ART03339

Collection Number: 3DRL/3376

Private Records, Research Centre, Australian War Memorial

2013 © Australian War Memorial. All rights reserved.

Summary

Title: Guide to the papers of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood

Date range of collection: 1902-1950

Collection number: 3DRL/3376

Collector:  Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood

Extent: 2 metres, 10 boxes

Repository: Australian War Memorial

Location: Private Records, Research Centre, Australian War Memorial.

Abstract: Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood was a British General during the First World War. He is best known for his command of the Australian and New Zealand troops. His papers consist of published and unpublished material including diaries, correspondence, drafts of speeches, photographs, scrapbooks, newspaper cuttings, original orders and reports. The principal correspondents are Sir Keith Murdoch, George F Pearce, Lord Liverpool, Sir James Allen, Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson and Lady Birdwood. The collection includes material relating to Gallipoli and the Western Front as well as personal and post-war items.

Administrative Information

Provenance: Records transferred to the Australian War Memorial in 1964 and given the accession number 3DRL/3376.

Access:  Open. The collection is accessible in the AWM Research Centre Reading Room on the lower ground floor of the Memorial during the Reading Room opening hours. The opening hours are Monday to Friday from 10 am to 5 pm and on Saturdays from 1pm to 5pm. The Reading Room is closed on Sundays and ACT public holidays. Researches can contact the Research Centre to plan a visit. To access the collection the user will need to register as a client and agree to the Reading Room’s conditions of use. To contact the Information Services department or to make an appointment to visit the Reading Room call phone number or send an email to email

Restrictions on use and reproduction: This collection has been fully digitised for preservation and the original items are no longer being issued to the public without permission of the Curator, Private Records. Copyright of material described in this guide is governed by copyright law in Australia. For further information contact the Curator of Private Records, Research Centre, Australian War Memorial.

Preferred citation: Guide to the papers of Field Marshal, Lord William Birdwood, Australian War Memorial, 3DRL/3376

Digital Images or Digital copies available: This collection has been digitised and links to the images are available here: www.awm.gov.au/collection/3DRL/3376

Related Collections:

Related materials for Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood are held at the Australian War Memorial in the following collections:

  • Private Records
  • Published and Digitised Collections
  • Military Heraldry and Technology
  • Photographs, Film and Sound

Related collections held at other institutions:

Biographical Note

Field Marshal Lord William Riddell Birdwood (1865-1951) was born at Kirkee, India, the second son of Herbert Mills Birdwood, under-secretary to the government of Bombay. He was educated at Clifton College Bristol (which Haig and C E W Bean also attended) and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, England. Prior to the First World War, he served in North-West Frontier campaigns in India and in the Boer War where he worked on the staff of Lord Kitchener. Awarded the DSO and CIE in 1908, Birdwood was promoted to Major General in 1911. He was serving as Secretary to the Army Department in India when war broke out in 1914.

In November 1914, Kitchener, as Secretary of State for War, gave Birdwood command of the forces raised by Australia and New Zealand for service in Europe. On 21 December with a small staff he arrived in Egypt, where the forces were gathering. In February 1915, Birdwood was sent by Kitchener to report on the progress of the naval attack on the Dardanelles. His report convinced Kitchener that a greater military effort was required and the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force was raised under Sir Ian Hamilton's command. Hamilton ordered Birdwood to land north of Gaba Tebe on the Aegean side of the Peninsula, in conjunction with other landings around Helles and on the Asian shore.

The ANZAC force went ashore on 25 April 1915. During the long months of the campaign, Birdwood's most valuable contribution was maintaining the morale of the ANZAC force. Daily, the commander visited the soldiers in the trenches and was happy to be seen among the men. He always exhibited great concern for his men and was one of the more popular First World War commanders. Of all the senior officers, Birdwood was the only one opposed to evacuation but he commanded an excellent operation, evacuating troops from ANZAC, Helles and Suvla without loss in December and January.

After the death of Major General W T Bridges in May 1915 Birdwood was given temporary command of the Australian Imperial Force. His formal appointment came in 14 September 1916. This decision proved crucial to the future of the AIF. Birdwood appointed Australians to command positions where, including securing the appointment of Colonel Brudenell White from 1 Division Headquarters as chief of staff. This military partnership contributed significantly to the development of the AIF. After the expansion of the AIF to four divisions, Birdwood sailed to France, heading 1 ANZAC Corps in March 1916.

On the Western Front, Birdwood's influence on the AIF was also notable. Resisting attempts made by General Headquarters to take over the Australian administration, he built the AIF base and training establishments in England and unified the five Australian Divisions in the Australian Corps. His policy was to appoint Australians to command and staff. By early 1918 when he passed command of the Australian Corps to Lieutenant General John Monash, only one British officer remained in senior command in the AIF. However his initial experiences in France, in March 1916, started badly. His troops were involved in the Battle of the Somme from July 1916, (when control passed to Haig and Gough), Gough being the commander of the Reserve Army, in which the Australians operated. This was followed by high losses at Pozieres. In the following year, 1917, still under Gough, the Australians took part in the British spring offensive against the Hindenburg Line at Bullecourt, where the casualties were immense. After these events, Birdwood took a more assertive role. At his initiative, the ANZACs were divided into two corps, General A H Godley taking charge of the 2 ANZAC Corps, Birdwood of the 1 ANZAC Corps. In this capacity he participated in the Third Ypres campaign and after Broodseinde on 4 October 1917, he insisted that the troops be withdrawn to rest.

When Birdwood went to command the British Fifth Army in May 1918, he still retained his position with the AIF. There was strong opposition to this from Charles Bean and (Sir) Keith Murdoch who argued that Monash should lead as they felt Birdwood could not command a British army and effectively continue to administer the AIF. In August of that year W M Hughes offered Birdwood full administrative command which he accepted.

In 1920, after the first of two tours to Australia Birdwood was appointed to command the Northern Army in India and in 1925 was made Commander-in-Chief. After his retirement in 1930, his ambition to be Governor-General of Australia was disappointed with the appointment of Sir Isaac Isaacs. King George V strongly supported Birdwood but Prime Minister  Scullin insisted upon an Australian. In 1931 Birdwood was elected to the Mastership of Peterhouse College in Cambridge and in 1938 he was created Baron Birdwood of ANZAC and Totnes.

Birdwood was appointed KCMG (1914), KCSI (1915), KCB (1917). In the Australian Military Forces he was appointed General (1920), Field Marshal  (1925) and a Honorary Colonel of the 3rd Infantry Battalion and the 16th Light Horse Regiment.

Survived by three children, Birdwood died at Hampton Court Palace on 17 May 1951 and was buried with full military honours at Twickenham cemetery.

References:

Dennis, Peter et al 1995, The Oxford companion to Australian military history, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

Grant, Ian 1992, A dictionary of Australian military history, Random House, Sydney.

The international who's who, 11th edition 1947, Europa, London.

Scope and Content

Using the collection: [insert advice on how to use the collection]

Series List:

Series number Title of Series and Date
1 Diaries, 1915 - 1920
2 Wartime correspondence, 1915 - 1919
3 Correspondence with Lord Liverpool, 1915 - 1919
4 Correspondence with Sir James Allen, 1915 - 1919
5 Correspondence with Sir Keith Murdoch, 1916 - 1918
6 Correspondence with Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson, 1915 - 1919
7 Correspondence with George F Pearce, 1915 - 1918
8 Personal correspondence, 1915 - 1918
9 Miscellaneous correspondence, 1912 - 1950
10 Addresses and speeches, c 1920
11 Dardanelles campaign, 1915 - 1918
12 Bapaume- Bullecourt campaign, 1917
13 Conscription, 1917
14 Personal papers, 1910 - 1922
15 Photographs, 1914 - 1930
16 Ephemera
17 Newspaper cuttings

 

Series 1: Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood's Personal Diaries, 1915 - 1920

Description: 

Six handwritten diaries compiled by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood spanning 1915 - 1920. The diaries commence on 1 January 1915 and cover the period before the landing at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. Daily entries record events at Gallipoli including the landing, the armistice in May, Lord Kitchener’s visit and the evacuation in December 1915. Subsequent diaries also record events such as the capture of Mouquet farm, visits to Buckingham Palace, conferences with Corps commanders and the armistice of 11 November 1918.

This series also includes the newspaper clippings, souvenirs, name cards, artworks, telegrams and handwritten notes that were originally interspersed through the diaries. One item of note within this series is a poem titled "Birdie" which reportedly was sent to an Australian soldier during the First World War.

 

 

Item number Title/Description bOX WALLET
1/1 Part  1

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January 1915 – 2 January 1916

This personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood commences with the recording of several names and addresses. Diary entries begin from 1 January 1915 when Birdwood was stationed in Cairo. The diary records his visits to Imbros and Mudros in March 1915 and preparations for the landing at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. Other entries record the Turkish counter attacks and the armistice of May 1915, Lord Kitchener’s visit to Gallipoli and receipt of the message to evacuate Gallipoli. At the back of the diary are more comments regarding the landing on 25 April, events of 8 August and the evacuation from Anzac Cove and Suvla Bay. Several newspaper clippings are also located at the back of the diary relating to the Gallipoli campaign. The diary concludes on 2 January 1916.

 

1 1
1/1 Part  2

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1915

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1915 diary. These items include dried flowers, name cards, postage stamps and newspaper clippings. The contents of this file includes:

Name card for Mr A McIlwaith, n.d.

Pressed flowers, n.d.

Newspaper clipping titled 'General Birdwood: Arrival Today', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Union of Soldiers' Wives: Address by State Commandant', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Birdwood may settle here', c.1915

Australian postage stamp, December [1915]

Newspaper clipping titled 'Our Army in India: Reform Committee Appointed', c.1915

List of French personalities, n.d.

Newspaper clipping, no title [about Birdwood], c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'The Australians' Leader', c.1915

Newspaper clipping from the Johannesburg Star titled 'Periscope Rifle: Turk Dislikes Australian', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Officers wounded', c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [Hamilton's account of an attack by the Anzacs], c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Part of the Australians and New Zealanders', c.1915

Name card for Lieutenant Colonel Maucorps, Chef de la Mission Militaire Francaise aupres de l'Armee Anglaise en Egypte, c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Order of the Star of India', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Glorious Anzacs: Furious fight for Gallipoli Hill 60', 1915

Newspaper clipping titled ‘The Fallen Officers: “The Times” List of Casualties’, 25 November 1914

Newspaper clipping, no title [Lord Kitchener's summary of the Gallipoli position], c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [Report that Birdwood was amongst the wounded], c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'General Bridges avinged', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Home Opinion: About the Cabinet', 8 November 1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [Report on Turkish losses at Gallipoli], c.1915

Name card for Jochaud du Plessix, Captaine de Fregate, 19 August 1915 [annotated with comments]

Name card for Albert Defrance, Ministre Plenipotentiaire Agent Diplomatique de France, c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Killed in action', c.1914

Newspaper clipping titled 'General wounded', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'The Late Mr Justice Birdwood', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Lieutenant B W Onslow', c.1916

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports Birdwood's temporary promotion to Lieutenant General], c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Australians in Action: Their "Steadfast Valour"', c. 1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [discusses the Anzacs at the Dardanelles], c.1915

Newspaper clipping headed 'Press Bureau, Monday', c.1915

Newspaper clipping captioned 'General Birdwood "the soul of Anzac" outside his dug-out', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'A Useful Shell', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Bayonet charge by the Australians', c.1915

Newspaper clipping captioned 'Lieut-Gen Birdwood who comanded the Colonial contingents', c.1915

Name card for Le Contre-Amiral Guepratte, Commandant Une Division de L'Armee Navale, c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Killed in the…', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'The Late Mr Justice Birdwood', c.1915 [duplicate - not scanned]

Newspaper clipping from the London Gazette Supplement titled 'War Office, Oct 27: Regular Forces', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Died of wounds', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'The Idol of the Anzacs', c.1915

Name card for E H Ruchdi Pacha, c.1915

Name card for Kemal-El-Dine Hussein, c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports award of the Order of the Star of India to Birdwood], c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Indian List: Order of the Star of India', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Indian Honours: Order of the Star of India', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'A Leader in the Dardanelles Fighting', c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports attack on Quinn's Post], c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports temporary promotion of Birdwood to Lieutenant General], c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports Birdwood's command during the landing at Anzac], c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports attack on Quinn's Post], c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Ground strewn with corpses', c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports Turkish counter-attacks], c.May 1915

Newspaper clipping headed 'The Gallipoli Command', c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports the physique of the Anzacs in Egypt], c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title, [reports appointment of Birdwood to command the Dardanelles Army], 7 December 1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports Birdwood's appointment to command the Anzacs], c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports appointment of Second Lieutenant A M McGrigor to Acting Aide-de-Camp of Lord Birdwood], 17 October 1915

Newspaper clipping captioned 'General Birdwood "the soul of Anzac" outside his dug-out in Gallipoli', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Heroic Australian troops: Sir W Birdwood's Report', c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports on Birdwood's command of the Australasian corps in the Dardanelles], c.1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports award of KCMG to Birdwood], c.1915

Newspaper clipping headed "Onslow", c.1915

Name card of Prince Ahmed Fouad, c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Order of St Michael and St George', c.1915

Envelope containing thirteen newspaper clippings about Birdwood and the Dardanelles, c.1915 [includes annotations]

Newspaper clipping titled 'Killed in the Dardanelles', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Soul of the Anzacs', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Visit to Gallipoli', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'General Wounded', c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Turkish Attack on the Australians', 19 May 1915

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports appointment of Second Lieutenant A M McGrigor to Acting Aide-de-Camp of Birdwood], 17 October 1915 [duplicate - not scanned]

Newspaper clipping captioned 'General Sir Wm Birdwood, KCB', c.1915

1 1
1/2 Part 1

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January 1916 - 1 January 1917

This personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood commences with a narrative of the events of December 1915 and the withdrawal of troops from Gallipoli that has led to these troops being enroute to Egypt. Entries begin on 1 January 1916 with a visit to Sed-el-Bahir to see General Brulard. Entries for time in Cairo, Ismailia and Tel-el-Kebir before leaving Alexandria on 30 March 1916. Arrived in France on 4 April 1916 . Subsequent diary entries cover visits to Buckingham Palace, conferences with Corps Commanders and church parades. Places mentioned include Vignacourt, Ballieul, Armentieres, Albert and Ypres. Detailed entries on the capture of Mouquet Farm on 3 September 1916 and an offensive during the night of 6 and 7 November 1916.  This diary also includes some newspaper clippings, pressed flowers. At the very back of the diary, a list of names and addresses is recorded. The diary ends on 1 January 1917.

1 2
1/2 Part  2

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1916

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1916 diary. These items include name cards and newspaper clippings. The contents of this file includes:

Newspaper clipping titled 'Australian periscopic rifle: General Birdwood praises invention', c.1916

Newspaper clipping titled 'General has "Trench Feet"', c.1916

Newspaper clipping captioned '2nd-Lt G A B Birdwood, S.Lancs.Regt - killed', c.1916

Name card for L'Abbe Augustin Dusautoir, c.1916

Newspaper clipping titled 'Sir G Birdwood: I would like to be a scamp for a change', c.1916

Newspaper clipping titled 'Gen Birdwood's wound: The King communicates an Anzac secret', c.1916

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports of decorations given to Birdwood and Hamilton], c.1916

1 2
1/3 Part 1

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January – 31 December 1917

The beginning of this personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood contains notes on despatches in the London Gazette and the dates that they were published. Regular diary entries commence from Corps Headquarters in a chateau at Heilly on 1 January 1917. There are comments about preparing papers for the Dardanelles Commission during the February entries and also visits to Dartford. Mentions the capture of Bapaume on 17 March 1917. April contains an underlined reference to Anzac Day. The diary entries contain several mentions of weather conditions including snow and rain. Also mentioned his 52nd birthday on 13 September 1917 and his promotion to General on 14 November 1917. There are references throughout the diary to visits with Hobbs, Howse, Churchill, Thursby, Elliott and Phillips. News clippings are scattered throughout the diary. The diary ends on 31 December 1917.

1 3
1/3 Part  2

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1917

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1917 diary. These items include souvenirs, newspaper clippings, artworks and telegrams. The contents of this file includes:

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports unveiling of the memorial to members of the First Australian Division who fell at Pozieres in July 1916], July 1917

Newspaper clipping titled 'Australia's Troops: King's visit to the front', c.1917

Newspaper clipping from the Daily News and Leader titled 'New light on the Dardanelles: Sensational stories by  a German journalist', c.1917

Newspaper clipping, no title [report on the officers appointed by Birdwood in the Australian Imperial Force], c.1917

Name card for Captaine Comdt A E M Aerts, Adjutant-Major du 7 Regt d'Artillerie de Compagne Belge, c.1917

Newspaper clipping from the London Gazette supplement, 2 November 1917

Name card for Major General William L Sibert, Commanding First Division of the United States Army, c.1917

Newspaper clipping titled 'Memoranda', c.1917

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports on the Ballarat Avenue of Honour], c.1917

Newspaper clipping titled 'Birdwood settlement for soldiers', c.1917

Leaflet titled 'L'antique Tombeau de Saint Erkembode a la Basilique Notre-Dame a Saint-Omer', c.1917

Telegram from Frank Birdwood to Lord Birdwood, 29 June 1917

Newspaper clipping titled 'King Albert of Belgium and General Sir W R Birdwood', c.1917

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports about Sir George Birdwood], c. June 1917

Newspaper clipping, no title [funeral notice for Sir George Birdwood], June 1917

Newspaper clipping from The Times titled 'Death of Sir George Birdwood', 29 June 1917

Newspaper clipping titled 'Unattached list for Indian Army', c.1917

Portrait of Judith Birdwood, pencil, c.1917

Souvenir titled 'La Legende de St Christophe', c.1917

Newspaper clipping titled 'Gen Birdwood's Tribute to his men', c.1917

Newspaper clipping, no title [report of Birdwood's appointement as Aide-de-Camp General to the King], c.1917

Newspaper clipping captioned 'Lady Birdwood and a wounded ANZAC', c.1917

Newspaper clipping titled 'General Birdwood: Courteous and sympathetic letter', c.1917

Newspaper clipping titled 'Captain C Norman, MC and Miss Birdwood', c.1917

1 3
1/4 Part 1

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January – 31 December 1918

At the beginning of this personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood are recorded several names and addresses as well as a list of London Gazette references. The diary entries commence on 1 January 1918. Some of the personalities mentioned in these diary entries include Rawlinson, Hobbs, White, Plumer, Coxen, Churchill, King George V and Jellicoe. Attention is given to visiting Lille on 28 October to read a speech and present the Mayor with the flag of the 5th British Army. Underlined in blue is the acceptance of the Armistice on 11 November 1918. The diary entries end on 31 December 1918.  

1 4
1/4 Part  2

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1918

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1918 diary. These items include name cards, newspaper clippings and official messages. The contents of this file includes:

Newspaper clipping titled 'Hope for British Prisoners', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Mystery of Officer's Death', 22 July 1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Australian troops will have training: General Birdwood states what scheme can achieve', c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports capture of Lille by the Fifth British Army], c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports capture of Lille by the Fifth British Army], c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'General Sir W R Birdwood', c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [report on British Fifth and Second Armies], c.1918

Newspaper clipping from the New Zealand Times titled 'Birdwood's air record: England to the Front in 90 minutes', 17 April 1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [funeral notice for Jane Emily Birdwood], c.1918

Name card for General Tamagnini d'Abreu e Silva, Commandante do Corpo Expedicionario Portugufz, c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'General Birdwood: Commonwealth Message, Appreciative response', 20 June 1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Australian command in France: Gen Birdwood and his successor', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Into new country', c.1918

Newspaper clipping captioned 'The opening of Australia House by the King: His Majesty acknowledging the Salute', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Sharp fighting about Lille and Douai: Further enemy retreat', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Freeing Belgium and Serbia', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Freeing Belgium and Serbia', c.1918 [duplicate - not scanned]

Newspaper clipping titled 'Fifth Army's Progress', c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports on the British Fifth Army and King Albert's forces], c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports on the capture of Lille by the British Fifth Army], c.1918 [duplicate - not scanned]

Newspaper clipping titled 'Ostend, Lille and Douai', c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports on the capture of Lille and surrounding district by the Allies], c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports on progress of British Fifth Army near Lille], c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Sir W R Birdwood', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Risen through merit', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Stand together tight', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Marriages', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Gen Birdwood at Lille: 5th Army flag for the Mayor', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Australian Valour', c.1918

Newspaper clipping captioned 'Appointment - Lady Birdwood, whose husband is reported to be shortly given command of an Army', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'The War: 4th Year: 290th Day', c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [report on Act to rename German christened names in South Australia], c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'The need for men: Brigadier General Johnston's Message',  c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [report on Allied commanders], c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'The King at Ypres: Visit to Historic Scenes', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'English Kings at Tournai: Henry VIII and George V', c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [report on the visit of the King and Prince Albert visiting Western Front battlefields', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Sir D Haig's thanks to Australian's', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled '"Birdie's Escape: One minute too quick', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Three German retreats: Further big retirements probable', c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports British Fifth Army has reached Tournai], c.1918

Newspaper clipping from the Mataura Ensign titled 'Stop Press News: Latest War News', 16 April 1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Father of the AIF: Major-Gen C B B White proves a great soldier', c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports on advance on Tournai], c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Tracing the British Line: Positions at the "Ceasefire"', c.14 November 1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Ostend, Lille and Douai', c.1918 [Duplicate - not scanned]

Newspaper clipping titled 'General Birdwood', c.1918

Newspaper clipping captioned 'Gen Birdwood, the 5th and 3rd Armies are driving the Hun from La Bassee and Aubers', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Parliament: Treatment of Prisoners', c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports on the British Fifth Army and King Albert's forces], c.1918 [duplicate - not scanned]

Newspaper clipping titled 'M Clemenceau at Lille', c. 20 October 1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [Reports on British Second and Fifth Armies], c.1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [Reports on British Second and Fifth Armies], c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Australia's congratulations', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Leave for ANZACS: Hint by the King', c.1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Rumanian and Egyptian Orders', c. 4 April 1918

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports British Fifth Army approach to Tournai], c.1918

Typed message re receipt of orders for withdrawal, 6 April 1918

Newspaper clipping from The Times titled 'Superb Australians', 30 April 1918

Newspaper clipping from The Times titled 'The London Gazette: Supplement, March 21', 22 March 1918

Newspaper clipping titled 'Where is the "Soul of Anzac"?', c.1918

1 4
1/5 Part 1

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January – 31 December 1919

This personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood commences on 1 January 1919 with visits to towns and cities on the Western Front including Lille and Etaples. Back in England, Birdwood records morning horse rides with Wattle. Entries from 15 November detail his departure to Australia and the subsequent voyage aboard HMS Ormonde. Arrived in Fremantle on 18 December and subsequent diary entries are detailed about daily visits and activities. The diary ends on 31 December 1919.

1 5
1/5 Part  2

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1919

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1919 diary. These items include newspaper clippings and handwritten notes. The contents of this file includes:

Newspaper clipping, no title [report on Gallipoli], c.1915

Newspaper clipping titled 'Departure of Anzac Generals', c.1919

Newspaper clipping titled 'Australia's Generals', c.1919

Newspaper clipping titled 'Glasgow Battalion Boys' Brigade: General Birdwood's tribute', c.1919

Newspaper clipping, no title [report on what will happen with appointment of Birdwood as Governor-General], c.1919

Newspaper clipping from the Daily Express titled 'By the way: to be or not to be - £2000 a line - the White Milliner', 22 May 1919

Handwritten notes titled "To London", c.1919

Newspaper clipping titled 'The "Soul of the Anzac" to his Australian comrades: General Birdwood's eulogistic message', c.1919

Newspaper clipping titled 'General Birdwood and General Monash', c.1919

Newspaper clipping, no title [report of stories related to Anzac command], c.1919

Address of Mrs Brooman White, c.1919 [annotated by Birdwood]

Newspaper clipping titled News clipping titled 'Awards to the Army', c.1919

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports on upcoming visits of Birdwood], c.1919

1 5
1/6 Part 1

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January – 31 December 1920

This personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood commences with 128 pages of advertisements and a trade and services directory. Diary entries commence from the Esplanade Hotel, Perth on 1 January 1920. Diary entries are very detailed about daily visits and activities related to the Birdwood’s visit to Australia until the departure for New Zealand on 29 May 1920. Diary entries until 28 July detail activities in New Zealand with a departure for Washington recorded on 28 July. Diary entries for Washington visit are detailed on 27 August 1920. Diary entries also record the voyage in October to take up a posting in India. Diary entries end on 31 December 1920.

1 6
1/6 Part  2

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1920

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1920 diary. These items include newspaper clippings and name cards. The contents of this file includes:

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports the birth of a son for Mrs Colin Craig], c. January 1920

Newspaper clipping from The Times titled 'The term's end: II. Modern problems at Clifton', 28 July 1920

Newspaper clipping captioned 'General Birdwood (the "soul of Anzac") inspecting Australian soldiers of the Graves Section at Villers-Bretonneux (Somme) before his departure for India', c.1920

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports on the Birdwood's visit to the zoological gardens], c.1920

Newspaper clipping titled 'General Birdwood: Australian Memorial at Amiens', c.1920

Newspaper clipping titled 'General Birdwood: Farewell to old comrades', c.1920

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports on arrival in Paris of Lord William Birdwood], c.1920

Newspaper clipping captioned 'General's battlefield journey - General Sir William Birdwood leaving Victoria Station, London, yesterday, to visit the Australian graves in France', c.1920

Newspaper clipping from The Argus titled 'Australia's problems: Gen Birdwood's views', 2 October 1920

Newspaper clipping titled 'Farewell luncheon to General Birdwood', c.1920

Newspaper clipping captioned 'General Birdwood (the "soul of Anzac") inspecting Australian soldiers of the Graves Section at Villers-Bretonneux (Somme) before his departure for India', c.1920 [duplicate - not scanned]

Newspaper clipping titled 'Memoranda', c.1920

Newspaper clipping titled 'Australia's Ex-Soldiers: Gen Birdwood's impressions', c.1920

Newspaper clipping titled 'The London Gazette: Friday May, 7', c.1920

Newspaper clipping, no title [birth notice for son to Mr and Mrs Colin Craig], c.15 January 1920

Newspaper clipping, no title [reports birth of Wilbur Birdwood Gilbert], c.13 January 1920

Newspaper clipping captioned 'General Birdwood in the trenches', c.1920

Typed copy of poem about "Birdie", c.1920

Newspaper clipping titled 'The Indian command', c.1920

Name card for Sir Robert M C Anderson, c.1920 [annotated by Birdwood]

Name card for Madame Paul Prouvost Crepy, c.1920 [annotated by Birdwood]

Newspaper clipping from The Times titled 'General Birdwood on Australasia', c. 7 October 1920

1 6

 

Series 2: Wartime correspondence, 1915-1919

Description:

Filed here is an extensive series of letters between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and various correspondents, covering the years 1915 - 1919. Much of the 1915 correspondence deals with events at Gallipoli, including letters from Lieutenant General Sir Ian Hamilton and Colonel Lord Wigram. Wigram states in one letter, 'Rightly or wrongly we have started this campaign and to my mind it is much more important to go through with it than attempting to break the heavily entrenched lines in Belgium.' Another major correspondent is James Allen, the New Zealand Minister for Defence, who wrote a number of letters to Birdwood concerning complaints made by New Zealand soldiers against Major General Alexander Godley during the Gallipoli campaign. This series also contains a number of letters exchanged between Birdwood and soldiers who were under his command at Gallipoli. Most of these are in response to letters Birdwood wrote to the soldiers congratulating them for the awards they had received. There are also some letters exchanged between Birdwood and the mothers of Australian soldiers, including Isabel Howell-Price and Isabel Day. Other correspondents include General Sir Dighton Macnaughton Probyn, Admiral Sir Cecil Fiennes Thursby, Sir George Foster Pearce, Austen Chamberlain, General Chauvel, and Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson.

 

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
2/1 

[Letters written and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 29 March 1915 – 29 December 1915]

This folder contains 21 letters received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood from men of various military and civilian positions between 29 March and 29 December 1915. Some of the correspondents featured in this file are General Sir Ian Hamilton, Lord Charles Hardinge (Viceroy of India), and Sir Thomas Noble Mackenzie (New Zealand High Commissioner).

This file contains:

Letter from Lord Charles Hardinge to Birdwood, 29 March 1915 [includes envelope]

Letter from Birdwood to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 1 April 1915 [copy]

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 2 April 1915

Letter from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Birdwood, 3 April 1915

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 20 May 1915 [includes envelope]

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 22 May 1915

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 23 May 1915

Letter from Phil Stockley to Birdwood, 24 May 1915

Letter from Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram to Birdwood, 3 June 1915

Letter from Lord Charles Hardinge to Birdwood, 9 June 1915

Letter from Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram to Birdwood, 10 June 1915

Letter from General Sir Dighton Macnaughten Probyn to Birdwood, 11 June 1915

Letter from Rear Admiral Sir Cecil Fiennes Thursby to Birdwood, 3 July 1915

Letter from George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 17 September 1915

Letter from Rear Admiral Sir Cecil Fiennes Thursby to Birdwood, 27 September 1915

Letter from Thomas Noble Mackenzie to Birdwood, 19 October 1915 [includes envelope]

Letter from Rear Admiral Sir Cecil Fiennes Thursby to Birdwood, 6 November 1915

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 13 November 1915

Letter from Lord Charles Hardinge to Birdwood, 21 December 1915

Letter from Surgeon General Neville Reginald Howse to Birdwood, 29 December 1915

Letter from Douglas John Byard to Birdwood, [1915]
   
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[Letters received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 6 January 1916 – 30 May 1916]

This folder contains 52 letters received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood from men and women of various military and civilian positions between 6 January and 30 May 1916. Some of the correspondents include General Sir Dighton Probyn (Knight General Officer of Royal Household), General Brulard, Sir James Allen (New Zealand Minister of Defence), Aubrey Herbert (British diplomat), and Andrew Fisher (Australian High Commissioner to United Kingdom). One letter from Charles John Shaw Harding includes a humorous piece of writing titled “Jim” which pokes fun at the soldiers’ fondness for ‘Birdie’. This file features several letters commenting on the evacuation from Gallipoli. Other subjects discussed include zeppelin raids over England, appointments in India, and the visit of Queen Alexandra to the Western Front.

The letters in this file are a mixture of private and official and include:

Letter from General Sir Dighton Macnaughten Probyn to Birdwood, 6 January 1916

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram to Birdwood, 6 January 1916

Letter from W Bax to Birdwood, 12 January 1916

Letter from General Sir Dighton Macnaughten Probyn to Birdwood, 20 January 1916

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 24 January 1916 [includes attachment of letter from C H Verity to James Allen, 20 January 1916]

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram to Birdwood, 25 January 1916

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Oswald Fitzgerald to Birdwood, 28 January 1916

Letter from Brigadier General Newton James Moore to Birdwood, 3 February 1916

Letter from General Sir Dighton Macnaughten Probyn to Birdwood, 3 February 1916

Letter from Admiral John Michael de Robeck to Birdwood, 3 February 1916

Letter from S J W Pollen to Birdwood [includes attached letter from General Brulard to Birdwood, 11 January 1916 and telegram from General Brulard to Birdwood, 5 January 1916], 6 February 1916

Letter from Thomas Noble Mackenzie to Birdwood, 8 February 1916

Letter from Neville Francis Fitzgerald Chamberlain to Birdwood, 9 February 1916

Letter from Walter Draper to Birdwood, 9 February 1916

Letter from Captain Aubrey Nigel Henry Molyneux Herbert to Birdwood, 9 February 1916

Letter from Lord Charles Hardinge to Birdwood, 12 February 1916

Letter from David McLaren Morrison to Birdwood, 22 February 1916

Letter from General Sir Dighton Macnaughten Probyn to Birdwood, 23 February 1916

Letter from Colonel Reginald Spencer Browne to Birdwood, 28 February 1916

Letter from Joseph Preston to Birdwood, 12 March 1916

Letter from Douglas John Byard to Birdwood, 14 March 1916

Letter from James Jacob Esson to Birdwood, 14 March 1916

Letter from Andrew Skeen to Birdwood, 14 March 1916

Letter from Lord Charles Hardinge to Birdwood, 16 March 1916

Letter from John Charles Tarver to Birdwood, 16 March 1916

Letter from Charles Ernest Randolph MacKesy to Birdwood, 20 March 1916

Letter from John de Robeck to Birdwood, 23 March 1916

Letter from Andrew Skeen to Birdwood, 30 March 1916

Letter from General Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien to Birdwood, 2 April 1916

Letter from Andrew Fisher to Birdwood, 14 April 1916

Letter from Sir Josceline Wodehouse to Birdwood, 22 April 1916

Letter from Thomas Baker to Birdwood, 24 April 1916

Letter from Hugh Tornour England to Birdwood, 24 April 1916

Letter from Lord Charles Hardinge to Birdwood, 27 April 1916

Letter from Marquess of Landsdowne to Birdwood, 27 April 1916

Letter from Anthony Hendry to Birdwood, 1 May 1916 [written on reverse of two postcards of Mosman, Sydney]

Letter from Herbert Vaughan Cox to Birdwood, 3 May 1916

Letter from W Lawton to Birdwood, 6 May 1916

Letter from Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 10 May 1916

Letter from Sarah Goers to Birdwood, 16 May 1916

Letter from C J S Harding to Birdwood, 16 May 1916 [including attached letter titled "Jim", n.d.]

Letter from General Sir Dighton Macnaughten Probyn to Birdwood, 16 May 1916 [includes envelope]

Letter from Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 18 May 1916

Letter from A S Watt to Birdwood, 19 May 1916

Letter from Henry F Woods to Birdwood, 19 May 1916

Letter from Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 20 May 1916

Letter from Herbert George Jenkins to Birdwood, 22 May 1916

Letter from General Sir Dighton Macnaughten Probyn to Birdwood, 22 May 1916

Letter from [indecipherable name], Colonel Commanding the Australian Imperial Force Headquarters (Egyptian Section), to Birdwood, 22 May 1916

Letter from Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 25 May 1916

Letter from 'a mother of one of the boys' to Birdwood, 27 May 1916 [includes newspaper clipping titled "Tree Felling Competition", May 1916]

Letter from Grace Margaret Wilson to Birdwood, 28 May 1916

Letter from Herbert Vaughn Cox to 2 ANZAC Headquarters, 31 May 1916 [includes forwarded letter from Brigadier General John Monash to 4th Australian Division, 30 May 1916]

   
2/3

[Letters received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 June 1916 – 25 December 1916]

This folder contains 54 letters received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood from men and women of various military and civilian positions between 1 June and 25 December 1916. Some of the correspondents include Field Marshal Douglas Haig, Edward George Villiers Stanley (Earl of Derby), Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Michael de Robeck, Paul Thuillier-Buridard (Mayor of Vignacourt), and General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton. This file also includes several letters from Australian women wanting to know about their sons, or sending gifts such as four-leaf clovers and scarves. There are also letters from soldiers who served under Birdwood, written in response to the congratulatory letters he sent them when they received an award. Other topics covered include fundraising efforts and organisations such as the Cheer-Up Society and the YMCA.

The letters in this file are a mixture of private and official and include:

Letter from Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 1 June 1916

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Richard Edmond Courtney to Birdwood, 2 June 1916

Letter from Edith de Cashe to Birdwood, 4 June 1916

Letter from General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard to Birdwood, 6 June 1916 [includes envelope]

Letter from David McLaren Morrison to Birdwood, 6 June 1916

Letter from David McLaren Morrison to Birdwood, 6 June 1916

Letter from Edith Monins to Birdwood, 7 June 1916 [includes envelope]

Letter from Major Richard Francis Fitzgerald to Birdwood, 8 June 1916

Letter from Edward George Villiers Stanley to Birdwood, 10 June 1916

Letter from General Douglas Haig to Birdwood, 26 June 1916

Letter from Thomas Noble Mackenzie to Birdwood, 28 June 1916

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 29 June 1916

Letter from Lord Charles Hardinge to Birdwood, 1 July 1916

Letter from Major Thomas John Carey Evans to Birdwood, 3 July 1916

Letter from Lieutenant John David Rogers to Birdwood, 3 July 1916 [includes envelope]

Letter from M L Fox to Birdwood, 4 July 1916 [includes four-leaf clover]

Letter from Commodore Roger John Brownlow Keyes to Birdwood, 4 July 1916

Letter from Vice Admiral John de Robeck to Birdwood, 7 July 1916

Letter from Lieutenant General Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston to Birdwood, 10 July 1916

Letter from Paul Thuillier-Buridard to Birdwood, 14 July 1916 [includes 100 Franc note and envelope]

Letter from Keith G Campbell to Birdwood, 17 July 1916

Letter from Andrew Fisher to Birdwood, 27 July 1916

Letter from Vivienne F Connelly to Birdwood, 4 August 1916 [includes envelope]

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 4 August 1916

Letter from Major Maurice Wilder-Neligen to Birdwood, 4 August 1916

Letter from Edward George Villiers Stanley to Birdwood, 13 August 1916

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 14 August 1916
Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 15 August 1916

Letter from Lieutenant General John Spencer Ewart to Birdwood, 19 August 1916

Letter from Miss Nellie G Roebuck to Birdwood, 19 August 1916

Letter from Mrs S Champion de Crespigny to Birdwood, 22 August 1916 [includes newspaper clipping titled "Sixpence a Row”, n.d.]

