The following 'boy soldiers' and 'boy sailors' have been identified among the 61,000 names on the Roll of Honour for the First World War.

Private James Charles ('Jim') Martin (1553, 21st Battalion) was born on 3 January 1901 at Tocumwal, NSW. He was evacuated to the hospital ship Glenart Castle on 25 October 1915 suffering from enteritis and died the same day. He was 14 years 9 months old. He is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial at Gallipoli.

Boy 2nd Class Reginald Keyth Cooper (4452, HMAS Tingira) was born on 9 February 1900 in Alberton, SA. He died on 1 March 1915, aged 15 years, only two months after enlisting. He is buried in the Rookwood Necropolis, Sydney.

Private Leslie Thomas Prior (5071, 23rd Battalion) was a labourer from Carlton, Melbourne. He was killed in the second battle of Bullecourt on 3 May 1917. He is commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France.  His mother wrote that he was 15 years 3 months of age at the time of death.

Boy 2nd Class Leslie William Henry Earl (6902, HMAS Tingira), of Melbourne, enlisted in August 1918. He was accidentally drowned in Sydney Harbour on 16 March 1919, aged 15 years 8 months. He is commemorated on the Plymouth Naval Memorial, UK.

Lance Corporal John Auguste Emile Harris (2251, 2nd Battalion) from Waverley, Sydney, was a clerk before the war. He claimed to be 18 years old when he enlisted in June 1915. He was killed in action at Lone Pine, Gallipoli, on 8 August 1915, and is buried in Lone Pine Cemetery. In the two months of his service he had been promoted to Lance Corporal. After the war his father wrote that John was 15 years 10 months old at the time of his death.

Private Albert Cramer (1582, 6th Battalion) was born in South Yarra, Victoria in 1899. He enlisted in December 1914 under the name of Bert Reddaway. He was killed in action at Cape Helles, Gallipoli on 8 May 1915 and is commemorated on the Helles Memorial, Gallipoli. His mother wrote that he was 15 years 10 months old when he died.

Private Charles Frank Church (4752, 8th Battalion) was born in North Adelaide, SA on 15 September 1900. He was reported missing in action near Pozieres on 18 August 1916. A court of inquiry held 1 March 1918 determined that Charles had been killed in action on 18 August 1916. He is buried in the Pozieres British Cemetery Ovillers-La Boisselle, France. He was 15 years 11 months.

Private Stanley John Adams (5027, 4th Battalion), from Randwick, Sydney, was a plumber before the war. He claimed to be 18 years 1 month old when he enlisted in January 1916. Stanley was killed by a shell at Mouquet Farm, France, on 16 August 1916. He was buried between Mouquet Farm and Pozières but the grave could not be located after the war. His name is recorded on the Australian Memorial at Villers-Bretonneux. His father later wrote that Stanley was 16 years old when he died. Stanley's brother, Corporal J.W. Adams of the 1st Battalion, served in both Gallipoli and France.

Trooper Harold Thomas Bell (3650, 4th Australian Light Horse Regiment) was a farmer from Walpeup, Victoria. He enlisted under the alias of Harold Thomas Wickham. Harold took part in the charge against Beersheba on 31 October 1917, and died of gunshot wounds on 1 November 1917, aged 16 years. He is buried in the Beersheba War Cemetery, Israel.

Private Edward Sydney Cawe (2342, 20th Battalion), from Unanderra, NSW, had been a railway porter. He was killed in action at Pozières, France, on 26 July 1916, one year to the day after his enlistment. He had claimed to be 18 years 1 month old. Edward's grave could not be found after the war; he is remembered on the Australian Memorial at Villers-Bretonneux. Edward's aunt and uncle (his adoptive parents) later wrote that he was 16 years old when he died.

Private Harold Brooks Davis (4759, 45th Battalion) was born in Parramatta, NSW, in 1901. He was working as a plumber when he enlisted in November 1915. Harold was wounded during a very heavy barrage at Gueudecourt on 21 February 1917. He died a week later. Harold is buried in the St Sever Cemetery Extension, France. His father wrote that he was 16 years old.

Private Alfred Kerfoot (4463, 20th Battalion) was born in Newton Heath, Manchester, England and came to Australia at the age of 8 years. Before enlisting, Alfred was working as a news agent. He was killed in action in the trenches near Flers, France on 10 November 1916. Alfred in commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France. Alfred's brother Edward wrote that Alfred was aged 16 years at the time of his death.

Private Clarence George Mathieson (3084A, 60th Battalion) was a malster from Richmond, Victoria. He was reported missing in action at Fleurbaix, France in the battle of Fromelles on 19 July 1916. A court of enquiry in August 1917 determined that he had been killed in action. He was 16 years. Clarence is commemorated in the VC Corner Australian Cemetery and Memorial, Fromelles, France. Clarence’s brother, Frederick was also serving in the 60th Battalion and was wounded in action on the same day.

Private Roy Harry Robertson (5774, 3rd Battalion) was a letter carrier from Gordon, NSW. He was killed in action in the trenches at Flers, France and is commemorated at the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France. His father wrote that he was 16 years.

Private Leslie Alfred Swift (2158, 16th Battalion) was a jockey from Clifton Hill, Victoria. He enlisted in March 1915 under the alias of William Alfred Smith. Leslie was wounded on 6 August 1916 near Pozieres and died eight days later from gunshot wounds to his chest. He is buried in the St Sever Cemetery, France. He was 16 years old. Leslie’s brother Thomas George Lionel Swift was killed in action at Mont St Quentin in August 1918. Another brother Charles Newbry Swift also served in the AIF.

