There are a number of sources from which casualty statistics can be drawn. The figures below, the number of deaths as a result of service with Australian units, are derived from the Roll of Honour.

Questions of eligibility for the Roll of Honour are determined solely by the Memorial’s Council, and have been considered many times over the years by Council and before it by the Memorial’s Board. When a name has been approved by Council as eligible for addition to the Roll of Honour for a current conflict, that name is added on Remembrance Day each year.

Conflict Dates of conflict[1] Number of deaths
New Zealand 1860–61 Nil
Sudan 1885 9
South Africa 11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902 589
China 6 August 1900 – 25 April 1901 6
First World War 4 August 1914 – 31 March 1921 61,513
Second World War 3 September 1939 – 30 June 1947 39,649
Australia (North Queensland Coast, bomb and mine clearance) 1947 - 1950 4
Japan (British Commonwealth Occupation Force) 1947 - 1952 3
Papua and New Guinea 1947 - 1975 1
Middle East (UNTSO; Operation Paladin) 1948 1
Berlin Airlift 1948 - 1949 1
Malayan Emergency 16 June 1948 – 31 July 1960 39
Kashmir
(United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan)
1948 -1985 1
Korean War 27 June 1950 – 27 July 1953 340
Malta 1952 - 1955 3
Korean War  (Post-Armistice service - ceasefire monitoring) 1953 -1957 16
Southeast Asia (SEATO) 1955 - 1975 1
Indonesian Confrontation 24 December 1962– 11 August 1966 21
Malay Peninsula 19 February 1964 – 11 August 1966 2
Vietnam War 3 August 1962 – 29 April 1975 521
Thailand 25 June 1965 – 31 August 1968 2
Irian Jaya Operation Cenderawasih) 1976 - 1981 1
Western Sahara (MINURSO) 1991 -1994 1
Somalia 20 October 1992 – 30 November 1994 1
Bougainville 1997 - 2003 1
East Timor 16 September 1999 – 18 August 2003 2
East Timor (Operation Astute) 1999 - 2013 2
Afghanistan 11 October 2001 – present 40[2]
Iraq 16 July 2003 – present 2
Solomon Island (RAMSI - Operation Anode) 2003 - 2013 1
Indonesia (Operation Sumatra Assist) 2005 9
Fiji 2006 2
Total  


102,784

  1. ^ Dates for Roll of Honour eligibility purposes
  2. ^ The figures for current conflicts do not necessarily correlate with the details of the Roll of Honour as the Roll is updated on Remembrance Day.