Letter from Mrs F D Hopkins to Birdwood, 24 August 1916

Letter from Mrs E N Lawrence to Birdwood, 28 August 1916 [includes list of 338 women who contributed to a scarf sent to Birdwood]

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 28 August 1916

Letter from Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey to Birdwood, 11 September 1916

Letter from Mrs Edith Reid to Birdwood, 21 September 1916

Letter from Chaplain Frederic James Miles to Birdwood, 25 September 1916

Letter from Herbert Henry Asquith to Birdwood, 27 September 1916 [includes envelope]

Letter from Sir Edward Thomas Henry Hutton to Birdwood, 27 September 1916

Letter from Private Martin O'Meara to Birdwood, 28 September 1916

Letter from Robert Walker McLean to Birdwood, 10 October 1916

Letter from Sergeant Charles George Freestone to Birdwood, 12 October 1916

Letter from Major Lewis Jeffries to Birdwood, 12 October 1916

Letter from Chaplain Joseph Hearn to Birdwood, 17 October 1916

Letter from General Sir Dighton Macnaughten Probyn to Birdwood, 27 October 1916

Letter from Benjamin [indecipherable] Moore to Birdwood, 1 November 1916

Letter from J Henry Lang to Birdwood, 4 November 1916

Letter from General Sir Dighton Macnaughten Probyn to Birdwood, 7 November 1916

Letter from W F Thornton to Birdwood, 9 November 1916

Letter from Mrs Abbie Mendelsohn to Birdwood, 14 November 1916

Letter from Mrs Isabel Howell-Price to Birdwood, 11 December 1916 [includes envelope]

Letter from Vice Admiral John de Robeck to Birdwood, 20 December 1916

Letter from C V L Paith to Birdwood, 23 December 1916

Letter from Lord Charles Hardinge to Birdwood, 25 December [1916]

   
2/4

[Letters received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 3 January 1917 – 14 December 1917]

This folder contains 69 letters received by Field Marshal Lord Birdwood from men of various military and civilian positions between 3 January and 14 December 1917. Some of the correspondents include Field Marshal Douglas Haig, Lieutenant General Sir James Whiteside McCay, Lieutenant General Sir Frederick Stanley Maude, General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate, Konstantin Dmitrievich Nabokov, Lieutenant General Sir Joseph John Talbot Hobbs, Major General Sir John Gellibrand, and Brigadier General James Campbell Robertson. The majority of letters in this file are congratulatory letters sent to Birdwood when he received an award or was promoted. There are also letters pertaining to some of the Western Front battles during early 1917 involving the British 5th Division, and discussions on the situation in Russia with the Provisional Government.

The letters in this file are a mixture of private and official and include:

Letter from Field Marshal Douglas Haig to Birdwood, 3 January 1917

Letter from General Henri Joseph Eugene Gouraud to Birdwood, 5 January 1917 [written in French and includes envelope]

Letter from Lieutenant General Herbert Vaughan Cox to Birdwood, 7 January 1917

Letter from Major General William Eliot Peyton to Birdwood, 16 January 1917

Letter from Alexander Muir McGrigor to Birdwood, 18 January 1917 [includes envelope]

Letter from Major General William Eliot Peyton to Birdwood, 19 January 1917

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel John Findlay to Birdwood, 23 January 1917

Letter from Major General James Whiteside McCay to Birdwood, 26 January 1917

Letter from Lieutenant General Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer to Birdwood, 26 January 1917

Letter from Major General James Whiteside McCay to Birdwood, 3 February 1917

Letter from Lieutenant General Frederick Stanley Maude to Birdwood, 5 February 1917
Letter from Major General Newton James Moore to Birdwood, 7 February 1917

Letter from Brigade Major Walter Percy Farr to Birdwood, 12 February 1917

Letter from Major General William Eliot Peyton to Birdwood, 12 February 1917

Letter from General Maurice-Paul-Emmanuel Sarrail to Birdwood, 13 February 1917 [includes envelope]

Letter from Colonel James Gordon Legge to Birdwood, 16 February 1917

Letter from Major General William Eliot Peyton to Birdwood, 19 February 1917

Letter from Alexander Percy Davidson to Birdwood, 20 February 1917

Letter from Prince Victor Duleep Singh to Birdwood, 1 March 1917

Military envelope addressed to Birdwood, 12 March 1917

Letter from Walter Hume Long to Birdwood, 14 March 1917

Letter from Walter Hume Long to Birdwood, 17 March 1917

Letter from Major General William Eliot Peyton to Birdwood, 20 March 1917

Letter from Reginald Baliol Brett to Birdwood, 27 March 1917

Letter from Lord Charles Hardinge to Birdwood, 27 March 1917

Letter from Walter Hume Long to Birdwood, 27 March 1917

Letter from Walter Morris to Birdwood, 27 March 1917

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet The Hon Sir Hedworth Meux to Birdwood, 29 March 1917

Letter from H P [Gough?] to Birdwood, 14 April 1917 [includes envelope]

Letter from H P [Gough?] to Birdwood, 17 April 1917

Letter from General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate to Birdwood, 2 May 1917

Letter from Lord Charles Hardinge to Birdwood, 6 May 1917

Letter from H P [Gough?] to Birdwood, 8 May 1917

Letter from William Ferguson Massey to Birdwood, 9 May 1917

Letter from Rear Admiral Cecil Fiennes Thursby to Birdwood, 14 May 1917

Letter from Lieutenant General Frederick Stanley Maude to Birdwood, 16 May 1917

Letter from Konstantin Dmitrievich Nabokov to Birdwood, 16 May 1917

Letter from Archibishop Charles Owen Leaver Riley to Birdwood, 4 June 1917

Letter from Rear Admiral Roger John Brownlow Keyes to Birdwood, 9 June 1917

Letter from Lieutenant General Herbert Vaughan Cox to Birdwood, 11 June 1917

Letter from Rear Admiral Cecil Fiennes Thursby to Birdwood, 23 June 1917

Letter from General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate to Birdwood, 5 July 1917

Letter from Joseph Austen Chamberlain to Birdwood, 20 July 1917

Letter from Lord Charles Hardinge to Birdwood, 27 July 1917

Letter from Major General Walter Howarth Greenly to Birdwood, 30 July 1917

Letter from Lieutenant General Frederick Stanley Maude to Birdwood, 5 September 1917

Letter from Brigadier General Charles Rosenthal to Birdwood, 14 October 1917

Letter from Lieutenant General Frederick Stanley Maude to Birdwood, 16 October 1917

Letter from General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate to Birdwood, 21 October 1917

Letter from Corporal James Timothy Conmee to Birdwood, 13 November 1917

Letter from Thomas Noble Mackenzie to Birdwood, 13 November 1917

Letter from Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Cyril Mosley Wagstaff to Birdwood, 13 November 1917

Letter from Temporary Brigadier General John Gellibrand to Birdwood, 14 November 1917

Letter from Major General Joseph John Talbot Hobbs to Birdwood, 14 November 1917

Letter from Senior Chaplain Frederick James Miles to Birdwood, 14 November 1917

Letter from Konstantin Dmitrievich Nabokov to Birdwood, 14 November 1917

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Francis Michael O'Donnell to Birdwood, 14 November 1917

Letter from Major Richard Francis Fitzgerald to Birdwood, 15 November 1917

Letter from J W Kerr to Birdwood, 17 November 1917

Letter from Countess Gabriel de Mun to Birdwood, 22 November 1917

Letter from Brevet Lieutenant Colonel James Campbell Robertson to Birdwood, 23 November 1917

Letter from Stephen [Windfrey?] to Birdwood, 23 November 1917

Letter from Robert Rowell to Birdwood, 24 November 1917

Letter from Private Harold Jackson to Birdwood, 25 November 1917

Letter from Colonel Courtenay Clarke Manifold to Birdwood, 28 November 1917

Letter from Sir William Bull MP to Birdwood, 6 December 1917

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 8 December 1917

Letter from Sir Walter Edward Davidson to Birdwood, 8 December 1917

Letter from Le General Maurice Camille Bailloud to Birdwood, 14 December 1917 [written in French and includes calling card]

   
2/5

[Letters received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January 1918 – 25 December 1918]

This folder contains 38 letters received by Field Marshal Lord Birdwood from men and women of various military and civilian positions between 1 January and 25 December 1918. Some of the correspondents are Field Marshal Douglas Haig, Lieutenant General Sir Joseph John Talbot Hobbs, Isabel Howell-Price, Sir Joseph Austen Chamberlain, Sir Henry Seymour Rawlinson, and Lieutenant Colonel Quinat. The subjects discussed in these letters include the outcomes of promotions, requests for sons to be sent home, stamp collecting, anti-British sentiment in Australia, the re-naming of Hahndorff and Blumberg in South Australia, and the Pflaum family in the newly named town of Birdwood. There are also replies to condolence and congratulatory letters sent by Birdwood.

The letters in this file are a mixture of private and official and include:

Letter from William Henry Leighton Bailey to Birdwood, 1 January 1918

Letter from Walter Hume Long to Birdwood, 4 January 1918

Letter from Douglas John Byard to Birdwood, 6 January 1918

Letter from Field Marshal Douglas Haig to Birdwood, 11 January 1918

Letter from Major General Joseph John Talbot Hobbs to Birdwood, 25 January 1918

Letter from Florence Martin to Birdwood, 17 February 1918

Letter from Walter Hume Long to Birdwood, 26 February 1918

Letter from Brigadier General Cyril Brudenell White to Birdwood, 22 March 1918

Letter from Colonel Alfred Sutton to Birdwood, 31 March 1918

Letter from Mr D Ellerton Browne to Birdwood, 5 April 1918

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Ernest Hilmer Smith to Birdwood, 21 April 1918

Letter from Joseph Austen Chamberlain to Birdwood, 24 April 1918

Letter from Rear Admiral Arthur Cavenagh Leveson to Birdwood, 26 April 1918

Letter from Temporary Brigadier General John Paton to Birdwood, 21 May 1918

Letter from Walter Hume Long to Birdwood, 22 May 1918

Letter from Temporary Brigadier General John Paton to Birdwood, 25 May 1918

Letter from Major General Nevill Maskelyne Smyth to Birdwood, 26 May 1918

Letter from Temporary Brigadier General John Paton to Birdwood, 28 May 1918

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Edmund James Houghton Nicholson to Birdwood, 6 June 1918

Letter from Senior Chaplain Frederick James Miles to Birdwood, 11 June 1918

Letter from Major General Joseph John Talbot Hobbs to Birdwood, 21 June 1918

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel John Lawrence Whitham to Birdwood, 23 June 1918

Letter from General Henry Seymour Rawlinson to Birdwood, 27 June 1918

Letter from Charles Owen Leaver Riley, 27 June 1918

Letter from Courtauld Thomson to Birdwood, 5 August 1918

Letter from Field Marshal Douglas Haig to Birdwood, 11 August 1918

Letter from 14 members of the Central Committee of the South Australian branch of the Australian Comforts Fund [L Ayers; C Clayton; T Colley; M Farr; C Glover; A B Harrington; K Hayward; M Hill; Lucy Leudon; T Luengley; A Rivary; M Rowell; C Simpson; M Wendt; G Wyatt; C Young] to Birdwood, 5 September 1918

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Quinat to Birdwood, 19 October 1918 [written in French]

Letter from Isabell Day to Birdwood, 21 October 1918

Letter from Ch. Favet to Birdwood, 21 October 1918

Letter from Chaplain General Professor John Laurence Rentoul to Birdwood, 25 October 1918

Letter from Walter Hume Long to Birdwood, 4 November 1918

Letter from Walter Hume Long to Birdwood, 4 November 1918

Letter from Walter Hume Long to Birdwood, 5 November 1918

Letter from Catherine C S Ritchie to Birdwood, 9 December 1918

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel George Jameson Johnston to Birdwood, 10 December 1918

Letter from Isabel Howell-Price to Birdwood, 23 December 1918

Letter from Isabel Howell-Price to Birdwood, 25 December 1918

   
2/6

[Letters received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January 1919 – 10 November 1919]

This folder contains 25 letters received by Field Marshal Lord Birdwood from men and women of various military and civilian positions between 1 January and 10 November 1919. Some of these correspondents were Sir George Foster Pearce (Minister for Defence), General Sir John Monash, Charles Delesalle (Mayor of Lille), and Lieutenant Colonel Arthur John Bigge (1st Baron Stamfordham and Private Secretary to King George V). Correspondence from Mrs M C Phillips of Edinburgh, Scotland, discusses the Australian and New Zealand soldiers who stayed with her whilst on leave and includes two poems written about the evacuation from Gallipoli. Other subjects discussed in these letters include the procession in London during 1919, the gift of a horse to Birdwood by Australia, the Gallipoli evacuation ‘reward’, and reminiscing about days at Anzac. There are also congratulatory messages relating to Birdwood’s baronetcy and Birdwood’s replies to these messages.

The letters in this file are a mixture of private and official and include:

Letter from Colonel Henry Carr Maudsley to Birdwood, 1 January 1919

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Edmund James Houghton Nicholson to Birdwood, 9 January 1919

Letter from Vice Admiral John Michael De Robeck to Birdwood, 14 January 1919

Letter from Major Edmund Osborn Milne to Birdwood, 24 January 1919

Letter from General Sir Dighton MacNaughten Probyn to Birdwood, 9 April 1919

Letter from Temporary Lieutenant General Cyril Brudenell Bingham White to Birdwood, 9 April 1919

Letter from George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 15 April 1919

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 13 May 1919 [written in French and includes envelope]

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 5 June 1919 [written in French]

Letter from Temporary Lieutenant General Cyril Brudenell Bingham White to Birdwood, 26 June 1919 [includes envelope]

Letter from George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 5 July 1919

Letter from Major Alexander Mitchell to Birdwood, 9 July 1919

Letter from George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 25 July 1919

Letter from George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 4 August 1919

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 6 August 1919

Letter from Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey to Birdwood, 8 August 1919

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 8 August 1919

Letter from Lieutenant General John Monash to Birdwood, 8 August 1919

Letter from Senior Chaplain William Floyd Shannon to Birdwood, 9 August 1919

Letter from Mrs M C Phillips to Birdwood, 12 August 1919 [includes two poems about the evacuation of Gallipoli]

Official notice from George E Windeath to Birdwood, 15 August 1919 [includes typed copy of pledge given by Birdwood]

Letter from Lieutenant General Henry George Chauvel to Birdwood, 17 August 1919

Letter from General Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer to Birdwood, 17 August 1919

Letter from Charles Delesalle to Birdwood, 3 September 1919 [written in French]

Letter from [Lieutenant Colonel Sir Arthur Bigge] to Birdwood, 10 November 1919

   
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[Letters and papers received or written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 5 February 1909 – 5 February 1919]

Folder of 11 papers and letters received or written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 5 February 1909 and 1 February 1919. Some of these correspondents included Brigadier General Thomas Griffiths and General Sir Beauchamp Duff. The majority of these letters discuss matters of discipline. The file also includes a draft of the introduction to the ANZAC magazine.

This file is arranged in reverse chronological order and includes:

Letter from Birdwood to undisclosed recipient, 1 February 1919

Letter from Birdwood to undisclosed recipient, 1 February 1919 [duplicate - not scanned]

Letter from Birdwood to undisclosed recipient, 1 February 1919 [duplicate - not scanned]

Letter from Birdwood to undisclosed recipient, 30 April 1918

Letter from Birdwood to undisclosed recipient, 30 April 1918 [duplicate - not scanned]

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Griffiths to Birdwood, 12 July 1917

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Griffiths to Birdwood, 13 July 1917

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Griffiths to Birdwood, 20 July 1917 [includes letter from Mrs Eva Graham Murray to Birdwood, 6 July 1917]

Envelope signed by Temporary Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Godley to Birdwood, July 1916

Draft typescript of introduction to the ANZAC magazine written by Birdwood, 19 December 1915

Report titled "Lord Curzon's proposed attack on the Secretary of State in connection with the abolition of the Military Supply Department of the Government of India", written by General Beauchamp Duff, 5 February 1909 [includes envelope]

   
2/8

Forewords, congratulatory messages, etc. Public speeches, addresses to cadets [Part 1].

 

Folder of 52 papers and letters received or written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 1 May 1916 and 1925. Some of these correspondents include William Morris “Billy” Hughes (Prime Minister of Australia), Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson (Governor-General of Australia), Lieutenant Colonel Sir Henry Galway (Governor of South Australia), Sir Charles Gregory Wade (Agent-General for New South Wales), Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert, Duke of Connaught and Strathean (Governor-General of Canada), Frank Sheppard (Lord Mayor of Bristol), and Archibald Henry Peake (Premier of South Australia). There are also letters from several editors of wartime journals including Sir John Evelyn Wrench (The Spectator), Sir Clutha Nantes Mackenzie (The Chronicles of the NZEF), Dr Guy Hardy Scholefield, and A P Hatton (The Comrades Journal). This file was part of Item 19 in the filing system used by Birdwood to organise a set of records related to the Dardanelles Campaign. Related items can be found in 11/16 and 11/17.

The letters in this file are a mixture of private and official and include:

Cablegrams exchanged by William Morris "Billy" Hughes and Birdwood, [c. July - August 1916] [copy]

Introduction written by Birdwood for publication in "Crusading at ANZAC" by Ellis Silas, 1 May 1916
Special order by Birdwood, 7 June 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Dr Guy Hardy Scholefield, [c. August 1916] [draft]

Situation map with line taken over by 1st Australian Division 19 July 1916 shewn in green, 3 September 1916

Special order by Major General Harold Bridgwood Walker, 27 October 1916

Letter from Birdwood to John Evelyn Leslie Wrench, 6 November 1916

Message from Australian Imperial Force addressed to Henry Ebenezer Budden, [December 1916]

Message from Australian Imperial Force addressed to Clutha Nantes Mackenzie, December 1916

Message from Australian Imperial Force addressed to Keith Arthur Murdoch, [December 1916]

Letter from Birdwood to Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert, 17 [March 1917]

Telegram from Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert to Birdwood, 20 March 1917

Letter from Birdwood to [Frank Sheppard], 21 April 1917

Letter from Birdwood to sick/wounded Australian troops, 25 April 1917

Letter from Birdwood to sick/wounded Australian troops, 25 April 1917

Telegram from Birdwood to Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 7 May 1917 [copy]

Telegram from Birdwood to Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 7 May 1917 [duplicate - not scanned]

Introduction written by Birdwood for publication in "News from no man's land" by Reverend James Green, 13 May 1917

Cablegram from Birdwood to Department of Defence, 16 July 1917 [copy]

Cablegram from Birdwood to Sunday Times, Sydney, 2 August 1917 [copy]

Telegram from Archibald Henry Peake to Birdwood, 3 August 1917

Message for despatch to Archibald Henry Peake from Birdwood, c. August 1917

Address written by Birdwood for a series of talks by Archdeacon A L Wade, 1 September 1917

Letter from Birdwood to “My Dear General”, 9 November 1917

Address given by Birdwood to the Australian Imperial Force, 12 November 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 23 December 1917

Address given by Birdwood to the Australian Imperial Force, 25 December 1917

Address given by Birdwood to the Australian Imperial Force, 25 December 1917

Christmas message written by Birdwood for publication in "The Harefield Boomerang", n.d.

Telegram from Birdwood to [Field Marshal Douglas Haig], c. 1917

New Year message written by Birdwood for publication in "Overseas", c. January 1918

Address written by Birdwood to the Australian Imperial Force, 26 March 1918

Address written by Birdwood to the Australian Imperial Force, 26 March 1918 [duplicate - not scanned]

Address written by Birdwood to the Australian Imperial Force, 26 March 1918 [duplicate - not scanned]

Special order issued to all Australian troops, 6 April 1918

Telegrams from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson and Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 23 April 1918 [copies]

Address written by Birdwood for newly commissioned officers, 14 June 1918

Address written by Birdwood for newly commissioned officers, 14 June 1918 [duplicate - not scanned]

Letter from Sir Charles Gregory Wade to Birdwood, 2 July 1918

Address written by Birdwood to Australians, c. 1918 [draft]

Letter from A P Hatton to Birdwood, 14 April 1919 [includes resulting article written by Birdwood for publication, n.d.]

Letter from Mrs A Seager to Birdwood, 21 July 1919

Letter from Mrs A Seager to Birdwood, 21 July 1919 [duplicate - not scanned]

Cablegram from Birdwood to Mrs A Seager, 24 July 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Sir Henry Galway, c. July 1919

Telegram from Department of Defence to Birdwood and Monash, 29 September 1919 [includes annotations by Birdwood]

Telegram from Birdwood to Department of Defence, 9 October 1919

Letter from Sir Charles Gregory Wade to Birdwood, 10 October 1919 [on behalf of the Mitchell Library]

Letter from Birdwood to the Mitchell Library, c. October 1919 [draft]

Message from Birdwood to Victorian school children, c.1919-1920 [draft]

Telegram from Major General Sir Neville Reginald Howse to Birdwood, 22 March 1925

   
2/9

Order-in-Council – GHQ orders. Appointment of GOC, AIF

 

Folder of 10 orders and letters written and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 5 October 1915 to 4 August 1917. The majority of these are official military orders distributed by Birdwood, General Sir Charles Carmichael Monro, and Lieutenant General Sir Launcelot Edward Kiggell. The file also includes copies of telegrams from the Department of Defence relating to the formation of Australians under Birdwood’s command and the replacement of Imperial officers by Australians.

This file contains:

Note by Birdwood titled "Contents", n.d.

"Australian Imperial Force orders" written by Birdwood, 5 October 1915 [includes attachment titled "Rules governing promotion of officers"]

"General Routine Orders" by Birdwood, 22 October 1915

"Army Routine Orders" by Birdwood, 30 November 1915

"General Routine Orders" by General Sir Charles Carmichael Monro, 5 December 1915

Note from Major General C R Butler to First, Second, Third, Fourth and Reserve Armies, 8 July 1916 [includes attachment of letter to Second Army from Lieutenant General Sir Launcelot Edward Kiggell with corrections and a corrected copy of the same letter, 3 July 1916] [copy]

Extract from Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No 105 of 17th August 1916 titled "Powers to be exercised by the General Officer Commanding the Australian Imperial Forces" by George Foster Pearce, 16 August 1916

Letter from George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 20 September 1916 [includes extract from Commonwealth of Australia Gazette Number 105, 17 August 1916] [copy]

Cablegram to Birdwood from George Foster Pearce, 4 August 1917 [copy]

   
2/10

[Letters to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood about the death of Lord Kitchener, 10 June – 29 June 1916]

Folder of 8 letters to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 10 and 29 June 1916. These letters relate to the death of Lord Kitchener. Amongst the correspondents included in this series is Captain Henry Franklin Chevallier Kitchener (Viscount Broome), the nephew of Earl Kitchener.

This file contains:

Letter from Sir Benjamin Bromhead to Birdwood, 10 June 1916

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 11 June '96 [1916]
Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram to Birdwood, 12 June 1916

Letter from Sir George Compton Archibald Arthur to Birdwood, 13 June 1916

Letter from Commander Henry Franklin Chevailler Kitchener to Birdwood, 19 June 1916

Letter from Major Charles Lancelot Storr to Birdwood, 19 June 1916

Letter from Mr Arthur Henry Renshaw to Birdwood, 27 June 1916

Letter from Sir George Compton Archibald Arthur to Birdwood, 28 June 1916 [includes summary of Lord Kitchener's will]

Letter from Kenwick Smith Kaye to Birdwood, 29 June 1916

   
2/11a

[Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to various correspondents, 19 July 1916 – 16 September 1918]

Folder containing copies of 12 letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to various people between 19 July 1916 and 16 September 1918. Some of the correspondents in this file include William Morris “Billy” Hughes (Prime Minister of Australia), Major General Sir Ernest Dunlop Swinton, Edward George Villiers Stanley (17th Earl of Derby), Major General Sir Neville Maskelyne Smyth VC, and Colonel Courtney Clarke Manifold. The subjects discussed in these letters include promotions of officers, the Mesopotamia Campaign and how it is reported in The Times, and the reduction in rations for troops. There is also a personal letter written in response to Mrs Catherine Ritchie’s enquiry about her missing son, Gavin John Ritchie.

This file is arranged in reverse chronological order and contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Mrs Catherine Ritchie, 16 September 1918

Letter from Birdwood to William Morris "Billy" Hughes, 21 June 1918

Letter from Birdwood to William Morris "Billy" Hughes, 18 June 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Major General Nevill Maskelyne Smyth, 26 May 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Major General Nevill Maskelyne Smyth, 24 May 1918 [includes attached letter to Brigadier General John Paton from Birdwood, 22 May 1918]

Letter from Birdwood to Lord Michael Guy Percival Middleton, 6 July 1917 [includes an extract from a letter received from an unnamed retired officer]

Letter from Birdwood to Lord Michael Guy Percival Middleton, 29 June 1917 [includes extract of report sent to General Cox and Keith Arthur Murdoch]

Letter from Birdwood to Major General H N Sargent, 3 May 1917 [includes note by Colonel Courtney Clarke Manifold titled "Recommendation for reduction in rations"]

Letter from Birdwood to Baron Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 18 January 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Edward George Villiers Stanley, 15 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Dunlop [believed to be Lieutenant Colonel Ernest Dunlop Swinton], 14 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Dunlop [believed to be Lieutenant Colonel Ernest Dunlop Swinton], 4 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Edward George Villiers Stanley, 21 July 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Dunlop [believed to be Lieutenant Colonel Ernest Dunlop Swinton], 19 July 1916

   
2/11b

[Letters to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and pamphlets on repatriation, 1918-1920]

Folder of 7 letters and pamphlets received and written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between June 1917 and 24 March 1920. The correspondence in this file discusses the topics of discipline, repatriation, and the AIF Education scheme. Some of the correspondents include Sir George Foster Pearce (Minister for Defence) and Edward Davis Millen (Minister for Repatriation). There are also writings by Brigadier General Thomas Henry Dodds and Bishop George Merrick Long, AIF Director of Education.

This file contains:

Pamphlet titled "The AIF Education Scheme", c. 11 June 1918 [contains contributions by Brigadier General Thomas Henry Dodds, Birdwood, and Bishop George Merrick Long]

Published letter to "the Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers, and Men of the Australian Imperial Force" written by Birdwood, 14 November 1918

Letter from George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 28 January 1920

Letter from Edward Davis Millen to Birdwood, 17 March 1920 [original with pencilled annotations]

Letter from Edward Davis Millen to Birdwood, 17 March 1920 [copy with pencilled annotations]

Letter from Edward Davis Millen to Birdwood, 24 March 1920

   
2/12

[Letters relating to the Dora Ohlfsen ANZAC Medal Fund, 1919]

Folder of 4 letters exchanged between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Sir Charles Gregory Wade concerning the Dora Ohlfsen ANZAC Medal Fund, 1 September to 11 September 1919. These letters discuss the motivation behind the fund, the advertising of the fund, and the names to be used for promotion purposes.

This file contains:

Letter from Charles Gregory Wade to Birdwood, 1 September 1919 [includes attachment of working rules for Dora Ohlfsen Anzac Medal Fund]

Letter from Birdwood to Charles Gregory Wade, 6 September 1919

Letter from Charles Gregory Wade to Birdwood, 10 September 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Charles Gregory Wade, 11 September 1919

   

 

Series 3: Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Lord Liverpool, 1915-1919

Description: 

A series of letters exchanged between Birdwood and Lord Liverpool (Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe), Governor of New Zealand. These letters discuss topics such as the withdrawal of troops from Gallipoli, the use of New Zealand hospital ships, reinforcements, training of troops, and censorship as well as New Zealand's objections to the raising of the additional Fourth Brigade and the unpopularity of Major General Godley with New Zealand soldiers. This series includes copies of the letters Birdwood sent in reply to the letters received from Lord Liverpool. In a letter dated 13 December 1915, Birdwood writes of his regret at having to give up command of '... my Army Corps with which I have been so completely happy during the last year... I quite hate being cut off so much as I now am from my Australian and New Zealand troops.' 

 
ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
3/1a

[Letters written to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood by Lord Liverpool, 1915-1917]

Folder of six letters written by Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe (Lord Liverpool) to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 22 December 1915 and 7 June 1917. These letters discuss the SS Maheno, the standard of New Zealand troops, the problems of censorship in regards to telegrams, recruiting, departure of the 3rd and 4th Infantry Battalions, and New Zealand Army officers.

This file contains:

Letter from Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe to Birdwood, 22 December 1915

Letter from Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe to Birdwood, 22 February 1916

Letter from Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe to Birdwood, 28 March 1916

Letter from Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe to Birdwood, 21 July 1916

Letter from Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe to Birdwood, 2 August 1916

Letter from Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe to Birdwood, 7 June 1917

   
3/1b

[Letters written to Lord Liverpool by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1915-1919]

Folder of 11 letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe (Lord Liverpool), between 13 December 1915 and 20 January 1919. These letters discuss topics such as the SS Maheno, the evacuation from Gallipoli, New Zealand troops, Anzac Day 1916, the movement of New Zealand troops to France, ciphers, censors, weather, Pozieres, England, assignment to command the 5th Army, and demobilisation. There are also references to the evacuation from Gallipoli before the operation took place. These letters are copies of the original letters.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 13 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe 4 February 1916 [including note from Birdwood about the location of the attachment – this is in file 4/2]

Letter from Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 30 April 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 22 May 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 2 September 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 12 September 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 17 October 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 23 July 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 5 January 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 28 May 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 20 January 1919

   

 

Series 4: Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Sir James Allen, 1915 – 1918

Description: 

A series of letters exchanged between Field Marshal Lord Birdwood and the New Zealand Minister for Defence, Sir James Allen. The correspondence covers topics relevant to the New Zealand war effort and also the impact of events that occur in Australia on New Zealand and its population. Some of the topics discussed include disciplinary action involving New Zealand troops, reinforcements, military appointments, the conscription referendum in Australia, the New Zealand Military Service Act, the escape of German prisoners from Motuihi led by Count Von Luckner, mine sweeping of Cape Farewell, and the coal mine strikes in Australia. Several letters also discuss Clifton, a school in England, as Allen realised soon after commencing this exchange of letters that Birdwood was also a Cliftonian. Allen was awarded a Knight Commander (KCB) in early 1917 and the change in title is evident in this correspondence. This series also includes correspondence from other officers during the First World War including General Sir Alexander John Godley, Major General Sir Neville Reginald Howse, Colonel Courtney Clarke Manifold, and General Andrew Hamilton Russell.

 

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
4/1

[Letters written to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood by Sir James Allen, 1915-1918]

Folder of 23 letters written to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood by Sir James Allen, New Zealand Minister of Defence, between 31 March 1915 and 3 September 1918. In early 1917, Allen was awarded a KCB and this is reflected in the titles given to the letters within this file. This file also contains letters from other correspondents including General Sir Alexander John Godley and Major General Sir Neville Reginald Howse. Some of the topics covered in these letters include hospital ships, reinforcements, organisation of the dental and medical services, the military service bill, Wozzer riots in Cairo, and the training of New Zealand and Australian soldiers.

This file contains:

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 31 March 1915

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 26 October 1915

Letter from Lieutenant General Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 22 January 1916 [including letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 12 November 1915]

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 3 February 1916

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 8 February 1916

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 7 March 1916

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 23 March 1916

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 9 June 1916 [including New Zealand Military Service Bill dated 8 June 1916]

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 10 July 1916 [Including New Zealand Military Service Bill dated 9 June 1916]

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 17 July 1916

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 19 July 1916

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 25 August 1916

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 15 November 1916

Letter from James Allen to Birdwood, 19 January 1917 [includes "Map of New Zealand showing the new recruiting districts under the Military Service Act, 1916"]

Letter from Major General Neville Reginald Howse to Birdwood, 5 March 1917

Letter from Sir James Allen to Birdwood, 5 June 1917

Letter from Sir James Allen to Birdwood, 24 September 1917

Letter from Sir James Allen to Birdwood, 29 November 1917

Letter from Sir James Allen to Birdwood, 17 December 1917

Letter from Sir James Allen to Birdwood, 25 February 1918

Letter from Sir James Allen to Birdwood, 10 April 1918

Letter from Sir James Allen to Birdwood, 17 June 1918

Letter from Sir James Allen to Birdwood, 3 September 1918

   
4/2

[Letters written to Sir James Allen and other correspondents by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1915 - 1919]

Folder of 29 letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir James Allen, New Zealand Minister of Defence, between 15 May 1915 and 31 October 1919. In early 1917, Allen was awarded a KCB and this is reflected in the titles given to the letters within this file. This folder also includes 5 letters exchanged between Birdwood and other correspondents on topics related to New Zealand forces during this period. Some of the topics covered in this file include hospital ships, reinforcements, dental and medical services, the New Zealand military service bill, Wozzer riots in Cairo, and the training of New Zealand and Australian soldiers.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 15 May 1915

Cablegram from Birdwood to James Allen, 15 August [1915]

Note advising of location of letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 22 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 4 February 1916 [attachment referenced in File 3/1b]

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 17 March 1916

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 26 March 1916

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 6 May 1916

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 23 May 1916

Letters to Birdwood on the subject of the dental, medical and chaplain services of the New Zealand forces from Colonel Courtenay Clarke Manifold 17 May 1915, Brigadier General Andrew Hamilton Russell 17 May 1915 and Major General Neville Reginald Howse, 12 June 1915

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 22 June 1916

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 12 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 5 September 1916

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 20 September 1916

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 30 October 1916

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 1 November 1916

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 12 November 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Major General Robert Dundas Whigham, 15 January 1917

Letter from Birdwood to James Allen, 17 January 1917

Note addressed to Captain Jennings, 15 February 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 23 March 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 3 June 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 24 July 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 28 September 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 1 October 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 10 December 1917 [includes list of casualties]

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 31 January 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 28 April 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 1 June 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 2 November 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 22 April 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 28 May 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 8 July 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Sir James Allen, 31 October 1919

   

 

Series 5: Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Sir Keith Murdoch, 1916-1918.

Description:

A series of letters exchanged between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Sir Keith Murdoch, covering in detail the Australian referendum on conscription in 1916, of which Murdoch wrote '...it is characteristic of them that they should genuinely dislike forcing others to come to the hell of war.' Other topics include the election of Lloyd-George, the critical attack on Lord Kitchener in the 'Mesopotamian report', and Murdoch's opposition to Birdwood continuing as commander of the AIF after his new appointment as commander of the Fifth Army. On a personal note, Murdoch also mentions his brother Alan, who served with the 37th Battalion, in some of these letters.
 

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
5/1

[Correspondence with Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch, 1916 -1918]

This folder contains 21 letters written by Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 23 October 1915 and 10 June 1918. Also included is a telegram sent by Murdoch to The Sun newspaper in relation to the promotion of Monash to Corps Commander. Some of the topics discussed in this correspondence include the conscription referendums held in Australia in October 1916 and December 1917, the outcome of soldiers’ vote on conscription, and Murdoch’s brother Alan who served with the 37th Infantry Battalion.

This file contains:

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 23 October 1916

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 5 November 1916 [includes newspaper clipping titled "Ballot of the Australian Troops"

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, [Christmas 1916]

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 12 February 1917

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 8 April 1917

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 11 June 1917

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 11 July 1917

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 7 November 1917

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 8 November 1917

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 8 November 1917

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 12 November 1917

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 29 November 1917

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 27 December 1917 [includes “Notes on the Australian Conscription Referendum”]

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 8 April 1918

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 23 April 1918

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 8 May 1918 [includes copy of a telegram dated 2 May 1916]

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 21 May 1918

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 22 May 1918 [includes registered envelope]

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 25 May 1918

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 3 June 1918

Letter from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 10 June 1918

Telegram from Keith Arthur Murdoch to ‘The Sun’, 20 June 1918

   

 

Series 6: Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson and Lady Helen Munro Ferguson, 1915-1919

Description: 

This series contains letters exchanged by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson between 4 August 1915 and 4 September 1919. During this period, Munro Ferguson was the Governor-General of Australia. Some of the subjects discussed in these letters include recruitment, the conscription referendum, discipline, the evacuation from Gallipoli, demobilisation, peace celebrations, and conditions in the trenches. This series also contains a file of correspondence between Birdwood and Lady Helen Munro Ferguson about official recognition for nominated members of the Australian Red Cross.

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
6/1

[Letters written to Birdwood by Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson and other correspondents, 1915-1917]

This file contains 36 letters from Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 4 August 1915 and 14 March 1917. There are also letters from General Sir Archibald James Murray and Sir George Foster Pearce. Some of the topics covered in these letters include recruitment, the conscription referendum, discipline, training, and methods of finding new officers.

This file contains:

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 4 August 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 24 September 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 25 October 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 26 October 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 3 November 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 9 November 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 24 November 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 1 December 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 13 December 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 21 December 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 23 December 1915 [includes note about casualties in the Australian Imperial Force, 18 December 1915]

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 24 December 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 28 December 1915

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 12 December 1916

Letter from Lieutenant General Sir Archibald James Murray to Birdwood, 24 March 1916 [includes letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 21 February 1916]

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 7 March 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 27 March 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 1 April 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 14 May 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 1 July 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 12 July 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 26 July 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 29-31 August 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 5 September 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 31 October 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 11 November 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 24 November 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 13 December 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 17 December 1916

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 16 January 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 5 February 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 21 February 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 5 March 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 14 March 1917

   
6/2

[Correspondence from Sir Ronald and Lady Helen Munro Ferguson to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1917-1919]

This file contains 36 letters, including attachments, from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 10 May 1917 and 10 June 1919. Some of the topics discussed in these letters are recruitment, the conscription referendum, supply of reinforcements, discipline, and desertion in the Australian Imperial Force. Also included in this file is a letter from Lady Helen Munro Ferguson, who was President of the Australian Red Cross Society.

