Air Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal : G O Penny, RAAF

Unit Royal Australian Air Force
Accession Number REL35793.004
Collection type Heraldry
Object type Medal
Physical description Silver
Maker Unknown
Date made 1970s
Conflict Period 1970-1979
Malay Peninsula, 1964-1966

Air Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (EIIR). Engraved around edge with recipient's details.

History / Summary

Associated with the service of Graham Owen Penny. Instituted in 1919, the Air Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal was awarded to Non commissioned Officers and other ranks for 18 years exemplary service. In 1977, this criteria was reduced to 15 years. Penny was born 30 January 1935. 52689 Private Graham Penny served at Korea from 15 February 1955 to 6 February 1956 with 1 Royal Australian Regiment (RAR). Between 1953 and 1956 the Australian battalions in Korea were primarily involved with fortifications, rehabilitation and training. 1 RAR was withdrawn from Korea in March 1956.

By 1963 Penny had enlisted into the Royal Australian Air Force. In 1963 A17162 Leading Aircraftman Penny was injured in a service transport accident while serving with No 1 Control and Reporting Unit . He later served in the Malayan Peninsula / Singapore area between June 1965 and August 1966. Between 1962 and 1966 Indonesia and Malaysia fought a small, undeclared war which came to involve troops from Australia and Britain. The actual war began when Indonesia launched a series of cross-border raids into Malaysian territory in early 1963. Australian units which fought during Confrontation did so as part of a larger British and Commonwealth force under overall British command.

Australia's commitment to operations against Indonesia in Borneo and West Malaysia fell within the context of its membership in the Far East Strategic Reserve. Altogether, two infantry battalions, two squadrons of the Special Air Service, a troop of the Royal Australian Signals, several artillery batteries and parties of the Royal Australian Engineers were involved in Borneo. Ships of the Royal Australian Navy served in the surrounding waters and several RAAF squadrons were also involved in Confrontation. Continuing negotiations between Indonesia and Malaysia ended the conflict, and the two sides signed a peace treaty in Bangkok in August 1966. The lack of a rosette on the Defence Force Service Medal ribbon indicates that Penny had been in the defence forces for approximately 15 years when he wore this ribbon bar.