Private George Wylie (3730, 13th Battalion) was a school boy from Newtown, NSW. He was killed in action at Villers-Bretonneaux on 2 May 1918, aged 16 years, and is buried in the Crucifix Corner Cemetery, Villers-Bretonneux, France. George’s brother-in-law Private Bruce Gough was awarded a Military Medal.

Boy 2nd Class Clifton Mills (6991, HMAS Tingira) was born 9 August 1903 in Bendigo, Victoria. He enlisted shortly before the Armistice with Germany. He died from diphtheria on 2 September 1919, aged 16 years 1 month, and is buried in the Rookwood Necropolis, Sydney.

Lance Corporal Herbert Austin West (5914, 20th Battalion) from Botany, NSW was working in a parcel room before he enlisted in August 1916. He was wounded in the second battle of Bullecourt (3 May) and promoted to Lance Corporal in June. He was wounded again on 6 October and died two days later. He is buried in the Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium. His mother later wrote that he had enlisted at the age of 14 years 8 months without the consent of his parents, and was 16 years 1 month at the time of his death. Herbert had two older brothers who both served in the AIF, Harry Walter West and Clifford Sydney West.

Private Frederick Clive Collins (4171, 11th Battalion) was born in Godalming, England and moved to Australia at the age of 14. He was 15 years 4 months when he enlisted. Fred was killed in action near Pozieres on 25 July 1916 at the age of 16 years 2 months. He is commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France. Fred's father Private Lewis Frank Collins served in the 48th Battalion and died in January 1918 as a result of wounds received at Mouquet Farm near Pozieres in August 1916. Fred’s brother Driver Frank Collins served in the 16th Battalion and was also wounded near Pozieres in August 1916.

Boy 2nd Class Charles William Fellows (6802, HMAS Tingira) was born on 7 January 1903 in Gunbower, Victoria. He died of accidental drowning on 16 March 1919, aged 16 years 2 months. He is commemorated on the Plymouth Naval Memorial, UK.

Private Robert Edward Watson (5104, 30th Battalion) was an engineer’s apprentice from Annandale when he enlisted in February 1917. He was killed in action near Messines on 24 March 1918. His father wrote that he was 16 years 2 months at the time of his death.

Private Miller Mafaking Fergusson (6082, 27th Battalion) was a laborer from Quorn, South Australia. He joined the 27th Battalion on 9 April 1917. Only a month later, on 5 May 1917, he was wounded in action near Bapaume, and died later that day. He is buried in the Grevillers British Cemetery, France. His mother wrote that he was 16 years 4 months when he died, and that he had two brothers who also served in the war.

Private Arthur Hill (2537, 29th Battalion) was a farm labourer from Moonee Ponds, Victoria. He had been a bugler with the CMF before enlisting in September 1915.  Arthur was killed in action near Flers, France on 27 October 1916, only 12 days after joining his battalion. He is commemorated at the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France. Arthurs’ mother wrote that he was 16 years 4 months. Arthur’s father Private Thomas Hill also served in the AIF with the 4th Australian Division Headquarters.

Private Roy Henderson Robertson (1765, 20th Battalion) was a shop assistant from the Illawarra region. He enlisted in June 1915, claiming to be 18 years old. He was killed in action at Russell's Top, Gallipoli, on 7 November. His name is recorded on a memorial at Walker's Ridge Cemetery, Gallipoli. After the war his brother, James L. Robertson, who had served with the 45th Battalion, wrote that Roy was 16 years 4 months when he died.

Private Albert Charles Baden Govers (79, 1st Battalion), from Copeton, NSW, had been a station-hand. He enlisted in February 1916, giving his age as 18 years 1 month. He was listed as missing in action at Flers, France, on 5 November 1916, later confirmed to have been killed. He is buried at Grevillers British Cemetery, France. After the war his mother recorded that Albert was 15 when he enlisted, and 16 years 4 months old when he died.

Boy 1st Class Ronald Rothsay Wright (4459, HMAS Sydney) was born on 2 June 1900, at Peterhead, SA. He was killed during a violent storm off the coast of Norway on 21 December 1916. He was aged 16 years 6 months, and is buried at the Dalmeny and Queensferry Cemetery, Scotland.

Private Edward Rose (8054, 12th Battalion) was born in 1902 in Bagdad, Tasmania. He was admitted to the Military Hospital at Sutton Veny on 22 May 1918 with measles and pneumonia, and died on 1 June 1918. He is buried in the Sutton Veny (St John) Churchyard, United Kingdom. His father wrote that he was 16½ years of age.

Private Robert Cooper James Murray (5747, 1st Battalion) was an accountant’s clerk from Parramatta, NSW. He died of wounds at Ypres, Belgium on 4 October 1916. He is buried in the Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium. His mother wrote that he was 16½ years at the time of his death. Robert’s uncle Hugh Creagh Massy Carter was also with the 1st Battalion when he was killed in action at Gallipoli.

Private Walter Sampson Wakeley (20th Battalion, no service number allotted), from Canley Vale, NSW, died of pneumonia at Liverpool Camp, NSW, on 29 July 1915, before his unit left for service overseas. He is buried in Liverpool Cemetery. His father wrote that his son was 16 years and 6 months at the time of his death. Walter's brother Daniel Wakeley of the 14th Field Ambulance was awarded a Military Medal for bravery at Foucaucourt, France, in 1918.