This file contains:

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 10 May 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 4 June 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 24 June 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 29 June 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 11 July 1917 [including newspaper clipping, 6 July 1917]

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 19 July 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 24 July 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 2 September 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 25 September 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 16 October 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 5 November 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 1 December 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 18 December 1917

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 7 January 1918

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 17 January 1918 [includes newspaper clippings "Men for the War: Enlistments to end of year", 12 January 1915 and "Gallantry in the field: Presentation of medals", 15 January 1918]

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 18 February 1918

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 7 March 1918

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 29 March 1918

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 23 April 1918 [includes "Memorandum on the proceedings of the conference convened by His Excellency The Governor-General on the subject of securing voluntary enlistment in reinforcements for the AIF now serving abroad]

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 6 May 1918 [Includes notes for Munro Ferguson's 'last recruiting speech']

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 2 June 1918

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 13 June 1918

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 15 July 1918

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 12 September 1918 [Includes newspaper clipping 'Hughes meets Lloyd George: Prime Ministers show affection, and discuss affairs of the empire', 7 September 1918]

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 30 September 1918

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 28 October 1918

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 30 October 1918

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 7 November 1918

Letter from Lady Helen Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 21 January 1919

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 12 December 1918

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 13 January 1919

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 10 February 1919

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 26 February 1919

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 2 April 1919

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 2 May 1919

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 16 May 1919 [includes note regarding officer conduct on board transport ships]

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 10 June 1919

   
6/3a

[Letters and cablegrams written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1915]

This folder contains copies of 10 letters and cablegrams sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Munro Ferguson, Governor-General of Australia, between 17 May 1915 and 22 December 1915. Some of the topics discussed in these letters include the death of General William Throsby Bridges, conditions in the trenches, the naming of Anzac Cove, reconnaissance of the Dardanelles before the landing, recruiting, and the evacuation from Gallipoli.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 17 May 1915

Cablegram from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 20 May 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 21 June 1915

Cablegram from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 15 August [1915]

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 16 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 3 October 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 12 October 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 8 November 1915 [includes note on location of attached letter from Birdwood to George Foster Pearce, 8 November 1915]

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 26 November 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson and James Allen, 22 December 1915 [includes post-scripts to both addressees]

   
6/3b

[Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1916]

This folder contains copies of 13 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson between 23 January and 31 December 1916. During this period, Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson was the Governor-General of Australia. Some of the topics covered in these letters include the evacuation from the Gallipoli peninsula, recruiting, threats to the success of the evacuation, discipline, adaptability of Australian soldiers, the conscription referendum, and officer training schools at Oxford and Cambridge. The 3rd, 4th and 5th Divisions are also mentioned as well as the reorganisation of battalions in Egypt. Several officers in the AIF, as well as the British Army, are also mentioned, including Lieutenant General Sir James Whiteside McCay, Major General Sir Neville Reginald Howse, Lieutenant General James Gordon Legge, General Sir John Monash, and Lieutenant Colonel Lamrock. This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 23 January 1916 [originally included a copy of a poem about Lieutenant General Sir Frederick Stanley Maude - located in 3DRL/3376 File 8/2a]

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 11 February 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 17 March 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 24 March 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 3 May 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 18 May 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 6 June 1916 [copy also sent to George Foster Pearce]

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 4 July 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 13 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 29 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 5 September 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 20 October 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 31 December 1916

   
6/4

[Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1917]

This folder contains copies of 16 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson between 17 January and 31 December 1917. During this period, Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson was the Governor-General of Australia. Some of the topics covered in these letters include the conscription referendum, Australian politics, reinforcements, officer training, the death penalty, weather, raising a 6th Division, medical conditions, and the Australian Comforts Fund. The situations in the Balkans, Russia, and Italy are also discussed. Several officers in the AIF as well as the British and French armies are also mentioned, including Lieutenant General Sir James Whiteside McCay, Brigadier General Anderson, Lieutenant General James Gordon Legge, and Lieutenant Colonel Lamrock.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 17 January 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 29 January 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 14 February 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 31 March 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 4 April 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 17 April 1917 [includes telegrams from Commander-in-Chief to Birdwood, 16 and 18 April 1917 and letter from Birdwood to Walter Hume Long, 17 April 1917 ]

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 9 May 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 22 May 1917 [includes letter from Major General William Holmes to Birdwood, 19 May 1917 with attached letter from Brigadier General Thomas William Glasgow to Major General Wiliam Holmes, 10 May 1917]

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 3 July 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 18 August 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 20 August 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 9 September 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 5 November 1917 [includes letter from Birdwood to unknown general, 3 November 1917]

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 12 November 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 10 December 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 31 December 1917 [includes telegram from Fifth Army to First ANZAC Corps, 9 April 1917]

   
6/5a

[Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1918]

This folder contains copies of 13 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson between 3 February and 6 December 1918. During this period, Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson was the Governor-General of Australia. Some of the topics covered in these letters include the conscription referendum, recruitment, delays in receiving correspondence, discipline, the 1914 Star, journeys by aeroplane, absorption of battalions into other units including the reaction of the 37th Battalion, American and Portuguese soldiers, and the rivalry between Canadian and Australian troops. There is also mention in these letters of visits from the King and Prime Minister Hughes. Several officers in the British and Australian armies are also mentioned including Rosenthal, Gelibrand, Monash, Chauvel, and White.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 3 February 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 25 February 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 28 March 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 10 April 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1 May 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 27 May 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 16 June 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 10 July 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 21 August 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 17 September 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 18 October 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 28 October 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 6 December 1918

   
6/5b

[Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1919]

This folder contains copies of 7 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson between 20 January and 4 September 1919. During this period, Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson was the Governor-General of Australia. Some of the subjects discussed in these letters include demobilisation, the efforts of women in England to help convalescing officers, requests for Australian soldiers to go to Russia and for transfers into the Indian Army, Versailles, discipline, peace celebrations, Red Cross, and the situation in India. Birdwood also mentions his upcoming visit to Australia and his thoughts on delivering speeches. Several politicians and officers in the Australian Army are also mentioned in these letters including Hughes, Cook, Howse, and Monash.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 20 January 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 13 February 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 13 March 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 23 April 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 21 May 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 9 July 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 4 September 1919

   
6/6

[Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Lady Helen Munro Ferguson, 1918-1919]

This folder contains 7 letters exchanged by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Lady Helen Munro Ferguson between 7 April 1918 and 8 July 1919. The letters discuss Lady Munro Ferguson’s work with the Red Cross, and the people whom she believes deserve official recognition. Other subjects discussed include visits in India, plans for the Birdwoods to visit Melbourne, and Birdwood's cousin.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Helen Munro Ferguson, 7 April 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Helen Munro Ferguson, 21 August 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Helen Munro Ferguson, 6 October 1918

Letter from Lady Helen Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 4 February 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Helen Munro Ferguson, 15 March 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Helen Munro Ferguson, 22 April 1919

Handwritten note from Colonel Hayward to Birdwood, 25 April 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Helen Munro Ferguson, 8 July 1919

   

 

 

SERIES 7: Correspondence with Sir George Foster Pearce, 1915-1919

 

Description: 

A series of letters exchanged between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Sir George Foster Pearce whilst Pearce was serving as the Australian Minister of Defence. Topics discussed include the campaign to take Bapaume in France, the appointment of Australian officers, the Australian federal election of 1917, desertion cases among Australian forces, and operations for Bullecourt and Passchendaele. There is also mention of clothing, conscription, recruitment, weather conditions, and origins of the word Anzac. Several officers in the Australian and British forces are also mentioned including General Legge, General Walker, and General Monro. Mention is also made of Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean and Keith Murdoch. 

 

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
7/1 Part 1

[Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir George Foster Pearce, 1915-1917]

This folder contains copies of 23 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir George Foster Pearce between 8 November 1915 and 11 March 1917. During this period, Sir George Foster Pearce was the Minister of Defence in Australia. Some of the subjects discussed in these letters include recruitment, the challenge of finding commanding officers, promotion of Australian and Imperial officers, reinforcements, reorganisation of the AIF, the reputation of the ANZAC Corps, the Light Horse in Egypt, the conscription referendum, and the deaths of Kitchener, Howell-Price, Glassfurd, and Bridges. Birdwood also mentions the mud, bad weather, care of officers on leave, and the situation with the clothing and boots of Australian troops. Several officers in the Australian and British armies are also mentioned, including General Legge, General Walker, Chauvel, Spencer-Brown, General Monro, Sellheim, McCay, Grimwade, Brand, Irving, Antill, Paton, Blamey, and Newton Moore.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 8 November 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 1 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 29 January 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 20 February 1916
Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 24 March 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 19 May 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 6 June 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 27 June 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 3 July 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 14 July 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 23 July 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 1 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 14 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 22 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 25 September 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 16 October 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 12 November 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 30 November 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 24 December 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 24 January 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 15 February 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 11 March 1917

   
7/1 Part 2

[Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir George Foster Pearce, 1917-1919]

This folder contains copies of 36 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir George Foster Pearce between 17 March 1917 and 10 October 1919. During this period, Sir George Foster Pearce was the Minister of Defence in Australia. The original file cover, located with 7/1 Part 1, features Birdwood’s own handwriting and records the date of every letter it originally contained. This file also contains letters that were sent as attachments to this correspondence, including letters to Birdwood from Brigadier General T W Glasgow, Major General William Holmes, Brigadier General Charles Rosenthal, and Brigadier General Launcelot Kiggell. Some of the subjects discussed in these letters include the Battle of Bapaume, the destruction of French villages, Australian federal elections, the Australian Comforts Fund, the appointment of officers in the AIF, the origin of the word Anzac, pensions for officers, the Battle of Broodseinde Ridge, desertions, leave for 1914 contingents, Australian boots, weather, war memorials, gravestones, Gallipoli Star, and the departure from France of the first 800 men serving since 1914.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 17 March 1917 [incomplete]

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 2 April 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 23 April 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 7 May 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 22 May 1917 [includes letters from Major General William Holmes to Birdwood, 19 May 1917 and Brigadier General T W Glasgow to Birdwood, 10 May 1917]

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 22 June 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 2 July 1917 [includes letter from Brigadier General Charles Rosenthal to Birdwood, 2 July 1917]

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 20 August 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 28 August 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 3 September 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 14 September 1917 [includes report compiled by Birdwood titled “Reinforcements in AIF depots as on 8 September 1917”]

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 4 October 1917 [includes letter from Sir Francis Davies to Birdwood, 29 September 1917]

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 6 October 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 16 October 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 5 November 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 9 November 1917 [includes letter from Birdwood to all Australian Divisions, 7 November 1917; incomplete]

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 8 December 1917 [includes letter from Birdwood to Brigadier General Launcelot Kiggell, 27 October 1917 and report written by Major General James Whiteside McCay titled “Report on Establishments and Training”, 13 November 1917]

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 18 January 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 1 February 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 12 March 1918 [includes memorandum from 1 March by Birdwood on the subject of Australian boots]

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 15 April 1918 [includes letter from Commander-in-Chief to Birdwood, 16 April 1918; letter from Birdwood to the Australian Imperial Force, 26 March 1918; special order issued to all Australian troops and a report titled “Contents of parcels from Australia”]

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 7 May 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 15 May 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 20 May 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 15 June 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 8 July 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 6 August 1918 [includes telegram from General Henry George Chauvel to Birdwood, 29 July 1918]

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 23 August 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 18 September 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 18 October 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 16 April 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 2 May 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 4 June 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 25 September 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce, 10 October 1919

   
7/2

[Correspondence between Sir George Foster Pearce and Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1915 – 1919]

This folder contains 29 letters addressed to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood from Sir George Foster Pearce between 11 September 1915 and 23 January 1919. During this time, Pearce was the Minister of Defence in Australia. These letters discuss various subjects including reinforcements, medical services, conscription, and the break-up of divisions and munitions supplies.

This file contains:

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 11 September 1915

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 16 November 1915

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 10 December 1915

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 4 February 1916

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 7 March 1916

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 11 March 1916

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 10 May 1916

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 6 June 1916

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 14 September 1916

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 6 October 1916

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 13 October 1916 [includes minute to the Department of Defence by Brigadier General Hubert John Foster, 12 October 1916]

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 13 October 1916

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 10 November 1916

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 20 January 1917

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood 2 February 1917

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 3 February 1917

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 7 June 1917

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 3 July 1917 [includes cypher of telegrams despatched to Birdwood, 5 April - 31 May 1917]

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 27 August 1917.

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 20 September 1917

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 8 January 1917 [1918]

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 26 February 1918

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 10 May 1918

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 20 June 1918 [includes newspaper articles "AIF changes: Birdwood Promoted. Monash in full command", 19 June 1918; "AIF command. Sir John Monash succeeds Sir William Birdwood", 19 June 1918 and "Sir William Birdwood. Praise of Australians", 20 June 1918]

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 13 August 1918.

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 2 October 1918.

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 8 October 1918.

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 3 December 1918

Letter from Senator Honorable George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 23 January 1919

   

 

 

SERIES 8: Personal correspondence to and from Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and other family members, 1899-1919

Description:

This series contains letters exchanged by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood with members of his immediate and extended family. There is an extensive series of letters written by Birdwood to his wife, Lady Janetta Hope Birdwood, dated 1915, 1916, and 1918. There are also letters from his son and daughter as well as correspondence with his uncles, sister, and cousins. Also included in this series is a large collection of postcards that were collected by Birdwood’s niece, Lydia Joan Birdwood, between 1899 and 1919. Some of the subjects discussed in these letters are Australian soldiers, the periscope rifle, Lone Pine, the evacuation from Gallipoli, Pozieres, visiting Australia after the war, the capture of Lille, and the Armistice of 11 November 1918.

 

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
8/1

[Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Lady Janetta Birdwood, 1915]

This folder contains 36 letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood between 25 March and 27 December 1915. Subjects discussed in these letters include Australian soldiers, the dangers of shelling on the beaches, the sinking of the Triumph, the death of Bridges, the periscope rifle, the planning and carrying out of the Battle of Lone Pine, experiences of flying, Lord Kitchener’s visit, the relations between Australian and New Zealand troops, the weather, and the evacuation from Gallipoli.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 25 March [1915]

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 4 April [1915]

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 11 April 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 17 April 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 24 April 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 29 April 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, May 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, May 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, May 1915 [includes official report by Birdwood about the landing at Gallipoli, 8 May 1915]

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 15 May 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 17 May 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 24 May 1915 [includes duplicate of letter, 24 May 1915]

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 6 June 1915 [includes duplicate of letter, 6 June 1915]

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 14 June 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 15 June 1915 [includes duplicate of letter, 15 June 1915]

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 20 June 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 28 June 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 4 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 9 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 18 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 22 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 4 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 19 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 30 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 6 October 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 12 October 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 15 October 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 23 October 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 12 November 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 21 November 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 25 November 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 4 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 8 December 1915
Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 18 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 21 December 1915 [includes letter from Birdwood to General Monro, 20 December 1915 and "Special order of the day", 21 December 1915]

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 27 December 1915

   
8/2a

[Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Lady Janetta Birdwood, 1916 and 1918]

This folder contains 8 letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood between 1 January 1916 and 11 November 1918. Subjects discussed in these letters include the evacuation from the Gallipoli peninsula, loss of horse ships, the keenness of troops to go to France, the Anzac Magazine, the visit of the King, the Battle of Pozieres, the Armistice of 11 November 1918, and Birdwood’s visit to the town of Tournai in Belgium.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 1 January 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 6 January 1916 [includes a letter from Headquarters to Birdwood, 7 January 1916]

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 15 January 1916 [includes copy of poem written by Lorenzo that was found at Helles on 9 January 1916]

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 30 January 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 5 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 25 March 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 29 March 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 11 November 1918

   
8/2b

[Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and family members, 1902 – 1918]

This file contains 27 items, predominately letters, exchanged by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and immediate and extended family members during the period 12 March 1902 to 18 October 1918. Subjects discussed in these letters include plans to force the Dardanelles, Birdwood’s relative Consett Carre Riddell, the evacuation from Gallipoli, visiting Australia after the war, capture of Lille, submarines, and zeppelin raids.

This file contains:

Letter from Sir Benjamin Parnell Bromhead to Birdwood, 12 March 1902 [includes envelope]

Letter from Sir Benjamin Parnell Bromhead to Birdwood, 15 March 1902

Letter from Birdwood to Bessie [Ross-Watt], 21 April 1915

Letter from Christopher Bromhead Birdwood to Birdwood, 6 December 1915 [includes envelope]

Letter from Birdwood to Tom Riddell, 28 December 1915

Letter from Sir Benjamin Parnell Bromhead, 12 January 1916 [incorrectly dated 12 January 1915]

Letter from Constance [Nancy] Jean Gonville Birdwood to Birdwood, [1916]

Letter from Constance [Nancy] Jean Gonville Birdwood to Birdwood, 21 February 1916 [includes envelope]

Letter from J F Vaughton to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 4 March 1916

Letter from Agnes Birdwood to Birdwood, 20 March 1916

Letter from Roger Birdwood to Birdwood, 9 April 1916

Letter from Sir George Christopher Molesworth Birdwood to Birdwood, 9 May 1916

Letter from Fanny Birdwood to Birdwood, 10 May 1916

Letter from Christopher Bromhead Birdwood to Birdwood, 14 May 1916 [includes school report]

Letter from Lady Janetta Birdwood to Birdwood, 19 July [1916]
Letter from Frank Colin Craig to Birdwood, 18 November 1916

Letter from Frank Colin Craig to Birdwood, 27 November 1916 [includes portrait]

Letter from Colin Craig to Birdwood, 14 December 1916

Letter from F C [indecipherable surname] to Birdwood, 25 December 1916

Letter from Frederick Craig to Birdwood, 24 January 1917

Letter from Edith Stuart to Birdwood, 25 January 1917

Letter from Sir Benjamin Parnell Bromhead to Birdwood, 14 February 1917

Letter from Sir George Christopher Molesworth Birdwood to Birdwood, 25 April 1917

Letter from Sir Benjamin Parnell Bromhead to Birdwood, 15 May 1917

Letter from Benjamin [indecipherable] Moore to Lady Janetta Birdwood, 18 October 1918

Letter from Constance [Nancy] Jean Gonville Birdwood and Lady Janetta Birdwood to Birdwood, n.d. [incomplete]

Signature of Penttard, n.d.

   
8/3 Part 1

[Postcards collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood]

This album of postcards contains 34 postcards that were collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood. Joan Birdwood was Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s niece. The postcards are addressed to various recipients, including members of Birdwood’s immediate and extended family.

   
8/3 Part 2

[Postcards collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood, 1902 – 1909]

This album of postcards contains 36 postcards that were collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood. Joan Birdwood was Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s niece. The postcards are addressed to various recipients, including members of Birdwood’s immediate and extended family, between 1902 and 1909.

The following postcards and their associated postmark date are included in this album:

Postcard depicting Gastein von den Scwarzenberg-Anlagen, n.d.

Postcard depicting the Houses of Parliament from the river, London, 12 May 1904

Postcard depicting the Houses of Parliament, 11 August 1904

Postcard depicting Trafalgar Square London, 3 January 1904

Postcard depicting Old curiosity Shop (Lincolns Inn) London, 24 December 1902

Postcard depicting Anerley Road-Upper Norwood London, 30 December 1903

Postcard depicting Horse guards London, 23 December 1902

Postcard depicting St James Street & Palace, n.d.

Postcard depicting Thames embankment London, 19 October 1902

Postcard depicting Buckingham Palace London, 13 October 1902

Postcard depicting the Queen's outrider, Buckingham Palace London, 23 December 1902

Postcard depicting kissing the Blarney stone, 15 September 1909

Postcard depicting Bank of England, Royal Exchange London, n.d.

Postcard depicting the entrance, Brighton Pavilion, 15 September 1903

Postcard depicting Palace Pier, Brighton, 15 September 1903

Postcard depicting view from east cliff, Bournemouth, 2 November 1902

Postcard depicting, the Pier, Bournemouth, 12 September 1902

Postcard depicting the Museum and gardens, Kew, 24 December 1902

Postcard titled "The boat-train", 19 December 1904

Postcard depicting Windermere from Orrest Head, 5 August 1905

Postcard depicting a bit of Burnham beeches, n.d.

Postcard depicting Applegartte, 31 December 1903

Postcard depicting the Westgate, 30 October 1902

Postcard depicting Boscombe Gardens, 1 November 1902

Postcard depicting Ashford Church, 20 August 1902

Postcard depicting Lincoln Cathedral, East Front and Chapter House, 25 August 1905

Postcard depicting Marlborough, the college chapel, 26 September 1904

Postcard depicting Park hospital, Hither Green, 11 November 1903

Postcard from the Parade looking west, Worthing, 25 May 1904

Postcard depicting Ann Hathaway's cottage, Stratford-on-Avon, 6 October 1905

Postcard depicting Shakespeare's birthplace, Stratford-on-Avon, 30 September 1905

Postcard depicting Exmouth from the Beacon, 8 August 1905

Postcard depicting the Parade, Teignmouth, 22 December 1905

Postcard titled On the Pier, Worthing, 7 June 1904

Postcard depicting Sheringham Promenade and Beach, 2 October 1903

Postcard depicting Salisbury Cathedral, 23 December 1902

   
8/3 Part 3

[Postcards collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood between 1902 and 1906]

This album of postcards contains 34 postcards that were collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood. Joan Birdwood was Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s niece. The postcards are addressed to various recipients, including members of Birdwood’s immediate and extended family, between 1902 and 1906.

The following postcards and their associated postmark date are included in this album:

Postcard depicting Exeter from the canal, 12 June 1903

Postcard depicting Bexhill from the sea, 14 April 1903

Postcard depicting Lynton and Lynmouth, n.d.

Postcard depicting South Cave Castle near Hull, 13 October 1906

Postcard depicting Haslemere, Farnham Lane, 23 December 1902

Postcard depicting Ashford, 21 August 1902

Postcard depicting Christchurch Priory and ruins, Bournemouth, 22 December 1903

Postcard depicting Rochester Castle, 24 December 1902

Postcard depicting Clifton College, 11 May 1903

Postcard depicting Victoria Gardens, Chatham, 28 August 1904

Postcard depicting Caye Castle, n.d.

Postcard depicting King Street Twickenham, 25 December 1902

Postcard depicting Ventnor from Cliff Path, 22 December 1902

Postcard depicting the view in Hampton Court Gardens, 17 February 1903

Postcard depicting the weir, Teddington, 17 February 1903

Postcard depicting Charles Dickens' house, Gadshill, 12 March 1903

Postcard depicting a view of the cathedral from the castle, Rochester, 21 March 1903

Postcard depicting Chulmleigh from the Little Dart, 29 June 1903

Postcard depicting Beer, 16 May 1905

Postcard depicting the Children's Corner, Bournemouth, 9 November 1903

Postcard depicting the view of the Parade from the west, Worthing, 9 May 1904

Postcard depicting Parade and Gardens, Teignmouth, 23 December 1905

Postcard depicting view from the west front of Exeter Cathedral, 13 September 1903

Postcard depicting Burnham Beeches in Summer, 9 January 1904

Postcard depicting Galati Quai, 29 October 1904

Postcard titled Souvenir de Soulina, 6 November 1904

P and O postcard showing an illustration of a ship, 17 April 1904

Postcard depicting Vue de Therapia, Constantinople, 12 September 1904

Postcard depicting Strada Marina, Maita-Valetta, 24 June 1904

Postcard depicting Caprale, Taormina, 26 July 1904

Postcard depicting Castel mola dal Grand Hotel, South Domenico, Taormina, 26 July 1904

Postcard depicting Carretto Siciliano, 1 August 1904

Postcard depicting Oban, 9 September 1904

Postcard depicting Melrose Abbey from the South East, 6 August 1904

   
8/3 Part 4

[Postcards collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood between 1902 and 1919]

This album of postcards contains 38 postcards that were collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood. Joan Birdwood was Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s niece. The postcards are addressed to various recipients, including members of Birdwood’s immediate and extended family, between 1902 and 1919. One postcard of note was sent to Birdwood by Lieutenant Colonel Horace Clowes Brinsmead about the signing of the Versailles Peace Treaty.

The following postcards and their associated postmark date are included in this album:

Postcard depicting Loch Eil & Fort William, 8 September 1904

Postcard depicting Craighall, Blairgowrie, 3 September 1906

Postcard depicting Edinburgh Castle & Ross Fountain, 13 September 1902

Postcard depicting Brodick Bay, Arran, 2 January 1906

Postcard depicting Kingussie from South, 1 September 1902

Postcard depicting Holyrood from Calton Hill, 30 November 1902

Postcard depicting Drumnadrochit Bridge- Glen Urquhart, 20 August 1904

Postcard depicting Ruthven Castle, 19 September 1902

Postcard depicting the Highland Railway, 21 August 1902

Postcard depicting the Giant's Causeway, 1 April 1903

Postcard titled "A Fanad Man Bringing Home Turf, Portsalon, Donegal, 6 August 1903

Postcard titled "On the golf links", Portsman, Donegal, 6 August 1903

Postcard depicting Rope Bridge, Carrick-a-Rede, 8 March 1903

Postcard depicting Malabar Hill, Bombay, 4 March 1904

Postcard depicting Chenar Bagh Kashmir, 24 September 1905

Postcard depicting the entrance gate of the Taj Mahal, 26 December 1904

Postcard depicting 152 Murree from Pindi Point, 24 September 1905

Postcard depicting the view from the Bazaar, Simla, 4 June 1903

Postcard depicting the view from Boat Club, Poona, n.d.

Postcard depicting the Kutub Minar, Delhi, 39 Aoril 1903

Postcard depicting Bombay from Malabar Hill, 8 December 1902

Postcard depicting a group of the Maharaja's elephants, 24 March 1904

Postcard depicting a view of Simla, 19 February 1903

Postcard depicting Palm Avenue, Botanical Gardens, Calcutta, 25 April 1903

Postcard depicting the Bathing Ghat at Calcutta, 31 March 1903

Postcard depicting Christ Church, Simla, 22 January 1903

Postcard depicting the Taj Mahal, Agra, 11 March 1903

Postcard depicting a scene on the Hooghly, showing the High Court Calcutta, 19 March 1903

Postcard of General Sir W. R. Birdwood, n.d.

Postcard depicting the Versailles Congress, 28 June 1919

Postcard depicting Jutogh, 29 January 1903

Postcard depicting the Burning Ghat, Benares, 4 September 1902

Postcard depicting Calcutta, 25 December 1902

Postcard depicting the Palace of the Wind, Jeypore, 24 March 1904

Postcard depicting old armour in Lahore Fort, 8 December 1903

Postcard depicting Grub Aus, 3 August 1903

Postcard depicting Murren- Hotel Alpenruh und Blick auf die Alpen, 3 August 1905

Postcard depicting a panorama of Vienna, n.d.

   
8/3 Part 5

[Postcards collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood between 1901 and 1918]

This album of postcards contains 37 postcards that were collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood. Joan Birdwood was Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s niece. The postcards are addressed to various recipients, including members of Birdwood’s immediate and extended family, between 1901 and 1918. One postcard of note in this album is a portrait of Birdwood by Joseph Felix Bouchor with a personal message from the artist.

The following postcards and their associated postmark date are included in this album:

Postcard depicting Bahia, 18 November 1901

Postcard depicting Heidelberg Palace, n.d.

Postcard of Lieutenant General Sir W. R. Birdwood, 21 October 1918

Postcard depicting the First Basin, Cataract Gorge, Tasmania, 14 April 1907

Postcard depicting Dr Pagenstecher's Augenklinik, 4 February 1903

Postcard depicting Zoological Gardens, Karachi, 17 April 1905

Postcard titled Gruss Vom Ortler, n.d.

Postcard depicting Porto Alegre, Docca Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil, 26 November 1911

Postcard depicting Colombo York Street and G. O. H., 16 April 1903

Postcard titled "Firenze- La Torre di Palazeo Vecchio vista a traverso i finestroni del Campanile di Giotto", 14 May 1903

Postcard titled 524- Monte-Carlo- Le Theatre entre les Palmiers, 23 February 1903

Postcard depicting Colwyn Bay from above old Colwyn, 1 September 1904

Postcard depicting Colwyn Bay from above old Colwyn, 6 September 1905

Postcard depicting Venezia - Ponte di Rialto, n.d.

Postcard depicting Venezia - Laguna dal Lido, 14 May 1903

Postcard depicting Menaggio, 29 May 1903

Postcard depicting Luzern and Rigi, n.d.

Postcard depicting the lions at Luzern, n.d.

Postcard depicting the Monastery de Cimiez in Nica, 22 December 1903

Postcard depicting Rome, 27 December 1904

Postcard depicting L'embarcadere de la Pointe de la Croisette, Cannes, 21 March 1903

Postcard depicting a general view of Villefranche, 3 March 1903

Postcard depicting La Baie de Garavan, Menton, 9 September 1903

Postcard depicting Miramare, Trieste, 11 May 1903

Postcard depicting a general view of the port, Dieppe, 8 March 1905

Postcard depicting Rooners St-Denl, 24 December 1903

Postcard depicting La Bourboule, n.d.

Postcard depicting Descente des tuyaux, Baky-Bakou, 24 May 1908

Postcard depicting Buitenzorg Passer, Java, n.d.

Postcard depicting Boulay Bay, Island of Jersey, 2 April 1903

Postcard depicting the three fountains, Baky-Bakou, n.d.

Postcard depicting Soseaua, Bucharest, 18 June 1908

Postcard depicting Batyml, 24 May 1908

Postcard depicting Alexandre II Quai, Baky Bacou, 24 May 1908

Postcard depicting No 15 Kocterl, Batyml, 24 May 1908

Postcard titled "Irrigateur, Vue interieure. Bagdad le", 26 January 1904

Postcard depicting the harbour of Basrah, 26 January 1904

   
8/3 Part 6

[Postcards collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood between 1899 and 1905]

This album of postcards contains 37 postcards that were collected by Lydia Joan Birdwood. Joan Birdwood was Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s niece. The postcards are addressed to various recipients, including members of Birdwood’s immediate and extended family, between 1899 and 1905.

The following postcards and their associated postmark date are included in this album:

Postcard depicting the Bazaar and Minaret, Recht, n.d.                            

Postcard titled "Sphynx et Pyramide de Cheops", n.d.

Postcard depicting the entry to the Suez Canal, n.d.

Postcard titled "Tot, nepviselet- Volkstracht aus Oberungarn", n.d.

Postcard titled "Erdelyi szaszok Volkstracht aus Siebenburgen Sachsische Bauerntracht"

P and O postcard showing an illustration of a ship, n.d.

Photographic postcard of sailors in field, n.d.

Photographic postcard of nurses in front of hospital, 6 September 1905

Postcard depicting Nelson volunteering to board a Prize, in a violent gale, 1777

Postcard depicting the death of Nelson, n.d.

Postcard titled "In the Cockpit of H. M. S. Victory", n.d.

Postcard titled "Steering a Battleship", n.d.

Postcard titled "Dinnertime", n.d.

Postcard titled "Hoisting in the Boats", n.d.

Postcard titled "Firing a 3lb. Q.-F. Gun", n.d.

Postcard titled "Working the Q.-F. guns", n.d.

Postcard titled "The Blacksmiths", n.d.

Postcard titled "Guzerath Broker", 24 March 1904

Postcard titled "Parsee Ladies at Seaside", 24 March 1904

Postcards titled "Symptoms of the "East" ye Dhobie", 24 September 1905

Postcard titled "Victoria Driver", 24 March 1904

Painted postcard of Indian elephant god, 24 March 1904

Painted postcard of Indian couple on camel, 16 July 1903

Painted postcard of woman carrying water, 30 July 1903

Painted postcard of various animals in shape of goat, n.d

Painted postcard of man on wagon, 11 March 1901

Painted postcard of man looking down sight of gun, 5 August 1901

Painted postcard of babies on eggs, 18 March 1905

Postcard titled "Greeting from India", 23 April 1903

Painted postcard of woman with umbrella, 3 June 1899

Painted postcard of two men with ball, 13 September 1902

Postcard depicting the Doge Leonardo Loredano by Bellini, 30 December 1902

Postcard titled "Where billows roll", 25 December 1902

Postcard titled "Rub a dub dub", 22 January 1903

Postcard titled "Aan de Noordzee", n.d.

Postcard titled "La Laitiere Greuze", 4 April 1903

Postcard titled "The Laughing Cavalier", 2 April 1903

   

 

 

SERIES 9: Miscellaneous correspondence, 1903 – 1950

Description: 

This series contains a variety of letters, telegrams, and other material received or written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood during the period 27 June 1903 to 26 December 1950. Included in this series are letters from William Morris Hughes (Prime Minister of Australia), Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson (Governor-General of Australia), Baron Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, George Foster Pearce (Minister of Defence, Australia), Walter Long (Secretary of State for the Colonies), Dwight D Eisenhower, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, and General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton. There are also a large number of letters to Birdwood from mothers of soldiers who fought during the First World War.

These letters discuss subjects such as meetings with Birdwood during the war, the loss of sons in the war, Birdwood’s admission to the peerage and promotions, soldier settlement schemes, invitations to visit Australia, war memorials, the declaration of the war with Turkey, conscription referendums, leave for the original contingent of Australia servicemen, Kemal Ataturk’s funeral, reasons for remaining at Gallipoli and the later evacuation, the Australian experience of war at home, returning to Anzac and Turkey after the war, and plans for the opening of the Australian War Memorial.    

 

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
9/1

[Folder of letters, poems and telegrams sent to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood about his visit to Australia in 1920]

This folder contains 67 letters and telegrams sent to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood about his visit to Australia and New Zealand during 1920. Also included in this file are several poems including one poem titled “Jealous of Birdie”, which was found near Bullecourt and sent to Birdwood during 1920. These letters were written to welcome Birdwood to Australia, and also recall meetings with Birdwood whilst serving in the war, the loss of sons in the war, the treasured letters that Birdwood had sent during the war, and news of one child being named in his honour. Amongst the writers of these letters are William Morris Hughes (Prime Minister of Australia), Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson (Governor-General of Australia), Admiral Cecil Fiennes Thursby, and Baron Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, as well as many mothers of soldiers who fought during the First World War and some of the soldiers themselves.

This file contains:

Cablegram from William Morris Hughes to AIF Headquarters, London, 14 October 1919

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 27 December 1919

Letter from Ernest Lee Steere to Birdwood, 30 December 1919

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 6 January 1920
Letter from Salome Elizabeth Jones to Birdwood, 18 January 1920

Letter from Susan M Meadley to Birdwood, 19 January 1920

Letter from Sir John Greig Latham to Birdwood, 20 January 1920

Letter from Phillip Guy Page to Birdwood, 20 January 1920

Letter from Jean Whyte to General Birdwood, 20 January 1920

Letter from Alleyne Clarice Zander to Birdwood, 20 January 1920

Letter from Arthur Sugden Keighley to Birdwood, 21 January 1919 [1920]

Letter from Sidney H Watson to Birdwood, 21 January 1920

Letter from Eva Riordan to Birdwood, 22 January 1920

Letter from Joan Torrance to Birdwood, 22 January 1919 [includes copy of poem "Welcome" written by Joan Torrance]

Letter from Annie Isabel Wallis to Birdwood, 22 January 1920

Letter from Jessie Barclay to Birdwood, 28 January 1920

Letter from Catherine  Anna Bell Buckingham to Birdwood, 28 January 1920

Letter from William Morris Hughes to Birdwood, 29 January 1920

Letter from William Morris Hughes to Birdwood, 29 January 1920

Letter from Florence Isabel Scott to Birdwood, 14 February 1920 [includes poem titled "Jealous of Birdie"]

Letter from General Sir Dighton Probyn to Birdwood, 27 February 1920

Letter from Susan Ethleen Priscilla Ford to Birdwood, 5 March 1920

Letter from Mrs Bertha Pascoe to Birdwood, 8 March 1920

Letter from Lieutenant General Joseph John Talbot Hobbs to Birdwood, 18 March 1920

Letter from [Rebecca] Alison Vaughan to Birdwood, 20 March 1920

Poem titled "The Soul of Anzacs" by Hector Charles James Horatio Axup, c. March 1920 [with annotations and includes envelope]

Poem titled "The Soul of Anzacs" by Hector Charles James Horatio Axup, c. March 1920 [with annotations]

Letter from Margaret Elizabeth Prendergast to Birdwood, 1 April 1920

Letter from Sarah Myrtle Meggy to Birdwood, 6 April 1920

Letter from Ellen Somes (Nellie) King to Birdwood, 7 April 1920

Letter from Maurice Barber Bevan Keatinge to Birdwood, 15 April 1920

Letter from Frederick Charles Russell to Birdwood, 18 April 1920

Letter from Arthur Brooks to Birdwood, 20 April 1920 [includes envelope. Included photographs now held in Series 15]

Letter from Rose Edith Byrne to Birdwood, 22 April 1920

Adaptation of the poem "Decorated", written by Edith Emily (Beaufils) Lamb, 25 April 1920

Letter from Edmund La Touche Armstrong to Birdwood, 28 April 1920

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 1 May 1920

Letter from Mrs Mary Jane Patching to Birdwood, 1 May 1920

Letter from Frank Colin Craig to Birdwood, 13 May 1920

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 17 May 1920

Letter from George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 19 May 1920

Letter from Lucy Gough Morgan to Birdwood, 25 May 1920

Letter from Lieutenant General Joseph John Talbot Hobbs to Birdwood, 27 May 1920

Telegram from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 28 May 1920

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 29 May 1920

Letter from Mrs Ethel Hardie to Birdwood, 1 June 1920 [includes poem titled "A New Zealand welcome to General Sir William Birdwood"]

Letter from William Morris Hughes to Birdwood, 1 June 1920

Letter from Henry and Burdette Hill-Beckett to Birdwood, 2 June 1920 [includes poem titled "To General Sir William Birdwood" written by H Hill-Beckett, 3 June 1920]

Letter from Eric Gawthorne Kidgell to Birdwood, 2 June 1920

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel George Jameson Johnston to Birdwood, 3 June 1920

Letter from George William Barker to Birdwood, 8 June 1920

Letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Birdwood, 24 June 1920

Letter from Mrs Ethel Hardie to Birdwood [includes poem titled "Farewell General Sir William Birdwood"], 14 July 1920

Letter from William James Sherbon to Birdwood, 19 July 1920

Letter and envelope from Sir George Compton Archibald Arthur to Birdwood, 26 July 1920

Letter from William Ferguson Massey to Birdwood, 28 July 1920

Letter from Edward Martyn to Birdwood, 8 September 1920 [includes envelope]

Letter from Lieutenant General Joseph John Talbot Hobbs to Birdwood, 12 September 1920

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 13 September 1920

Letter from General Herbert Vaughan Cox to Birdwood, 14 September 1920 [includes envelope and letter from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 22 May 1920]

Letter from Lady Florence Darnley to Birdwood, 15 September 1920 [includes envelope]

Letter from Carl Herman Jess to Birdwood, 3 October 1920

Letter from General Sir Dighton Probyn to Birdwood, 3 October 1920 [includes envelope]

Letter from Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey to Birdwood, 5 October 1920

Letter from Admiral Cecil Fiennes Thursby to Birdwood, 5 October 1920

Letter from Lieutenant General Joseph John Talbot Hobbs to Birdwood, 6 December 1920

Letter from Sir Tannatt William Edgeworth David to Birdwood, 28 December 1920 [includes envelope]

4 1
9/2

[Correspondence addressed or forwarded to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 1921 and 1938]

This folder contains 47 letters, postcards, and business cards sent from various correspondents to Birdwood between 8 January 1912 and 24 January 1938. Many of the letters discuss various visits of Birdwood to Australia in 1920, 1932, and 1934. Many also congratulate Birdwood on being admitted to the peerage and receiving a promotion to Commander-In-Chief, Indian Army. Other subjects discussed in these letters include the attitude of Australians towards Birdwood, the position of Governor-General of Australia, soldier settlement schemes, the RSSILA, invitations to visit Australia, the Birdwood scholarship, and war memorials. Many of these letters also recount meeting Birdwood during the First World War and other stories relating to service during this conflict.

