Resistance Commemorative Cross 1940-1945 : Mr C de Bakker
|Title||Resistance Commemorative Cross 1940-1945 : Mr C de Bakker|
|Maker||Koninklijke Begeer, Voorschoten (Maker)|
|Date made||c 1982|
Sterling silver cross fitted with a loose ring suspender. The obverse features a flaming sword surmounted by a crown. On either side of the sword is stamped the words 'DE TYRANNY VERDRYVEN' which translates as 'To get rid of tyranny'. Beneath the sword is stamped the dates '1940' and '1945'. The reverse shows a Dutch Lion, the date of institution '1980' and the silvermark 'F.S.INV INN BEGEER VOORSCHOTEN'. The cross is accompanied by a ribbon in the shape of a bow designed to be worn on the lapel. The ribbon features narrow red white and blue bands (symbolising the flag of the Netherlands), with a broad orange band (the national colour of the Netherlands), inside two narrow black band edges. A separate piece of red, white and blue ribbon has been wrapped around the larger ribbon, and sewn into place, to create the bow shape. A safety pin is attached to the top of the ribbon.
Associated with the service of Mr Cornelius de Bakker. De Bakker was born in the Netherlands in 1910 and served with the Dutch Underground Movement in active resistance against the German forces during the Second World War. Wanted by the Gestapo, de Bakker helped to store and distribute weapons and ammunition needed by the resistance movement and sabotaged efforts by the Germans to transport Dutch citizens into forced labour camps. Assisted by his wife, de Bakker also hid refugees and noted enemies of the Nazi regime - downed Allied airmen and Jewish families. The latter resulting in the de Bakkers permanently adopting two children, orphaned by the war.