Private James Young (2812, 55th Battalion) was born in Glasgow, Scotland and moved to Australia when he was 14 years of age. He was wounded at Fleubaix, France on 1 October 1916 and died 4 hours later. James is buried in the Anzac Cemetery, Sailly-sur-la-Lys, France. His father wrote that he was 16½ years of age.

Private Harry Fox (5494, 2nd Battalion) was born in Harden, NSW. He enlisted on 14 February 1916. Harry was killed on 4 May 1917 during the second battle of Bullecourt and is commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France. Harry’s father later wrote that Harry was still a student at the Technical High School, Ultimo when he enlisted, and was aged 16 years 7 months at the time of his death. Harry’s brother George served with the Australian Railway Troops.

Boy 2nd Class Reginald William Thompson (6793, HMAS Tingira) was born in Staffordshire, England, on 18 May 1902. He enlisted in the Royal Australian Navy in August 1918 but died from accidental suffocation only five months later, on 14 January 1919, aged 16 years 7 months. He is buried at the Point Clare General Cemetery, NSW.

Private John Lancelot Andrews (3346, 54th Battalion) was a clerk from Taree, NSW, who claimed to be 18 years 11 months on enlistment in February 1916. He arrived on the Western Front in the first week of August 1917, and was a member of the 54th Battalion Lewis gun section. He was killed in action by German artillery in a support line at Polygon Wood on 26 September 1917, aged just 16 years and 8 months. He is buried in the New Irish Farm Cemetery, Belgium.

Private Geoffrey Lionel Flemming (1874, 2nd Battalion) was born in Brighton, South Australia in 1898. He was killed in action at Gallipoli on 16 May 1915, aged 16 years 8 months. Geoffrey is buried in the Lone Pine Cemetery, Turkey. Geoffrey’s two brothers, Richard and Valentine, both served at Gallipoli, and Valentine was also killed in action at Gallipoli on 6 August 1915.

Private Alexander Joseph Hearn (1451, 4th Battalion), from Campsie, NSW, was a tailor's apprentice before the war. He received bullet wounds to the chest at Gallipoli on 10 May 1915. Sent to the 4th London General Hospital, he died on 4 August 1915. He is buried in the Byker and Heaton Cemetery at Newcastle-on-Tyne. Joseph had been born in Newcastle-on-Tyne and come to Australia as a 15 year-old. His mother, writing after the war, said that he was 16 years and 8 months when he died. She thought that he was the youngest soldier to leave with a New South Wales unit.

Private John Morgan Jenkins (1691A, 21st Battalion) was born on 8 December 1899 in Broken Hill, NSW. He was working as a blacksmith when he enlisted in May 1915 at Seymour, VIC, under the name of John Thomas Jenkins. John was posted as missing in action on 1 August 1916 during the battle of Pozieres. His body was not found and despite conflicting reports of the date, a court of enquiry in July 1917 concluded that John had been killed in action the same day. John is commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France. He was 16 years 8 months at the time of his death.

Private Hugh Brian (‘Hughie’) O’Donnell (1393, 11th Battalion) was a miner from Kanowna, WA. He was killed in action at Gallipoli on 12 May 1915, aged 16 years 8 months. He is buried in the Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey.

Private Edward Claude Perkins (4503, 17th Battalion), a carpenter from Sydney, claimed to be 21 years 1 month old when he enlisted in January 1916. He was killed by shell fire near High Wood on the Somme, France, on 8 November 1916. He is buried in the AIF Burial Ground at Flers. His mother wrote that he was 16 years 8 months old when he died.

Private Ernest Lachlan Powter (4919, 53rd Battalion) was born in Orange, NSW. He was working as a junior clerk when he enlisted in September 1915. He died of wounds received in action near Flers on 1 November 1916 and is commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France. His father wrote that he was 16 years 8 months at the time of his death. Ernest’s brother Gunner Claude Jabez Powter was awarded a Distinguished Conduct Medal.

Boy 1st Class Frank David Tavender (5729, HMAS Sydney) was born on 27 April 1901 in Angaston, SA. He died from a head injury on 26 January 1918, aged 16 years 8 months, while his ship was on service at Scapa Flow. He is buried at the Lyness Royal Naval Cemetery, Orkney.

Private Henry William Cox (2606A, 47th Battalion) was a labourer from Murwillumbah, NSW. He first enlisted at Lismore in August 1915, but was discharged on 19th October 1915 due to his age. The following day he enlisted at Brisbane. He died of wounds received in action at Pozieres on 12th August 1916, aged 16 years 9 months. He is buried in the Warloy-Baillon Communal Cemetery Extension, France.

Private Charles Henry Benjamin Whitehouse (3651, 59th Battalion) was a clerk from Campsie, NSW. He was wounded on 19 July 1916 in the battle of Fromelles, the first major battle fought by Australian troops on the Western Front. Two months later, on 21 September 1916, Charles died as a result of shrapnel wounds to his chest, leg and arm.  He is buried in the Boulogne Eastern Cemetery, France. His father wrote that he was 16 years 9 months.