This file contains:

Letter from R G Lewiston to Birdwood, 8 January 1912

Letter from Theodor Pflaum to Birdwood, 30 April 1921

Letter from Isabell Howell-Price to Birdwood, 3 January 1923 [includes newspaper clipping "General Sir William Birdwood", 1 January 1923]

Letter from Herbert T Evans to Birdwood, 1 February 1923

Letter from Henry Barwell to Birdwood, 7 February 1923 [Includes attached letter from R M Simes to Birdwood, 3 February 1923]

Letter from R Gardiner to Birdwood, 21 March 1925

Letter from John Saunders Huxham to Birdwood, 21 March 1925

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 21 March 1925

Letter from Frank Newbolt to Birdwood, 22 March [1925]

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Robert Eccles Snowden to Birdwood, 23 March 1925

Letter from N F Wellington to Birdwood, 27 July 1925

Letter from Arnold Isaacson to Birdwood, 28 July 1925

Letter from Theodor Pflaum to Birdwood, 25 February 1926

Letter from Sir John Lawrence Baird Stonehaven to Lord Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 19 April 1926

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 20 May 1926

Letter from Lieutenant General Joseph John Talbot Hobbs to Birdwood, 10 July 1926 [includes original envelope]

Letter from Goldsmiths Hall to Birdwood, March 1927

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel W G Smith to Birdwood, 28 August 1929

Letter from General Henry George Chauvel to Birdwood, 18 February 1930

Letter from General Henry George Chauvel to Birdwood, 20 August 1930

Letter from F J Connolly to Birdwood, 5 September 1930

Letter from Arthur [surname not given] to Birdwood, 12 December 1930

Letter from Streater Ellis to Birdwood, 30 June 1932

Letter from Lieutenant General Sir Joseph John Talbot Hobbs to Birdwood, 15 August 1932 [includes article written by Colonel Collett titled "The League: Past Achievements and Future Usefulness", 22 July 1932]

Letter from C H Hennings to Birdwood, 26 November 1932

Letter from T C Fairley to Birdwood, 22 August 1934

Letter from R Tharle Hughes to Birdwood, 21 January 1935

Postcard titled "Queensland National Anzac Memorial, Brisbane", sent by R Tharle Hughes to Birdwood, 2 February 1935

Letter from R Tharle Hughes to Birdwood, 26 February 1935

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 26 February 1935

Letter from Padre Walter Ernest Dexter to Birdwood, 25 August 1937

Copy of transmitted message from Lieutenant General G B White to Birdwood, 26 July 1937

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 2 August 1937

Letter from Robert William Stanley to Birdwood, 3 August 1937

Letter from Miles F Beevor to Birdwood, 7 August 1937

Letter from Archibald R Longworth, 8 August 1937 [Includes "Camel Story", written by Archibald R Longworth]

Letter from Theodor Pflaum to Birdwood, 17 August 1937 [includes poem written by Theodor Pflaum titled "Supplement 5"]

Business card for Mr R A Briggs with personal message addressed to Birdwood, 29 August 1937

Letter from Marnie G [indecipherable surname] to Birdwood, 8 November 1937 [includes envelope]

Letter from Alfred Newcombe Kemsley to Birdwood, 5 January 1938

Letter from George Eliot to Birdwood, 6 January 1938

Letter from George Hodges Knox to Birdwood, 7 January 1938

Letter from Abe Shannon to Birdwood, 9 January 1938

Letter from George Elliot to Birdwood, 10 January 1938

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel William Waite to Birdwood, 24 January 1938

Letter from Wilfred Walter King to Birdwood, n.d.

Letter from Edward J H Knapp to Birdwod, n.d.

4 1
9/3a

[Telegrams received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1914]

This folder contains 5 telegrams and an original envelope received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 31 October and 30 November 1914. These telegrams relate to the declaration of war with Turkey and the appointment of Birdwood to command the Australian and New Zealand Corps.

This file contains:

Telegram from Secretary of State [for India] to Viceroy (Army Department), 31 October 1914

Telegram from Secretary of State [for India] to Viceroy (Army Department), 5 November 1914

Telegram from Secretary of State for India of telegram to Viceroy [Army Department], 2 November 1914 [includes envelope]

Telegram from Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson to Viceroy [Army Department], 30 November 1914

Telegram from Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson to Viceroy [Army Department], 30 November 1914 [Duplicate - not scanned]

4 1
9/3b

[Telegrams received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1915]

This folder contains 10 telegrams, letters, and compilations of telegram messages received and sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 21 May 1915 and 25 December 1915. These telegrams relate to the Gallipoli campaign, including the evacuation, Birdwood’s receipt of the Grand Cross of St Michael and St George, and birthday and Christmas greetings.

This file contains:

Telegram from Colonel Smythe to Birdwood, 21 May 1915

Telegram from Sir George Houstoun Reid to Birdwood, 20 June 1915 [includes clippings on Birdwood being awarded honours]

Telegram from Vice Admiral to Birdwood, 25 June 1915

Telegram from Vice Admiral to Birdwood, 5 August 1915

Telegram from General Headquarters to Birdwood, 13 October 1915

Copies of telegrams exchanged by Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener and Birdwood, 3-4 November 1915

Telegram from Communications to 9th Corps, 26 November 1915

Letter from W Fullman to Birdwood, 2 December 1915 [includes envelope]

Telegram from Lieutenant General Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 24 December 1915

Telegram from Major General Frederick Stanley Maude to 13th Division Headquarters, Imbros, 25 December 1915

   
9/3c

[Telegrams received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1916]

This folder contains 11 telegrams, letters, and compilations of telegram messages received and sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 1 April and 3 September 1916. The subjects of these telegrams include the deaths of Kitchener and Fitzgerald, re-organisation of the AIF, Pozieres, lunch with the Prime Minister, and Anzac Day 1916.

This file contains:

Letter from War Office to Birdwood, 1 April 1916 [includes forwarded telegram from George Foster Pearce to War Office, 31 March 1916]

Telegram from Troopers War Office to Base Commandant Marseilles, AMLO and DADRT, 1 April 1916

Telegram from Troopers War Office to Base Commandant Marseilles, AMLO and DADRT, 2 April 1916

Telegram from Troopers War Office to Base Commandant Marseilles, Birdwood and Brigadier General Cyril Brudenell Bingham White, 2 April 1916

Telegram from Lieutenant Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald to Birdwood, 3 April 1916

Telegram from Prime Minister's Private Secretary to Birdwood, 26 April 1916

Telegram from War Office to Birdwood, 27 April 1916

Telegram from Herbert J Creedy to Birdwood, 7 June 1916

Telegram from Andrew Fisher to Birdwood, 1 August 1916

Telegram from Major General William Eliot Peyton to Birdwood, 12 August 1916

Telegram from Reserve Army to 1st Anzac Corps, 3 September 1916

   
9/3d

[Telegrams received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1917]

This folder contains 11 telegrams received and sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 27 January and 17 November 1917. This folder contains congratulatory telegrams for honours received by Birdwood as well as for successes of Australian troops in France.

This file contains:

Telegram from Lieutenant Colonel James Gordon Legge to Birdwood, 27 January 1917 [includes original and decoded messages]

Telegram from Lieutenant General Henry George Chauvel to Birdwood, 2 July 1917

Telegram from Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe to Birdwood, 2 July 1917

Telegram from William Morris Hughes to Birdwood, 16 June 1917 [includes original telegram, typed version and envelope]

Telegram from General Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer to Birdwood, 26 September 1917

Telegram from General Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer to Birdwood, 28 September 1917

Telegram from Andrew Fisher to Birdwood, 11 October 1917

Telegram from General Charles Monro to Birdwood, 1 November 1917

Telegram from George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 5 November 1917

Telegram Major General Newton James Moore to Birdwood, 14 November 1917

Telegram from William Morris Hughes to Birdwood, 17 November 1917

   
9/3e

Leave for Australian Troops (Anzac Leave)

This folder contains 5 telegrams exchanged or received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 17 September and 19 October 1917. This set of correspondence also includes telegrams from the Australian Minister of Defence, George Foster Pearce; the Secretary of State for the Colonies, Walter Long; and Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, Governor-General of Australia. These telegrams discuss the question of leave for the original contingent of Australian servicemen. There is also brief mention of the 1914 medal.

This file contains:  

Telegram from George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 17 September 1917

Telegram from Birdwood to Australian Department of Defence, 1 October 1917

Telegram from Walter Long to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 4 October 1917 [paraphrased]

Telegram from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to Walter Long, 16 October 1917 [paraphrased]

Telegram from Walter Long to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 19 October 1917 [paraphrased]

   
9/3f

Conscription Referendum, 1917

This folder contains copies of two telegrams exchanged between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and the Australian Minister of Defence, George Foster Pearce, in November 1917. These telegrams discuss arrangements for AIF troops to participate in the conscription referendum of 22 December 1917.

This file contains:

Telegrams exchanged by George Foster Pearce and Birdwood, 12 - 13 November 1917

   
9/3g

[Telegrams and letters received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1918]

This folder contains 24 letters and telegrams sent and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 28 January 1918 and 18 December 1918. Subjects discussed in these telegrams include Australian troops, Lille, Birdwood as Commanding Officer of the Australian troops, Tournay, Toulon, Australia House, the Armistice, and relations between the AIF and the Royal Australian Navy. Some of these telegrams are written in French.

This file contains:  

Telegram from Field Marshal Douglas Haig to Birdwood, 28 January 1918

Telegram from Lieutenant General Cyriaque Gillain to Birdwood, 23 April 1918 [written in French]

Telegrams exchanged by Senator George Foster Pearce and Birdwood, 24 - 25 May 1918 [paraphrased]

Letter from Lieutenant General Francis Davies to Birdwood, 8 June 1918 [includes letter from Major General H Rugglestonzi to Birdwood, 11 June 1918 with telegram from Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson to be forwarded to Birdwood, 26 May 1918]

Telegram from Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 15 June 1918

Telegram from Andrew Fisher to Birdwood, 19 July 1918

Telegram from General Herbert Vaughan Cox to Birdwood, 18 October 1918

Telegram from Sir George Philip Doolette to Birdwood, 18 October 1918

Telegram from John David King to Birdwood, 19 October 1918

Telegram from Admiral Emile Paul Amable Guepratte to Birdwood, 20 October 1917 [written in French]

Telegram from Walter Long to Birdwood, 20 October 1917

Telegram from Reginald Wingate to Birdwood, 21 October 1918

Telegram from Chief Belgian Mission to Birdwood, 9 November 1918

Telegram from [unknown] to Birdwood, 13 November 1918

Telegram from William Morris Hughes to Birdwood, 14 November 1918

Telegrams exchanged by Senator George Foster Pearce and Birdwood, 13-14 November 1918

Telegrams exchanged by Senator George Foster Pearce and Birdwood, 13-14 November 1918 [Not scanned - duplicate]

Telegrams exchanged by Rear Admiral Sir Lionel Halsey and Birdwood, 16-18 November 1918

Telegram from General Orth to Birdwood, 20 November 1918

Telegram from Alvaro Cesar de Mendonca to Birdwood, 30 November 1918 [written in French]

Telegram from Captain B T Harding to Birdwood, 18 December 1918

Telegram from Senator George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, [1918]

   
9/3h

[Telegrams and letters sent or received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1919-1950]

This folder contains 17 telegrams and letters received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 15 January 1919 and 18 April 1950. The subjects covered include Birdwood’s visit to Australia in 1920, Christmas and New Year greetings, invitations, promotions, and Anzac Day.

This file contains:

Telegram from Grand Marechal Comte De Merode to Birdwood, 9 January 1919 [written in French]

Telegram from Birdwood to William Morris Hughes, 15 January 1919

Telegram from Old Cliftonians to Birdwood, 15 January 1919

Telegram from [Australian soldiers on] HMAT Medic to Birdwood, 14 April 1919

Telegrams to Birdwood from Harry Sutherland Wightman Lawson, Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, William Morris Hughes, Colonel Sir James Allen, William Ferguson Massey, and Sir Henry Galway, 17-25 December 1919.

Telegram from Trumble to Birdwood, 13 April 1920 [includes reply from Birdwood to Troopers, 14 April 1920]

Telegram from Troopers to Birdwood, 4 May 1920

Telegram from Irving to Birdwood, 19 May 1920

Telegram from Andrew Fisher to Birdwood, 8 September 1920

Telegram from George Lloyd to Birdwood, 17 October 1920

Telegram from Senator George Foster Pearce to Birdwood, 24 December 1920

Telegram from Alexandra of Denmark to Birdwood, 26 June 1924

Letter from Edward Frederick Lindley Wood to Sir John Lawrence Baird Stonehaven, 16 June 1926

Telegram from George Holland to Birdwood, 4 August 1937

Letter from Major E S Harston to Birdwood, 18 April 1950 [includes telegram from Kippenberger to Birdwood, 17 April 1950]

   
9/4

[Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1935-1939]

This folder contains three letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 29 January 1938 and 18 January 1939. Although the title of the file specifically mentions Kemal Ataturk’s funeral, there are also other letters in this file. Subjects covered include Kemal Ataturk’s funeral, the writing of the official history of the war, and the evacuation from Gallipoli. Several officers are also mentioned in these letters including Monash, Rosenthal, Hobbs, Glasgow, Gellibrand, Chauvel, and Jellicoe.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean, 29 January 1935 [1938]

Letter from Birdwood to General Cyril Brudenell Bingham White, 18 January [1939] [Includes telegram from Sir Percy Loraine to Lord Halifax, 23 November 1938 sent with a report about Kemal Ataturk's funeral]

Letter from Birdwood to [unidentified], n.d. [incomplete]

   
9/5

[Letters written and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to the First Battalion AIF Association and others, 1918 – 1950]

This folder contains twenty-two letters written and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between about June 1918 to 26 December 1950. Several of these letters were exchanged between Birdwood and the First Battalion AIF Association, as well as a letter from Birdwood’s daughter, Judith, written on his behalf. There are also letters from Dwight D Eisenhower, John Curtin and William Morris Hughes.

This file contains:

Letter from Reginald Collins to Birdwood, c.1918

Letter from Edward John Molloy to Birdwood, 4 January 1938 [includes envelope]

Letter from Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean to Birdwood, 22 January 1938

Letter from Cluny Macpherson to Birdwood, 22 January 1938

Letter from Theodor Pflaum to Birdwood, 22 January 1938 [includes photograph]

Letter from G J Howard to Birdwood, 2 March 1938

Letter from Birdwood to G J Howard, 11 April 1938

Letter from Dwight D Eisenhower to Birdwood, 26 May 1943 [includes envelope]

Letter from Padre Walter Ernest Dexter to Birdwood, 7 June 1943

Letter from John Curtin to Birdwood, 22 October 1943

Letter from Birdwood to the 1st Battalion Association, 20 January [1944]

Letter from Edgar Thomas Towner VC to Birdwood, 24 April 1944

Letter from Lieutenant General Edmund Frances Herring to Birdwood, 18 May 1944

Letter from William Morris Hughes to Birdwood, 11 November 1944

Letter from Jack H Webster to Birdwood, 3 October 1947

Letter from Birdwood to James Sydney Dandson [Davidson], 27 November 1947 [includes envelope]

Letter from Birdwood to the 1st Battalion Association, 10 April [1948]

Letter from Birdwood to the 1st Battalion Association, 26 August [1948]

Letter from Birdwood to James Sydney Davidson, 19 December 1949

Letter from C K Thrower to Birdwood, 26 January 1950

Letter from Birdwood to James Sydney Davidson, 2 July 1950

Letter from Judith Horatia Maud Birdwood to the 1st Battalion Association, 26 December 1950

   
9/6

[Miscellaneous correspondence, predominantly relating to the First World War, received or written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood 1903 - 1937]

This folder contains 16 letters written or received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 27 June 1903 and 1 March 1937. Subjects discussed in these letters include Australian soldiers in Cairo, the importance of remaining at Gallipoli, Birdwood’s command, storms of November 1915, arrival of the 5th Army in Lille, the Australian experience of war at home, Birdwood’s post-war visits to Australia, returning to Anzac after the war, Turkish thoughts on the evacuation from Gallipoli, and plans for the opening of the Australian War Memorial. Amongst the correspondents in this series are Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean and General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton.

This file contains:

Letter from [indecipherable name] to Birdwood, 27 June 1903 [includes verse]

Letter from Birdwood to Major General William Throsby Bridges, 28 December 1914

Letter from Birdwood to Major General William Throsby Bridges, 28 December 1914 [not scanned – duplicate]

Extracts from letters written by Birdwood, 29 April, 15 May and 17 May 1915 [includes envelope]

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 18 May 1915

Letter from J F Inglefield to Birdwood, 29 May 1915

Letter from Field Marshal Douglas Haig to Birdwood, 16 April 1918 [includes envelope]

Letter from Arthur Borlase Stevens to Birdwood, 25 September 1918

Letter from Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey to Birdwood, 23 November 1918

Letter from Birdwood to A P Vaughan, 28 September - 22 October 1918

Letter from Alfred Milner to Birdwood, 5 December 1918

Letter from A P Vaughan to Birdwood, 25 December 1918 [includes Christmas card]

Letter from Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean to Birdwood, 12 April 1919 [includes envelope]

Letter from General Henri Joseph Etienne Gouraud to Birdwood, 12 July 1930 [written in French]

Letter from K M Little to Birdwood, 30 October 1933 [includes envelope]

Letter from Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean to Birdwood, 1 March 1937

   

 

 

Series 10: Addresses and speeches given by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and others during the First World War, interwar period and Second World War.

Description: 

This series contains speeches, addresses, and other papers written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 1918 and about 1945. This series also include papers written by other individuals between 1915 and 1932, including General Sir Cyril Brudenell White, Lord Northcliffe, and the Mayor of Lille, Charles Delesalle. The bulk of the items in this series are related to Birdwood's visits to Australia in 1919/1920, 1932 and 1934 and include addresses given by Birdwood to returned soldiers from the First World War and Australian civilians. There are also addresses given by Birdwood during the Second World War, with some of these specifically intended for troops on active service. Subjects covered in these addresses include Birdwood's personal memories of the Anzacs at Gallipoli and later in France, memories of the First World War, Victoria Cross winners, the officers of the AIF, the experiences of particular units, the Great Depression, the coronation of King George VI, repatriation, and the advent of the Second World War.

 

NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
10/1a

Speeches, addresses, and other papers written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and others, 1915-1919

This folder contains nine speeches, addresses, army orders and official army despatches compiled between 20 May 1915 and 1919. The contents of this file were written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, General Sir Ian Hamilton, the Mayor of Lille, and Lord Northcliffe. Some of the subjects covered in this material include the landing at Gallipoli, Birdwood’s leadership, the liberation of the French city of Lille, and Birdwood’s memories of the Anzacs at Gallipoli and in France.

This file contains:

Extracts from General Sir Ian Hamilton's despatches, 20 May - 11 December 1915

Cable from France by Lord Northcliffe, c. August 1916

"The Mayor's Speech", address given by Mayor of Lille, Charles Delesalle, c.28 October 1918 [written in French]

"My Speech", address given by Birdwood to the Mayor of Lille, c. 28 October 1918 [written in French]

Note from AIF Headquarters Detachment to AIF Headquarters London, 29 March 1919 [includes attachments and distribution list for OB/2342 and OB/2316 from Lieutenant General Sir H A Lawrence, 22 March 1919]

"Speech made by me [Birdwood] at luncheon given to me by Australians at Connaught Rooms at end of war", c.1919

Extracts from address given by Birdwood to Australians at the Connaught Rooms, c.1919

Extracts from address given by Birdwood to Australians at the Connaught Rooms, c.1919 [duplicate - not scanned]

Extracts from address given by Birdwood to Australians at the Connaught Rooms, c.1919 [incomplete duplicate - not scanned]

4 10
10/1b

[Speeches, addresses and other papers written by Lord Birdwood and others during the inter-war period and Second World War]

This folder contains 18 speeches, addresses and other papers written by Birdwood between 1932 through to the years of the Second World War. A telegram from Lieutenant General Cyril Brudenell Bingham White to Birdwood is also included. Some of the subjects discussed in these papers include Birdwood’s visits to Australia, memories of the First World War, the Great Depression, coronation of King George VI and the advent of the Second World War.

This file contains:

Address given by Birdwood in Western Australia, c.1932

Notes - Re Returned Sailors and Soldiers League, c.1934 [includes annotations by Birdwood]

Radio broadcast address by Birdwood via the Australian Broadcasting Commission, c.1934 [draft with annotations]

Telegram to Birdwood from Lieutenant General Cyril Brudenell Bingham White, c.1937.

Response written by Birdwood in regards to receipt of telegram from Lieutenant General Cyril Brudenell Bingham White, c.1937

"Ed Miller house". Handwritten notes compiled by Birdwood for address at Ed Miller's house, Perth, c.1937

Handwritten notes compiled by Birdwood for address to Lord Mayor, Perth, c.1937

Typed notes compiled by Birdwood for address to Lord Mayor, Perth, c.1937 [includes annotations by Birdwood]

"Diggers. Perth 37". Handwritten notes compiled by Birdwood for address to returned Australian soldiers, Perth, c.1937.

Address given by Birdwood to returned soldiers, Perth, c.1937 [draft with annotations by Birdwood]

Address given by Birdwood to returned soldiers, Perth, c.1937 [draft with annotations by Birdwood]

Address by Birdwood to Australian public via Australian Broadcasting Commission, 26 July 1937 [draft]

Handwritten notes compiled by Birdwood for an address, c.1939

Address by Birdwood, c.1939

Address by Birdwood titled "Anzac Day 1940", 25 April 1940.

"Talk for the Australian Troops", written by Birdwood for the Middle East Magazine, c. 1941 [draft with annotations by Birdwood]

"Talk for the Australian Troops", written by Birdwood for the Middle East Magazine, c. 1941 [carbon copy]

Anzac Day Message by Field Marshal Lord Birdwood, c. 1942-1945

4 10
10/2

Speeches, addresses, and other papers written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and others, 1919-1920

This folder contains 25 speeches, addresses, and other papers written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and others between December 1919 and October 1920, on the occasion of his visit to Australia with his wife, Lady Janetta Birdwood, and his daughter, Judith Birdwood. The battalions, VC winners, and officers originating from each state receive attention in some of the addresses given by Birdwood. Other topics discussed include the landing at

Gallipoli, the loneliness and correspondence of the men, the establishment of a capital city, federal elections, the work of philanthropic organisations, soldier settlement, repatriation, training schemes, housing, and the welcome he received to Australia.

This file contains:

Address titled, "Fremantle" written by Birdwood, c. 18 December 1919

Address given by Birdwood to the Returned Soldiers Association, Perth, c.1919

Address given by Birdwood to the Returned Soldiers Association, Perth, c.1919 [draft]

Address titled, "Mr Premier, Mr Mayor and Citizens of Perth", given by Birdwood, c. December 1919 [carbon copy with annotations by Birdwood]

Address titled, "Perth", given by Birdwood, c. December 1919 [draft with annotations by Birdwood]

"The Pelicans: Minutes of Meeting and Dinner held at the house of Pelican R Henderson Smith, Cottesloe Beach. January 11 1920"

Speech notes for an address given by Birdwood about the 16th, 48th and 51st Battalions, c. December 1919 – January 1920

Address given to the Lord Mayor of Melbourne, c. 20 January 1920 [draft with annotations]

Extract from address given by Birdwood to the Federal Government Reception, c. 20 January 1920

Address titled, "Federal Government Reception" written by Birdwood, c.20 January 1920 [draft with annotations by Birdwood]

Extract from address given by Birdwood at the Commonwealth Government Official Reception, 21 January 1920

Extract from address given by Birdwood at the Commonwealth Government Official Reception, 21 January 1920 [duplicate - not scanned]

Notes taken about a speech given by Birdwood at the Naval and Military Club, Melbourne, c. January 1920 [draft with annotations by Birdwood]

Address titled "Tasmania" written by Birdwood, c. 1 February 1920 [draft with annotations by Birdwood]

Address given by Birdwood in South Australia, c. March 1920 [draft including annotations by Birdwood]

"4th Military District" - notes about officers from South Australia compiled by Birdwood, c.March 1920 [includes annotations]

Address titled "Lord Mayor Adelaide" written by Birdwood, c.March 1920 [includes annotations by Birdwood]

Text of address given by Birdwood about repatriation, 6 April 1920

Address given by Birdwood in New South Wales, c. April-May 1920 [includes annotations by Birdwood]

Notes about officers from New South Wales gathered for New South Wales address given by Birdwood, c.April-May 1920 [includes annotations by Birdwood]

Notes about colonels from New South Wales gathered for New South Wales address given by Birdwood, c.April-May 1920 [includes annotations by Birdwood]

Text of address given by Birdwood in Queensland, c. May 1920

Address written by Birdwood for the Australian Red Cross Society, c.1920 [draft including annotations by Birdwood]

Notes recorded by Birdwood about VC winners for an address, c.1920

Notes recorded by Birdwood for a speech, c.1920 [recorded on an envelope from the Grand Hotel, Auckland, New Zealand]

Address given by Birdwood upon return to England, c. 1920

Speech by General Sir W R Birdwood, c.1920 [printed copy of speech given following return to England]

Speech by General Sir W R Birdwood, c.1920 [printed copy of speech given following return to England - duplicate not scanned]

4 11

 

 

Series 11: Correspondence and other papers 1915 – 1930 related to the Dardanelles Campaign

Description: 

This series comprises correspondence, telegrams, original orders, operation reports, commission reports and newspaper cuttings related to the Dardanelles campaign. The correspondents include Colonel Wigram, Lord Kitchener, General Brulard, General Hamilton, Sir Maurice Hankey, General Maxwell and General Godley.

Items of note in this series include several copies of the report by the Royal Commission investigating the Dardanelles Campaign during 1916 and documents related to the request from the Australian Defence Department that Australians serving under Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood should be organised in Australian formations and under Australian officers. 

Also included in this series are documents relating to the Boer War, the Western Front battles of Bapaume and Bullecourt, addresses given by Birdwood and forewords written by Birdwood for various publications. File 8/2 should also be checked for related material. Three file listings are located in 11/15 File 1 which provide context to the original filing system that was applied to these records and also how they were originally used. The first of these is a listing compiled by Birdwood that collates all files related to the Dardanelles Campaign. The second list is a content list of all files prepared as evidence for the Dardanelles Commission. The final list has a provenance that could not be identified but resembles a packing list.

 

NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
11/1a

[Telegrams and letters received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood regarding Gallipoli, 1915].                                                          

This file contains eleven telegrams, messages and letters to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood regarding the Gallipoli campaign that were sent between 5 June 1915 and early 1916. Some of the correspondents include General Gourard, Admiral Guepratte, Lord Kitchener, General Cox and Colonel Sir James Allen. Subjects discussed in these items include the evacuation from Gallipoli, Indian soldiers, and Australian troops.

This file contains:

Forwarded message from King George V to Birdwood, 5 June 1915

Telegram from General Henri Joseph Eugene Gouraud to Birdwood, 22 June 1915

Letter from General Herbert Vaughan Cox to Birdwood, 19 July 1915

Telegram from Admiral Emile Paul Amable Guepratte to Birdwood, 30 October 1915 [written in French]

Telegram from Colonel Sir James Allen to Birdwood, 27 November 1915

Telegram from Lieutenant Colonel Sir Henry MacMahon to Birdwood, 22 December 1915

Telegram from [unidentified] to Birdwood, 1 January 1916 [written in French]

Forwarded message from King George V to Birdwood, 11 January 1916

Forwarded message from Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to Birdwood, 11 January 1916

Forwarded message from General Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre to Birdwood, 12 January 1916 [written in French]

Note from [unidentified] to Birdwood, [c. 1916]   

   
11/1b

[Addresses and accounts by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood 1916 to 1917 - church parade, submission for the Lord Kitchener Memorial Book and the opening of a building in Ismailia]

 

This file contains addresses and accounts given by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between early 1916 and 1917. These addresses were given to Australian troops during a church parade shortly after the evacuation from Gallipoli and at the opening of a building funded by the Australian Red Cross. Also included are various copies of a chapter written by Birdwood for the publication Lord Kitchener Memorial Book. Some of the topics discussed include discipline, the necessary precautions for gas and trench feet, writing home, and the evacuation from Gallipoli.

This file contains:

Address to troops given by Birdwood at Church Parade, [c. early 1917, draft]

"Lord Kitchener's visit to Gallipoli in November, 1915", written by Birdwood for Lord Kitchener Memorial Book, [c.1917]

"Lord Kitchener's visit to Gallipoli", written by Birdwood for Lord Kitchener Memorial Book, [c.1917] [draft copy]

Address to troops by Birdwood at the opening of a building in Ismailia, [c. June 1916]

   
11/2

[Copies of letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Lord Clive Wigram, 1915-1919]

This file contains copies of 22 letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Lord Clive Wigram between 3 December 1915 and 8 August 1919. These letters are largely written to Wigram in his capacity as the Assistant Secretary to King George V and many mention messages to be passed on to the King, as well as numerous wishes for the King to see Australian officers whilst they visit London. Some of the other topics mentioned in these letters include the weather prior to the evacuation from Gallipoli, the evacuation itself, re-organisation of the AIF in Egypt, training, Anzac leave, the 1914 medal, conscription referendums, and the liberation of Lille.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 3 December 1915

File note advising "copy of letter dated 16th January [1916] on Lord Kitchener's file" [See 3DRL/3376 11/6b]

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 7 February 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 21 February 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 16 March 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 26 March 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 1 May 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 20 June 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 17 July 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 18 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 16 September 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 4 October 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 26 October 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 4 November 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 25 December 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 15 April 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 14 August 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 6 November 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 18 May 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel Clive Wigram, 29 October 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Clive Wigram, 6 November 1918

Letter from Birdwood to Brevet Colonel Clive Wigram, 1 January 1919

Letter from Birdwood to Brevet Colonel Clive Wigram, 8 August 1919 [includes attachment, n.d.]

   
11/3

Dardanelles and Mesopotamia Commissions Reports and press comments, [Part 1, 1915-1930]

This file contains correspondence, reports regarding operations of the Dardanelles Army, and official reports on the commission into the Dardanelles campaign in 1917. The original envelope in which these official reports were received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood is also included. General Sir Charles Monro, Chief of the General Staff Mediterranean Force, is amongst the recipients of the reports written by Birdwood that are contained in this file. Another correspondent in this file is the Viceroy of India, Edward Frederick Lindley Wood (Earl Irwin). The original envelope within this file features the number 12 in blue, indicating that it was Item 12 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1. Related content can also be found in 3DRL/3376 11/3 and 3DRL/3376 11/9b.

This file contains:

Envelope addressed to Birdwood from AIF Administrative Headquarters, n.d.

Report written by Birdwood titled “Australian & New Zealand Army Corps: Summary of Events from midnight 18/19th to 6am 20th”, c.1915

Minute from Birdwood to General Sir Charles Monro re Dardanelles Army to 17 October 1915, 28 December 1915

Minute from Birdwood to General Sir Charles Monro re operations of the Dardanelles Army, 20 January 1916.

Report titled "The Dardanelles Commission", [proceedings for 6 March 1917 - includes comments by Birdwood], c.1917

Report titled "The Dardanelles Commission", [proceedings for 6 March 1917 - includes comments by Birdwood], c.1917

Report titled "The Dardanelles Commission", [proceedings for 6 March 1917 - includes comments by Birdwood. Duplicate - not scanned], c.1917

Report titled "The Dardanelles Commission", [proceedings for 6 March 1917 - includes comments by Birdwood. Duplicate - not scanned], c.1917

Letter from Edward Frederick Lindley Wood to Birdwood, 11 November 1930

   
11/4a

[Outline of prospective operations at Dardanelles - on receipt of original orders in February 1915]

This file contains reports written and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood in regards to reconnaissance of the Dardanelles in preparation for the Gallipoli landing. The subjects covered include objections to landing in the the Gulf of Xeros, co-operations with the Royal Navy, potential landing on the Asiatic shore and a description of the Gallipoli beaches. The file itself features the number 2 in blue written on the cover, indicating that it was Item 2 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Report written by Birdwood titled "Memorandum outlining prospective operations at Dardanelles on receipt of original orders in February 1915 [covering] Objections to landing in Gulf of Xeros. Co-operation with Navy. Possibility of landing on Asiatic shore. Cape Helles,” c.February-March 1915

Report written by Birdwood re ordering supplies for the Gallipoli peninsula, n.d.

Report written by Lieutenant H Pirie Gordon titled "Intelligence Report A", 13 November 1915 [including covering note]

   
11/4b

D/O Letters

This file contains letters and gazette notices sent and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 31 March 1915 and 20 March 1917. The correspondents include General Sir Alexander John Godley, General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, Major General Charles Edward Callwell, General Sir Beauchamp Duff, and Walter Hume Long. Included in this file are letters discussing evidence for the Dardanelles Commission, despatch of reinforcements at Gallipoli, employment of dismounted Light Horsemen, and descriptions of general operations. The file itself features the number 3 in blue written on the cover, indicating that it was Item 3 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Letter from General Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 14 February 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant General Alexander John Godley, 15 February 1917

Letter from Lieutenant General Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 27 February 1917

Minute from Birdwood to General John Grenfell Maxwell re Gallipoli, 18 May 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General John Grenfell Maxwell, 18 May 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General John Grenfell Maxwell, 8 June 1915

Minute from Birdwood to General John Grenfell Maxwell re reinforcements, 25 June 1915

Letter from Temp Major General Charles Edward Callwell to Birdwood, 31 March 1915

Letter from Temp Major General Charles Edward Callwell to Birdwood, 30 April 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Temp Major General Charles Edward Callwell, 15 May 1915

Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No.3 [containing a report on the evacuation of Anzac Cove], 10 January 1916

Letter from Birdwood to General Sir Beauchamp Duff, 3 December 1915

Letter from Walter Hume Long, 20 March 1917

   
11/5a

Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard

This file contains letters and telegrams exchanged between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard between 1 January and 9 January 1916. Some of these telegrams have been written in French. Subjects discussed in these file include the evacuation from Helles and the honours and awards conferred on Commandant Bertier and Birdwood for actions at Gallipoli. The file itself was identified as Item 4 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard, 1 January 1916
Letter from Birdwood to General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard, 3 January 1916

Telegram number 17C from General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard to Birdwood, 5 January 1916 [written in French]

Telegram from Birdwood to General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard, 6 January 1916 [written in French]

Telegram from Birdwood to General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard, 7 January 1916 [written in French]

Telegram number 71 from General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard to Birdwood, 9 January 1916 [written in French]

   
11/5b

Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald

This file contains letters exchanged by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald between 24 May 1915 and 5 June 1916. Some of the subjects discussed in these letters include the May Armistice at Gallipoli, the evacuation from Gallipoli, re-organisation of the AIF, and recommendations for honours and awards related to Gallipoli. The file itself was identified as Item 5 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 24 May 1915

Minute from Birdwood to Oswald Arthur Gerald Colonel Fitzgerald re reinforcements, 27 June 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 12 January 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 30 January 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 7 February 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 16 February 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 17 March 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 4 April 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 14 April 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 4 May 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 25 May 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 5 June 1916

   
11/5c Part 1

Correspondence to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton

This file contains letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton between 1 April 1915 and 31 January 1917. In some of these letters, Birdwood addresses Hamilton as “General Johnny”. Birdwood has annotated the original cover with some of the subjects discussed in the letters including his appointment to command the Australian and New Zealand soldiers, the Suvla landing, the evacuation from Gallipoli and the French withdrawal. There are also handwritten notes written by Birdwood about Gallipoli. The file itself was identified as Item 4 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1. The fifteen letters included in this file are: 

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 1 April 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 13 May 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 16 May 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 16 May 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 17 November 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 12 December 1915

Handwritten notes by Birdwood about Gallipoli, n.d.

Letter from Birdwood to General Hamilton, 20 December 1915 [copy - postscript dated 21 December 1915]

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 29 January 1916 [originally included a copy of a poem about Lieutenant General Sir Frederick Stanley Maude - located in 3DRL/3376 File 8/2a]

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 25 February 1916

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 12 April 1916

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 7 August 1916

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 4 December 1916

Letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 31 January 1917

 

   
11/5c [Part 2]

Correspondence from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood

This file contains twelve letters written to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood by General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton between 26 May 1915 and 14 February 1917. These letters discuss early days at Anzac and the evacuation of Anzac Cove, Suvla and Helles. The bulk of these letters are concerned with the Dardanelles Commission. 

This file contains:

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 26 May 1915

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 30 June 1915

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 6 January 1916

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 13 January 1916

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 16 February 1916

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 8 December 1916

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 13 January 1917

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 19 January 1917

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 26 January 1917

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 27 January 1917

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 3 February 1917

Letter from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood, 14 February 1917

   
11/6a

Correspondence with Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, 1915-1916

This file contains letters exchanged by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Colonel Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey between 18 July 1915 and 16 March 1916. Hankey was the Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence. The letters written by Birdwood are typed copies of the originals, with some of the subjects discussed including the situation at Gallipoli, the evacuation from Anzac/Suvla and Helles, new inventions and ideas for their use, and the re-organisation of the Anzacs in Egypt. The file itself was identified as Item 7 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1. Other letters written by Hankey can be found in 3DRL/3376 2/3, 2/6 and 9/1.

