Captain Percy William Woods

Service Number 85
Birth Date 08 November 1885
Birth Place Australia: New South Wales, Sydney
Death Date 05 January 1937
Death Place Australia: New South Wales, Sydney
Final Rank Captain
Units
Commonwealth of Australia Gazette 18 April 1918 on page 844 at position 27
London Gazette 28 December 1917 on page 13567 at position 2
Physical description

Percy William Woods was born in Sydney on 8 November 1885. After leaving school he worked as a decorator and was also commissioned as a lieutenant in the senior cadets of the Citizens' Forces. The 28-year-old enlisted with the Australian Imperial Force on 27 August 1914 and, having been allotted to the 3rd Infantry Battalion, departed Sydney on HMAT Euripides on 20 October 1914.

Woods took part in the Gallipoli landing on 25 April 1915. In a letter to a friend he wrote of the battle of Lone Pine, in which he had participated, and recalled the details of the attack. He was Mentioned in Despatches for his actions at Lone Pine and for his bravery and devotion to duty throughout the entire Gallipoli campaign. After the evacuation in December Woods was transferred to the newly formed 55th Infantry Battalion, with which he would serve for the remained of the war and would temporarily command.

Woods continued to distinguish himself on the Western Front. By June 1917, the man who had left Australia with the rank of sergeant was a lieutenant colonel. By the end of the war, Woods had been Mentioned in Despatches four times, had been awarded the Military Cross for his actions at Fromelles in 1916, and had received the Distinguished Service Order with Bar for his actions at Doignies in 1917 and Peronne in 1918 respectively.

In October 1918, Woods returned for Australia and in February the following year was discharged from the AIF. He died of cerebrovascular disease in Sydney on 5 January 1937, survived by his wife, Annie.

Collection items

Rolls

  • First World War Embarkation Roll

    Rank
    Sergeant
    Place of Embarkation
    Sydney
    Embarkation Ship
    HMAT Euripides A14
    Date of Embarkation
    20 October 1914
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918

Honours & Awards

  • Honours and Awards:

    Award/Honour
    Bar to Distinguished Service Order
    Classification
    Distinguished Service Order
    Unit
    8th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
    London Gazette
    1 February 1919 on page 1605 at position 6
    Commonwealth Gazette
    3 June 1919 on page 942 at position 53
  • Honours and Awards:

    Award/Honour
    Distinguished Service Order
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Unit
    58th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
    London Gazette
    1 January 1918 on page 28 at position 70
    Commonwealth Gazette
    18 April 1918 on page 846 at position 107
  • Honours and Awards:

    Award/Honour
    Military Cross
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Captain
    London Gazette
    1 January 1917 on page 44 at position 17
    Commonwealth Gazette
    29 June 1917 on page 1390 at position 74
  • Honours and Awards:

    Award/Honour
    Mention in despatches
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Unit
    3rd Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant
    London Gazette
    28 January 1916 on page 1208 at position 46
    Commonwealth Gazette
    6 April 1916 on page 861 at position 128
  • Honours and Awards:

    Award/Honour
    Mention in despatches
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
    London Gazette
    28 May 1918 on page 6202 at position 99
    Commonwealth Gazette
    24 October 1918 on page 2056 at position 212
  • Honours and Awards:

    Award/Honour
    Mention in despatches
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
    London Gazette
    11 July 1919 on page 8832 at position 91
    Commonwealth Gazette
    30 October 1919 on page 1656 at position 89
  • Honours and Awards:

    Award/Honour
    Mention in despatches
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
    London Gazette
    28 December 1917 on page 13567 at position 2
    Commonwealth Gazette
    18 April 1918 on page 844 at position 27
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Military Cross
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Date of Recommendation
    12 October 1916
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Captain
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Mention in despatches
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Date of Recommendation
    08 March 1918
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Mention in despatches
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Unit
    3rd Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Bar to Distinguished Service Order
    Classification
    Distinguished Service Order
    Date of Recommendation
    08 September 1918
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Bar to Distinguished Service Order
    Classification
    Distinguished Service Order
    Date of Recommendation
    08 September 1918
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Mention in despatches
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Date of Recommendation
    31 August 1915
    Unit
    3rd Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Bar to Distinguished Service Order
    Classification
    Distinguished Service Order
    Date of Recommendation
    07 September 1918
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Officer of the Order of the British Empire
    Classification
    Order of the British Empire
    Date of Recommendation
    22 September 1918
    Unit
    No. 4 Australian Command Depot
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Distinguished Service Order
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Date of Recommendation
    20 January 1918
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    French Legion d'Honneur
    Classification
    French awards and medals
    Date of Recommendation
    30 August 1918
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Unit
    No. 4 Australian Command Depot
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Unit
    No. 4 Australian Command Depot
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Unit
    3rd Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Bar to Distinguished Service Order
    Classification
    Distinguished Service Order
    Date of Recommendation
    16 October 1918
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Bar to Distinguished Service Order
    Classification
    Distinguished Service Order
    Date of Recommendation
    18 October 1918
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Unit
    3rd Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Lieutenant
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Award/Honour
    Distinguished Service Order
    Classification
    British/Australian gallantry awards
    Date of Recommendation
    20 September 1917
    Unit
    55th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Major

Timeline

Date of birth 1885-11-08
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1914-09-04 Enlisted as a sergeant with the 3rd Battalion.
Date of embarkation 1914-10-20
Date commissioned 1915-05-19 Appointed 2nd lieutenant.
Date promoted 1915-08-07 Appointed lieutenant.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-08-31
Other units 1916-02-13 55th Battalion.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-02-15
Date promoted 1916-03-12 Appointed captain.
Other units 1916-06-19 Joined the British Expeditionary Force - Alexandria.
Other 1916-09-06 Appointed Adjutant.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-10-12
Date promoted 1917-01-01 Appointed temporary major.
Other units 1917-01-10 Temporary Commanding Officer of 55th Battalion.
Date promoted 1917-04-14 Appointed major.
Date promoted 1917-06-19 Appointed lieutenant colonel.
Other 1917-06-19 Commanding Officer of 55th Battalion.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-09-20
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-01-20
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-03-08
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-08-30
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-08-30
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-09-07
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-09-08
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-09-08
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-09-22
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-10-16
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-10-18
Other 1919-02-22 AIF appointment terminated.
Date of death 1937-01-05

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