Private Maurice Challis Redwood (1999, 18th Battalion) was a clerk from Katoomba, NSW. Although he was under 18, he enlisted on 19 June 1915 with his mother’s consent, giving his age as 18 years 4 months. He was killed in action at Pozieres on 5 August 1916. He is commemorated at the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France. His mother wrote that he was 16 years 10 months.

Private Gilbert Harry Tripney (1745, 48th Battalion), from Peterborough, SA, was an electrical apprentice before the war. He enlisted in March 1916, giving his age as 18 years 1 month. Gilbert was killed in action at Vierstraat, Belgium, on 16 October 1916. He is buried in Ridge Wood Military Cemetery, Belgium. His father wrote after the war that his son was 16 years and 10 months old at the time of his death, and noted that he had been a champion rifle shot.

Trooper Harry Noel Wilson (2241, 6th Australian Light Horse) was a clerk from Coonamble, NSW. His father wrote that he was 16 years 10 months of age when he was killed in action near Et Maler, Egypt on 4 August 1916. He is buried in the Kantara War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt. His uncle Sergeant Harry Wilson was awarded a Military Medal.

Private George Yendle (2698, 59th Battalion), from Balaclava, Melbourne worked as a tinsmith before the war. He enlisted in June 1915, claiming to be 18 years 9 months old. George served with the 7th Battalion for the last month of the Gallipoli campaign. He transferred to the new 59th Battalion but was killed in its first significant action, at Fromelles, France, on 19 July 1916. His body could not be found after the battle, nor has it been identified in the mass graves discovered in 2008. His name is recorded at VC Corner Australian Memorial. George's older brother Albert (2741, 58th Battalion) was also killed during the war and is also without any known grave. After the war their mother wrote that George was 16 years and 11 months old when he died.

Private David Charles Trainer (3066, 60th Battalion) was a grocer from Footscray, Victoria. He enlisted under the name of David Charles Cook. David was killed in action at the battle of Fromelles 2 days before his 17th birthday. His father later wrote that he tried to stop David from enlisting, but David enlisted anyway without his consent. He also wrote that David had said he was going even if he had to walk to Sydney. David is commemorated at the VC Corner Australian Cemetery and Memorial, Fromelles, France.

Private William Gannaway (3034, 3rd Pioneer Battalion) was born in Sebastian, Victoria, but was working as a miller’s assistant in Perth when he enlisted in October 1916. He was killed at Armentieres by a high explosive enemy shell on 24 May 1917, only three days after joining the battalion. William is buried in the Cite Bonjean Military Cemetery, France. His mother wrote that his age was 17 years 6 days.

Private James Fitzgibbon Daly (4643, 58th Battalion) was working as a salesman when he enlisted in July 1915. James was a killed in action on 19 July 1916 during the Battle of Fromelles and is buried in the Rue-Du-Bois Military Cemetery, Fleurbaix, France. James’ mother wrote that he was 17 years of age at the time of his death. His brother William Warren Daly died 3 days later of wounds received during the same battle.

Private Charles Harrison (3876, 51st Battalion) was born in Horsham, Victoria, and was working as a printer in Perth when he enlisted in July 1917. Charles was killed in action on 24 April 1918 during the battle of Villers-Bretonneux and is buried in the Adelaide Cemetery, Villers-Bretonneux, France. His mother wrote that he was 17 years of age. Charles’ brother, Private Albert Edward Harrison, also of the 51st Battalion, was killed only a few weeks earlier on 30 March 1918.

Private Gerald Patrick Heavey (2160, 1st Battalion) was born in Bungendore, NSW, and was working as an orchardist at Katoomba when he enlisted in February 1917. He was attached to the 1st Australian Light Trench Mortar Battery in March 1918. Gerald was wounded on 17 April 1918 when a shell landed directly on the battery’s headquarters on the front line near Strazelle, and he died later the same day. Gerald is buried Ebblinghem Military Cemetery, Ebblinghem, France. His father recorded Gerald’s age as 17 years.

Private Lionel Reginald Howarth (4399, 8th Field Ambulance) was born in Newtown, NSW. He was working as a horse driver for Nock and Kirby’s when he enlisted in October 1916. On 4 May 1918, Lionel was in an ambulance being driven by Private Wally Saunders along the Corbie Fulloy Road when a shell landed in front of the ambulance, killing them both. Lionel was buried in the Daours Communal Cemetery Extension, Daours, France. His foster mother wrote that he was 17 years old.

Private Colin Meyers (2055, 31st Battalion) was born in Goulburn, NSW, in 1899, the only son of Reginald and Emily Meyers. He was working as a groom when he enlisted under the name of Cecil Morgan in October 1915. Colin was initially reported as wounded in action at Fromelles on 17 July 1916. On 25 August 1916 he was reported wounded and missing, and later confirmed dead on a German Prisoner of War List. He is buried in the Fromelles (Pheasant Wood) Military Cemetery, France. Colin was 17 years old when he died.

Private Harold Murray (2537, 55th Battalion) was born in Melbourne and was working as a labourer at Daysdale, NSW, when he enlisted in May 1916. Harold suffered gunshot wounds to his head during action on the front line near Noreuil on 13 May 1917. He died at the 13th General Hospital in Boulogne three days later. Harold is buried in the Boulogne Eastern Cemetery, Boulogne, France. His father wrote that he was 17 years of age.

Private James Otho Henry Nicole (4256, 2nd Battalion) was an insurance clerk from Penrith, NSW. He was killed in action near Fleurbaix on 3 July 1916. James is buried in the Erquinghem-Lys Churchyard Extension, Erquinghem-Lys, France. His father later wrote that James was 17 years of age at the time of his death.

