local rifle club at Guyra, New South Wales. The 24-year-old station manager enlisted with the Australian Imperial Force on 12 August 1915 and departed Sydney with reinforcements for the Imperial Camel Corps (ICC) aboard RMS Morea on 27 May 1916.Having arrived in Egypt, Mackenzie was assigned to the 4th Company of the 1st Australian Battalion of the ICC. Sadly, the start of his service also marked the end of his brother's service: Ronald Mackenzie was killed in action at Pozieres. Shortly after the second battle of Gaza in April 1917 Mackenzie was wounded in action with a gunshot to his right leg. After recovering, he rejoined his unit as it advanced through Palestine and towards Gaza.In April 1918, in one of the last actions of the ICC, Mackenzie fought to defend the hill at Mussallabeh. Some of the Australians ran out of hand grenades and resorted to heaving boulders down upon the attacking Turks. Mackenzie and his outnumbered group of men put up a vigorous and determined resistance and succeeded in forcing a retreat. For his actions at Mussallabeh Mackenzie was awarded the Military Cross. After battling several bouts of malaria, he was transferred to the 14th Light Horse Regiment and served with the unit until the end of the war. The Syria campaign had ended and from his letters home it is clear he was deeply affected by the hardships that the country's starving people had endured throughout the war.Mackenzie returned to Australia as an honorary captain at the end of 1919, and his appointment with the AIF was terminated on 8 April 1920. He later served with the 3rd Volunteer Defence Corps during the Second World War. Arthur Mackenzie died at Guyra in 1970.

Collection items

Rolls

  • First World War Embarkation Roll

    Rank
    Lieutenant
    Place of Embarkation
    Sydney
    Embarkation Ship
    RMS Morea
    Date of Embarkation
    27 May 1916
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918

Honours & Awards

  • Honours and Awards:

    Award/Honour
    Military Cross
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Unit
    1st Australian Camel Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant
    London Gazette
    16 September 1918 on page 11050 at position 1
    Commonwealth Gazette
    4 February 1919 on page 135 at position 16
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Military Cross
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Unit
    1st Australian Camel Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant

Timeline

Date of birth 1891-04-12
Date of embarkation 1916-05-27
Date of death 1970

Find out more about Lieutenant Arthur Arundel Mackenzie