This file contains:

Letter from Colonel Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey to Birdwood, 18 July 1915

Extract from letter from Colonel Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey to Birdwood, c. September 1915
Letter from Colonel Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey to Birdwood, 1 September 1915

Letter from Colonel Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey to Birdwood, 9 October 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, 20 October 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, 11 January 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, 13 February 1916

Letter from Colonel Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey to Birdwood, 3 March 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, 16 March 1916

   
11/6b

Correspondence with Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1915-1916

This file contains 10 letters from Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener between 3 May 1915 and 16 January 1916. These letters discuss the landing at Gallipoli, early days at Anzac Cove, Lone Pine, and the evacuation of Anzac Cove, Suvla Bay and Helles. Included in this file is a copy of a poem about Lieutenant General Sir Frederick Stanley Maude that was discovered at Helles on 9 January 1916.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to [Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener], 3 May 1915

Minute from Birdwood to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 9 July 1915

Letter from Birdwood to [Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener], 10 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to [Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener],  19 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 20 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to [Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener], 29 September 1915

File note re location of letter from Birdwood to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 2 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 20 December 1915 [copy]

Letter from Birdwood to [Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener], 7-9 January 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener and Colonel Clive Wigram, 16 January 1916 [includes copy of poem written by Lorenzo and found at Helles, 9 January 1916]

   
11/7

Telegrams between Lord Kitchener and Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood – Dardanelles Operations

This file contains telegrams exchanged by Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener and Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 3 November 1915 and 8 December 1915. The telegrams are often addressed to General Maxwell, although their intended recipient is usually identified in the text as being Lord Kitchener or Birdwood. The telegrams were collated and sent to Birdwood in the original envelope included in this file. The file consists of loose telegrams as well as a bound volume and cover the Dardanelles Campaign, particularly the evacuation from Gallipoli. The file itself was identified as Item 9 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Envelope titled "Telegrams between Lord Kitchener and General Birdwood. Dardanelles Operations", n.d.

Telegram from Lord Kitchener to Birdwood, 3 November 1914 [sic. 1915]

Telegram number B1 from Birdwood to Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 4 [November 1915]

Telegram number 9536 from Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to Birdwood, 4 [November 1915]

Telegram number B2 from Birdwood to Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener via CIGS War Office, 4 November 1915

Telegram number 9626 from Herbert Henry Asquith to Birdwood via War Office, 6 November [1915]

Telegram number B3 from Birdwood to Herbert Henry Asquith via CIGS, 7 November [1915]

Telegram number MF838 from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Gerald Fitzgerald, [1915]

Telegram number 9539 from Proemial to Birdwood, 4 November 1915

Telegram number 2 from Major Charles Lancelot Storr to Birdwood, 5 November [1915]

Telegram number 9603 from Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to Birdwood via CIGS, 6 November 1915 Letter from Birdwood to [Lord Kitchener]about evacuation from Gallipoli, c. 1915 [incomplete]

Australian and New Zealand Army Corps recorded correspondence - Operations in the Dardanelles, [21 February – 8 December 1915]

   
11/8

Dispatches – Dardanelles Army – 28/12/15 and 20/1/16 and Order of Battle – Mediterranean Expeditionary Force

This file includes despatches by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood about the evacuation from Gallipoli between December 1915 and January 1916. The file itself was identified as Item 10 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Original envelope titled "Despatches 28/12/15 - 20/1/16 and order of Battle MEF Dardanelles Army", n.d.

Despatch from Birdwood to Chief of the General Staff Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 28 December 1915

Despatch from Birdwood to General Sir Charles Monro, 20 January 1916

Order of Battle of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force October 1915

   
11/9a

Copies of memorandum to: Secretary, Dardanelles Commission [Mr Edward Grimwood Mears]

This file contains letters exchanged by Birdwood and the Secretary of the Dardanelles Commission, Mr Edward Grimwood Mears, between December 1916 and 1 April 1917. These letters discuss the Gallipoli campaign and the evidence required for the Royal Commission into the Dardanelles Campaign. The file itself was identified as Item 11 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to Mr Edward Grimwood Mears, 26 January 1917

Letter from Mr Edward Grimwood Mears to Birdwood, 24 March 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Mr Edward Grimwood Mears, 1 April 1917
Letter from Birdwood to Mr Edward Grimwood Mears, December 1916

Letter from Birdwood to Mr Edward Grimwood Mears, December 1916 [duplicate - not scanned]

Letter from Birdwood to Mr Edward Grimwood Mears, December 1916 [duplicate - not scanned]

Letter from Birdwood to Mr Edward Grimwood Mears, December 1916 [duplicate - not scanned]

Letter from Birdwood to Mr Edward Grimwood Mears, December 1916 [duplicate - not scanned]

Letter from Birdwood to Mr Edward Grimwood Mears, December 1916 [duplicate - not scanned]

Letter from Birdwood to Mr Edward Grimwood Mears, December 1916 [incomplete] [duplicate - not scanned]

   
11/9b

Dardanelles and Mesopotamia Commission Reports and press clippings [Part 2, 1916 - 1917]

This file includes material related to the Dardanelles Commission in 1917 and includes official reports on the proceedings of the Commission, newspaper clippings, and letters about the Gallipoli campaign. A letter from Vice Admiral John Michael de Robeck discusses prevention measures for lice and trench feet. The file itself was identified as Item 12 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1. Related content can also be found in 3DRL/3376 11/3.

This file contains:

Publication titled "Mesopotamian Campaign. Statement by Lord Hardinge of Penshurst", December 1916

Letter from Vice Admiral John Michael de Robeck to Birdwood, 12 January 1917

Publication titled "Dardanelles Commission. First Report", February 1917

Newspaper clipping, "Lord Kitchener", published in The Daily Telegraph, 9 March [1917]

Newspaper clipping, "The Dardanelles Fiasco: Australian opinion", 10 March [1917]

Newspaper clipping, "Spite at all costs", 12 March [1917]

Newspaper clipping, "Gallipoli", published in The Times, 13 March [1917]

Newspaper clipping, "The Dardanelles Report", published in The Times, 21 March 1917

Newspaper clipping, "Lord Kitchener and Gallipoli: Protagonist of England's effort", published in The Morning Post, [1917]

Publication titled "The Final Report of the Dardanelles Commission. (Part II - Conduct of Operations & c) with appendix of documents and maps", December 1917

   
11/10

Correspondence with Generals Davies, Byng and Godley re operations for evacuation [and] correspondence with GHQ, MEF, re reported conference with Admiral without sanction of C-in-C

This file contains letters sent and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 19 November 1915 and 27 December 1915. The file was originally held by Major Wagstaff and includes letters to and from General Davies, General Godley, and General Byng about preparations and the outcome of the evacuation from Gallipoli. The file also includes correspondence with General Headquarters, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, regarding a reported conference with Admiral without the approval of the Commander in Chief. The file itself was identified as Item 13 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Letter from General Francis John Davies to Birdwood, 19 November 1915

Letter from General Francis John Davies to Birdwood, 19 November 1915

Letter from General Francis John Davies to Birdwood, 25 November 1915

Telegram from Birdwood to Superflux Cairo, 26 November 1915

Telegram from Rear Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss to Birdwood, 27 November 1915

Telegram from Birdwood to General Alexander John Godley, 28 November 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Charles Monro, 29 November 1915

Letter from Major General Arthur Lynden-Bell to Birdwood, 1 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant General Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Major General Arthur Lynden-Bell, 3 December 1915 [includes copies of telegrams and letters exchanged by Birdwood and Vice Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Weymss, 27-30 November 1915]

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Faber Aspinall to General Officer Commanding 8th, 9th, A & NZ Army Corps, 5 December 1915

Letter from General Francis John Davies to Birdwood, 6 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Francis John Davies, 6 December 1915

Letter from General Francis John Davies to Birdwood, 7 December 1915

Letter from General Francis John Davies to Birdwood, 8 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Francis John Davies, 8 December 1915

Letter from General Francis John Davies to Birdwood, 9 December 1915

Memorandum from Birdwood to General Headquarters Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 10 December 1915

Telegram from Lieutenant General Julian Hedworth George Byng to Birdwood, 13 December 1915 [includes note to file this telegram]

Letter from General Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 13 December 1915

Letter from Major General Arthur Lynden-Bell to Birdwood, 14 December 1915

Letter from Lieutenant General Julian Byng to Birdwood, 14 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant General Julian Byng, 15 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant General Alexander John Godley, 15 December 1915

Telegram from General Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 16 December 1915

Telegram from Birdwood to General Alexander John Godley, [16 December 1915]

Telegram from General Julian Byng to Birdwood, 16 December 1915

Telegram from General Alexander John Godley to Birdwood, 16 December 1915
Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant General Francis John Davies, 21 December 1915

Letter from General Francis John Davies to Birdwood, 22 December 1915

Letter from Lieutenant General Birdwood to General Francis John Davies, 26 December 1915

Letter from Lieutenant General Birdwood to General Francis John Davies, 27 December 1915

Note re items placed on file GSR/Z/54 "Maintenance of Helles during winter months", n.d.

   
11/11a

Miscellaneous papers – Dardanelles operations (official)

This file consists of miscellaneous papers relating to army operations and the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force during 1915. War establishment tables for the Australian New Zealand Army Corps, official rules for correspondence, and the order of battle for the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force are amongst the contents. The file itself was identified as Item 14 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Note re base establishments, WO Cable 2793 21 February 1915

Conduct of Army Corps Headquarter Correspondence Rules, n.d.

Set of war establishments, 7 April 1915

Staffs of formations, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, n.d.

Distribution of Beach Equipment, Covering Force, n.d.

Diagram of Normal Distribution of Army Corps Headquarters on the move, n.d.

Note summarising points of divergence of war establishment of Army Corps units from Imp war establishment, n.d.

Order of Battle, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force

   
11/11b

List of Naval Call Signals – Dardanelles and Composition of Australian and New Zealand Army Corps

This file consists of documents relating to naval call signals and the composition of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps during 1915.  The file itself was identified as Item 15 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

There are several duplicate items included in this file with the contents being as follows:

Signal organisation for Combined Operations, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, n.d.

Composition of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, 2 February 1915

Composition of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, 2 February 1915 [Duplicate, not scanned]

Composition of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, 2 February 1915 [Duplicate, not scanned]

Composition of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, 2 February 1915 [Duplicate, not scanned]

Composition of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, 2 February 1915 [Duplicate, not scanned]

   
11/12

Correspondence with War Office and other superior authorities – mainly cables re. organisation of corps in Egypt and appointment of General Birdwood as corps commander.

This file consists of telegrams exchanged between the War Office and other authorities from 23 November 1914 to 22 March 1915. Some of the correspondents are General Sir Beauchamp Duff (Commander in Chief, India), Sir John Grenfell Maxwell (General Officer Commanding, Egypt), and Lord Kitchener. Some of the topics discussed in these telegrams are Birdwood's appointment to command the Australian and New Zealand troops, provision of supplies, transport, training resources, and finance matters. An item of note in this file is a transcript of telegrams received from various sources between 24 December 1914 and 22 March 1915. The file itself was identified as Item 16 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Telegram number 2197 from the Secretary, War Office to [General Sir Beauchamp Duff], 23 November 1914

Telegram number 8073-W from [General Sir Beauchamp Duff] to the Secretary War Office, 25 November 1914

Telegram number 22-37-C-S from the Secretary War Office to [General Sir Beauchamp Duff], 26 November 1914

Telegram number 8203 from [General Sir Beauchamp Duff] to the Secretary War Office,  27 November 1914

Telegram number 8263-W from [General Sir Beauchamp Duff] to the Secretary War Office, 28 November 1914

Telegram number 8267-W from [General Sir Beauchamp Duff] to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 28 November 1914

Telegram number 8273-W from [General Sir Beauchamp Duff] to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 28 November 1914

Telegram number 4842 from the Secretary of State for War to [General Sir Beauchamp Duff], 28 November 1914

Telegram from the Secretary War Office  to [General Sir Beauchamp Duff], 29 November 1914

Telegram number 8533-W from Chief of the General Staff (Delhi) to Chief of the Imperial General Staff (London), 2 December 1914

Telegram number 8542-W from [General Sir Beauchamp Duff] to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 2 December 1914

Telegrams exchanged between Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener and General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 18 November - 17 December 1914

Telegrams between War Office  and [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 3 - 14 December 1914

Telegram number 396E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Kitchener, 15 December 1914 [draft]

Telegrams from various to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 12 - 17 December 1914

Telegrams between [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], War Office (London), GOC New Zealand Contingent and New Zealand Defence Minister, 14 - 20 December 1914

List of items of correspondence with the War Office, 24 December 1914 - 22 March 1915

   
11/13

[Incoming] cablegrams between General Birdwood, General Maxwell, Admiral Carden and Lord Kitchener – reconnaissance and naval bombardment at Dardanelles

This file contains telegrams, memos and letters sent to either General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell as the General Officer Commanding (Egypt) stationed in Cairo, or Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood as the General Officer Commanding Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, between 21 February and 28 March 1915. The correspondents composing these telegrams included Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, the Secretary of the War Office, and Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite. Some of the topics discussed in these telegrams include preparations for the Dardanelles campaign, supplies, transport ships, ammunition, water supplies, and the treatment of sick and wounded soldiers. The file itself was identified as Item 17 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Telegram number 3180 from Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 21 February 1915

Telegram number 3181 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 21 February 1915

Telegram number 3182 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 21 February 1915

Copy of cablegram number 2792 from Troopers (London) to Superflux (Cairo), 21 February 1915

Cablegram number 2793 from Troopers (London) to Superflux (Cairo), 21 February 1915 [copy]

Telegram number 3201 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 22 February 1915

Telegram number 3206 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 22 February 1915 [copy]

Telegram number 3220 from Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 23 February 1915 [copy]

Copy of telegram number 3221 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 23 February 1915

Telegram number 3227 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 24 February 1915 [copy]

Telegram number 3228 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 24 February 1915 [copy]

Telegram number 3229 from Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 24 February 1915

Telegram number 3261 from Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 24 February 1915

Telegram number 3264 from Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 24 February 1915

Telegram number 3266 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 24 February 1915

Telegram number 3268 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 24 February 1915

Cablegram number 3066 from Troopers (London) to Superflux (Cairo), 25 February 1915 [copy]

Telegram numbers 3289 and 3290 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 26 February 1915

Telegrams exchanged between Admiral (Port Said) and [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 25-26 February 1915

Telegram number 3299 from Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 27 February 1915

Telegram number 3313 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 27 February 1915

Telegram numbers 3311, 3319, 3324, 3340 and 3341 exchanged between Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener; General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell and War Office Secretary , 27 February – 1 March 1915

Telegram number 3355 exchanged between War Office Secretary and [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 1 March 1915 [includes handwritten note]

Telegram numbers 3361, 3368, 3370 and 107N exchanged between Admiral (Port Said), [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], Admiral (Malta) and War Office Secretary on the 2 March 1915

Telegram number GAX4 from Birdwood to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 2 March 1915

Telegram from Birdwood to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 3 March 1915

Telegram number 3384 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 3 March 1915

Telegram number 3531 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 3 March 1915

Telegram from Admiral Wemyss to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 3 March 1915

Telegram from Birdwood to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 4 March 1915

Telegram number 3387 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 4 March 1915

Telegram number 3389 from Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 4 March 1915

Telegram number 3390 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 4 March 1915

Telegram number 3402 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 5 March 1915

Telegram number 3403 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 5 March 1915

Telegram number 3405 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 5 March 1915

Telegram number 3410 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 6 March 1915

Telegram number 3412 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 6 March 1915 [copy]

Telegram and handwritten response exchanged by Admiral Wemyss and [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 6 March 1915

Telegram number 3415 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 6 March 1915

Telegram number 3416 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 6 March 1915

Telegram number 3422 from Lord Kitchener to Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 6 March 1915

Telegram number 3425 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 7 March 1915

Telegram sent by Admiralty to Admiral Robinson and General Officer Commanding Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, 7 March 1915 [copy]

Telegram from Colonel Maclagan to ANZAC, 8 March 1915

Telegram numbers 3440, 3443 and 3444 sent from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 8 March 1915

Telegram from Admiral (Mudros) to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 8 March 1915

Telegram from Admiral Carden to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 9 March 1915

Copy of cablegram from the Secretary War Office to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 9 March 1915

Copy of cablegram from War Office to Superflux (Cairo), 9 March 1915

Telegram from Admiral Wemyss to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 10 March 1915

Telegram number 3509 from the Secretary War Office to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 11 March 1915

Telegram from Admiral Wemyss to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 11 March 1915

Telegram from Admiral Wemyss to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 11 March 1915

Telegram number 3513 from Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 11 March 1915

Telegram number 3532 from Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 13 March 1915

Telegram from Chief of General Staff Expeditionary Force in Marseilles to Birdwood, 14 March 1915

Telegram number 3567 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 15 March 1915

Telegram number 3569 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 15 March 1915

Telegram number 3570 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 16 March 1915 [copy]

Telegram from Vice Admiral Commanding Eastern Mediterranean Squadron to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 16 March 1915

Telegram number 3586 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 16 March 1915

Telegram number 3593 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 16 March 1915

Telegram number 3669 from War Office Secretary to [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], 21 March 1915

Telegram sent by Birdwood to Lieutenant General Sir Harold Bridgwood Walker, 22 March 1915

Letter from Ports and Lighthouses Administration to Admiral H R Robinson [copy], 22 March 1915

Copy of memo from Headquarters in Egypt to Birdwood, 23 March 1915

Telegram from Birdwood to Headquarters Army Corps, 24 March 1915

Telegram from Birdwood to ANZAC, 25 March 1915

Telegram number 0(a)8 from Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite to [Birdwood], 28 March 1915

   
11/14

[Outgoing] cablegrams between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, General Maxwell, Admiral Carden and Lord Kitchener – reconnaissance and naval bombardment at Dardanelles

This file contains telegrams sent from Cairo and Port Said to correspondents stationed in London, Malta, and Lemnos. Amongst these correspondents were General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell as General Officer Commanding (Cairo) and Admiral Sackville Hamilton Carden located in Port Said. Some of the subjects discussed in this correspondence includes naval preparations for the Dardanelles campaign, plans for the Dardanelles campaign and the landing at Gallipoli, available transports and movements of troops, establishment of a military base at Lemnos, and visits by Birdwood to see Carden and Hamilton. The file itself was identified as Item 18 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Telegram number 621E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 21 February 1915

Telegram from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, to Admiral (Port Said), 21 February 1915

Telegram number 624E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 22 February 1915

Telegram number 628E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 22 February 1915

Telegram number 629E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 22 February 1915 [copy]

Telegram number 630E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 23 February 1915

Telegram number 631E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 23 February 1915 [copy]

Telegram from [Admiral Sackville Hamilton Carden] to General Maxwell, 23 February 1915

Telegram number 634E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], to War Office  Secretary, 23 February 1915

Telegram number 636E from Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Kitchener, 23 February 1915

Cablegram number 486C from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], to War Office Secretary, February 1915 [copy of cablegram written in code]

Telegrams number 637E and 638E from Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 23 and 24 February 1915

Telegram number 639E from Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 24 February 1915

Telegram number 643E from Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to War Office Secretary 24 February 1915 [includes telegram to Admiral Sackville Hamilton Carden]

Telegrams from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral [Sackville Hamilton Carden], 24 February 1915

Telegram number 647E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 25 February 1915

Telegram number 648E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 26 February 1915

Telegram number 649E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell], to War Office Secretary, 26 February 1915

Telegram number 653E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 26 February 1915

Telegram number 654E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 26 February 1915

Telegram numbers 659E and 661E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 27 February 1915

Telegram numbers 103N and 104N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral [Sackville Hamilton Carden], 27 February 1915

Telegram number 664E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 1 March 1915 [includes reply, 2 March 1915]

Telegram numbers 106N and 107N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral [Sackville Hamilton Carden], 1 March 1915

Telegram numbers 108N and 109N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral [Sackville Hamilton Carden] and Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 2 March 1915

Telegram numbers 673E, 675E and 110N from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener and Senior Naval Officer (Lemnos), 2 and 3 March 1915

Cablegram number 677E from Superflux to Troopers, 3 March 1915 [copy including recipients list]

Telegram number 678E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 4 March 1915

Telegram number 679E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Troopers, 4 March 1915

Telegram number 683E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 4 March 1915

Telegram number 685E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 5 March 1915

Telegram number 686E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 5 March 1915

Telegram number 687E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 5 March 1915

Telegram number 690E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 5 March 1915

Telegram numbers 112N and 113N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 5 March 1915

Telegram number 114N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral Wemyss, 5 March 1915

Telegram number 692E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Secretary (War Office, London), 5 March 1915

Telegram number 693E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Secretary War Office, 5 March 1915

Telegram number 694E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Secretary War Office, 5 March 1915

Telegram number 695E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 5 March 1915

Telegram number 695E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 5 March 1915

Telegram number 696E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 6 March 1915

Telegram number 697E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 6 March 1915

Telegram number 698E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 6 March 1915 [including handwritten summary of telegram number 680E]

Telegram number 701E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 6 March 1915

Telegram number 116N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 7 March 1915

Telegram number 117N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 7 March 1915

Telegram number 118N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 7 March 1915

Telegram number 703E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 7 March 1915

Telegram number 705E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 8 March 1915

Draft cable number 706E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 8 March 1915

Telegram number 119N and 122N from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, to Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 8 and 9 March 1915

Telegram number 707E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 8 March 1915 [copy]

Telegram number 123N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral Wemyss, 9 March 1915

Telegram number 724E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Lord Kitchener, 12 March 1915

Telegram number 725E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 12 March 1915

Telegram number 729E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Troopers, 13 March 1915

Telegram number 736E from Pgeneral Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 14 March 1915

Telegram from ANZAC to Colonel Maclagan, 16 March 1915 [copy]

Telegram from ANZAC to Senior Naval Officer (Mudros, Lemnos), 16 March 1915 [copy]

Telegram number 740E from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 16 March 1915

Telegram number 742E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to War Office Secretary, 16 March 1915

Telegram number 744E from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 16 March 1915

Telegram numbers 129N and 130N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 16 March 1915

Telegram numbers 131N and 132N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral (Malta) and Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 16 March 1915

Telegram number 135N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 17 March 1915

Telegram number 136N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 17 March 1915

Telegram number 137N from [General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell] to Admiral Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 18 March 1915

   
11/15 File 1

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] February reconnaissance of Peninsula

This file contains reports written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood about his first visit to Gallipoli in February 1915, and filing lists compiled by Birdwood. Some of the topics discussed in this file include reconnaissance in the Dardanelles, requested supplies for Mudros, and options for the landing. The file itself was part of Item 1 on Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. 

This file contains:

List of files related to the Dardanelles Campaign compiled by Birdwood, n.d.

List of files prepared as evidence for the Dardanelles Commission, n.d.

Content listing, n.d.

Untitled report by Birdwood, n.d.

Untitled report by Birdwood, n.d.

   

11/15 File 1A

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] ANZAC landing

 

This file includes letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood relating to preparations for the landing and operations at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. Some of the topics discussed include Birdwood's concern over the delay with executing the plans for the landing, the lack of water on the peninsula, the landing itself, and the immediate aftermath. A letter addressed to Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite as Chief of General Staff, Mediterranean Expeditionary Forces, contains a detailed account of the landing at Gallipoli. The file itself was part of Item 1 on Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to General Charles Edward Callwell – preparatory to landing, 10 April 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald – preparatory to landing, 19 April 1915

D/O letter on landing operations, 3 May 1915

Dispatch to Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite on landing operations, 8 May 1915

   
11/15 File 2

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Turkish attack on ANZAC position on 18/19 May – Liman von Sanders

This file includes reports written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood relating to the Turkish counter attacks of 18 and 19 May 1915. The file itself was part of Item 1 on Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Letter from [Birdwood] to Colonel Clive Wigram, 19 May 1915

Report written by Birdwood titled "Summary of events from midnight 18/19th to 6am 20 May 1915", c. May 1915

   
11/15 File 3

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Turkish attack on 31 May – at instigation of Enver Pasha

This file focuses on the Turkish attack of 31 May 1915 and reports from an English-speaking Armenian prisoner. The file itself was part of Item 1 on Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Report by Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 1 July 1915

   
11/15 File 4

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Operations during August

 

This file includes letters, reports, and orders related to operations at Gallipoli during August 1915. Subjects discussed in these items include water supply, the landscape of Gallipoli, plans for Hill 971, and reports on the actions at Lone Pine and the Turkish counter attack of 10 August 1915. This file was part of Item 1 on Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file is divided as follows:

A. Appreciation of plans for attack. Includes:  Memorandum by Birdwood, 30 May 1915 and letter from Birdwood to General Headquarters, 10 July 1915.

B. Notes on water supply for August offensive, [c. after 6 August 1915]

C. Landing of additional troops, and best method of their employment. Includes: letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 13 May 1915; letter from Birdwood to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 16 May 1915; letter from Birdwood to Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald, 27 June 1915 and report by Birdwood, 1 July 1915

D. Selected officers and NCO’s of new units to see organisation of trenches. Includes: draft special order, 4 August 1915

E. Special order to troops describing operations. Includes: draft order, 14 July 1917

F. Letter to General John Grenfell Maxwell describing the general operations, landing at Suvla and interview with General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton urging employment of reserve division, 9 August 1915

G. Letter to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton re withdrawal from Chunuk Bair. Includes: letter to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 10 August 1915 and letter to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 15 August 1915

H. D/O letter regarding August operations, 10 August 1915

K. D/O letter to Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener regarding August operations, 19 August 1915

L. Letter to Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener regarding the general operations and interview with General Stopford prior to Suvla landing, 22 August 1915

M. Orders for the August operations, n.d. [2 copies - duplicate not scanned]

N. Letter to Captain Boyle, RN, re report of our gun fire falling short on Chunuk Bair, 1 September 1915

   
11/15 File 5

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Urgent need for reinforcements and provision of canteen

This file contains letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to General Sir Walter Pipon Braithwaite, General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, and General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell about the need for reinforcements and the provision of canteen stores. The letters were written between 23 June and 23 August 1915. This file was part of Item 1 on Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

B. letter to General Julian Grenfell  Maxwell – reinforcements practically untrained and source of danger, 25 June 1915

C. letter to General Charles Edward Callwell regarding 1. Heavy fatigues – trenching underground and beach duty and manhandling all stores - preparations for larger force and 2. Large evacuations irrespective of wounded, 27 July 1915

D. Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite re weak condition of men due principally to heavy fatigues, 24 July 1915

E. 2 letters to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton re urgent need for change of diet – only minimum number evacuated but many retained unfit for work. Includes: letter to Ian Hamilton dated 23 June 1915 and letter to Ian Hamilton dated 17 August 1915

F. letter to General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton re allotment of canteen stores. Includes letter to Ian Hamilton, 20 August 1915 and letter to Ian Hamilton, 23 August 1915

   
11/15 File 6

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Relative positions of 9th Corps Right Flank and ANZAC left

This file contains letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood regarding the 9th Corps right flank between 25 August and 2 December 1915. This file was part of Item 1 on Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to General Julian Hedworth George Byng re suggestion of straightening out right flank, 25 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Herbert Vaughn Cox re extension of 9th Corps right, 4 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite re 9th Corps right, 6 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite re suggestion of corps to extend fronts, 28 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Charles Edward Callwell, 28 October 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 2 December 1915

   
11/15 File 7A

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Evacuation Operations

This file contains letters and telegrams written between 4 November 1915 and 13 February 1917 about the evacuation from ANZAC Cove and Suvla. The correspondence in this file includes plans for the evacuation and reports written after it was completed. This file was part of Item 1 on Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

A. Copies of cablegrams between Birdwood and Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener re command of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force and Salonika Force, 3 November – 5 November 1915

B. Cablegram from War Office ordering evacuation of Suvla and Anzac, 8 December 1915

C. Extract from a communication from Captain A P Davidson to Admiral Sir John de Robeck – Turkish opinion of Dardanelles operations, n.d.

D. Letter from Colonel Cecil Faber Aspinall to Birdwood re evacuation orders from General Headquarters, 13 February 1917

E. D/O letter of 13 December 1915 re evacuation of Anzac and Suvla from Birdwood to Colonel Clive Wigram

F. letter of 20 December 1915 describing Anzac-Suvla evacuation

G. Letter from Birdwood to Colonel Clive Wigram of 22 December 1915 describing Anzac-Suvla evacuation

H. Letter of 7 January 1916 (P.S 9 January 1916 – Helles Evacuation)

   
11/15 File 7 Part A

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Extracts from Anzac – Suvla Evacuation file

This file contains letters and telegrams about the evacuation from ANZAC Cove and Suvla that were sent and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 1 December 1915 and 17 December 1915. Also mentioned in this file are plans for Helles before evacaution. This file contains correspondence to and from General Sir Archibald James Murray as Chief of Imperial General Staff, Sir Frederick William Stopford as General Officer commanding 9th Corps (ANZAC), General Sir Walter Pipon Braithwaite as Chief of the General Staff Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, and Major S S Butler.  This file was part of Item 1 on Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to [Lieutenant General Archibald James Murray], 1 December 1915

"Instructions to General Officers commanding 9th Corps and Australian & New Zealand Army Corps" written by Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Faber Aspinall, 10 December 1915

Dardanelles Army Order No 1 issued by Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Faber Aspinall, 12 December 1915

Letter from Major B R Moberly to [Lieutenant General Frederick William Stopford], 13 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to [Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite], 14 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to [Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite], 17 December 1915

"Special precautions at Imbros to prevent leakage of information", issued by Major S S Butler, [c. November - December 1915]

   
11/15 File 7 Part B

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Extracts from ANZAC – Suvla Evacuation File

This file contains letters and telegrams about the evacuation from ANZAC Cove and Suvla that were sent and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 1 December 1915 and 17 December 1915. Also mentioned in this file are plans for Helles before evacuation. This file contains correspondence to and from General Sir Archibald James Murray as Chief of Imperial General Staff, Sir Frederick William Stopford as General Officer commanding 9th Corps (ANZAC), General Sir Walter Pipon Braithwaite as Chief of the General Staff Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, and Major S S Butler. This file was part of Item 1 on Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood to [Lieutenant General Archibald James Murray], 1 December 1915

"Instructions to General Officers commanding 9th Corps and Australian & New Zealand Army Corps" written by Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Faber Aspinall, 10 December 1915

Dardanelles Army Order No 1 issued by Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Faber Aspinall, 12 December 1915

Letter from Major B R Moberly to [Lieutenant General Frederick William Stopford], 13 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to [Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite], 14 December 1915

Letter from Birdwood to [Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite], 17 December 1915

"Special precautions at Imbros to prevent leakage of information", issued by Major S S Butler, [c. November - December 1915]

   
11/15 File 7 Part C

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Extracts from Suvla [Helles] Evacuation File

This file contains letters and telegrams written or recieved by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 22 December 1915 and 11 January 1916. This correspondence discusses the evacuation from Helles. Some of the correspondents in this file are Birdwood as General Officer Commanding Dardanelles Army, Major General Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell as Chief of the General Staff Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard as Commandant en Chef le Corps Expeditionnaire Des Dardanelles, Sir William Robinson as Chief of Imperial General Staff,  General Sir Francis Davies as General Officer commanding 8th Army Corps, and General Sir Walter Pipon Braithwaite as Chief Mediterranean Force. This file was part of Item 1 on Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Telegram from Major General Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell to [Birdwood], 22 December 1915

Telegram from General Headquarters to ANZAC Headquarters, 25 December 1915 [incorporates message from Chief at the War Office, 24 December 1915]

Telegram from Birdwood to [Sir William Robert Robertson], 25 December 1915

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Faber Aspinall to [Lieutenant General Francis Davies], 27 December 1915

Telegram from [Sir William Robert Robertson to [Birdwood], 28 December 1915

Telegram from [Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite] to Birdwood, 29 December 1915

Letter from [Birdwood] to Major General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard, 30 December 1915

Letter from Major General Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell to [Birdwood], 31 December 1915

Dardanelles Army Order Number 2 by Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Faber Aspinall, 1 January 1916

Telegram from General Headquarters Cairo to ANZAC Headquarters, 3 January 1915

Dardanelles Army Order Number 3 by Acting Brigadier General Cecil Faber Aspinall, 6 January 1916

Telegram from ANZAC Headquarters to General Headquarters Mediterranean Force, 7 January 1916

Telegram from ANZAC Headquarters to General Headquarters Mediterranean Force in Cairo, 8 January 1916

Telegram from ANZAC Headquarters to General Headquarters Mediterranean Force in Cairo, 8 January 1916

Telegram from ANZAC Headquarters to General Headquarters Mediterranean Force, 9 January 1916

Telegram from ANZAC Headquarters to General Headquarters Mediterranean Force in Cairo, 9 January 1916

Special Dardanelles Army Order of the Day by Acting Brigadier General Cecil Faber Aspinall, 11 January 1916 [includes messages from Kitchener, Monro, Birdwood and de Robeck]

   
11/15 File 8

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Extracts from Helles Evacuation File

This file contains letters and telegrams written or received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 22 December 1915 and 11 January 1916. This correspondence discusses the evacuation from Helles. Some of the correspondents in this file are Birdwood as General Officer Commanding Dardanelles Army, Major General Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell as Chief of the General Staff Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard as Commandant en Chef le Corps Expeditionnaire Des Dardanelles, Sir William Robinson as Chief of Imperial General Staff,  General Sir Francis Davies as General Officer commanding 8th Army Corps, and General Sir Walter Pipon Braithwaite as Chief Mediterranean Force. This file was part of Item 1 on Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

Telegram from Major General Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell to [Birdwood], 22 December 1915

Telegram from General Headquarters to ANZAC Headquarters, 25 December 1915 [incorporates message from Chief at the War Office, 24 December 1915]

Telegram from Birdwood to [Sir William Robert Robertson], 25 December 1915

Letter from Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Faber Aspinall to [Lieutenant General Francis Davies], 27 December 1915

Telegram from [Sir William Robert Robertson to [Birdwood], 28 December 1915 [annotated with comments from Birdwood]

Telegram from [Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite] to Birdwood, 29 December 1915

Letter from [Birdwood] to Major General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard, 30 December 1915

Letter from Major General Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell to [Birdwood], 31 December 1915

Dardanelles Army Order Number 2 by Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Faber Aspinall, 1 January 1916

Telegram from General Headquarters Cairo to ANZAC Headquarters, 3 January 1915

Dardanelles Army Order Number 3 by Acting Brigadier General Cecil Faber Aspinall, 6 January 1916

Telegram from ANZAC Headquarters to General Headquarters Mediterranean Force, 7 January 1916

Telegram from ANZAC Headquarters to General Headquarters Mediterranean Force in Cairo, 8 January 1916

Telegram from ANZAC Headquarters to General Headquarters Mediterranean Force in Cairo, 8 January 1916

Telegram from ANZAC Headquarters to General Headquarters Mediterranean Force, 9 January 1916

Telegram from ANZAC Headquarters to General Headquarters Mediterranean Force in Cairo, 9 January 1916

Special Dardanelles Army Order of the Day by Acting Brigadier General Cecil Faber Aspinall, 11 January 1916 [includes messages from Kitchener, Monro, Birdwood and de Robeck]

   
11/16

Forewords, congratulatory messages, etc. Public speeches, address to cadets [Part 2]

This file contains telegrams, letters and memorandums related to the landing at Gallipoli, the death of General Bridges, King’s Birthday greetings, and the departure of Admiral Thursby from Gallipoli. Some of the correspondence in this file relates to Winston Churchill as First Lord of the Admiralty, Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson as Governor-General of Australia, Lord Liverpool as Governor of New Zealand, General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, Cecil Fiennes Thursby as Commanding No II Squadron, Sir George Houston Reid as High Commissioner for Australia, Lieutenant Colonel Sir Arthur Bigge (Lord Stamfordham) as Private Secretary to King George V, Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite as Chief of General Staff Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Andrew Fisher as Australian High Commissioner to United Kingdom, and Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener. This file was part of Item 19 in the filing system used by Birdwood to organise a set of records related to the Dardanelles Campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1. Related items can also be found in 2/8 and 11/17.

This file contains:

Copies of telegrams between Winston Churchill, Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson and Lord Liverpool, 30 April 1915 – 1 May 1915

Copy of a telegram sent by Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to [Ronald Munro Ferguson] and [Lord Liverpool], 11 May 1915

Copy of message received by Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton from [King George V] and the reply thereto. Published in General Routine Orders, 2 May 1915

Copy of message received by Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton from Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener. Published in General Routine Orders, 4 May 1915

Copies of cablegrams between [Sir George Houston Reid] and General Birdwood, 12 May 1915

Copy of memorandum received from General Headquarters, Mediterranean Expeditionary force dated 16 May 1915

Copy of letter from Rear Admiral Cecil Fiennes Thursby to Birdwood, 18 May 1915

Extract from a letter from Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to General Birdwood. Published in Special Army Corps Order, 20 May 1915

Extract from a letter received by General Birdwood from [Lieutenant Colonel Sir Arthur Bigge]

Copies of cablegrams between General Birdwood and [Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson] on the death of Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges, 20 May 1915

Copy of a letter received from [Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite], 22 May 1915

Copies of messages between General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton and [Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson], 23 May 1915

Copy of cablegram received by General Officer Commanding-in-Chief. Published in Army Corps Orders, 26 May 1915

Copy of message from Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton and reply. Published in General Routine Orders, 27 May 1915

Copies of telegrams despatched and received on the anniversary of [King George V's] birthday (3rd June). Published in Army Corps Orders, 5 June 1915

Copies of cablegrams between [Andrew Fisher] and General William Birdwood. Published in Army Corps Orders, 5 June 1915

   
11/17

Forewords, congratulatory messages, etc. Public speeches, address to cadets [Part 3]

This file contains letters, memorandums, and orders related to Gallipoli and Egypt. Also included is correspondence on discipline at Ismailia. Some of the correspondents in this file include Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood as General Officer Commanding A & NZ Army Corps, Lieutenant General Harold Bridgwood Walker as General Officer Commanding 1st Australian Division, General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, Wagstaff, Brigadier General Cecil Faber Aspinall-Oglander, Major General Sir Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell, and General Sir Alexander John Godley. Some of the subjects discussed in this set of correspondence and orders are discipline, health, the evacuation from Gallipoli and Helles, as well as operations in August 1915. This file was part of Item 19 in the filing system used by Birdwood to organise a set of records related to the Dardanelles Campaign. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1. Related items can also be found in 11/16 and 2/8.

This file contains:

Warning to solders respecting venereal disease, n.d.