Private Sidney James Joseph Pelin (6072, 15th Battalion) was born in Mount Morgan, Queensland on 25 January 1900. He was working as a station hand when he enlisted in February 1916. On 1 February 1917, Sidney was taking part in a raid on the German front line when a 77mm German shell exploded on a parapet near him causing him to be struck and killed by clods of frozen earth. A comrade described him as “a very brave man”. He was aged 17 years.

Private John Reeves (2433, 30th Battalion) was born in Rockdale, NSW, and was working as a farm hand at Branxton, NSW, when he enlisted in September 1915. John was killed in action at Pozieres on 20 July 1916 and is buried in the Rue-Petillon Military Cemetery, Fleurbaix, France. His mother wrote later that he was 17 years of age. John’s brother, Corporal Charles Reeves, served in the AIF with the 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Private James Russell Thomas (3482, 58th Battalion) was a grocer’s apprentice from Geelong, VIC. He was killed on 19 July 1916 during the battle of Fromelles. James is buried in the Aubers Ridge British Cemetery, Aubers, France. His mother wrote that he was 17 years of age. James’ brother, William Leonard Thomas of the 4th Light Horse Regiment, participated in the charge at Beersheba and was mentioned in despatches twice.

Private Reginald Tutton (4308, 11th Battalion) was born in Bristol, England. He was working as a farmer at Kirup, WA, when he enlisted in September 1915. He was wounded in action near Fleurbaix, France, on 28 May 1916, only eleven days after joining the battalion. He died the following day as a result of his injuries. Reginald was 17 years of age. He is buried in the Estaires Communal Cemetery and Extension, France. Reginald’s brother Edwin John Tutton was also killed in France, on 29 July 1916. Another brother, Frank, also served with the AIF.

Private Wesley George Wade (729, 17th Battalion) was a carpenter from Artarmon, NSW, who enlisted in March 1915. He served at Gallipoli before his battalion moved to the Western Front. Thirteen days after reaching the trenches, Wesley received gunshot wounds to his left eye and face. He re-joined his battalion on 1 August 1916 after recovering from his wounds, only to be wounded again 2 days later during the battle of Pozieres. Wesley died the same day and was buried in the Contalmaison Chateau Cemetery, France. He was 17 years of age.

Private Ernest Wilson Pinches (296, 5th MG Company) was a clerk from Brisbane, Qld, who had also worked as a pupil teacher. Ernest first enlisted in January 1916 in Brisbane, but was discharged under age when the Head Teacher at the school where he had worked informed the army that Ernest was only 15 years of age. Ernest then travelled to Sydney and enlisted in April 1916 under the alias of Eric Pinches. “Ernie” died in a shell-hole on 5 May 1917 of wounds received during the second battle of Bullecourt and is commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France. He was 17 years and 3 weeks of age. Ernie was awarded a Distinguished Conduct Medal for single-handedly capturing an enemy machine gun and crew just three weeks earlier.

Private Frank Rupert Grainger (4214, 16th Battalion) was born in Hindmarsh, SA. He was working as a clerk when he enlisted at Perth, WA, in September 1915. Frank was killed in action at Mouquet Farm on 30 August 1916. He is buried in the Pozieres British Cemetery Ovillers-La Boisselle, France. Frank’s mother wrote that he was aged 17 years and one month at the time of his death.

Private Darrell Lyle Washington (3059, 31st Battalion) was born in East Devonport, Tasmania. He was trained in bookkeeping and was working as apprentice shipwright for his father. Darrell died on 26 October 1916 at the 36 Casualty Clearing Station as a result of wounds received earlier that day in the front line near Combles, France. His father wrote that he was 17 years one month of age at the time of his death. Darrell’s brother Bombardier Audley Tennyson Washington served with the 3rd Field Artillery Brigade and his uncle Gunner Frederick Washington served with the 36th Australian Heavy Artillery Group.

Private John Thomas Lyons (150, 3rd Battalion) was born at Murchison, Victoria on 27 Feb 1898. Family folklore says that he and a friend rode their bicycles all the way to Sydney to enlist in September 1914. John gave his age as 19 years 2 months. He was killed in action at Gallipoli on 19 May 1915 at age 17 years 2 months and is buried in the 4th Battalion Parade Ground Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey.

Private Walter James Missingham (5184, 47th Battalion) was born in Townsville, Queensland, on 5 June 1900. He enlisted under the name of Walter James Soutar (his step-father’s name) in January 1916. Walter was severely wounded in November 1916, but recovered to return to his battalion in Jun 1917. He was killed on 12 August 1917 when an enemy shell fell on Company HQ near Wytschaete, killing Walter and 6 other men. He was buried at Derry House Cemetery No 2, Belgium, aged 17 years 2 months.

Private Hector Pretoria Hindmarsh (2100, 37th Battalion) was born in London, England and arrived in Australia at the age of 12 years. He was working in a factory when he enlisted in July 1916. Hector was killed in action on 8 June 1917 during the battle of Messines and is buried in the Strand Military Cemetery, Ploegsteert, Belgium. His father wrote that he was 17 years and 3 three months of age and that “he was a good son one of the best… but he was anxious to do his bit although under age”. Hector’s brother Driver John Hindmarsh served with the 2nd Australian Division Signals Company and was seriously wounded in August 1917.

