• Glossary, Statistics & Bibliography

    Glossary

    This is a list of terms associated with the Korean War.

    ANZAC - "Australian and New Zealand Army Corps" This name was first used in Gallipoli in 1915, but eventually came to be used as slang to describe any Australian or New Zealand soldier - the "Anzac" soldiers. Today in Australia and New Zealand "Anzac Day" is celebrated every year on 25 April, to honour men and women who have served in all wars, and commemorate those who died while in service.

    BCOF - British Commonwealth Occupying Force (Japan)

    CO - Commanding Officer

    HOOCHIE - Makeshift tent

    LT COL - Lieutenant Colonel

    MC - Military Cross

    MM - Military Medal

    NCO - Non-commissioned officer

    POW - Prisoner of war

    PTE - Private

    UN - United Nations

    UNCOK - United Nations Committee on Korea

    UNCURK - United Nations Committee for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea

    UNTCOK - United Nations Temporary Committee on Korea

    1 RAR - 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment

    2 RAR - 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment

    3 RAR - 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment

    RAF - Royal Air Force (Britain)

    RAAF - Royal Australian Air Force

    RAN - Royal Australian Navy

    SGT - Sergeant

    SORTIE - A single operational flight

    Statistics

    Statistics relating to Australia's involvement in the Korean War.

      Royal Australian Navy Australian Army Royal Australian Air Force All services
    Numbers enlisted/engaged 4,507 10,657 2,000 (approx.) 17,164
    Killed (including died of wounds) 2 276 28 (a) 306
    Died while a prisoner of war - 1 - 1
    Accidental and other deaths 3 16 13 (b) 32
    Total deaths 5 293 41 339
    Wounded 6 1210 (c) (d) 1216-
    Prisoners of war - 23 6 29 (e)
    Total casualties 11 1526 47 1584
    1. Flying-battle casualties.
    2. Nine flying-accident casualties; three ground-accident casualties; one died of illness.
    3. Includes thirty-six wounded.
    4. No information on RAAF wounded available.
    5. Includes twenty-one prisoners of war repatriated after the armistice (27 July 1953) and one who died while a prisoner of war.

    Bibliography

    The following is alist of sources used in the development of this online exhibition. All are available at the Australian War Memorial's Research Centre. Further details for most can be found in our collection databases.

    Official Records:

    AWM 85 2/17: 1 RAR, December 1952.

    AWM 85 2/19: 1 RAR, February 1953.

    AWM 85 3/3 (part 3): 2 RAR, May 1953.

    AWM 85 4/21: 3 RAR, October 1950.

    AWM 85 4/35: 3 RAR October 1951.

    AWM 84 4/46: September 1952.

    AWM 85/28: 3 RAR, April 1951.

    AWM 114 665/7/1: 3 RAR in the Battle of Kapyong and Map and Trace Reports and Comments on the Battle of Kapyong, 23-24 April 1951.

    AWM 114 665/7/2: Showdown in Korea: a brief history by the Office of Public Information ROK.

    AWM 114 665/7/5: 77 Squadron in Korea RAAF: Men Adopt Korean Waifs.

    AWM 114 665/7/6: Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation to 77 Squadron, RAAF.

    AWM 114 665/7/10: The RAN in the Korean War

    Private Records:

    3DRL 7683, PR 00497, PR 89/110 Papers of Cpl. Ronald Cashman

    PR00466 Papers of Mrs Olwyn Green

    PR85/119 Papers of Lt. Dacre Smyth

    Memoir, Private M. C. "Snow" Dicker, uncatalogued

    MSS 1157: Skane Kelly, The Korean War Homefront 1950-51.

    3DRL 3351, PR 82/125 Papers of Captain Bryan Gandevia

    MSS 1453: 'Interlude', 'Dog Outpost', 'From the Rubble', by D.M. Guilfoyle

    PR00186 Papers of Petty Officer Andrew Nation, HMAS Sydney

    PR 83/183: Papers of Mrs June White

    PR 85/175: Papers of Squadron Leader R. D. Guthrie

    PR85/269 Papers of Private Harry Kammerman

    MSS0691 Papers of Squadron Leader Esmond New

    PR 86/095: Papers of Air Vice Marshal H. A. Hughes.

