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ID number S01151
Title Henry William Parkinson MM as a gunner 107th Howitzer Battery 7th Field Artillery Brigade 3rd Division Artillery AIF, France 1916-1918 and Volunteer Defence Corps 1939-1945, interviewed by his grandson Mark Bailey.
Collection Sound
Object type Oral history
Place made Australia: New South Wales, Stockton
Date made 1972
Physical description audio cassette; brand unknown; mono Sound 1  
Sound 2  
Note Open
Copying provision Copy provided for personal non-commercial use


Parkinson speaks of his family background and early employment; enlistment in the Australian Imperial Force; training at Holsworthy Army Camp; journey to England aboard troopship HMAT Argyllshire; transfer to artillery from infantry; further training on the Salisbury Plain; departure for France; his experience of artillery actions at Armentieres, Passchendaele, Ypres and the Somme; Salvation Army support of troops; German use of gas and resulting casualties; observations on American, German and French troops; enlistment and service of his brother Percy; the Armistice in 1918; the post-First World War influenza epidemic; return to Australia aboard HMAT Armagh; the quality of food on the ship compared with field rations; notification of the award of the Military Medal; reflections on German shelling; employment in the inter-war years; his marriage; the Depression; his service in the Volunteer Defence Corps in the Second World War; United States Army units in the Newcastle area in the Second World War. Parkinson further reflects on the First World War - the use of German prisoners of war in France to carry Australian wounded back from the front line and to return with ammunition; his experience of the Somme Offensive; the use of observation balloons; his being awarded the Military Medal in action at Bray; his experience of the battle at Villers Bretonneux during the German offensive of 1918; return to Australia at the end of the war. Transcript is available.


Please note: Oral histories are personal accounts recorded and/or preserved by the Australian War Memorial. The Memorial is not responsible for either the accuracy of matters discussed or opinions expressed by speakers, which are for the listener to judge. While we make every reasonable effort to ensure the accuracy of information, some content in this interview may contain inaccuracies or errors. It may also include historically or culturally sensitive sound recordings and text; such material does not reflect the Memorial's viewpoint but rather the social attitudes and circumstances of the period or place in which it was created.

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