Private Samuel Philip McNeil (4538, 10th Battalion) was an apprentice engineer from Alberton, SA.  He died of injuries sustained in an accidental bomb explosion on 8 September 1916. Samuel is buried in the Klein-Vierstraat British Cemetery, Belgium. His mother wrote that he was 17 years 3 months of age at the time of his death. Samuel’s uncle Robert James McNeil was killed in the battle of Flers on 5 November 1916.

Private Alfred John Wilson (3489, 59th Battalion) was born in Elsternwick, VIC. He was working as a milk carter when he enlisted in May 1917. Alfred died on 9 April 1918 of wounds received in action at Hamelet, France, during the German Spring Offensive of 1918. He is buried in the St Pierre Cemetery, Amiens, France. Alfred’s mother wrote that he was 17 years 3 months of age. Alfred’s brother, Lance Corporal Rupert George, also served in the 59th Battalion as a Lewis machine gunner.

Private Ernest Wills Beer (1913, 6th Battalion) was born 15 March 1898 in Mackay, Queensland. He was working as a butcher when he enlisted in March 1915. Ernest suffered gunshot wounds to both arms near Sniper’s Trench, Gallipoli on 6 August 1915. He was evacuated to the Hospital Ship “Delta”, but his wounds turned gangrene. Ernest died on 9 August 1915 and was buried at sea, aged 17 years 4 months. He is commemorated at the Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli. Ernest’s cousin Lance Corporal Frederick Francis Dunn was awarded the Military Medal.

Private John Roy Joseph Corfian (3377, 33rd Battalion) was working as a storeman in Coogee, NSW, when he enlisted in June 1917 under the alias of Frank Smith. John received gunshot wounds to his head during an Allied counterattack at Hangard Wood on 30 March 1918 against the German spring offensive, and died the following day. He is buried in the Adelaide Cemetery, Villers-Bretonneux, France. John’s mother wrote that he was 17 years 4 months of age at the time of his death.

Private Donald Collins Leslie Smith (3939, 4th Pioneer Battalion) was born on 21 May 1900 in Marburg, Queensland. He was working on a farm when he enlisted at Ipswich on 26 November 1915. Leslie was wounded by a high explosive shell on 24 September 1917 near Ypres. He died the following day at the 2nd Canadian Casualty Clearing Station from a fractured skull and shrapnel wounds to his shoulders. Leslie is buried in the Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium. He was 17 years 4 months old at the time of his death.

Private Leslie Clegg McMurdo (4563, 31st Battalion) was born in Stockton-on-Tees, England, and came to Australia at the age of 16. He was working as a farm labourer when he enlisted in the AIF on 21 September 1916. Just a year later, on 26 September 1917, Leslie was killed in action at Polygon Wood. He is buried in the Buttes New British Cemetery, Belgium. Leslie was 17 years 5 months of age.

Trooper William Henry Adams (611, 2nd Australian Light Horse) was born in Thargomindah, Queensland on 18 November 1897. He was working as a motor mechanic in Brisbane, QLD when he enlisted on 4 September 1914. William was killed in action near Quinns post, Gallipoli on 13/14 May 1915. He is buried in Shrapnel Valley Cemetery. He was 17 years 6 months at the time of his death. William’s brother Sergeant Vivian Douglas Adams was also killed at Gallipoli on 31 October 1915.

Private Harold Victor Barger (1675, 21st Battalion) was a farmer from Bendigo, VIC. He was diagnosed with cerebro spinal meningitis and died on 16 February 1916. He is buried in the Tel El Kebir War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt. His mother wrote that he was 17 and a half years of age at the time of his death. Harold's brother Private William Gabriel Barger was killed in the battle of Fromelles on July 1916, and another brother Private Robert Charles Barger served with the 8th Battalion.

Corporal Charles Thomas Brown (589, 13th Battalion) was born in Ryde, NSW, on 8 January 1899. He was studying electrical engineering before he enlisted in September 1914 under the alias Charles Bennett. Charles was killed late in the evening of 28 June 1916 when the battalion came under heavy bombardment while relieving the 18th Battalion at White City Post near Erquinghem, France. He is buried in the Brewery Orchard Cemetery, Bois-Grenier, France. Charles was 17 and a half years old at the time of his death.

Private Ben Crooks (2354, 20th Battalion) was born in Derby, England, and came to Australia at the age of 9 months. He was working as a farm hand when he enlisted in July 1915. Ben was killed in action during the battle of Pozieres on 2 August 1916 and is buried in the Pozieres British Cemetery Ovillers-La Boisselle, France. Ben's mother wrote that his age at death was 17 and a half years.

Private Lyell Pocock (4577, 6th Battalion) was born in East Shelbourne, Victoria, and was working as a farm labourer when he enlisted in September 1915. Lyell died on 15 August 1916 of wounds received earlier that day during action at Pozieres. He is buried in the Becourt Military Cemetery, Albert, France. Lyell’s father wrote that he was 17 years and 6 months.

Ordinary Seaman Leslie Raymond Arthur Moore (4875) was from Williamstown, Victoria. In April 1918 his ship, HMAS Torrens, was sent to rescue the crew of a damaged Italian destroyer, Benetto Cairoli, in the Adriatic Sea. Leslie was swept overboard in heavy seas. He was 17 years 7 months old. He is commemorated on the Plymouth Naval Memorial, UK.

