Australian War Memorial
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Title: Afghanistan Collection 2001 - Present
Date range of collection: 2001 - Present
Collector : Various
Extent: 586 items; 3 x archive boxes, 1 x solander box and 1 x oversize drawer.
Repository: Australian War Memorial
Location: Published Collections, Research Centre, Australian War Memorial.
Abstract: The Afghanistan Collection 2001-Present, contains a range of postcards, souvenirs, prayer and memorial books, digital and internet media, leaflets and advertisements, posters, pamphlets, booklets and miscellaneous publications, newspapers, magazines and serials, greeting cards, forms and stationery, biographies, cards and letters produced by children, and material produced by the Australian War Memorial and documents relating to Australian War Memorial curatorial tours.
Provenance: Records transferred to the Australian War Memorial from 2001 onwards.
Accruals: The collection is still being added to.
Access: Open; Some items are restricted. Please contact the curator of Published Collections for access. The collection is accessible in the Research Centre Reading Room on the lower ground floor of the Memorial during the Reading Room opening hours. The opening hours are Monday to Friday from 10 am to 5 pm and on Saturdays from 1pm to 5pm. The Reading Room is closed on Sundays and ACT public holidays. Researches can contact the Research Centre to plan a visit. To access the collection the user will need to register as a client and agree to the Reading Room’s conditions of use. To contact the Information Services department or to make an appointment to visit the Reading Room call 02 62434315 or send an email to email@example.com
Restrictions on use and reproduction: Some items are restricted. Please contact the curator of Published Collections for access. For copyright enquiries contact the Senior Curator, Published and Digitised Collections.
Preferred citation: [Title of Item], Afghanistan Formed Collection, Australian War Memorial.
Digital copies available: This collection contains born-digital material that can be viewed onsite at the Memorial.
Related materials for Afghanistan Collection 2001 - Present are held at the Australian War Memorial in the following collections:
Military Heraldry and Technology
Related collections held at other institutions:
National Museum of Australia, Political Humour Competition 2001 collection, link here.
The Western world had been troubled by terrorism for some time, though the attacks on New York City, Washington DC and Pennsylvania on September 11 2001 altered the political landscape. The United States of America, outraged, had called the attacks “an act of war” and were determined to fight back. Three days after the September 11 attack, Australian Prime Minister John Howard, who was in Washington DC at the time of the attacks, invoked the mutual-defence clauses of the ANZUS treaty, the first time this has been done in the fifty years since it had been signed. Along with the United States of America, Britain and Spain, Australia became a part of the International Coalition against Terrorism.
The United States led ‘Operation Enduring Freedom’ began on October 7 2001, with missiles and bombings against al Qaeda forces in Afghanistan. Within weeks US forces were on the ground in Afghanistan.
On October 16 2001, Prime Minister John Howard announced that Australia would provide 1500 defence personnel to the operation by mid-November 2001. In addition, between November 2001 and December 2002, three rotations of 150 SAS personnel, as Special Forces Task Force, were deployed to Afghanistan. Australia’s initial involvement in Afghanistan ended in December 2002 and in March 2003, Australia became involved in the United States led Coalition Second Gulf War operation in Iraq. Australia’s involvement in both the Afghanistan and Iraq conflicts was met with both support and opposition from the public in Australia.
Between December 2002 and September 2005, no Australian military units were deployed to Afghanistan, though some personnel remained, working with US and Coalition forces. Insurgent violence had increased by 2005 and in September 2005, Australia’s Special Forces Task Unit was redeployed to Afghanistan for a period of twelve months in an effort to target key insurgent groups. In the following years, Australian’s military commitment in Afghanistan, working within the International Security Force (ISAF), continued with subsequent deployments for forces under Operation SLIPPER. Australian military personnel were mostly deployed to areas of southern Afghanistan, in Uruzgan and Kandahar provinces. Under Operation SLIPPER, Australia deploys approximately 1550 personnel annually, with approximately 800 personnel deployed annually to the Middle East Area of Operations (MEAO), including maritime forces.
Australian War Memorial, Afghanistan, 2001-present, /atwar/afghanistan/, Accessed 8th April 2013
Carr, Cpl Alisha, “The war against terror began in New York and Washington. It continues in Afghanistan with Australiana soldiers serving on freedom’s frontline. Timeline”, Army: The Soldiers Newspaper, 2002
http://www.defence.gov.au/news/armynews/editions/1059/features/feature08.htm, Accessed 8th April 2013
Department of Defence, “Afghanistan Fact Sheet”, http://www.defence.gov.au/op/afghanistan/info/factsheet.htm, Accessed 8th April 2013
Department of Defence, “History of Australia’s Military Commitment in Afghanistan”, http://www.defence.gov.au/defencenews/articles/1017/files/4_History%20of%20Australia's%20military%20commitment%20in%20Afghanistan%20Fact%20Sheet%204.pdf, Accessed 8th April 2013
Department of Defence, “Progress in Afghanistan Since 2001”, http://www.defence.gov.au/defencenews/articles/1017/files/6_Progress%20in%20Afghanistan%20since%202001%20Fact%20Sheet%206.pdf , Accessed 8th April 2013
Londey, Peter, “War Without Boundaries”, Wartime Magazine, Australian War Memorial, 2003, /wartime/22/war-without-boundaries/, Accessed 8th April 2013
McDougall, Derek, Australia and the War on Terrorism: A Preliminary Assessment in Australian security after 9/11: new and old agendas, edited by Derek McDougall and Peter Shearman, Ashgate, 2006
Scope and Content
Using the collection: This collection consists of three archive boxes and one solander box of material, dating from the beginning of the conflict in 2001 to the present. There are fifteen series within this collection which are arranged by format. Within each series, items have been given running numbers, rather than being organised chronologically.