The focus of the Memorial is the Hall of Memory, a quiet place for contemplation of the efforts of ordinary Australians in war and for the remembrance of those who suffered and died.

Each one of the Hall's fifteen stained glass windows represents a defining quality of Australian servicemen and women, incorporating images of Australian soldiers, airmen, sailors and a nurse, all from the First World War. The windows were designed and executed by Napier Waller, a Victorian artist who lost his right arm during that war.

The walls and dome of the Hall are lined with one of the largest mosaics in the world, also the work of Waller and unveiled in 1959. The mosaic inside the dome depicts the souls of the dead rising from the earth towards their spiritual home, represented by a glowing sun within the Southern Cross. The figures on the walls – a soldier, a sailor, an airman and a servicewoman – recall the Australian experience of the Second World War.

Over six million pieces of glass tesserae were used in the composition; it was installed by an Italian craftsman and took over three years to complete.

Inside the Hall of Memory looking up to the domeOn 11 November 1993, the remains of an Unknown
Soldier, killed in France in the First World War, were
brought home from France and interred in the tomb in
the centre of the Hall of Memory.


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