Ordinary Seaman Edward Mervyn Blackstone Parker (5777) was born 15 April 1901 in Newtown, Sydney. He was posted to London Depot in August 1917 and to HMAS Sydney two months later. He died on 13 December 1918, aged 17 years 7 months, and is buried at Leicester (Welford Road) Cemetery, UK.

Private John William Purcell (2162, 31st Battalion) was a miner from Maitland, NSW. He was killed in action during the battle of Fromelles on 19 July 1916, just four weeks after arriving in France. John is buried in the Anzac Cemetery, Sailly-sur-la-Lys, France. His mother wrote that at the time of his death he was 17 years 7 months of age. John’s brother Lieutenant James Adam Purcell was awarded a Military Cross.

Private Robert Semmens (3121, 9th Battalion) was born in Brisbane, Queensland, on 6 December 1898. He enlisted in June 1915. Robert was killed in the battle of Pozieres on 25 July 1916. He is commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France. He was 17 years 7 months. Robert’s brother Private William Henry Semmens served in the 25th Infantry Battalion.

Private Cyril Samuel Willmott (2439A, 60th Battalion) was a baker’s apprentice from St Arnaud, VIC. He enlisted in April 1915. Cyril died of pneumonia on 5 February 1917 and is buried in the Dernancourt Communal Cemetery Extension, France. His mother later wrote that he was 17 years 7 months of age. Cyril’s cousin, Private Clifford Polkinghorne of the 8th Battalion, was killed at Gallipoli and another cousin, Lance Corporal Samuel Polkinghorne of the 32nd Battalion, also died of pneumonia.

Private George Bentley Guymer (5679, 4th Pioneer Battalion) was a blacksmith from Yangan, Queensland. He joined 4th Pioneer Battalion in France early March 1917. George was mortally wounded by a shell blast near Messines on 3 June 1917 as the Pioneers carried out roadwork around Neuve Eglise and Wulverghem. He died from his wounds the following day at 53rd Casualty Clearing Station and was buried in the Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension (Nord), France. George was 17 years 8 months at the time of his death.

Ordinary Signalman Oscar Harold Nixon (2250, HMAS Australia) was born on 19 December 1897 in Warialda, NSW. HMAS Australia was flagship of the 2nd Battle Cruiser Squadron patrolling the North Sea when Oscar died on 25 March 1915. He was aged 17 years 8 months. He is buried in the Dalmeny and Queensferry Cemetery, Scotland.

Private Albert Stanley Scott (949, 15th Battalion) was born on 28 August 1897 at Gympie, Queensland. Before enlisting in September 1914, he was working as a cane cutter. Albert was killed on 28 April 1915 on the hills above the beach at Gallipoli. He was buried at Popes Hill Cemetery, but later reinterred at Quinn’s Post Cemetery. He was aged 17 years 8 months.

Private George Charles Richard Seaton (6937, 20th Battalion) was born in Lewisham, NSW. He was was working as a block boy when he enlisted in May 1917. George was killed on 31 August 1918 during the attack on Mont St Quentin and is buried in the Peronne Communal Cemetery Extension, Peronne, France.  His grandmother wrote that he was 17 years 8 months of age.

Lance Corporal Frank Gilbert Usher (337, 21st Coy, Australian Machine Gun Corps) was born 7 January 1900 in Oakey, Queensland. He was working as a woodcutter near Toowoomba when he enlisted in March 1916. Frank died of wounds received in the battle of Menin Road on 20 September 1917. He was buried in the Belgian Battery Military Cemetery, but his grave was not able to be located after the war. Frank is commemorated on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium. He was 17 years 8 months. Frank’s brother Corporal Ralph Richard Usher was wounded at Noreuil in March 1917.

Private Victor William Leach (5050, 50th Battalion) was born in Carlton, VIC, on 23 December 1900. He travelled to Adelaide, SA, in October 1917 and enlisted without his parents’ knowledge or consent under the alias of Leslie Lockingbar. Victor was killed near Vendelles, France, by shell fire on 13 September 1918 and is buried in the Jeancourt Communal Cemetery Extension, Jeancourt, France. His mother wrote later that he was 17 years and 9 months of age at the time of his death. Victor’s brother, Driver Ivan Imsie Leach, also served with the AIF.

Private Patrick Petherbridge (3654, 47th Battalion) was born 18 June 1900 at Woodford, Queensland. He was working as a timber getter when he enlisted in January 1917. Patrick was killed at Dernancourt on 28 March 1918. He was buried in the Military Cemetery, Dernancourt Railway Line, but his grave could not be located after the war. Patrick is commemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France. He was 17 years 9 months at the time of his death.

Ordinary Seaman William Kenneth Buck (2127, HMAS Australia) was born on 28 April 1897 at Devonport West, Tasmania. He died on 10 March 1915, two weeks before Oscar Nixon on the same ship. William was 17 years 10 months old. He is buried in the Dalmeny and Queensferry Cemetery, Scotland.

Private Richard Gordon Dawes (5079, 21st Battalion) was a farmer from Korumburra, VIC. He enlisted on 4 February 1916, four days after his older brother Charles and giving his age as 18 years. Richard died on 8 November 1916 as a result of wounds received the previous day during action in the trenches near Flers, France. His father later wrote that he was 17 years 10 months of age at the time of his death. Richard’s brother, Private Charles Dawes, was also serving in the 21st Battalion and died of wounds the day before Richard. Another brother, Corporal George Dawes, was killed at Gallipoli.