Letter from Birdwood to General William Throsby Bridges, 27 December 1914 [Published by Divisional Headquarters, 28 December 1914]

Letter from Birdwood addressed to Officers and Men, 26-30 April 1915 [includes attached letter from Lieutenant Colonel Cyril Mosley Wagstaff]

Special order by General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 5 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, 5 August 1915

Routine orders by Birdwood, 6 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood addressed to “Boys”, 9 August 1915

Memorandum from Birdwood to Brigadier General Harold Bridgwood Walker, 18 August 1915

Special Army Corps Order on behalf of Brigadier General (General Staff, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps), 7 September 1915

Special order by General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 7 September 1915 [incorporates letter from Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite, 7 September 1915]

Letter from [Birdwood] to Major General James Gordon Legge (2nd Australian Division), 14 September 1915

Special Army Corps Order by Birdwood, 15 October 1915

Special Army Corps Order by Birdwood, 25 November 1915

Special Army Corps Order by Birdwood, 1 December 1915

Special Army Order by Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Faber Aspinall, 2 December 1915

Cancelled Special Army Order by Birdwood, December 1915

Special order of the day by Major General Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell, 21 December 1915 [includes cover letter, 16 December 1915]

Special order of the day number 1 by Major General Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell, 11 January 1916

Special order of the day number 2 by Major General Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell, 11 January 1916

Letter from Temp Lieutenant General Alexander John Godley, 13 February 1916 [includes letter from Birdwood to Temp Lieutenant General Alexander John Godley, 12 February 1916]

General Birdwood's Message to Men of the Australian and New Zealand [includes Earl Kitchener's Message to the troops], March 1916

   
11/18

Miscellaneous papers on ANZAC and the war, 1915-1920

This file contains reports, telegrams, maps and articles related to Gallipoli and the Western Front during the First World War. Included in this file are Turkish documents and reports from interviews with Turkish officers after the war. This file also includes material from 1900, as well as some post-war material, particularly forewords written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood for inclusion in publications. Some of the correspondence in this file relates to Vice Admiral John Michael de Robeck as Vice Admiral Eastern Mediterranean Squadron, and Brigadier General Thomas Henry Dodds as Administrative Commandant Australian Imperial Force. Also included in this file are telegrams relating to the replacement of Imperial Officers with Australian officers and reports from Turkish officers on the evacuation from Anzac and Helles. This file of papers has been identified as Item 8 on the original list compiled by Birdwood headed “Contents”. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376 11/15 File 1.

This file contains:

List of reward suggestions compiled by Birdwood [c. 1916]

Report titled "Information of enemy south of Tugela", written by Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Edmund Sandbach, 13 February 1900

Answers by Turkish General Staff to questions asked by Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean, n.d.

Hand drawn map of Gallipoli believed to have been compiled by Birdwood, n.d.

Report titled "A Turkish officer on the war and after the war", n.d.

General Routine Orders issued by Birdwood, 22 October 1915

Telegram from Vice Admiral [John Michael de Robeck] to Birdwood, 25 December 1915

Booklet titled "IV. Naval and Military Despatches relating to Operations in the War", 1916

Translation of an article from "Vossosche Zietung", 21 January 1916

Translation of an article from "Vossosche Zietung", 21 January 1916 [duplicate, not scanned]

Translation of an article from "Vossosche Zietung", 21 January 1916 [duplicate, not scanned]

Letter from [indecipherable name] to unknown recipient, 17 January 1917 [written in Turkish]

Letter from [indecipherable name] to unknown recipient, 17 January 1917 [written in Turkish]

Except of letter from [indecipherable name] to unknown recipient, n.d. [written in Turkish]

Report titled "German Attack on 1st Anzac Corps Front, 15 April 1917", n.d.

Telegram number WX 202 from Australian Department of Defence to Birdwood, 4 August 1917

Telegram number Ca 13181 from Birdwood to AIF Administrative Headquarters and Defence Australian Department of Defence, 9 August 1917

Note from THP to [Birdwood], 13 August 1917

Letter from Birdwood to [Major General Harold Walker], [Major General Nevill Smyth], [Major General Ewen Sinclair-MacLagen] and [Major General Joseph John Talbot Hobbs], 8 September 1917

Letter from [Birdwood] to General Officer Commanding All Australian Divisions, 11 April 1918

Telegrams from Brigadier General J L Learmonth to Headquarters Reserve Army "A" and Fourth Army "A", 22 May 1918

Telegrams exchanged by Rear Admiral Sir Lionel Halsey and Birdwood, 16 - 18 November 1918

Letter from Lieutenant General Francis John Davies to [Brigadier General Thomas Henry Dodds], 8 January 1919

Letter from Lieutenant General Francis John Davies to [Brigadier General Thomas Henry Dodds], 13 January 1919

Letter from Brigadier General [unknown],  to the War Office Secretary, 16 January 1919

Letter from Brigadier General [unknown],  to the War Office Secretary, 16 January 1919

Foreword by Birdwood to "New Zealand at Gallipoli" [Draft including annotations by Birdwood]

Foreword written by Birdwood for "New Zealand at Gallipoli", n.d.

Agenda and notes for Australian Corps Recreational Committee meeting, 13 December 1918

Letter from Lieutenant General Joseph John Talbot Hobbs to Birdwood, 16 December 1918 [includes progress report to 16 December 1918]

Statement by Birdwood re Indian Army, 26 September 1919 [including cover note from J W Lloyd, 17 October 1919]

Australian Imperial Forces Orders by Birdwood, 11 November 1919

Australian Imperial Forces Orders by Birdwood, 11 November 1919 [duplicate, not scanned]

Australian Imperial Forces Orders by Brigadier General C H Jess, 18 November 1919

Commonwealth of Australia Gazette, number 20, 19 February 1920 [incomplete - pages 189/90 and 217/18]

Speech by Senator George Foster Pearce titled “The War: Recognition of Services”, 5 May 1920

Foreword written by Birdwood for 'Regimental History of the Auckland Mounted Rifles', 21 July 1920

Foreword written by Birdwood for 'Regimental History of the NZFA', 22 July 1920

Envelope addressed to Birdwood, 21 March 1923

Commonwealth of Australia Gazette, number 2, 14 January 1926

Letter from Cecil Faber Aspinall to Birdwood, 7 April 1927

Birdwood on death of General Sir Joseph John Talbot Hobbs, c. April 1938

   
11/19

[Letter by Birdwood regarding the last man to leave Gallipoli]

This file contains a letter written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood regarding a letter he received about the last man to leave Gallipoli. This is a typed copy of the original reply that was sent to Mr Park, dated 25 September 1933. In this letter, Birdwood comments on the numbers of people who left Gallipoli and Suvla simultaneously during the Evacuation.

   

 

 

Series 12: Documents related to various campaigns including Gallipoli, Bapaume and Bullecourt

Description: 

This series comprises correspondence and operation reports written or received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood relating to the Bapaume and Bullecourt campaigns on the Western Front in 1917. French operation orders, reports and instructions compiled by Marshal Ferdinand Foch and Marshal Joseph Jacques Joffre are also included. This series also includes a lot of operation reports, correspondence and orders relating to the Gallipoli campaign. The Gallipoli material in this file is often duplicates of items held elsewhere in the Birdwood collection.

 

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
12/1a

Operations: Bapaume-Bullecourt. Omitting comments on 1st attack on Hindenburg Line

This file contains ten items written or received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between May and October 1917. Included in this file are four copies of a report on the operations by 1st ANZAC Corps between 17 March and 13 May 1917. Each of these reports contains a map showing the Hindenburg Line dated 13 May 1917. The file cover states that copies of this report, covering the capture of Bapaume and attacks on the Hindenburg Line, were sent to Sirdar [Sir Reginald Wingate], George Foster Pearce, Walter Hume Long, Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Michael de Robeck and Admiral Sir Cecil Fiennes Thursby. Also included in this file are copies of several telegrams from George Foster Pearce as Australian Defence Minister and Andrew Fisher as High Commissioner of Australia.

This file contains:

Report written by Birdwood titled “Operations by 1st ANZAC Corps during the period 17th March to 13 May 1917”, n.d. [Includes map of Hindenburg Line, 13 May 1917 and telegrams re attacks on Hindenburg Line, April-May 1917]

Report written by Birdwood titled “Operations by 1st ANZAC Corps during the period 17th March to 13 May 1917”, n.d.  [Includes map of Hindenburg Line, 13 May 1917 and telegrams re attacks on Hindenburg Line, April-May 1917. Duplicate – not scanned]

Report written by Birdwood titled “Operations by 1st ANZAC Corps during the period 17th March to 13 May 1917”, n.d. [Includes map of Hindenburg Line, 13 May 1917 and telegrams re attacks on Hindenburg Line, April-May 1917. Duplicate – not scanned]

Report written by Birdwood titled “Operations by 1st ANZAC Corps during the period 17th March to 13 May 1917”, n.d. [Includes map of Hindenburg Line, 13 May 1917 and telegrams re attacks on Hindenburg Line, April-May 1917. Duplicate – not scanned]

Telegram from Commander-In-Chief to Birdwood, 6 May 1917 [copy]

Telegram from Commander-In-Chief to Birdwood, 6 May 1917 [copy, duplicate – not scanned]

Telegram from Commander-In-Chief to Birdwood, 6 May 1917 [copy, duplicate – not scanned]

Cablegram from William Morris Hughes to Birdwood and reply from Birdwood, 28 September - 6 October 1917 [copies]

Cablegram from [George Foster Pearce] to Birdwood and reply from Birdwood, 6-7 October 1917 [copies]

Telegram from [Andrew Fisher] to General Officer Commanding AIF and reply from General Officer Commanding AIF, 11-12 October 1917 [copies]

4 1
12/1b

Operations: Bapaume-Bullecourt. Private account.

This file contains three items written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between May 1917 and 26 March 1918. Included in this file are copies of a report written by Birdwood on the operations by 1st ANZAC Corps between 17 March and 13 May 1917. Copies of this report are also located in File 12/1a, and have not been scanned.

This file contains:

Letter from Birdwood addressed to “Boys”, 26 March 1918

Report written by Birdwood titled “Operations by 1st ANZAC Corps during the period 17th March to 13 May 1917”, n.d. [Includes map of Hindenburg Line, 13 May 1917 and telegrams re attacks on Hindenburg Line, April-May 1917. Duplicate – see 12/1a]

Report written by Birdwood titled “Operations by 1st ANZAC Corps during the period 17th March to 13 May 1917”, n.d. [Includes map of Hindenburg Line, 13 May 1917 and telegrams re attacks on Hindenburg Line, April-May 1917. Duplicate – see 12/1a]

   
12/2a

“The Offensive” – Marshal Ferdinand Foch and Marshal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre

This file contains two documents written by Marshal Ferdinand Foch and Marshal Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre between April and August 1916. These items were written for the French army and discuss directions on how to conduct offensives and improve defences.

This file contains:

Report written by Ferdinand Foch titled “The Offensive”, 20 April 1916

Note written by Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre titled “Note concerning improvements to our defensive organisations necessitated by the actual means of attack, 26 August 1916 [written in French with English translation attached]

   
12/2b

[Operation reports and draft orders, April 1915 - March 1918]

This file contains 28 items written or received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between April 1915 and March 1918. The majority of the items relate to Gallipoli and are known to be duplicates of correspondence, reports and telegrams held in other files within the Birdwood collection.

This file contains:

Orders issued by Major General Cyril Mosley Wagstaff, 26 and 30 April 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General John Grenfell Maxwell, 18 May 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General John Grenfell Maxwell, 3 June 1915

Report written by [Birdwood], 1 July 1916

Letter from Birdwood to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 1 July 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Sir Beauchamp Duff, 1 July 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 9 July 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite, 24 July 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Callwell, 27 July 1915

Draft special order, 4 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 9 August 1915

Report written by [Birdwood] titled "Australian and New Zealand Army Corps", 10 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 10 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 15 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 17 August 1915

Messages from Birdwood to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, 20 and 23 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 22 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Julian Byng, 25 August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 28 August 1915

Extract from letter from Colonel Sir Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, circa August 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Captain A Boyle, 1 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to General Herbert Vaughn Cox, 4 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite, 6 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Major General James Gordon Legge, 14 September 1915

Letter from Birdwood to Major General Walter Pipon Braithwaite, 28 September 1915

Cablegram from ANZAC Headquarters to General Headquarters Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 9 January 1916

Draft order dictated by [Birdwood], 14 July 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Lawrence, 30 March 1918

   

 

 

Series 13: Federal Election and the Second Conscription Referendum, 1917

Description:

This series comprises correspondence relating to the 1917 federal election in Australia, as well as correspondence and official documents about the 1916 and 1917 referendums on conscription. The correspondents featured in this series include Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch, Sir Frederick William Young as the Agent-General for South Australia, and General Anderson. Some of the topics covered include the distribution of subject matter related to the upcoming federal election to the soldiers in the trenches and messages relating to the conscription referendums, as well as the capture of Bapaume and AIF staff changes in the United Kingdom.

 

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
13/1

Federal Elections AIF: Correspondence with Keith Arthur Murdoch and Frederick William Young, Agent General for South Australia

This file contains ten letters and telegrams exchanged between Birdwood, Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch, Frederick William Young and Brigadier General Sir Robert Murray McCheyne Anderson. The subject of these letters is the Australian federal election on 5 May 1917 and the Conscription Referendum held on 20 December 1917. The taking of Bapaume and changes of staff in the United Kingdom are also discussed.

This file contains:

Cablegram from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 21 March 1917

Letter from Frederick William Young to Birdwood, 19 March 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Frederick William Young, 21 March 1917 [copy]

Letter from Birdwood to Keith Murdoch, 24 March 1917

Letter from Birdwood to General Robert Murray McCheyne Anderson, 23 March 1917

Letter from Frederick William Young to Birdwood, 28 March 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Keith Arthur Murdoch, 30 March 1917

Letter from Birdwood to General Robert Murray McCheyne Anderson, 1 April 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Frederick William Young, 2 April 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Keith Arthur Murdoch, 11 April 1917

4 1
13/2

Messages re [conscription] referendum

This file contains 23 messages, instructions, telegrams, and letters exchanged between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and others about the 1916 and 1917 conscription referendums. Correspondents in this file include Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch and Prime Minister William Morris Hughes. This file also includes duplicate copies of some documents.

This file contains:

Notice: Referendum on the question of compulsory military service outside Australia, c. 1916

Australian Imperial Force Military Service Referendum: Personal message from General Birdwood to members of the AIF, c.1916

Telegram from Birdwood to Keith Arthur Murdoch, 18 October 1916 [copy]

Telegram from William Morris Hughes to Birdwood, 14 October 1916 [copy]

Telegram from Archbishop Patrick Joseph Clune to Birdwood, 26 October 1916

Telegram from Archbishop Charles Owen Leaver Riley to Birdwood, 26 October 1916

Telegram from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 18 October 1916

Telegram from Keith Arthur Murdoch to Birdwood, 17 October 1916

Letter from Birdwood to William Morris Hughes, c. 1916

Routine orders by Birdwood, 4 November 1916

Routine orders by Birdwood, 4 November 1916 [duplicate – not scanned]

Routine orders by Birdwood, 4 November 1916 [duplicate – not scanned]

Manifesto to Australian soldiers from Mr William Morris Hughes, c.1916

Australian Imperial Force Military Service Referendum: Personal message from General Birdwood to members of the AIF, c. 1916 [draft - written on reverse of letter from William Morris Hughes to Birdwood, 14 October 1916]

Memorandum from Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Griffiths  to Assistant Returning Officers [Includes The Military Service Referendum Act, 1916 (Australia): Instructions for the conduct of the polling in France, 16 October 1916 AND Regulations relating to members of the Commonwealth Naval and Military Forces and Crews of Australian transport vessels voting abroad, c.1916]

Manifesto to Australian soldiers from Mr William Morris Hughes, c.1916 [duplicate – not scanned]

Newspaper clipping titled “Vomiters of lies: Message can be proved states Prime Minister”, c. 23 October 1916

Newspaper clipping titled “Message from the ANZACS: Appeal for Support” and “Divisions under strength: Message from General Haig”, c. 28 October 1916

Handwritten note from Birdwood titled "Spare copies", n.d. [Includes a. Telegram from Mr Hughes [2 copies] b. Telegram to Keith Arthur Murdoch [1 copy] c. Mr Hughes manifesto to troops [2 copies] d. General Birdwood’s message to troops [24 copies], c.1916. Duplicates of each item not scanned]

Letter from Birdwood to General [unknown], 9 November 1917

Letter from Birdwood to Lieutenant Colonel T Griffiths, 10 November 1917

   

 

 

Series 14: Personal papers, 1910-1920

Description: 

This series contains certificates, drawings, ephemera and other personal items compiled by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, his wife, Lady Janetta Birdwood, and his daughter, Judith. The items are dated from 1910 through to post-war period, including papers relating to Birdwood’s visit to Australia during 1919/1920.

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
14/1

[Certificates and ephemera relating to Lady Janetta Birdwood, Judith Birdwood and Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood]

This file contains nine certificates and other personal items related to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, his wife Lady Janetta Birdwood and his daughter Judith. The items are dated from 1910 through to the end of the First World War in 1918, and include the citations for the mention in despatches Birdwood received during this period.

This file contains:

Diploma of a Dame issued to Janetta Birdwood by the Primrose League, 1 July 1910

Watercolour portrait of Judith Birdwood, n.d.

Envelope containing lock of hair belonging to Judith Birdwood at the age of 2 ½ years, n.d.

Envelope addressed to Birdwood that accompanied the delivery of five mention in despatches citations, c.1919 [Includes Mention in Despatches, 6 March 1916; Mention in Despatches, 9 April 1917; Mention in Despatches, 7 November 1917; Mention in Despatches, 7 April 1918 and Mention in Despatches, 8 November 1918]

4 1
14/2

[Poetry and Short Stories collected by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood]

This file contains nine literary items that were collected by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood. These items were written during the First World War or shortly afterwards and include poems, stories and historical accounts.

This file contains:

Poem titled "The First Expeditionary Force", by Charles John Shaw Harding, c.1914

Poem titled "A memoir of Gallipoli: April 25th 1916", written by M L Perry, n.d.

Poem titled "Baker's Tribute to our colonial brothers conquering heroes", 25 April 1916

Poem titled "Come Back", written by E Beaufils Lamb, 25 April 1915

Short story  titled "The First Chapter of All", written by F Hayward, n.d.

Historical account written by H V Millington titled "Some historical recollections of General Birdwood"

Booklet titled "Australia's Heroes", written by A S G Roberts ("Scotia"), 1915

Historical account titled "Some historical recollections of General Birdwood", written by H V Millington, n.d.

Poem titled "Hail, Australia!", written by Charles John Shaw Harding, n.d.

   
14/3

[Scroll presented to Field Marshall Lord William Birdwood by the Returned Sailors and Soldiers Imperial League of Burnie, 2 March 1920]

Hand-painted silk scroll presented to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood by the Burnie branch of the Returned Sailors and Soldiers Imperial League during Birdwood’s visit to Australia in 1920. The scroll is printed on silk, with decorative leaves around the borders. The scroll was presented by the “diggers of Burnie” as a salute to their commanding officer at Gallipoli and in France and also to thank him for “what [he] did for us in camp and trench and hospital”. The scroll was presented to Birdwood when he visited the town of Burnie in Tasmania on 2 March 1920.

   
14/4

[Paintings by Sapper Horace Millchamp Moore-Jones]

This file contains eight watercolours painted at Gallipoli by Sapper Horace Millchamp Moore-Jones. Sapper Moore-Jones served with the New Zealand unit, 1st Field Company of Engineers.

This file contains:

Painting by Sapper Horace Millchamp Moore-Jones titled “Anzac Cove from north”, 1915

Painting by Sapper Horace Millchamp Moore-Jones titled “Anzac Cove from north”, 1915

Painting by Sapper Horace Millchamp Moore-Jones titled “Steward. The General’s Batman and General Birdwood”, 1915

Painting by Sapper Horace Millchamp Moore-Jones titled “Sketch of outposts positions on left…Left of Walkers [Ridge] on coast”, 5 June 1915

Painting by Sapper Horace Millchamp Moore-Jones titled “From Trenches (Major Sykes) inner line nw. Looking to and over Plugges Plateau”, 27 May 1915

Painting by Sapper Horace Millchamp Moore-Jones titled “Sketch showing Turk position from No 2 Outpost”, [1915]

Painting by Sapper Horace Millchamp Moore-Jones titled “Looking up Head Quarter Gully, Anzac Cove from the pier”, [1915]

Painting by [Sapper Horace Millchamp Moore-Jones] titled “General Birdwood outside his dugout – Headquarters Anzac Cove”, [1915]

   
14/5

[Testimonial to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood from the women of South Australia]

A written report of proceedings from a meeting of 3,500 women in South Australia during the First World War. The women who attended this meeting had assembled to send a message to men in France as well as Egypt and Palestine. This message was typed and signed by representatives from all organisations in South Australia in which the women were involved and sent to Birdwood. The four pages of the message were bound into a booklet format and tied with a red, blue and white ribbon. A picture of the Piping Shrike adorns the front cover. The original envelope in which this report was given to Birdwood is also included.

   

14/6

[Certificate from the Municipal Council of New Norfolk, Tasmania]

This file contains a certificate to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood from the Municipal Council of New Norfolk, Tasmania after the First World War. The certificate and the accompanying leather scroll cover were presented to Birdwood during his visit to New Norfolk as part of his Australian tour on 13 February 1920.

   
14/7

[Certificate from the City of Hobart]

This file contains a certificate to Birdwood from the Mayor, Aldermen and Citizens of the City of Hobart after the First World War. The certificate and the accompanying leather scroll were presented to Birdwood during his visit to Hobart as part of his Australian tour on 11 February 1920.

   

 

 

Series 15: Photographs and postcards, 1914-1930

Description:

This series contains 366 black and white photographs dated between 1914 and 1930. Some of these photographs relate to the Birdwood family but the majority are official photographs taken at Gallipoli and on the Western Front during the First World War. There are also aerial photographs taken over the Western Front and a series of postcards showing the ruins in France and Belgium. There are photographs of commanding officers including Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, Sir Francis Davies, Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, General John Joseph Talbot Hobbs, and Admiral de Robeck. Some photographs show everyday life at Anzac and are not official in nature like the majority of photographs in this series. There are also a small number of photographs taken during the Birdwood’s visit to Australia and New Zealand during 1919/1920. Other subjects captured in these photographs include Bapaume, ceremonies marking the liberation of Lille, Amiens Cathedral, and the opening of a memorial to the 1st Division AIF at Pozieres. 

 

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
15/1a

[Official photographs of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, Western Front and civic events after the First World War]

This file contains 17 official photographs of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, other commanding officers, and civic events following the end of the First World War. Items in this file that include a photographs number in the description can also be found separately on the Memorial’s website with a more detailed caption. Some of the other people featured in these photographs include General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell (General Officer Commanding in Egypt), Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, Sir Francis Davies, General John Joseph Talbot Hobbs, and Lady Janetta Hope Gonville Birdwood. These photographs were taken in the Dardanelles, on the Western Front, London and in Australia.

This file contains:

Photograph of Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener receiving a note from General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, probably at Mudros, during his visit to the Dardanelles, November 1915

Photograph of Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, General Davison, Colonel Watson, Birdwood, and General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard near Sed-el-Bahir, November 1915

Photograph of Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, General  John Grenfell Maxwell, Sir Francis Davies, and Birdwood near Cape Hellas looking towards Achi Baba, [November 1915]

Photograph of Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener talking to some Australians during his visit to Anzac, November 1915 [see online caption of photograph number G00571 for more information]

Photograph of Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener talking to some Australians, whom he addressed as "Boys", November 1915

Photograph of Captain Kennedy, General Joseph John Talbot Hobbs, General Walker, General Carruthers, General White, General Smythe, and General McKay, n.d.

Photograph of Birdwood in his car while leaving his Headquarters in the Chateau at Henencourt, March 1917 [see online caption of photograph number E03863 for more information]

Photograph of Birdwood mounted on a horse in the grounds of the Chateau at Querrieu, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00535 for more information]

Photograph of Birdwood mounted on a horse in the grounds of the Chateau at Querrieu, May 1917

Photograph of Birdwood mounted on a horse in the grounds of the Chateau at Querrieu, May 1917

Photograph of Birdwood standing next to his favourite horse, a chestnut gelding, in the grounds of the Chateau at Querrieu, May 1917 [see online caption for E00537 for more information]

Photograph of troops presenting arms on the unveiling of the Pozieres memorial cross to men of 1st Australian Division, 8 July 1917.

Photograph of Birdwood unveiling the memorial cross to members of the 1st Australian Division who fell at Pozieres during July and August 1916, 8 July 1917 [see online caption for EZ0130 for more information]

Hand-painted portrait of Birdwood, n.d.

Photograph of Birdwood and Lady Janetta Hope Gonville Birdwood participating in a parade in London, n.d.

Photograph of crowd in Fremantle Wharf, c. November 1919

Photograph of Birdwood addressing a crowd at the Instructional School for Returned Soldiers, c. December 1919

   
15/1b

[Official photographs and postcards of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, Western Front, and civic events after the First World War]

This file contains 27 official photographs and postcards collected by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood. These items relate to the Western Front and Birdwood’s post-war visit to Australia with his wife, Lady Janetta Hope Gonville Birdwood, and his daughter, Judith. Items in this file that include a photographs number in the description can also be found separately on the Memorial’s website with a more detailed caption. There are also several postcards taken from a series showing ruins of Ypres as a result of the First World War.

This file contains:

Photograph of Birdwood motoring through the Chateau gates at his Headquarters at Henencourt, 23 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E03862 for more information]

Group portrait of the General Staff of the Australian Headquarters outside the Chateau at Henencourt, March 1917 [see online caption for photographs number E00541 for more information]

Photograph of Birdwood with Assistant Provost Marshal Lieutenant Colonel W Smith, and Aide-de-Camp Captain Trent Champion de Crespigny of 1st Anzac Corps Headquarters, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E02011 for more information]

Group portrait of the General Staff of the Australian Headquarters outside the Chateau at Henencourt, March 1917 [see online caption for photographs number E00541 for more information]

Informal photograph of Birdwood in his office at Anzac Headquarters, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00539 for more information]

Photograph of Birdwood's horse

Photograph of Birdwood with unidentified officers, Australian soldiers, and civilians

Postcard showing ruins of Ypres, The Markets before destruction, 1914-1918

Postcard showing ruins of Ypres, the front of the markets, 1914-1918

Postcard showing ruins of Ypres, the side of the markets, 1914-1918

Postcard showing ruins of Ypres, St Martin's Church 1914-1918

Postcard showing ruins of Ypres, St Martin's Church 1914-1918

Postcard showing ruins of Ypres, St Peter's Church, 1914-1918

Postcard showing ruins of Ypres, The Hospital, 1914-1918

Postcard showing ruins of Ypres, Station Street 1914-1918

Postcard showing ruins of Ypres, Lille Street, 1914-1918

Postcard showing ruins of Ypres, Dixmude Street, 1914-1918

Photograph of a parade of Australian soldiers

Photograph of Australian soldiers marching in London, n.d.

Photograph of Ormonde entering the river at Fremantle, c. 18 December 1919

Photograph of the arrival of Ormonde at Fremantle, c. 18 December 1919

Photograph of Ormonde berthing at Fremantle, c. 18 December 1919

Photograph of Birdwood addressing crowd on [Fremantle] wharf

Photograph of civic reception in Perth, c.1919

Photograph of Birdwood inspecting members of the Royal Australian Navy, c.1920

Envelope addressed to Birdwood, 12 July 1920

   
15/2a

[Photographs of Gallipoli, Western Front, Birdwood family, and post-war visits]

This file contains 45 photographs collected by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, and includes black and white photographs that were largely taken at Gallipoli in 1915. The file also includes photographs of Birdwood’s parents, post-war family groups, and the visit to Australia by Birdwood, his wife, Lady Janetta Hope Gonville Birdwood, and his daughter, Judith, in 1919-1920. Also included in this file are a small number of postcards.

This file contains:

Photograph of Anzac taken from pier, [1915]

Photograph of Captain Loring, [1915]

Photograph captioned “Admiral de Robeck and General Birdwood talking to Sikhs”, [1915]

Photograph of Transport B15, [1915]

Photograph of General Birdwood and Admiral de Robeck overlooking Quinn's Post at Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of Commodore Keyes and Vice Admiral de Robeck walking on guarder deck of Lord Nelson, [1915]

Photograph taken at Anzac [1915]

Photograph taken at Anzac [1915]

Photograph of two people canoeing down a river, location unknown, n.d.

Photograph of a group on HMS Minerve, [1915]

Photograph of engineers building a road at Gallipoli,  [1915]

Photograph captioned “Limber gunner of Sikhs and Tommy having a chat”, [1915]

Photograph of exercising mules near Suvla, [1915]

Photograph of two unidentified soldiers, [1915]

Photograph of Plugge's Plateau from Walker's Ridge, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of making a sap, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of the south end of Anzac Beach, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of Main Beach, Anzac. Shows Turkish Major seeking a truce and General Birdwood on front horse, [1915]

Photograph of unidentified soldiers at Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of Walker's Ridge, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of sap leading to Anzac with Walker's and Outposts in the distance, [1915]

Photograph of church service near Walker's Ridge, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of unidentified soldiers at Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of waterfront at Anzac Cove, [1915]

Photograph of Greek refugees from Suvla, [1915]

Photograph of marked grave at Gallipoli, name unknown, [1915]

Photograph of two unidentified soldiers at Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of Sapper 4/382 who was killed 17 August 1915 and is buried at Rhododendron Spur, [1915]

Photograph of massilent, [1915]

Photograph of General Godley and General Maxwell outside their quarters at Anzac, [1915]

Photograph of well at foot of Mule Gully, Gallipoli,  [1915]

Photograph of cherpatte maker, [1915]

Photograph of Red Cross stores at ASC Depot, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph captioned Red Cross Punjabi, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph taken at the foot of Rest Gully, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of the southern end of Anzac, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of helping a wounded man down Rest Gully, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of Birdwood at St Mary's Church in New Plymouth, New Zealand, 11 July 1920

Photograph of Lady Stuart, n.d.

Photograph of an unidentified soldier at Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of HMS Humber off Anzac, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of Anzac, Gallipoli, [1915]

Photograph of Commodore Keyes looking at Turkish trenches through a telescope, [1915]

Photograph of Anzac, Gallipoli, with Lieutenant de Vaisseau Millot in the foreground, [1915]

Postcard showing a service attended by Birdwood in Amiens Cathedral, n.d.

Postcard of the Guard of Honour, composed of unidentified members of the Australian Graves Detachment, outside the Amiens Cathedral on the occasion of an official presentation of an Australian flag to the cathedral by Birdwood, 3 August 1919.

Photograph of a church service attended by Birdwood on 2 April [1916]

[Photograph of a running race with two boys just crossing the finish line, n.d.]

Photograph captioned “getting ready for submarines”, n.d

Photograph captioned “listening to the sermon”, 2 April [1916]

Photograph captioned “Church parade”, Sunday 2 April 1916

Photograph of the grave of Lieutenant B W Onslow, n.d.

Photograph captioned “General Birdwood inspecting troops on Transylvania”, Sunday 2 April [1916]

[Photograph of Birdwood on a horse during a parade, location unknown]

Photograph of Birdwood, n.d.

Photograph of unidentified officers, n.d.

View of interior of Mohammad Ali Mosque Citadel, Cairo, December 1914

Photograph of unidentified soldiers, n.d.

Photograph captioned “Admiral de Robeck and Commander Keyes in front line trench, Anzac”, [1915]

Photograph of the grave of Lieutenant B W Onslow, n.d.

Photograph of unidentified British officer, n.d.

Photograph of a house at Colunan, a farm near Modbury in South Devon, n.d.

Photograph of unidentified woman feeding a koala by hand, n.d.

Photograph of Birdwood in front of the Returned Soldiers Instructional School in East Perth, 12 January 1920

Photograph of carting hay at "Uncle Willie's" farm, Colunan, near Modburyn in South Devon, n.d.

Photograph of family members showing Miss Ross Watt, Lady Birdwood, Alice, Elliot and Judith Birdwood, n.d.

Photograph of Herbert Birdwood, c. 1867

Photograph of Edith Birdwood, c.1866-1881

Postcard showing the late Lord Kitchener and General Birdwood inspecting the Front Line trenches, Gallipoli, c.1919-1920

Photograph of an unidentified Australian soldier, n.d.

   
15/2b

[Photographs and postcards of Gallipoli, Western Front, Birdwood family and post-war visits]

This file includes 39 black and white postcards and photographs that were largely taken in England and on the Western Front. The file also includes family photographs and photographs taken at Gallipoli. A small number were also taken during Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s visit to Australia during 1919-1920.

This file contains:

[Photograph of Australian troops passing the Queen Victoria Memorial, Buckingham Palace, n.d.]

[Photograph of Australian troops celebrating Christmas, n.d.]

[Photograph of Australian troops, n.d.

[Photograph of memorial plaques for Herbert and Edith Birdwood, n.d.]

General Birdwood introduces some officers at Anzac to Lord Kitchener, [c. November 1915]

[Photograph, swapped with Lieutenant Colonel Abbott, showing Colonel Buckley, General Birdwood, General Moore, General Hobbs and Lady Liverpool, c.1916]

[Postcard showing the Proprietor of Kensington Riding School and eight of his children, c. 20 April 1920]

Photograph of General Sir W R Birdwood leaving the Shire Hall with the Shire President Councillor D C Dunoon on the occasion of his visit to Colac Victoria, 24 March 1920

Postcard showing George F Johnston, Rabaul New Guinea, c. 4 June 1918

Postcard captioned "The Allies: Australia, France, England, Italy from the Kensington Riding School at the Italy Red Cross Day Procession", n.d.

Postcard of Chagford, England, sent to Birdwood from Mrs Sammy, 1 February 1917

Photograph of General Sir W R Birdwood addressing the crowd at Colac, Victoria, 24 March 1920

General Sir W R Birdwood inspecting his guard of honour at Colac, Victoria, 24 March 1920

Postcard annotated "General Paris being decorated by General Brulard”, n.d.

[Postcard of Kensington Riding School - James Herbert Brooks, Walter Wellesley Brooks, Thelma Marian Brooks, Charles Churchill Brooks, Florence Myra Brooks, Alfred George Brooks, Emily Gertrude Brooks, Arthur Farrington Brooks and Arthur Brooks]

[Photograph of Birdwood on a horse during a parade, location unknown]

Photograph of Birdwood talking to unidentified officers, n.d.]

[Photograph of Birdwood visiting wounded Australian soldiers, n.d.]

Photograph of Birdwood at Cape Martin, France, March 1917

[Postcard showing the Guard of Honour, composed of unidentified members of the Australian Graves Detachment, outside the Amiens Cathedral, 3 August 1919]

[Photograph of Australian soldiers being presented with branches of flowering rosemary, n.d.]

[Postcard showing French officers, c.1915]

[Postcard showing Private C A Harris, 7 Battalion AIF; Private R Parata, New Zealand Pioneers; Driver J Gowland, Australian Service Corps; and Doctor Hare, Australian Service Corps, n.d.]

[Postcard showing portrait of Tom Coleman, n.d.]

[Postcard showing portrait of Nancy Birdwood, n.d.]

[Postcard showing an unidentified Australian soldier with a kangaroo, n.d.]

[Postcard showing George Johnson's home in Rabaul, New Guinea, c. 4 June 1918]

Postcard showing members of Room 5, Barrack 5, Prisoners of War camp, Karlsruhe, Baden, Germany, May 1917

Postcard showing Anzac Cove, c.1915

Postcard showing Anzac Cove, c.1915

[Cars and unidentified people in front of a building, n.d.]

Photograph of Birdwood at Cape Martin, France, March 1917

Photograph of an Australian hospital, n.d.

Photograph of Birdwood and unidentified British officer at Cape Martin, France, March 1917

Photograph of Australian soldiers outside the AIF War Chest Club, London, n.d.

Postcard showing Birdwood with four unidentified people, n.d.

Photograph showing soldiers on horseback passing through the ruined village of Grevillers, left to right: General Sir Newton Moore; General Sir William Riddell Birdwood, Captain Robert Gordon Chirnside, Aide de Camp, and an unidentified soldier, May 1917  [see online caption for photograph number E00434 for more information]

Postcard showing Bertangles - Le Chateau - Façade Sud [South Façade], n.d.

Postcard showing Birdwood and other officers passing Australian troops, n.d.

   

15/3

[Official photographs, Western Front, First World War, 1917-1918]

This file includes 78 black and white official photographs taken on the Western Front during the First World War, which now form part of the collection of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood. These photographs show British officers, Australian soldiers, opening of memorials to fallen soldiers, towns and villages on the Western Front, and celebrations in Lille after the liberation in 1918.

This file contains:

Photograph showing a working party of Australian soldiers passing in front of the Town Hall in the Grand Place at Bapaume, 19 March 1917 [see online caption of photographs number E00390 for more information]

Photograph of Birdwood visiting sick and wounded soldiers at a hospital in the chapel at Millencourt, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00382 for more information]

Photograph of Birdwood visiting sick and wounded soldiers at a hospital in the chapel at Millencourt, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00382 for more information]

[Photograph of a group of officers inspecting soldiers on the Western Front, n.d.]

Photograph showing civilians and service personnel greeting a car carrying French President Poincare and General William Riddell Birdwood at Lille, France, c.1918 [see online caption for photograph number H09593 for more information]

Photograph showing French President Poincare and General William Riddell Birdwood departing after inspecting a British Army guard of honour at Lille, France, c.1918

Bird’s-eye view of Lille on the day the city was handed back to France, 1918

[British Official Photograph number L1442 showing a bird’s-eye view of an unidentified industrial town, n.d.]

[British Official Photograph C2910 showing a signing ceremony, n.d.]

[British Official Photograph L1463 showing soldiers marching through a French town, n.d.]

[British Official Photograph L1443 showing the rooftops of an unidentified town, n.d.]

[British Official Photograph number D396 showing soldiers marching in a victory parade at Brussels, Belgium, 21 November 1918]

[Photograph showing Admiral Sir Roger Keyes, General William Riddell Birdwood, and General Plumer among other officers about to join a Victory Parade in Brussels, Belgium, 21 November 1918]

Photograph showing His Majesty King George V with General Sir William Riddell Birdwood reviewing Australian infantry at a military sports meeting, 1917 [see online caption for photograph number EZ20157 for more information]

[British Official Photograph number L1462 showing Australian soldiers marching through a French town, n.d.]