    PR 89/28: Papers of Mrs Nell Honeysett

    PR 89/55: Papers of Lt. Col. B.S. O'Dowd

    PR 91/163, Papers of Pte Cecil Fisher

    Leaflets:

    10/1/1 (1 of 2): Australian Leaflets, Armed Forces Recruitment with Reference to Korea.

    10/1/1 (2 of 2): Australian Leaflets, Armed Forces Recruitment with Reference to Korea.

    10/1/2: Australian Leaflets, Armed Forces Reserve Recruitment with Reference to Korea.

    10/1/3: Australian Leaflets, Recruitment for Korea Force.

    10/2/2: UN Forces Leaflets, Psychological Warfare.

    10/3/1: Communist Leaflets, Psychological Warfare.

    Select Bibliography of Secondary Sources:

    Bartlett, N. With the Australians in Korea, AWM, 1954.

    Breen, B. The Battle of Maryang San, Headquarters Training Command, 1991.

    Breen, B. The Battle of Kapyong, Headquarters Training Command, 1992.

    Burgess, P. Warco - Australian Reporters at War, William Heinemann Australia, 1986.

    Burchett, W. At the Barricades, MacMillan, 1981.

    Coulthard-Clark, C. Where Australians Fought - The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles, Allen and Unwin, 1998.

    Crosbie, P. Pencilling Prisoner, Hawthorn Press, 1954.

    Gallaway, J. The Last Call of the Bugle, University of Queensland Press, 1994.

    George, A. L. The Chinese Communist Army in Action - The Korean War and its aftermath, Columbia University Press, 1967.

    Goodman, D. Our War Nurses: The History of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps 1902-1988, Boolarong Publications, 1988.

    Gordon, H. The Embarrassing Australian, Lansdowne Press, 1962.

    Green, O. The Name's still Charlie, University of Queensland Press, 1993.

    Hastings, M. The Korean War, Michael Joseph Publications, 1987.

    Hooker, J. Korea - The Forgotten War, Time-Life Books, 1989.

    Jackomos, A. and Fowell, D. Forgotten Heroes: Aborigines at War from the Somme to Vietnam, Victoria Press, 1993.

    Jones, C. Wings and the Navy 1947-1953, Kangaroo Press, 1997.

    Kiernan, B. (ed.) Burchett: Reporting from the Other Side of the World 1939-1983, Quartet Books, 1986.

    McCormack, G. Cold War, Hot War: An Australian Perspective on the Korean War, Hale and Ironmonger, 1983.

    Mordike, J. (ed.) The Post-War Years: 1945-1954, Proceedings of the 1996 RAAF History Conference, RAAF Air Power Studies Centre, 1997.

    O'Dowd, B. "The Australian Battle of Kapyong: From the Inside", Duty First, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1992, pp. 41-51.

    O'Dowd, B. "Charlie Green's Battle: The First 35 Days", Royal United Service Institute Bulletin, No. 4, December 1999, pp. 13-20.

    O'Neill, R. Australia in the Korean War 1950-53: Volume I Strategy and Diplomacy, The AWM and the Australian Government Publishing Service, 1981.

    O'Neill, R. Australia in the Korean War 1950-53: Volume II Combat Operations, The AWM and the Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1985.

    Pears, M. Recollections of War: Maryang San, October 1951, Fred Kirkland Publications, 1995.

    Pears, M. and Kirkland, F. (eds.) Korea Remembered, Department of Defence, 1998.

    Sekuless, P. A Handful of Hacks, Allen and Unwin, 1989.

    Wilson, D. Lion over Korea - 77 Fighter Squadron RAAF 1950-53, Banner Books, 1994.