Mud and destruction
"The guns just bang and boom away incessantly. The noise is deafening…We hope this cruel warfare will soon end."
Lieutenant Wilfred Barlow
Throughout 1917 allied hopes of victory were continually dashed. Early on, the Germans withdrew to a new position: the Hindenburg Line. But here, as on the Marne, at Arras or in Flanders, appalling allied casualties mounted as they battered against these new defences.
During the year the Americans joined the allied cause, but the Russians were on the way out. Ultimately, both these events would profoundly affect the course of the war. For the Australians on the Western Front, 1917 was simply more of the same: bloody battles and terrible losses. It was to be their costliest year of the war.
Australian Field Artillery using an 18-pounder gun during the fight for Bullecourt.
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Identity discs issued to Private Horner whilst he was a prisoner of war.
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Australian soldiers at Messines in July 1917, standing in German trenches demolished by the mine blasts.
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Members of 2nd Australian Siege Battery wearing their gas respirators.
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Australian troops walking along a duckboard track near Zonnebeke in the Ypres sector, October 1917.
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Mrs Hester Allen and her four children.
Read more about Privates Robert and Stephen Allen...