Photograph showing His Majesty King George V, General Sir William Riddell Birdwood, and unidentified staff officers passing Australian soldiers at a military sports meeting of the Australian 5th Division in France, 1917 [see online caption for photograph number EZ20151 for more information]

Photograph showing the view of the valley beyond Noreuil where the 50th Battalion fought on 2 April 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00506 for more information]

Photograph showing General Sir Newton Moore, General Sir William Riddell Birdwood, Captain Robert Gordon Chirnside, and an unidentified soldier passing through the village of Grevillers, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00504 for more information]

Photograph of Noreuil Valley showing Australian graves and German cemetery, 14 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00504 for more information]

Photograph of the village of Flers on the Somme battlefield, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00507 for more information]

Photograph showing the village pond of Pozieres, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00508 for more information]

Photograph showing the exterior view of a dugout in the Hindenburg Line in front of Riencourt, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00518 for more information]

British Official Photograph number C2825 showing shipping docks in an unknown location, n.d.

Photograph of Commodore Roger Keyes, Chief of Staff to Vice Admiral de Robeck, and General Walter Braithwaite, Chief of the General Staff, MED, on British Navy HMS Triad in the Dardanelles area, Turkey, 17 October 1915

Photograph showing Australians of the 30th Battalion making way along a street of burning ruins in Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00371 for more information]

Photograph showing members of the 2nd Pioneer Battalion filling in one of several large craters caused by German mines on the main Bapaume Road between Le Sars and Bapaume, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00343 for more information]

Photograph of British Army commanders and Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, Cambrai, 11 November 1918

Photograph of British Army commanders and Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, Cambrai, 11 November 1918

Photograph showing an Australian soldier writing his name on the base of a monument in the square at Bapaume, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00392 for more information]

Photograph showing the ruins of Bapaume from the tower of the Mayor's Residence, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00395 for more information]

Photograph showing soldiers on horseback passing through the wreckage in the Rue de Peronne at Bapaume, 3 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00384 for more information]

Photograph showing the north west side of the Butte de Warlencourt near Le Sars, 3 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00384 for more information]

Photograph of an Australian field kitchen passing through the ruins in Bapaume, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00339 for more information]

British Official Photograph number L1438 showing a group of unidentified people outside a church, n.d.

Photograph showing the chaplain of the Australian Forces delivering a sermon at the unveiling of the memorial to the 1st Anzac Division, 8 July 1917

Photograph showing General William Riddell Birdwood unveiling the memorial to members of the 1st Australian Division who fell during the capture of Pozieres, 8 July 1917

Photograph showing Australians presenting arms during the unveiling of the memorial to members of the 1st Australian Division who fell during the capture of Pozieres, 8 July 1917

Photograph showing prayers after the unveiling of the memorial to the members of the 1st Anzac Division who fell during the capture of Pozieres, 8 July 1917

Photograph showing General Birdwood leaving after the unveiling of the Memorial to members of the 1st Anzac Division who fell during the capture of Pozieres, 8 July 1917

Photograph showing General Sir William Riddell Birdwood and Captain Robert Gordon Chirnside walking along a duckboard beside huts at the 1st Anzac Corps Headquarters, 20 April 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00533 for more information]

Photograph showing a view of the Australian cemetery at Becordel, June 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00545 for more information]

Photograph showing Birdwood with other officers on horseback, n.d.

Photograph showing General William Riddell Birdwood and his Australian staff officers at the unveiling of a memorial to the members of the 1st Anzac Division who fell at Pozieres, 8 July 1917 [see online caption for photograph number H08754 for more information]

Photograph of two unidentified British officers, n.d.

Photograph of two unidentified British officers, n.d.

Photograph showing General Sir Newton Moore, General Sir William Riddell Birdwood, Captain Robert Gordon Chirnside and an unidentified soldier passing through the village of Grevillers, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00504 for more information]

Photograph of Mr CEW Bean with Mr John Masefield, Lieutenant Will Dyson and Mr Alexis Aladin going over the old battlefield at Pozieres, 10 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00509 for more information]

Photograph of a loaded limber passing the ruins of the Cloth Hall at Ypres, 14 September 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00717 for more information]

Aerial photograph showing sunken British cruisers HMS Intrepid, HMS Iphigenia, and HMS Thetis after the raid on Zeebrugge, 25 April 1918

Photograph of Australian troops moving equipment, n.d.

British Official Photograph number L1439 showing a group of people observing the display of a wooden tank, n.d.

Photograph showing Australian troops moving equipment, n.d.

Photograph showing a celebration in Lille after the town was liberated, October 1918

Photograph showing the Hindenburg Line and the St Quentin canal, n.d.

Photograph of Birdwood talking to two unidentified people, n.d.

Photograph showing Countess [unidentified], unidentified, Lady Moore, Lady Birdwood, Lady Northcote, Mr Andrew Fisher, Sir Neville and Mrs A Samuels, n.d.

Photograph of His Majesty King George V chatting with three unidentified Australian nurses at a military sports meeting of the 5th Australian Division in France, 1917 [see online caption for photograph number EZ0153 for more information]

Photograph showing General Sir William Birdwood being invested with KCB and Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, n.d.

Photograph of Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig and His Royal Highness Prince Higashi Fushimi Yorihito beside the advanced General Headquarters train in France, 16 November 1918

Photograph showing French President Poincare and General William Riddell Birdwood  inspecting a British Army guard of honour at Lille, France, c.1918 [see online caption for photograph number H09594 for more information]

Photograph showing Birdwood with a guest, possibly Andrew Fisher, outside Brompton Parish Church after his daughter's wedding, 3 March 1919

Photograph showing French President Poincare and General William Riddell Birdwood  inspecting a British Army guard of honour at Lille, France, c.1918 [see online caption for photograph number H09594 for more information]

Photograph showing the opening of Australia House by His Majesty King George V, 3 August 1918 [see online caption for photograph number D00004 for more information]

Photograph showing Lieutenant General Sir Joseph Talbot being invested with Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, n.d.

Photograph showing three unidentified Australian soldiers clearing away wreckage from a burning house in Bapaume, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00391 for more information]

Photograph showing the ruins of Bapaume as seen from the tower of the Town Hall, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00394 for more information]

Photograph showing the ruins of Bapaume as seen from the tower of the Town Hall, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00396 for more information]

Photograph showing Australian transport passing a working party of the 2nd Division near Bapaume, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00397 for more information]

Photograph showing an Australian sleeping in his trench shelter in the second line of trenches before Riencourt, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00455 for more information]

Photograph showing Lieutenant General Sir John Monash being invested with the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, n.d.

Photograph showing Sergeant Maurice Buckley, 13th Battalion, receiving his Victoria Cross, n.d.

Photograph showing His Majesty King George V inspecting the guard of honour at the opening of Australia House, 4 August 1918 [see online caption for photograph number D00003 for more information]

Photograph showing His Majesty King George V inspecting the guard of honour at the opening of Australia House, 3 August 1918 [see online caption for photograph number D00002 for more information]

Photograph showing the opening of Australia House by His Majesty King George V, 3 August 1918 [see online caption for photograph number D00005 for more information]

Photograph showing His Majesty King George V, General Sir William Riddell Birdwood, and unidentified staff officers passing Australian soldiers at a military sports meeting of the Australian 5th Division in France, 1917 [see online caption for photograph number EZ0151 for more information]

Photograph showing Birdwood and his favourite horse near Querrieu, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00534 for more information]

Photograph showing the General Staff of the Australian Corps Headquarters outside the Chateau at Henencourt, March 1917

Photograph showing General Sir William Riddell Birdwood in his office at Anzac Headquarters, Henencourt, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph E00539 for more information]

   
15/4

[Official Photographs, Western Front, First World War, 1916-1917]

This file contains 80 black and white photographs collected by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood. These photographs include family photographs as well as official war photographs of the Western Front and Gallipoli taken between 1915 and 1917. Featured in these photographs are the towns and villages of Bapaume, Le Sars, Thiepval, Vaulx, Ribemont, Noreuil and Millencourt. As well as Birdwood, people in this set of images include Private Thomas Henry Davies MM, Private S Cavenaugh, Corporal Geoffrey Cowen, Captain Ken Russell, Brigadier General Walter Adam Coxen, Colonel Sir Henry McMahon, Private Charles William Marsh, Private Leo Dixon, and Major General Henry William Murray. There are also several aerial photographs.

This file contains:

Photograph of three members of the 2nd Australian Division standing outside the Bapaume Town Hall, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00393 for more information]

Photograph showing graves in the Australian Cemetery at Becordel, June 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00544 for more information]

[Aerial photograph taken by No 1 Kite Balloon Squadron showing Martinpuich and annotated with map reference E18c 8.2 Sheet 62D, 21 July 1916]

[Photograph showing the remains of a brick house in a destroyed forest on Western Front, n.d.]

Photograph showing the Bapaume Town Hall, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00351 for more information]

Photograph showing the French town, Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00350 for more information]

Photograph showing the Bapaume Town Hall, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00349 for more information]

Photograph showing the ruins of a street in Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00348 for more information]

Photograph showing a German light railway engine in the old no man's land between Le Sars and Warlencourt, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00353 for more information]

Photograph showing the ruins  of the Le Sars railway station, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number for E00352 for more information]

Photograph showing a wounded British airman being carried up the Bapaume Road, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00352 for more information]

Photograph showing mounted Australian transport soldiers rounding a mine crater on the main Bapaume-Le Sars road, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00398 for more information]

Photograph showing the exterior of an old German dugout at Mouquet Farm, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00400 for more information]

Photograph showing the sun setting over Thiepval, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00399 for more information]

Photograph showing the ruins of Bapaume, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00399 for more information]

Photograph showing burning houses in Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00372 for more information]

Photograph showing 401 Private Thomas Henry Davies MM and 4061 Private S Cavenaugh of the 30th Battalion, passing a burning house in Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00370 for more information]

Photograph showing a view of Bapaume from the 'Butte' on the ramparts, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00368 for more information]

Photograph showing Bapaume from the 'Butte' on the ramparts, 17 March 1917

Photograph showing a wounded soldier of the 30th Battalion being carried through Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00373 for more information]

Photograph showing some of the 8th Australian Infantry Brigade having their midday meal near Bapaume, March 1917

[Aerial photograph annotated with map reference 57c N2bd 3C1924, 27 January 1917]

[Aerial photograph annotated with map reference 57c N13 3C1916, 27 January 1917]

[Aerial photograph annotated with map reference 57c N14 3C 1904, 27 January 1917]

[Aerial photograph annotated with map reference 57c N8 3C 1917, 27 January 1917]

[Aerial photograph annotated with map reference 57c T4 3C1908, 27 January 1917]

[Aerial photograph annotated with map reference 57c N17 abd 3C1919, 27 January 1917]

Photograph showing a view of the Bapaume Town Hall, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00376 for more information]

Photograph showing a general view of Bapaume, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00369 for more information]

Photograph showing a view of the Butte de Warlencourt, 3 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00338 for more information]

Photograph showing 398 Corporal Geoffrey Cowen, 30th Battalion, reading a sign in Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00377 for more information]

Photograph showing a view of the Butte de Warlencourt showing the effects of bombardment, 3 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00337 for more information]

[British Official Photograph L1461 showing soldiers participating in celebrations after the liberation of Lille, October 1918]

[Photograph showing an unidentified boy and soldier with Judith Birdwood, n.d.]

[British Official Photograph C2824 showing a shipping yard beside the sea, n.d.]

[British Official Photograph C2836 showing aeroplanes flying above a jetty, n.d.]

[Photograph showing a senior officer during parade, n.d.]

[British Official Photograph N903 showing soldiers participating in celebrations after the liberation of Lille, October 1918]

Photograph showing gunners of the 16th Battery, Australian Field Artillery pulling an 18 pounder gun into a new position near Beaumetz, 21 April 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00463 for more information]

Photograph showing three soldiers of No 4 Section, 22 Machine Gun Company shooting at a German aircraft flying above Bullecourt, 23 April 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00458 for more information]

Photograph showing three soldiers of No 4 Section, 22 Machine Gun Company cooling a machine gun after shooting at a German aircraft flying above Bullecourt, 23 April 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00459 for more information]

[Aerial photograph annotated with map reference 235L.35.4.182-30.B.S.T 5.3.W.??9.15 No.202, September 1915]

Photograph showing the area south of Tramway Trench near Pozieres, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00511 for more information]

Photograph showing a working party of Australian soldiers on the Bapaume Road near Le Sars, 20 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00464 for more information]

Photograph showing a soldier on horseback riding past the ruins of a church in Vaulx, April 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00466 for more information]

Photograph showing a large group of Australian soldiers gathered to watch a fancy dress parade at an Anzac Day sports gathering at Ribemont, 25 April 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00460]

Photograph showing the view from Noreuil, 27 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00461 for more information]

Photograph showing observers watching Australian artillery shelling the Hindenburg Line, 27 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00462 for more information]

Photograph showing a German dugout on the Butte de Warlencourt near Le Sars, January 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00340 for more information]

Photograph showing an Australian medical orderly serving meals to the wounded at a temporary Australian hospital at Millencourt, February 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00341 for more information]

Photograph showing Birdwood reviewing an Australian Division at Ribemont, 12 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00449 for more information]

Photograph showing members of the 2nd Australian Division at a dump of front line supplies near 'Iggery Corner', May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00436 for more information]

Photograph showing a stretcher party and another man walking along a road near Bullecourt, 3 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00443 for more information]

Photograph showing members of the 4th Divisional Artillery on the Bapaume Road near Le Sars, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00435 for more information]

Photograph showing Brigadier General Walter Adam Coxen receiving the salute from the officers of a 3rd Divisional Artillery Column on the Bapaume Road, 20 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00465 for more information]

Photograph showing Birdwood shaking hands with Major Henry William Murray, 16th Battalion, after presenting him with a bar to his DSO, 12 May 1917

Photograph showing Birdwood at North Beach, Gallipoli, December 1915

Photograph showing Birdwood and Colonel Sir Henry McMahon, Gallipoli, November 1915 [see online caption for photograph number G00572A for more information]

Photograph showing Birdwood with other officers on horseback, n.d.

Photograph showing Birdwood visiting the support line trenches at Ungodly Avenue, near Messines, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E01494 for more information]

Photograph of Birdwood standing next to his favourite horse, a chestnut gelding, in the grounds of the Chateau at Querrieu, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00537 for more information]

Photograph of Birdwood decorating an officer for bravery in the first attack on the Hindenburg Line, 12 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00451 for more information]

Photograph showing the distribution of gifts of the Australian Comforts Fund to the 13th Battalion at Ribemont, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00451 for more information]

Photograph showing an Australian soldier standing outside a burning café in Bapaume, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00388 for more information]

Photograph showing Australians playing 'pitch and toss' in the support line near Noreuil, 20 April 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00453 for more information]

Photograph showing Australians in the second line of trenches before Riencourt, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00454 for more information]

Photograph showing a staff sergeant dental mechanic at Henencourt, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00379 for more information]

Photograph showing the Central Registry Office of 1st Anzac Corps Headquarters at Henencourt, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00380 for more information]

Photograph showing Captain Ken Russell, Australian Army Dental Service, working in the dental surgery at Henencourt, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00378 for more information]

Photograph showing three soldiers warming themselves over a stove in a street in Bapaume, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00385 for more information]

Photograph showing two soldiers having a closer look at the wreckage of a street in Bapaume, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00387 for more information]

Photograph showing two soldiers having a closer look at the wreckage of a street in Bapaume, 19 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00386 for more information]

Photograph showing members of the 2nd Australian Division Engineers removing parts from rolling stock at Le Sars, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00357 for more information]

Photograph showing a German railway truck at Le Sars Railway Station, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00358 for more information]

Photograph showing a view of Bapaume Road where the support line was located during the winter of 1916-1917, 3 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00359 for more information]

Photograph showing wounded soldiers at an Australian hospital in Millencourt, February 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00342 for more information]

Photograph showing two unidentified Australian soldiers gathering coal on the Bapaume Road near the Butte de Warlencourt, 3 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00364 for more information]

Photograph showing members of B Company, 30th Battalion, amongst the ruins on Cambrai Road, Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00361 for more information]

Photograph showing boats at a port with soldiers heading aboard, n.d.

Photograph showing 2795 Private Charles William Marsh and 2319 Private Leo Dixon, 30th Battalion at Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00374 for more information]

   
15/5

[First World War and family photographs collected by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1917-1918]

 

This file contains 81 black and white photographs collected by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood. These photographs include family photographs as well as official war photographs of the Western Front and England, taken between 1917 and 1918. Featured in these photographs are the ruins and liberation events in the towns and villages of Lille, Ribemont, Bullecourt, Tournai, Hindecourt, Brussells, Bapaume, Vaulx, Grevillers, and Flers. As well as Birdwood, some of the people appearing in this set of images are the Belgian royal family, the Mayor of Lille, General John Joseph Talbot Hobbs, General Sir Newton Moore, Captain Robert Gordon Chirnside, Sir Douglas Haig, Vice-Admiral Sir Roger Keyes, Poincare (French President), and Major Henry William Murray. There are also some aerial photographs included in this file.

This file contains:

[Photograph showing soldiers participating in a parade in Lille during the town's liberation celebrations, October 1918]

[Photograph showing soldiers participating in a parade in Lille during the town's liberation celebrations, October 1918]

[Photograph showing the state entry into Brussels of the Belgian King and Queen, 21 November 1918]

[Photograph showing the Queen of Belgium on her horse observing a Victory Parade in Brussels, 21 November 1918]

Photograph showing No 6 and No 8 Platoons, B Company, 4th Australian Pioneers on a light railway heading along Bapaume Road, 19 April 1917 [see online caption of photograph number E00469 for more information] Photograph showing Birdwood reviewing an Australian Division at Ribemont, 12 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00447 for more information]

[Photograph showing Birdwood addressing the Mayor and officials during liberation celebrations in Lille, October 1918]

[Photograph showing two women investigating a shipping yard with an officer saluting in the background, n.d.]

Photograph showing French President Poincare with other French officials and Birdwood at Lille during the handing over ceremonies, c. October 1918

[Photograph showing soldiers crossing a river in boats, by bridge or with horses, n.d.]

Photograph showing wounded German prisoners and Australian Red Cross wagons moving along the Vraucourt-Noreuil Road during the Bullecourt Campaign, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00446 for more information]

Photograph showing a view across no man's land to the village of Hindecourt, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00445 for more information]

Photograph showing a German shell bursting on the Bapaume Road near Noreuil, 4 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00442 for more information]

Photograph looking towards Riencourt from the Hindenburg parapet, 8 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00444 for more information]

Photograph showing General John Joseph Talbot Hobbs talking to stretcher bearers carrying a wounded man near Noreuil, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00441 for more information]

Photograph showing stretcher bearers of the 8th Battalion carrying wounded soldiers through the trenches at Bullecourt, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00440 for more information]

Photograph showing sentries of the 8th Battalion in the western portion of the Hindenburg Line, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00439 for more information]

Photograph showing Birdwood shaking hands with Captain Albert Jacka, 14th Battalion, 12 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00438 for more information]

Photograph showing members of the 6th Brigade positioning one of their field kitchens in the Noreuil Valley near Bullecourt, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00437 for more information]

Photograph showing No 6 and No 8 Platoons, B Company, 4th Australian Pioneers shifting camp from the Butte de Warlencourt to Fremicourt by light railway, n.d. [see online caption for photograph number E00468 for more information]

Photograph showing Birdwood taking the salute at a review of Australian troops at Ribemont, 12 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00448 for more information]

Photograph showing General Sir Newton Moore, Birdwood, Captain Robert Gordon Chirnside (Aide de Camp), and an unidentified soldier passing through Grevillers on horseback, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00434 for more information]

Photograph showing an Australian lieutenant questioning whether items on a windowsill are souvenirs or booby traps, n.d. [see online caption for photograph number E00383 for more information]

Photograph showing a soldier registering a letter and a clerk placing mail in pigeon holes, n.d. [see online caption for photograph number E00381 for more information]

Photograph showing Sir Douglas Haig and Vice-Admiral Sir Roger Keyes arriving at Dover, n.d.

[Photograph of a soldier looking over the top of a trench, n.d.]

[Photograph of soldiers in trench engaged in various activities, n.d.]

Photograph of Birdwood talking to two unidentified people, n.d.

Photograph showing the arrival of Sir Douglas Haig at Dover, n.d.

Photograph showing a shell exploding, n.d.

Photograph showing a shell exploding, n.d.

Photograph showing Sir Douglas Haig and Vice-Admiral Sir Roger Keyes inspecting the guard of honour after arriving at Dover, n.d.

Photograph showing soldiers working on the wall supports of a trench, n.d.

Photograph showing a shell exploding amidst the remains of trees, n.d.

Photograph showing a shell exploding amidst the remains of trees, n.d.

Photograph showing Birdwood leaving after the unveiling of the memorial to members of the 1st Australian Division who fell at Pozieres, n.d.

[British Official Photograph L1468 showing soldiers marching through a town square, n.d.]

[Photograph of unidentified young girl holding bread]

[Photograph of a group of French citizens, mostly children, celebrating with soldiers, n.d.]

Photograph of French President, Poincare, saluting General Birdwood at Lille, 1918

Photograph showing Birdwood inspecting the Guard of Honour outside Tournai Cathedral where a thanksgiving service was held, n.d.

Photograph showing Vice Admiral John de Robeck about to join a victory parade in Brussels with a group of other officers, 21 November 1918

Photograph showing Birdwood shaking hands with the Mayor of Lille during liberation celebrations in Lille, October 1918 [see online caption for photograph number H09722 for more information]

British Official Photograph C2915 showing a photographer capturing a parade, n.d.

Photograph of General William Riddell Birdwood addressing the Mayor and officials of Lille during liberation celebrations , October 1918

Photograph of Birdwood with the King of Belgium during a visit to the Front, n.d.

Photograph of Lady Janetta Hope Gonville Birdwood and Judith Birdwood, n.d.

Group photograph of the General Staff of the Australian Corps Headquarters outside the Chateau at Henencourt, March 1917

Informal photograph of Birdwood in his office at Anzac Headquarters, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00539 for more information]

Photograph showing a cemetery, n.d.

Informal photograph showing Birdwood on his horse in the grounds of the Chateau at Henencourt, 31 July 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00558 for more information]

Photograph showing members of the 30th Battalion resting outside Bapaume prior to the entry of the battalion into the town, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00345 for more information]

Photograph showing machine gunners passing along the Western outskirts of Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00344 for more information]

Photograph showing four unidentified soldiers of the 8th Brigade resting on the western outskirts of Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00346 for more information]

Photograph showing unidentified Australian troops resting after the occupation of Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00347 for more information]

Photograph showing ruined German rolling stock at Le Sars railway station, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00356 for more information]

Photograph showing ruined German rolling stock at Le Sars railway station, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00355 for more information]

Photograph showing the remains of the Le Sars railway station after the German retirement, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00354 for more information]

British Official Photograph L1464 showing the interior of a church where refugees are sheltering, n.d.

British Official Photograph N904 showing a crowd mingling at a celebration in Lille, n.d.

British Official Photograph L1433 showing the British Guard of Honour being inspected by French President Poincare and Birdwood near Lille Gate, October 1918

Photograph showing an old front line trench at Flers, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph E00519 for more information]

Photograph showing three soldiers warming a mess tin of tea over a candle in the reserve line before Riencourt, 19 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00456 for more information]

Photograph showing Australians with a Stokes mortar assisting in the operations near Bullecourt, 8 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00457 for more information]

Aerial photograph of Bapaume, map reference E22D7.7 Sheet 62D, taken by No 1 Kite Balloon Squadron, Royal Flying Corps, 2 July 1916

Aerial photograph of Pozieres, map reference E18C 8.2 Sheet 62D, 21 July 1916

Photograph showing an unidentified Australian chaplain viewing the remains of the clock and sign post at a Vaulx church, April 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00467 for more information]

Photograph showing B Company, 30th Battalion, resting in a mine crater on the Cambrai Road, Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00362 for more information]

Photograph showing machine gunners of the 2nd Division resting on the German railway along the main Bapaume Road, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00363 for more information]

Photograph showing C Company of the 30th Battalion resting on the outskirts of Bapaume, 17 March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00365 for more information]

Photograph showing four members of the 13th Battalion at Ribemont opening packages from the Australian Comforts Fund, March 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00403 for more information]

Photograph showing meat rations being issued from the quartermaster's stores of the 1st Anzac Corps Headquarters at Henencourt, March 1917  [see online caption for photograph number E00405 for more information]

Photograph showing Birdwood about to present the Mayor of Lille with the British 5th Army flag, October 1918

Photograph showing the village of Gueudecourt near the southern portion of the 1st Anzac Corps line, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00510 for more information]

Photograph showing church ruins in the village of Grevillers, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00486 for more information]

Photograph showing 'Till Trench' near Thilloy on the Somme, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00495 for more information]

Photograph showing remains of demolished houses in the village of Le Sars, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00487 for more information]

Photograph showing part of the Flers line improved during the winter of 1916-1917, May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00501 for more information]

Photograph showing Birdwood shaking hands with Major Henry William Murray, 16th Battalion, after presenting him with a bar to his DSO, 12 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00450 for more information]

Photograph showing two Australian officers on horseback visiting the ruins of Flers, 11 May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00520 for more information]

Photograph showing the arches of a ruined church in  Grevillers , May 1917 [see online caption for photograph number E00485 for more information]

   

 

 

Series 16: Ephemera, 1915-1930

Description:

This series contains a variety of ephemera collected by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and his family between 1915 and 1930. Included in this series are postage stamps, menus, programs, Christmas cards and maps. Amongst the content are several items related to the organisation and itinerary of Birdwood’s visits to Australia and parts of New Zealand during 1919-1920. There are also souvenirs related to the opening of First World War memorials both in Australia and in the UK, as well as Anzac Day services, and a small number of poems. These are in addition to the poems and other literary pieces located in 3DRL/3376 File 14/2. Also contained in this series is a ledger maintained by Birdwood as an index to correspondence sent and received.

 

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX WALLET
16/1

[Christmas cards and postcards]

This file includes 13 Christmas cards and postcards received or sent by the Birdwood family between 1915 and 1939. Christmas cards from other army personnel as well as unit cards are included in the file as well as copies of the greeting card that was distributed by Birdwood in 1915. The following items are featured in this file:

General Sir William R Birdwood's message to the 'Anzacs', Christmas 1915 [annotated by Lady Birdwood]

General Sir William R Birdwood's message to the 'Anzacs', Christmas 1915 [duplicate – not scanned]

General Sir William R Birdwood's message to the 'Anzacs', Christmas 1915 [duplicate – not scanned]

Cover of Christmas card showing a bugler in front of the Ypres Cloth Hall, 1916

Christmas card, 1918 [featuring Christmas message from W M Hughes]

The 24th Battalion Christmas Card, 1918 [features a hand-written message to Birdwood]

Field service postcard from "Digger" to Birdwood, 29 October 1918

Postcard showing General Sir W R Birdwood 'Commander-in Chief New Zealand Forces in Great War, 1914-18', n.d

Interior of a bon voyage card, 14 November 1919

Christmas card with ANZAC badge, n.d [featuring 23 autographs]

Christmas card showing photograph and signature of Reginald Wingate, n.d.

Postcard titled 'A Gallipoli Souvenir', n.d [features the poem 'Bravo Anzacs!' by Willmer]

Army form HQ 4.7, Postcard from Major T C Milne to Lord Birdwood, 1939

   
16/2

[Souvenirs related to visits to Australia during 1920 and 1932]

This file contains 33 souvenirs related to the visits of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, Lady Birdwood, and their daughter, Judith, to Australia between December 1919 and July 1920 and again in 1932. Also included are souvenirs from their visit to New Zealand in 1920. These souvenirs include menus, programs of visits to Australian states, concerts, dances, and horse races. Related material may also be found in 3DRL/3376 9/1, 3DRL/3376 10/2 and 3DRL/3376 16/3. 

This file contains:

Programme of Farewell Concert to General Sir William and Lady Birdwood by The Ormonde Diggers, 15 December 1919 [includes signatures of Australian soldiers aboard RMS Ormonde]

Programme of the visit of General Sir W R Birdwood to Western Australia, 19 December 1919 to 17 January 1920

Member's ticket to the Western Australian Turf Club issued to General Birdwood, 1 May 1919 to 30 April 1920 Complimentary luncheon tendered to  Birdwood by Busselton Returned Soldiers' Association and Soldier's Memorial Committee, 6 January 1920

Menu for luncheon to farewell Sir William Ellison-Macartney and to meet  Birdwood, 12 January 1920

Complimentary luncheon tendered to the leaders of the AIF by the Federal Executive of the Returned Sailors' and Soldiers' Imperial League of Australia, 21 January 1920

Dinner given by the Ministers of State for the Commonwealth to welcome Sir William R Birdwood and the Senior Officers of the AIF, 21 January 1920

Program for a gala performance in honour of General Sir Wm Birdwood at Tivoli Theatre, 26 January 1920

Silk program for Gala Performance "Oddments" in honour of Birdwood at Tivoli Theatre, 26 January 1920

Luncheon to Birdwood given by the Mayor of the City of Ballarat and the Mayor of the Town of Ballarat East, 7 February 1920

Programme of the visit of Birdwood to Tasmania, 10 February to 3 March 1920

Programme of the visit of Birdwood to Tasmania, 10 February to 3 March 1920

Two hand-painted postcards from Miss Madge Wilson to General and Lady Birdwood, 16 February 1920 [includes sprig of dried flowers]

Menu for luncheon to Birdwood at Parliament House Adelaide, 12 March 1920

Seating plan for luncheon to  Birdwood at Parliament House Adelaide, 12 March 1920

Dinner to Birdwood by the Murray Bridge Returned Sailors' and Soldiers' Imperial League and Murray Bridge Branch Sailors' and Soldiers' Fathers' Association, 18 March 1920

Program of visit to New South Wales of Birdwood, 3 to 30 April and 14 to 20 May 1920

Program of visit to New South Wales of Birdwood, 3 to 30 April and 14 to 20 April 1920 [duplicate – not scanned]

Program of visit to New South Wales of Birdwood, 3 to 30 April and 14 to 20 April 1920 [duplicate – not scanned]

Dinner to  Birdwood at the Australian Club, 12 April 1920

Itinerary of Birdwood's visit to Camden Park, n.d.

Silk program for Grand Military Gala Performance in honour of  Birdwood at Her Majesty's Theatre, 20 April 1920

Silk program for Grand Military Gala Performance in honour of Birdwood at Her Majesty's Theatre, 20 April 1920

Dinner to Birdwood and members who have returned from active service, 26 April 1920

Programme for visit by Birdwood to the Sydney Soldiers Club, 25 April 1920

Programme of the visit of Birdwood to Queensland and the Northern Rivers of New South Wales, 30 April to 24 May 1920

Luncheon in honour of Birdwood by Government of New Zealand, 4 June 1920

Civic Reception and Dinner tendered by His Worship The Mayor and Councillors to General Sir William and Lady Birdwood on the occasion of their visit to Invercargill, New Zealand, 14 June 1920

Concert program for a smoke concert given by the New Zealand Returned Soldiers Association to  Birdwood, 19 June 1920

Dance card for a ball at Greymouth Town Hall, 22 June 1920

Complimentary dinner tendered to Birdwood by the Auckland Garrison Officer's Club, 7 July 1920

Complimentary luncheon tendered to Birdwood by the Mayor of Wanganui, 9 July 1920

Program for grand concert and presentation of prizes aboard TSS Themistocles, 4 August 1932

Menu for farewell dinner to Field Marshal Sir William Birdwood, Lady Birdwood and Miss Birdwood aboard TSS Themistocles, 5 August 1932 [includes autographs of the Birdwood family]

   
16/3

[Souvenirs related to Anzac Day, openings of war memorials and memorial services]

This file includes 12 items related to commemoration events like Anzac Day services, openings of war memorials and funerals of army personnel. The souvenirs in this file relate to these events in England, France, New Zealand, and Australia between 1916 and 1938.

This file contains:

Souvenir related to Anzac Remembrance Day, Oamaru, New Zealand, March 1916 [featuring the poem titled 'Remember Anzac' by A Mitchell]

Program for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps Commemoration Service at Westminster Abbey, 25 April 1916

Program of memorial service for the late Field Marshal Earl Kitchener of Khartum, 13 June 1916

Appreciation of sympathy card from the Reverend J and Mrs Howell-Price and family, 1916

Poem titled "Penitence and Prayer; Psalm XLVI for Intercession Day" by C J S Harding, 31 December 1915

Unveiling of the Memorial to the Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers, and men of the 1st Australian Division who fell in the taking of Pozieres, July 1916

Pamphlet titled "Panel of 'Their Majesties King George V and Queen Mary visiting the battle districts in France, 1917'", 1917

Anzac Day address given by Birdwood, 25 April 1919

Souvenir programme of Unveiling Memorial in honour of those who enlisted from Busselton and the Sussex Road Board District by Birdwood, 6 January 1920

Order of service for the dedication of the Memorial Stone on the grave of the late Major General Sir W T Bridges, 15 April 1920

Program for the Anzac Memorial Service at St Clement Danes, London, 25 April 1920      

Program for the unveiling of the Australian National War Memorial at Villers-Bretonneux, 22 July 1938

   
16/4

[Publications and General Souvenirs]

This file includes 15 publications and other souvenirs related to the First World War or created during the interwar years. One of these items is a leaflet about the Kitchener Flag Fund, which was to be raffled by the Art Union with a portion of the ticket price being distributed towards incapacitated Australian soldiers. This file also includes postage stamps and booklets produced for army personnel.

This file contains:

Publication titled "A hundred hints for Company Officers, Australian Imperial Force Fourth Infantry Brigade", 23 November 1914

Order of service for Church Parade as conducted by Methodist Chaplains, 2nd Military District, n.d.

Leaflet written by File Marshal Lord William Birdwood titled, "To the Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers, and Men of the Australian Imperial Force", 14 November 1918

Pamphlet written by Charles Arthur McCurdy MP, titled, "Guilty! Prince Lichnowsky's Disclosures", c.1918

Collection of 59 Australian, Newfoundland and Ceylon stamps, c.1918-1923

Ticket for admittance to the Royal Enclosure near the Queen Victoria Memorial, Buckingham Palace, 19 July 1919

Ticket for the presentation of a German gun to the city of Exeter by Birdwood, 23 August 1919

Publication titled, "The 'Coo-ee" Call, 8th edition, c.1919

Publication written by Neville W Cayley titled, "Our Birds", c.1919

Book plate and order form for the publication "The Anzac Book", n.d.

Typed instructions on using masks for poisonous gases, n.d.

Business card for W Mouravieff-Apostol-Carabyine, Chambellan de S M l'Empereur, n.d.

Photographic Reproduction of the Famous Autographed Australian Flag, n.d.

Map of the North West Frontier [India] showing His Excellency The Commander-in-Chief's tours, 1925-30

Souvenir for the release of the film "Gallipoli: A British Dominion Film in six parts", 1927

   
16/5

[First World War souvenirs]

This file includes eight souvenirs related to the First World War. These items include calendars, concert programs, tickets to special events, and novelty souvenirs.

This file contains:

Harefield Park calendar, 1916

Program for a tree-felling competition judged by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 21 May 1916

Concert program for performance by The Anzac Coves at Buckingham Palace, 18 February 1918

Letter from Birdwood to "Boys", 26 March 1918

Gum leaf inscribed 'Australia Day Anniversary, 1918'

Ticket for Birdwood to attend the opening of Australia House, London, by His Majesty the King, 3 August 1918

Ticket for Lady Birdwood to attend the opening of Australia House, London, by His Majesty the King, 3 August 1918

Application form for an Australian War Loan, n.d.

   
16/6

Ledger titled 'General Sir W R Birdwood', recording correspondence sent and received c. 1914-1919

This ledger is an index to correspondence sent and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood during the First World War. The ledger includes ranks, names and addresses and dates of people with whom correspondence was exchanged. The specified dates do not include the year of the correspondent but do sometimes mention whether parcels were received.

   

 

 

Series 17: Newspaper Cuttings, 1902 – 1940

Description: 

This series contains a large number of newspaper cuttings dating from the First World War relating to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood as well as a smaller number about his family during these years. There are also a number of newspaper cuttings related to his post-war visits to Australia in 1919/20 and during the 1930s. Subjects discussed in these articles include the relationship Birdwood formed with the Anzacs at Gallipoli, the Gallipoli campaign, the evacuation from Gallipoli, the Anzac anniversary in 1916, the re-occupation of the town of Lille in France in 1918, and the return of troops to Australia. This series also includes poems, a photograph of Birdwood outside his dugout at Gallipoli, letters, and copies of an address given by Marshal Ferdinand Foch.

 

ITEM NUMBER TITLE/DESCRIPTION BOX wALLET
17/1

Scrapbook kept by Lady Janetta Gonville Hope Birdwood, 1902 – 1939

This scrapbook, created by Lady Janetta Gonville Hope Birdwood, contains newspaper cuttings dating from 7 May 1915 to 12 January 1916. These newspaper cuttings relate to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, the relationship he formed with the Anzacs at Gallipoli, the Gallipoli campaign, the evacuation from Gallipoli, and Birdwood's daughter Constance ‘Nancy’ Birdwood. The album also contains ephemera, photographs, telegrams, and letters, both loose and affixed. Correspondents include General Sir Charles Munro, Field Marshal William Edmund Ironside, King George V, General Brulard, Raja Sir Harnam Singh,  Colonel Unsworth (Salvation Army), Richard Stawell, and General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton. Included in this scrapbook are telegrams from King George V and General Brulard addressed to Birdwood after the evacuation from Gallipoli, a telegram from General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton to Birdwood and also annotated with Birdwood's comments dated 10 August 1915, and the telegram received by Lady Birdwood advising that her husband had been wounded on 14 May 1915.

8  
17/2

Newspaper Cuttings collected by Lady Janetta Gonville Hope Birdwood, 11 September 1915 – 6 August 1932

84 newspaper cuttings collected largely by Lady Janetta Gonville Hope Birdwood covering Australian actions that included Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, from a cross section of the First World War.  This file includes articles on the ANZAC anniversary, breaching of the Hindenburg line, Australia’s fighting at the Somme, troops returning at the end of the war, Birdwood’s post war involvement in an enquiry into Plymouth churches, and several pages from the Illustrated London News.  Also included are an envelope marked ‘Australia 1932’ and a photograph of Birdwood and several others at a dugout.

