Type 94 Tankette Model 2594 : Imperial Japanese Army
|Title||Type 94 Tankette Model 2594 : Imperial Japanese Army|
Camouflaged, Japanese, Type 94, two man tankette of welded and rivetted construction. The vehicles' serial number is '88'. The Australian Army Military History Section allocated the case number 'S125' to this vehicle after its capture and transfer to Australia. This number is painted on the outside of the rear cargo door. The vehicle has been camouflaged in a four colour pattern consisting of sand yellow, olive drab, green and brick red. The drive sprockets are mounted at the front of the vehicle, with four rubber tyred road wheels and two return rollers on each side. The trailing idler wheels are at the rear. The turret is offset to the starboard side of the hull and is missing the machine gun.
On the right, towards the back of the tankette, are the initials 'CA'. Scratched underneath the paint of the Japanese rising sun flag is VX4486 MCHALLORAN / BALIK' [VX4486 John Frederick O'Halloran]. The service number 'VX4486' is also scratched into the turret. Scratched into the back hatch of the turret is ' A Nicholl / HR McLift [sic] / BNMA. On the side of the turrett is scratched 'VX145995 / SPR LY ESS DG' [VX145995 Sapper David Gordon Lyness 2/2 Aust Railway Construction Company'] and 'BERNARD [sic] RAN'.
The Tankette Type 94, Model 2594 was based on the British Carden-Loyd Mark VI universal carriers of which six were purchased by Japan in the late 1920s. As a result of trials with these vehicles the Japanese decided to develop a similar vehicle. After successful trials in Japan and China the vehicle was standardised as the Type 94 tankette (US sources refer to it as the Type 92). It entered service in 1934. The primary role of the Type 94 was to carry supplies in the battlefield area and also serve in the supplementary reconnaissance role for which it was totally unsuited as its body armour could not withstand ordinary rifle bullets. It was also often used to tow a tracked ammunition trailer in a fashion similar to contemporary British and French tankettes of the period.