Private George Frederick Drayton (3382, 60th Battalion) was born in South Melbourne, VIC.  He was working as a farm labourer when he enlisted in June 1917 with his parents’ consent. George was carrying rations in the front line at Peronne on 2 September 1918 when he was hit by a shell and killed. He was originally buried in an isolated grave but was later reinterred in the Peronne Communal Cemetery Extension, Peronne, France. George’s mother later wrote that he was 17 years and 10 months of age. George’s brother Leslie Athol Drayton was killed in action in Belgium in October 1917.

Private George Rothwell (Routhwell) Seager (62, 9th Light Horse Regiment) was born on 12 September 1897 in Gippsland, Victoria. He enlisted in the Royal Australian Navy in June 1912 and was amongst the first intake of boys to join the HMAS Tingira. In October 1914 George resigned from the RAN and joined the AIF, claiming his age as 19 years and 1 month. He was killed in the battle of Lone Pine on 7 August 1915, aged 17 years 10 months. He is buried in Ari Burnu Cemetery, Gallipoli. George had two older brothers who also fought at Gallipoli, Captain Harold William Hastings Seager MC and Sergeant Ernest Clarendon Seager DCM.

Private Arthur Montague Alchin (2027, 35th Battalion) was a mail driver from Gunning, NSW. Arthur was lying on a stretcher after being wounded during the battle of Passchendaele on 12 October 1917 when a shell exploded nearby killing him and several other wounded soldiers. He is commemorated on the Menin Gate Memorial, Ypres, Belgium. Documents in Arthur’s Red Cross file reveal that he was “well liked by his chums” and he “had absolutely no fear”. His mother later wrote that he was 17 years 11 months at the time of his death. Arthur’s uncle Private Frank Henry Borman was killed at Polygon Wood

Private Rupert James Crew (3523, 4th Battalion) was a surveyor’s assistant from Yass, NSW.  He died in the Government Hospital in Suez from appendicitis on 24 November 1915 and is buried in the Suez War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt. His father wrote that was 17 years 11 months of age at the time of his death. Rupert’s brothers Lance Corporal Valentine Frederick Thomas Crew and Private Alfred Bywong Crewe also served in the AIF.

Driver Kenneth William Gauley (3676, 4th Australian Divisional Mechanical Transport Company) was a motor mechanic from Fitzroy, VIC. He died on 19 April 1919 as a result of a fractured pelvis sustained in an accident the day before. Kenneth is buried in the Marcinelle New Communal Cemetery, Belgium. His mother wrote that he was 17 years 11 months at the time of his death. Kenneth’s brother Private James Alexander Gauley served with the 23rd Battalion.

Private Reuben (Rubin) Cameron Radford (3154, 40th Battalion) was a labourer from Thirlstane, TAS. He was killed in action near Heilly, France, on 28 March 1918 during the German Spring Offensive of March – May 1918. Reuben is buried in the Heilly Station Cemetery, Mericourt-L'Abbe, Peronne, France. Reuben’s father wrote that he was 17 years 11 months of age at the time of his death.

Private William Daly (6256, 4th Battalion) was born in Germanton, NSW, on 3 March 1899. He was working on a farm at Mullengandra, NSW, but travelled to Cootamundra to enlist in April 1916, saying he was a railway employee from Junee. On 28 February 1917, both of William’s legs were blown off by an exploding shell in the trenches at Le Barque, France. He died at a first aid post a couple of hours later, just a few days before his 18th birthday. William is buried in the Bazentin-le-Petit Military Cemetery, Bazentin, France.

Private Thomas Arthur Rabnott (3838, 15th Battalion) was a labourer from Ipswich, Queensland. He was killed in action at Bois-Grenier on 4 July 1916, just three days before his 18th birthday. He is buried in the Brewery Orchard Cemetery, Bois-Grenier, France.

Private George Charles Healy (288, 38th Battalion) was born in 1899 in Bendigo, Victoria. He was working as a farm labourer before he enlisted in February 1916 at the age of 17.  He was wounded at Bois Grenier, France on 22 February 1917 and died later that day. George is buried in the Cite Bonjean Military Cemetery, Armentieres, France. George’s mother later wrote that he was very fond of hunting and all kinds of outdoor life. He was just 18 years at the time of his death.

Private Frederick Clarence Fuljames (5272, 9th Battalion) was born in Sunbeam, Queensland, on 6 September 1898. He enlisted in October 1915 at the age of 17 years 1 month. Frederick was wounded on 25 February 1917 during intense shelling of the trenches near Gueudecourt. He died of his wounds two days later at 1st/1st South Midlands Casualty Clearing Station, aged 18 years. Frederick’s older brother Private Reginald Emile Fuljames served in the 31st Battalion and was wounded in action in November 1916.

Private Roy Clarence Lucas (7508, 41st Battalion) was born 13 September 1899 in Goondiwindi, Queensland. He was working as a cordial maker and picture operator when he enlisted in February 1917 at the age of 17 years 5 months. Roy was killed on 12th August 1918 when his battalion came under heavy artillery fire near Mericourt, France, aged 18 years. He is buried in the Heath Cemetery, Harbonnieres, France.

Sources:

Australian War Memorial, Roll of Honour

Roll of Honour circulars

Commonwealth War Graves Commission Casualty Register

National Archives of Australia, Personal service records

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