This file contains:

Newspaper cutting from The Sphere relating to the landing at Suvla Bay and the attack at Sari Bair, 11 September 1915

Newspaper cutting from The Weekly Press titled "Battle of Sari Bair", 29 September 1915

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "The King's praise of the Anzacs", 9 December 1915

Newspaper cutting from Irish Life titled "The Year's end and the war", 31 December 1915

Photograph of Birdwood standing outside his dugout at Gallipoli [annotated by Birdwood on reverse], c.1915

Newspaper cutting from Tit-Bits titled "Heroes of Gallipoli: Stories of the 'Great Gamble'", 8 January 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Graphic titled "Ebb and Flow of War: the Gallipoli Withdrawal and the Russian Advance", 15 January 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mirror titled "Some incidents which the Turks never saw: Splendid photographs of the Evacuation of Gallipoli", 8 February 1916

Excerpt from The Illustrated London News related to the evacuation of the Gallipoli peninsula, 12 February 1916

Excerpt from The Illustrated London News related to the evacuation of the Gallipoli peninsula, 12 February 1916 [duplicate - not scanned]

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mail titled "Our Soldier Prince in Egypt", [March 1916]

Newspaper cuttings from The Daily Telegraph titled "London's Tribute to ANZACS Heroes. King and Queen at the Abbey service" and "Popular welcome to the Overseas Troops", 26 April 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Field titled "The Gallipoli Contingents of Australians and New Zealanders on their way to Westminster Abbey", 29 April 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Field titled "The Oxfordshire Light Infantry, 2nd Batt - II", 29 April 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Telegraph titled "Anzacs in France", 9 May 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Morning Post titled "The Australasian Troops", 9 May 1916

Newspaper cutting titled "Notes of the day", 9 May 1916

Newspaper cutting related to Lord Kitchener, 7 June 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Town and Country Journal titled "The Idol of Australian Soldiers - General Sir W R Birdwood", 12 July 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Sun titled "With Birdwood and the Anzacs in France", 6 August 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Ballarat Courier titled "With the Anzacs", 7 August 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Herald titled "Birdwood and his men", 23 October 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Melbourne Age titled "Gallant ANZACS. What General Birdwood Thinks of Them", 28 October 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Age titled "Daring Australians", 30 October 1916

Newspaper clipping titled "Hammering the Hun", c.1916

Newspaper cutting from The Sun titled "Birdwood's Boys. Wintering on the Somme. Troops well cared for. Difficulties overcome", 18 March 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Hindenburg Line Breach. Story of Australians' Attack. Trenches Grimly Held", 11 May 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Heroic days in Arras Battle", 31 May 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "King on Hard-won fields", 18 July 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Manchester Guardian titled "An Anzac Memorial in France", 26 July 1917

Excerpt from The Illustrated War News, 1 August 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mail titled "Official Artist's Portraits", 7 September 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Britain's staying power", 10 December 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mail titled "Retreat Widens. German Spirit Breaking", 7 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Telegraph titled "The withdrawal from La Bassee", 7 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "The Fifth Army's Advance", 7 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Getting on with the war", 21 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Station [no title], 26 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Tracing the British Line", 15 November 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Telegraph titled "Advance to the Rhine", 16 November 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Brussels welcomes its King", 25 November 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Morning Post titled "Australia in the war: Marshal Foch's tribute", 5 December 1918

Newspaper cuttings titled "The 'ANZAC' Entente", "[no title]" and "The Dardanelles Exploit", 17 December 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Sketch showing photograph of King George V with Douglas Haig and British Army generals, 20 December 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Home from the war", 20 December 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Morning Post titled "Haig's Homecoming. Great Popular Welcome. Field-Marshal's speech at Dover", 20 December 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Queen: The Lady's Newspaper titled "Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig and his Victorious Generals", 21 December 1918

Newspaper cuttings from The Western Press titled "Birdwood praises Bush" and "Why Foch granted Armistice: Birdwood tells Clifton Cadets", 22 March 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "ANZAC Day. A Great Anniversary. Its Imperial Significance and Today's Celebrations. March of Veterans", 25 April 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Evening Standard titled "ANZAC Day", 25 April 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "The March of the ANZACS", 26 April 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Sketch showing photographs titled "The Anzac March past" and "Anzac Luncheon", 26 April 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Western Morning News titled "Plymouth Churches. Commission Appointed: Scopy of Inquiry", 11 July 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "France's Victory Day: British Generals in the March", 12 July 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Morning Post titled "City of Flags: Peace celebration in Paris", 14 July 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Telegraph titled "Victory March through the Arc de Triomphe. Fete Day in Paris. Parade of Allied Troops", 15 July 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Express titled "Peace Day in France", 15 July 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Morning Post titled "American Honours for the British Forces", 15 July 1919

Newspaper cuttings titled "Birdwood's visit. Guest of Commonwealth. Tour of all States", "The Prince's Wish. Visit to Australia" and "Birdwood's Anzacs. General Gouraud's Praise. Hats off on the Nineteenth", 17-18 July [1919]

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Chronicle titled "High Services in the Great War", 6 August 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Herald titled "Lieutenant Denny. Letter from the Front. The Peripatetic Australians", 17 October 1919

Newspaper cutting titled "Empire Fighters Farewell to Old England", [c. 1919]

Newspaper cutting titled "Anzacs' Farewell. Today's Great March of Colonial Heroes. Gallipoli Anniversary", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "1. The Fight for Amiens", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Sir D.Haig's Thanks to Australians", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Australian Captures", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Gallant attack by Australians", n.d

Newspaper clippings collected by Mr Anthony T Hendry titled "General and his men", "Threatened with death", "Australian soldiers", "Senate" and "Military training", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The Illustrated Sunday Herald titled "Secret history of the Somme", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "A simple visit to the scenes of war", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The Evening Standard titled "Mr Long's Tour", n.d

Newspaper cutting [no title - discusses King's visit to Pozieres], n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "The King attends sports in France", n.d

Newspaper cutting beginning "Australian troops who are holding the Hindenburg line…", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mail titled "Parade on the Champs Elysess", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Sketch titled "'Anzac' Birdwood home at last", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The New Zealand [obscured] titled "General and his men", 1 November [obscured]

Newspaper cutting titled "Australian troops first in Bapaume", n.d

Newspaper cutting [no title], n.d.

Newspaper cutting titled "Anzac - A word that tells immortal glory", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Support of funds: General Birdwood's advice", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "War Notes: Australians in France", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Champions of the Forest: Tree felling at the front", n.d

Envelope titled "Australia 1932" [contains 5 newspaper cuttings titled "The Soldiers' General" from The Australasian, 20 August 1932; "Australia's War Leader at Fremantle" from The West Australian, 8 August 1932; "Sir William Birdwood" from The West Australian, c.1932; "Famous General and his family", n.d and "Field Marshal Birdwood's Farewell", c.1932]

   
17/3a

Doings of 5th Army - Occupation of Lille

This file contains an envelope of British newspaper cuttings related to celebrations in France, particularly Lille, regarding the re-occupation by the Allies during October and November 1918. There are 19 items, with a total of 26 individual newspaper articles included in this file.

This file contains:

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Graphic titled "Advance in Belgium", 7 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mail featuring a photograph of Birdwood, 8 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mirror showing photograph of Birdwood, 18 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Sweep beyond Le Cateau", 18 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Star titled "Victory or Vengeance?", 18 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "British in Lille", 18 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Ostend, Lille and Douai", 18 October 1918

Newspaper cuttings from The Times titled "The agony of Lille", 19 October 1918 and The Daily Sketch titled "The liberation of Flanders", 18 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Sketch showing photographs from France, 19 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Graphic titled "General Birdwood, Deliverer of Lille", 19 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Graphic titled "The will to conquer", 19 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Gentlewoman titled "General Sir William and Lady Birdwood", 26 October 1918

Newspaper cuttings from various newspapers [The Daily News titled "Gen Birdwood in Lille", 29 October 1918; The Daily Graphic titled "Ceremonial entry by our troops into Lille", 29 October 1918; The Daily Express titled "Formal Entry into Lille", 29 October 1918; The National News titled "Huns' Desperate Peace Bluff", 27 October 1918; The Tablet titled "Chronicle of the week", 26 October 1918 and The Daily Mail titled "March into Lille", 29 October 1918], October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Telegraph titled "Lille's welcome to our Fifth Army", 29 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Bristol Times and Mirror titled "War Brevities: Mr Churchill at Lille", 30 October 1918

Newspaper cuttings from The Daily Mirror showing photographs of President Poincare entering Lille, 1 November 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Sketch titled "Guard of Honour at Lille", 1 November 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Morning Post titled "The end in sight", n.d

   
17/3b

Envelope containing newspaper cuttings primarily related to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s Australian visit, 1937

This file contains an envelope of 19 individual newspaper cuttings related to the First World War and Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s visit to Australia in 1937. Also included are a newspaper cutting from early November 1916 and another article regarding the election and attempts to employ Birdwood as a political messenger.

This file contains:

Newspaper cutting titled "Birdwood's men", [2 November 1916]

Newspaper cutting titled "Birdwood's men", [2 November 1916] [duplicate - not scanned]

Newspaper cutting from The Melbourne Age titled "Anzacs' Commander", 26 December 1916

Newspaper cutting titled "Anzacs in London", c.13 January 1917

Newspaper cutting titled "Sir William Birdwood: The Soldiers' General", 23 July 1937

Newspaper cutting titled "A pasha of a thousand tales", 23 July 1937

Newspaper cutting from The West Australian titled "Wartime leader", 28 July 1937

Newspaper cutting from The West Australian titled "Value of Monarchy", 28 July 1937

Newspaper cutting from The West Australian titled "Field Marshal Sir William Birdwood's visit", 28 July 1937

Newspaper cutting from The West Australian titled "Sir William Birdwood", 29 July 1937

Newspaper cutting from The West Australian titled "Old Contempibles March", 30 August 1937

Newspaper cutting [no title], n.d

Newspaper cutting showing a photograph of Birdwood, n.d

Newspaper cutting from Parliamentary Papers titled "A catalogue of crimes", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "No imminent danger of war", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The West Australian titled "Address to Legacy Club: This work must go on", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "General Birdwood: A tribute to Mr W M Hughes", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Sir William Birdwood's visit", n.d

   
17/4

Newspaper cuttings, letters and ephemera from 1916 – 1940

Envelope containing newspaper cuttings, in both French and English, regarding the liberation of Lille. There are 89 items in this file with the majority being individual newspaper cuttings from French, British, and Australian newspapers. There are also extracts taken from magazines, with the main subject being events of the First World War, but also articles about Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, his wife Lady Janetta Gonville Hope Birdwood and their son, Christopher Birdwood. This file also includes a telegram from Buckingham Palace, a poem written by J Lawrence Rentoul, and an excerpt from a letter by Eleanor Mary Hutton. Other subjects discussed include Birdwood's visits to Australia.

This file contains:

Newspaper cuttings about Lady Janetta Hope Gonville Birdwood, c.1916 [Includes "An Anzac Tea", "Wife of 'The Soul of Anzac'", "The wife of the 'Soul of Anzac': Lady Birdwood", "The Lady of Anzac" and "The wife of 'The Soul of Anzac'"

Newspaper cutting from The Bystander titled "Anzac Day - April 25, 1916", 3 May 1916

Supplement to The War Illustrated titled "100 heroes of the Great War", 15 July 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Sun titled "Our Army in France: Miles of war-hardened veterans", 2 September 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Sun titled "King and Anzacs: Boys who tweak Devil's nose", 2 September 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Evening News titled "General Birdwood: Work with Australians", 16 October 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Argus [no title], 22 November 1917

Newspaper cuttings, n.d. [Includes  "The capture of Noreuil: Gallant Australian attack", n.d and from The Soldier titled "Bring Birdwood", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The Sun titled "Victorious raiders: Birdwood reports heavy mortality", 11 March 1918

Newspaper cutting titled "A Birdwood mission", 3 June 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Outlook titled "War Notes", 12 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Morning Post titled "Lille menaced", 17 October 1918

Newspaper cutting titled "General Birdwood, Deliverer of Lille", 19 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Morning Post titled "Harrying the German", 22 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Lille in 1513", 22 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Truth [no title], 23 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Lady titled "In the public eye: wives of victorious generals", 24 October 1918

Extract from The Sphere, 26 October 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Enemy's defence of Valenciennes", 29 October 1918

Poem written by Bertha Pasmore titled "When Tommy got to Lille", 29 October 1918

Newspaper clippings from The Illustrated Chronicle titled "President salutes Birdwood" and "The Joy of Liberated Lille", 1 November 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Glasgow Record titled "Enthusiasm in Lille", 2 November 1918

Newspaper cutting titled "The Fifth's Turn", 2 November [1918]

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Graphic titled "A flag for the General", 7 November 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mirror titled "Lille does honour to its British liberators", 7 November 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mail titled "Lille's deliverance - historic celebrations", 7 November 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Western Weekly Mercury titled "Great days for the British", 9 November 1918

Extract from The Illustrated London News, 16 November 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Westminster Gazette titled "Notes of the Day", 23 November 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Sun titled "Australian Commanders: General Birdwood's departure", 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Sporting Life titled "Sport booming in France", 31 January 1919

Newspaper cutting titled "Une epee d'honneur au general Birdwood", 29 July 1919

Newspaper cutting titled "Une epee d'honneur au general Birdwood", 29 July 1919

Newspaper cutting titled "Remise d'une epee d'honneur", 29 July 1919

Newspaper cutting [no title], 29 July 1919 [written in French]

Newspaper cutting [no title], 29 July 1919 [written in French]

Newspaper cutting titled "Nouvelles breves", 29 July 1919 [written in French]

Newspaper cutting from The Westminster Gazette titled "British General's Sword of Honour", 29 July 1919

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Liberator of Lille", 29 July 1919

Newspaper cutting from The NZ Observer titled "Pars about people", 10 July 1920

Newspaper cuttings, 28 September - 1 October 1920 [includes The Pall Mall Gazette titled "'Birdie's' stories", 30 September 1920; The Daily Chronicle titled "Putting his foot in it", 1 October 1920; The Daily Graphic titled "'The Soul of Anzac' speaks", 1 October 1920 and The B'ham Post [no title], 28 September 1920]

Newspaper cutting from The Westminster Gazette titled "General Birdwood: Repatriation and housing plans 'Down Under'", 30 September 1920

Newspaper cutting from The Westminster Gazette titled "General Birdwood: Repatriation and housing plans 'Down Under'", 30 September 1920

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Telegraph titled "Australian Way with Returned Soldiers", 1 October 1920

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Chronicle titled "Putting his foot in it: General Birdwood's story of a war meeting", 1 October 1920

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mail titled "General Birdwood: What dominions do for their ex-soldiers", 1 October 1920

Newspaper cutting from The Westminster Gazette titled "Sir William Birdwood", 1 October 1920

Newspaper cutting from The Morning Post titled "General Birdwood on Australia", 1 October 1920

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Australia's Ex-Soldiers", 1 October 1920

Newspaper cutting titled "General Birdwood on Australasia", 1920

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Sketch titled "Making an impression: General's Foot which a soldier had cause to remember", 1920

Newspaper cutting titled "Fifth Army's sublime recovery", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "'Kilted Australians': National uniform stands", n.d

Postcard titled "La Deliverance de Lille" [written in French and addressed to Judith Birdwood]

Newspaper cutting from The Australasian titled "A popular Governor-General", n.d

Reproduced photograph titled "Entrée solennelle des troupes Britanniques a Lille", n.d [written in French]

Reproduced photograph of parade in Lille, n.d [annotated to show Birdwood and his son Christopher Birdwood]

Newspaper clipping titled "Lille and Bruges celebrate freedom rewon", n.d [annotated to show Birdwood and his son Christopher]

Newspaper cutting titled "March into Lille", n.d

Postcard titled "Chateau de Presle", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Denain and Lille celebrate their liberators", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Birdwood", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Sir William Birdwood", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "General Birdwood's ordeal", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "The late Mr Justice Birdwood", n.d

Newspaper cutting showing a photograph of Birdwood inspecting Australian soldiers, n.d

Notice of comments from Marshal Foch on 15 November, n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Our gains east of Ypres", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Desperate nature of the fight: Australian dash", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "A view of one of the Anzac landing places", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Mr Hughes and Mr Fisher in France", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Anzac, April 25, 1915", n.d [includes photographs of First Field Ambulance, Birdwood and Brigadier General H N MacLaurin]

Newspaper cutting titled "Gallant Australians", n.d

Poem written by J Laurence Rentoul titled "Kitchener's Men", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Promotions in Australian forces", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Birdwood arrives: Accompanied by Sir J Monash", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "General Birdwood: Welcomed by Perth citizens", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Ugly Men's School: General Birdwood visits the shearers", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "The Soul of Anzac", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Field-Marshal Lord Birdwood", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "General Birdwood cabled the indigination of the Anzacs about the evacuation proposals to Lord Kitchener", n.d

Letter from Eleanor Mary Hutton to [Birdwood], n.d [incomplete]

Newspaper cutting titled "Allenby & Aussies: The men who made him", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Australian Deeds", n.d

Letter to the Editor of The Age, 30 June [unknown]

Newspaper cutting from The Glasgow Daily Record titled "The Art of Selection", 30 March 1925

Telegram from [Prince Edward] to Birdwood, 24 July 1932

Newspaper cutting from The Queensland Digger titled "Lord Birdwood's greetings to his Queensland comrades", 7 April 1938

Article written by Birdwood for Australian Quarterly titled "General Sir Brudenell White", December 1940

Envelope - Occupation Of Lille

   
17/5

Newspaper clippings and written ephemera from 1915 – 1920

This file contains 67 newspaper cuttings dating from the First World War. The majority of these articles discuss the evacuation from Gallipoli and Anzac commemoration in London. There is also a copy of The Argus from 12 November 1918, a copy of an address to the troops by Marshal Foch, a ticket issued to Lady Janetta Gonville Hope Birdwood dated 25 April 1916, and a copy of an address to the Australian and New Zealand troops at Gallipoli written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood. 

This file contains:

Newspaper cutting from The Sydney Morning Herald titled "Gallipoli: How the Australians fought", 15 May 1915

Extract from The Sphere titled "With the Australians at Gaba Tepe: they landed beneath the scrub-covered cliffs", 5 June 1915

Extract from The Illustrated London News titled "At the Dardanelles: Successes and Mishaps", 5 June 1915

Newspaper cuttings, September 1915 [Includes The Times titled "The fighting at Anzac", 22 September 1915 and The Westminster Gazette titled "Sanguinary fighting: sightless Anzac trooper's vivid story", 21 September 1915]

Extract from The Illustrated London News titled "'The Soul of Anzac': The Colonials' popular leader in Gallipoli", 9 October 1915

Newspaper cutting titled "'The Soul of Anzac': The Colonials' popular leader in Gallipoli", [c. October 1915]

Newspaper cutting from The Vivid War Weekly titled "Lieut-Gen Sir W R Birdwood", 20 November 1915

Newspaper cutting from The Manchester Guardian titled "The Evacuation of Anzac", 21 December 1915

Newspaper cuttings from The Times titled "The withdrawals at Gallipoli" and "The Gallipoli withdrawal", 21 December 1915

Newspaper cuttings from The Times, 21 December 1915 [Includes "The Dardanelles", "The withdrawal at the Dardanelles" and "Suvla and Anzac evacuated"]

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "The Gallipoli Withdrawal: Record of the Anzacs", 21 December 1915

Newspaper cutting from The Liverpool Post titled "A masterly transfer", 21 December 1915

Newspaper cutting from The Eastern Daily Press titled "Our London letter", 22 December 1915

Newspaper cutting from The Spectator titled "Topics of the day: Anzac and Suvla Bay", 25 December 1915

Newspaper cutting from Army Navy Gazette titled "The Evacuation of Anzac and Suvla", 25 December 1915

Newspaper cutting from The Queen titled "Lord Kitchener's visit to the Dardanelles", 25 December 1915

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Sketch titled "'Birdie' takes a peep at the enemy", 27 December 1915

Extract from The Tatler titled "What was it 'K' saw in Gallipoli? And what did 'Birdie' tell him?", 29 December 1915

Extract from The Bystander titled "Ardour nobility zeal alertness courage", 29 December 1915

Newspaper cutting from The Birmingham Post titled "Anzac and Suvla Bay", 7 January 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Sir Ian Hamilton's Dispatch", 7 January 1916

Newspaper cutting from Lloyds Weekly News titled "The deathless story of Suvla", 9 January 1916

Newspaper cuttings re evacuation of Gallipoli, c.1916 [Includes "Gallipoli: Whole Peninsula evacuated", c.1916 and "Helles Evacuated", 10 January 1916]

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "The last day in Gallipoli: Turks again taken by surprise", 11 January 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Western Press titled "Our venture in Gallipoli", 11 January 1916

Newspaper cutting from New Days titled "Here's to Birdwood!", 11 January 1915 [1916]

Newspaper cutting from The Truth titled "The Dardanelles Failure", 12 January 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Gallipoli left in a storm: Last shots with the Turks", 12 January 1916

Extract from The Sphere, 15 January 1916

Newspaper cutting from The War Illustrated titled "The Great Episodes of the war: XXXII - The amazing withdrawal from Gallipoli's crescent of death", 15 January 1916

Extract from The Illustrated London News titled "The final evacuation of Gallipoli with only one casualty: at Cape Helles before the retirement", 15 January 1916

Newspaper cutting titled "Sic Transit", 15 January 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Glasgow Weekly titled "Worthy of all praise", 15 January 1916

Extract from The Sphere titled "General Sir Ian Hamilton's Despatch: Special illustrations from the Anzac area", 15 January 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mail titled "Final watch at Suvla", 20 January 1916

Extract from  Country Life titled "How Gallipoli was evacuated: the cleverest operation of the war", 22 January 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Sydney Mail titled "An Ideal Leader: The Soul of Anzac", 29 March 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Chronicle titled "Last days at Gallipoli", 11 April 1916

Ticket to service at Westminster Abbey for the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. First landing in Gallipoli April 25 1915, 25 April 1916 [annotated for Lady Birdwood]

Newspaper cuttings from The Times titled "In honour of Anzac: Stirring scenes in London" and "The Message of Anzac Day", 26 April 1916

Newspaper cutting titled "An enemy tribute", 26 April 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mail titled "Anzac Heroes Meet", 29 April 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Graphic titled "People prominent in the public eye", 29 April 1916

Extract from The Bystander titled "Anzac Day - April 25, 1916: Which coincided (Hush!) with the secret session of Parliament", 3 May 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Standard and St James Gazette titled "The Anzac as a fighter: How will he fare in France?", 10 May 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Daily [obscured] titled "How we left Suvla: Eye-witness of the 'Last Night'", 2 June 1916

Extract from The Australasian titled "Anzac Day in London", 10 June 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Sun titled "Daring telegram: Kitchener and Springbok", 16 November 1916

Extract from The Illustrated War News titled "Personages of the war: characteristic facial types",  27 December 1916

Newspaper cutting titled "Now completely evacuated: Cape Helles, at the southern point of the Gallipoli Peninsula, during the British occupation", c. 1916

Newspaper cutting from The Times titled "Gallipoli", 15 March 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Soldier titled "Kitchener and Indian soldiers", 16 March 1917

Newspaper cutting from The Dundee Advertiser titled "With the Scottish Horse in Gallipoli: Life on the Transylvania", 6 November 1917

Newspaper cutting [no title], c.1917

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Sketch titled "Birdwood's men advance: Germans leave behind wooden dummies to deceive our men", 7 October 1918

The Argus, 12 November 1918 [incomplete]

Extract from speech made by Marshal Foch, 15 November 1918 [annotated by Birdwood]

Newspaper cutting from Bystander titled "Welcome Home!", 18 December 1918

Newspaper cutting from The Morning Post titled "The leaders of the British Army", 20 December 1918

Newspaper cutting titled "In the public eye: 'K of K' at Anzac", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "Mystifying the Turks on Gallipoli: Great Allied Army noiselessly vanishes from view", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The Irish News [no title], n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "The withdrawal at the Dardanelles", n.d

Newspaper cutting titled "The evacuation of Gallipoli", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Mirror titled "General Birdwood in a trench", n.d

Newspaper cutting showing several photographs of the Anzacs, n.d [Includes "The dog was there", "'Birdie' the idol of the Anzacs" and "How the Anzacs marched through London to the Abbey"]

Newspaper cutting titled "General Birdwood: Bombed at Imbros", n.d

Address written by Birdwood for the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps announcing second advance for Constantinople, n.d

Extract from magazine titled "Battle: gas, flame, shell & smoke", n.d

Magazine extract titled "…And, in either case, How?", n.d

Newspaper cutting from The Daily Express titled "A lasting impression", 1920

   

 

 

Name index to correspondence with Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood

Description:

This index contains the names of the people who wrote to Birdwood and the location of the subsequent correspondence within the Birdwood collection.

 

Name Location of correspondence
Hector Charles James Horatio Axup 9/1
Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert 2/8
Sir James Allen 2/2, 4/1, 9/3h, 11/1a
Edmund La Touche Armstrong 9/1
Sir George Compton Archibald Arthur 2/10, 9/1
Brigadier General Cecil Faber Aspinall-Oglander 11/10, 11/15 File 7A, 11/15 File 7 Part A, 11/15 File 7 Part B, 11/15 File 7 Part C, 11/15 File 7A, 11/15 File 8, 11/17, 11/18
Herbert Henry Asquith, Earl of Oxford and Asquith 2/3, 11/7
L Ayers 2/5
William Henry Leighton Bailey 2/5
Thomas Baker 2/2
Le General Maurice Camille Bailloud 2/4
Jessie Barclay 9/1
George William Barker 9/1
Henry Barwell 9/2
W Bax 2/2
Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean 9/5, 9/6
Miles F Beevor 9/2
Lieutenant Colonel Arthur John Bigge, 1st Baron Stamfordham 2/6, 11/16
Agnes Birdwood 8/2b
Lieutenant Colonel Sir Christopher Bromhead Birdwood 8/2b
Fanny Birdwood 8/2b
Sir George Christopher Molesworth Birdwood  8/2b
Lady Janetta Hope Gonville Birdwood 8/2b
Judith Horatia Maud Birdwood 9/5
Roger Birdwood 8/2b
Joseph Felix Bouchor 8/3 Part 5
General Sir Walter Pipon Braithwaite 11/13, 11/15 File 7 Part C, 11/15 File 8,  11/17
Reginald Baliol Brett 2/4
Mr R A Briggs 9/2
Sir Benjamin Parnell Bromhead 2/10, 8/2b
Arthur Brooks 9/1
D Ellerton Browne 2/5
General Jean Marie Joseph Armand Brulard 2/2, 2/3, 11/5a, 11/15 File 7 Part C, 17/1
Catherine Anna Bell Buckingham 9/1
Henry Ebenezer Budden 2/8
Sir William Bull, 1st Baronet, MP 2/4
Paul Thuillier-Buridard 2/3
Major General C R Butler 2/9
Major Stephen Seymour Butler 11/15 File 7 Part B
Douglas John Byard 2/1, 2/2, 2/5
Field Marshal Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy 11/10
Rose Edith Byrne 9/1
Neville Francis Fitzgerald Chamberlain 2/2
Major-General Sir Charles Edward Callwell 11/4b
Keith G Campbell 2/3
Admiral Sir Sackville Hamilton Carden 11/13, 11/14
Edith de Cashe 2/3
Sir Joseph Austen Chamberlain 2/4, 2/5
General Sir Henry George Chauvel 2/6, 7/1 Part 2, 9/2, 9/3d
Winston Churchill 11/16
Archbishop Patrick Joseph Clune 13/2
C Clayton 2/5
T Colley 2/5
Reginald Collins 9/5
Corporal James Timothy Conmee 2/4
Vivienne F Connelly 2/3
F J Connolly 9/2
Sir Courtauld Greenwood Courtauld-Thomson 2/5
Lieutenant Colonel Richard Edmond Courtney 2/3
General Sir Herbert Vaughn Cox 2/2, 2/4, 9/1, 9/3g, 11/1a
Frank Colin Craig 8/2b, 9/1
Constance Jean Gonville Craig 8/2b
Frederick Craig 8/2b
Herbert J Creedy 9/3c
Mrs S Champion de Crespigny 2/3
John Curtin 9/5
Lady Florence Darnely 9/1
Sir Tannatt William Edgeworth David 9/1
Captain Alexander Percy  Davidson 2/4, 11/15 File 7A
Sir Walter Edward Davidson 2/4, 11/15 File 7A
General Sir Francis John Davies 7/1 Part 2, 9/3g, 11/10, 11/18
Isabell Day 2/5
Countess Gabriel de Mun 2/4
Charles Delesalle 2/6, 10/1a
Padre Walter Ernest Dexter 9/2, 9/5
Brigadier General Thomas Henry Dodds 2/11b
Sir George Philip Doolette 9/3g
Walter Draper 2/2
General Sir Beauchamp Duff 2/7, 11/12
Dwight D Eisenhower 9/5
George Elliott 9/2
Streater Ellis 9/2
Hugh Tornour England 2/2
James Jacob Esson 2/2
Herbert T Evans 9/2
Sir Thomas John Carey Evans 2/3
Lieutenant General  Sir John Spencer Ewart KCB 2/3
Thomas Clarence Fairley 9/2
M Farr 2/5
Lieutenant Colonel Walter Percy Farr 2/4
Ch Favet 2/5
Lady Helen Munro Ferguson 6/2, 6/6
Sir Ronald Crauford Munro Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar 2/8, 6/1, 6/2, 9/1, 9/3a, 9/3e, 9/3g, 9/3h, 11/16
Lieutenant Colonel John Findlay 2/4
Andrew Fisher 2/2, 2/3, 9/3c, 9/3d, 9/3g, 9/3h, 12/1a
Lieutenant Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald 2/2, 9/3c
Lieutenant Colonel Richard Francis Fitzgerald 2/3, 2/4
Marshal Ferdinand Foch 12/2a, 17/1, 17/5
Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 2nd Earl of Liverpool 3/1a, 3/1b, 9/3d, 11/16
Susan Ethleen Priscilla Ford 9/1
Brigadier General Hubert John Foster 7/2
M L Fox 2/3
Captain Henry Franklin 2/10
Marnie G 9/2
Sergeant Charles George Freestone 2/3
W Fullman 9/3b
Lieutenant Colonel Sir Henry Galway 9/3h
R Gardiner 9/2
Major General Sir John Gellibrand 2/4
Lieutenant General Cyriaque Gillain 9/3g
Sir Thomas William Glasgow 7/1 Part 2
C Glover 2/5
General Sir Alexander John Godley 2/2, 2/3, 2/7, 4/1, 9/3b, 11/4b, 11/10, 11/17
Sarah Goers 2/2
Lieutenant H Pirie Gordon 11/4a
H P [Gough?] 2/4
General Henri Joseph Eugene Gouraud 2/4, 9/6, 11/1a
Major General Walter Howarth Greenly 2/4
Brigadier General Thomas Griffiths 2/7, 2/11b, 13/2
Lieutenant Colonel Horace Clowes Brinsmead 8/3 Part 4
Admiral Emile Paul Amable Guepratte 9/3g, 11/1a
Field Marshal Douglas Haig 2/3, 2/4, 2/5, 2/8, 9/3g, 9/6
Lieutenant Colonel William Haite 9/2
Goldsmiths Hall 9/2
Rear Admiral Sir Lionel Halsey 9/3g, 11/18
General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton 2/1, 2/2, 2/3, 2/10, 9/6, 10/1a, 11/5c Part 2, 11/16, 11/17, 11/18, 17/1
Baron Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey 2/3, 2/6, 9/1, 9/6, 11/6a, 12/2b
Captain B T Harding 9/3g
C J S Harding 2/2
Lord Charles Hardinge 2/1, 2/2, 2/3, 2/4, 11/9b, 11/3
Mrs Ethel Hardie 9/1
Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, Lord Northcliffe 2/11a, 10/1a
Major E S Harston 9/3h
A B Harrington 2/5
A P Hatton 2/8
James Hay 2/8
K Hayward 2/5
Colonel Hayward 6/6
Chaplain Joseph Hearn 2/3
Anthony Hendry 2/2
C H Hennings 9/2
Aubrey Nigel Henry Molyneux Herbert 2/2
Lieutenant General Edmund Frances Herring 9/5
Burdette Hill-Beckett 9/1
Henry Hill-Beckett 9/1
M Hill 2/5
Lieutenant General Sir Joseph John Talbot Hobbs 2/4, 2/5, 9/1, 9/2, 11/18
George Holland 9/3h
Major General William Holmes 7/1 Part 2
F D Hopkins 2/3
Lieutenant Colonel Edmund James Houghton 2/5
G J Howard 9/5
Mrs Isabel Howell-Price 2/3, 2/5, 9/2
Major General Sir Neville Reginald Howse 2/1, 2/8, 4/1, 4/2
R Tharle Hughes 9/2
William Morris “Billy” Hughes 2/8, 2/11a, 9/1, 9/3d, 9/3g, 9/3h, 9/5, 10/1a, 12/1a, 13/2
Lieutenant General Sir Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston KCB DSO 2/3
Sir Edward Thomas Henry Hutton 2/3
Eleanor Mary Hutton 17/1
John Saunders Huxham 9/2
J F Inglefield 9/6
Field Marshal William Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron of Ironside 17/1
Arnold Isaacson 9/2
Private Harold George Jackson 2/4
Major Lewis Jeffries 2/3
Herbert Jenkins 2/2
Captain Jennings 4/2
Major General Carl Herman Jess 9/1, 11/18
Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre 11/1a, 12/2a
Major General George Jameson Johnston 2/5, 9/1
Salome Elizabeth Jones 9/1
Kenwick Smith Kaye 2/10
Major Maurice Barber Bevan Keatinge 9/1
Captain Arthur Sugden Keighley 9/1
Alfred Newcombe Kemsley 9/2
J W Kerr 2/4
Admiral of the Fleet Roger John Brownlow Keyes, 1st Baron Keyes, Bt GCB KVCO CMG DSO RN 2/3, 2/4
Eric Gawthorne Kidgell 9/1
Lieutenant General Sir Launcelot Edward Kiggell 2/9, 7/1 Part 2
John David King 9/3g
Ellen Somes (Nellie) King 9/1
Wilfred Walter King 9/2
Henry Franklin Chevallier Kitchener, Viscount Broome.  
Field Marshal Lord Herbert Horatio Kitchener 2/10, 9/3b, 11/1a, 11/7, 11/13, 11/15 File 7A, 11/15 File 7 Part C, 11/16
Edward J H Knapp 9/2
George Hodges Knox 9/2
Edith Emily (Beaufils) Lane 9/1
J Henry Lang 2/3
Sir John Grieg Latham 9/1
W Lawton 2/2
Mrs E N Lawrence 2/3
Lieutenant General Sir Herbert Alexander Lawrence 10/1a
Sir Harry Sutherland Wightman Lawson 9/3h
Brigadier General J L Learmonth 11/18
Lieutenant General James Gordon Legge 2/4, 9/3d
Lucy Leudon 2/5
Admiral Sir Arthur Cavenagh Leveson 2/5
R G Lewiston 9/2
K M Little 9/6
George Lloyd 9/3h
J W Lloyd 11/18
Bishop George Merrick Long 2/11b
Walter Hume Long, 1st Viscount Long 2/4, 2/5, 9/3e, 9/3g, 11/4b
Archibald R Longworth 9/2
Sir Percy Loraine 9/4
Lorenzo 11/6b
T Luengley 2/5
Major-General Sir Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell 11/10, 11/15 7 Part C, 11/15 File 8, 11/17
Lieutenant General Sir James Whiteside McCay 2/4, 7/1 Part 2
Robert Walker McLean 2/3
Sir Thomas Noble Mackenzie 2/1, 2/2, 2/3, 2/4
Charles Ernest Randolph MacKesy 2/2
Major-General Ewen George Sinclair-Maclagan 11/13
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Henry MacMahon 11/1a
Cluny Macpherson 9/5
Colonel Courtenay Clarke Manifold 2/4, 2/11a, 4/2
Florence Martin 2/5
Edward Martyn 9/1
William Ferguson Massey 2/4, 9/1, 9/3h
Lieutenant General Sir Frederick Stanley Maude 2/4, 9/3b
Sir Henry Carr Maudsley 2/6
General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell 2/1, 11/12, 11/14
Alexander (Alick) Muir McGrigor 2/4
Susan M Meadley 9/1
Sir Edward Grimwood-Mears 11/9a
Sarah Myrtle Meggy 9/1
Mrs Abbie Mendelsohn 2/3
Alvaro Cesar de Mendonca 9/3g
Grand Marechal Comte De Merode 9/3h
Admiral of the Fleet The Hon Sir Hedworth Meux 2/4
Senior Chaplain Frederic James Miles 2/3, 2/4, 2/5
Edward Davis Millen 2/11b
Lieutenant Colonel Edmund Osborn Milne 2/6
Alfred Milner 9/6
Major Alexander Mitchell 2/6
Major B R Moberly 11/15 File 7 Part A, 11/15 File 7 Part B
Edward John Molloy 9/5
General Sir John Monash 2/6
Edith Julia Monins 2/3
General Sir Charles Carmichael Monro, 1st Baronet of Bearcrofts 2/9, 9/3d, 11/15 File 7 Part C, 17/1
Benjamin Moore 2/3, 8/2b
Major General Sir Newton James Moore 2/2, 2/4, 9/3d
Lucy Gough Morgan 9/1
Walter Morris 2/4
David McLaren Morrison 2/2, 2/3
Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch 2/8, 5/1, 13/1, 13/2
Sir General Archibald James Murray 6/1
Mrs Eva Graham Murray 2/7
Konstantin Dmitrievich Nabokov 2/4
Frank Newbolt 9/2
Colonel Edmund James Houghton Nicholson 2/5, 2/6
Lieutenant Colonel Francis Michael O’Donnell 2/4
Private Martin O’Meara VC 2/3
General Herbert Charles Onslow 9/3d
General Orth 9/3g
Phillip Guy Page 9/1
C V L Paith 2/3
Mrs Bertha Pascoe 9/1
Bertha Pasmore 17/1
Mrs Mary Jane Patching 9/1
Major General John Paton 2/5, 2/11a
Archibald Henry Peake 2/8
Sir George Foster Pearce 2/1, 2/6, 2/9, 2/11b, 6/1, 7/2, 9/1, 9/3c, 9/3d, 9/3e, 9/3f, 9/3g, 9/3h, 12/1a
General Sir William Eliot Peyton 2/4, 9/3c
Theodor Pflaum 9/2, 9/5
Mrs Margaret Phillips 2/6
Field Marshal Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer 2/4, 2/6, 9/3d
S J W Pollen 2/2
Margaret Elizabeth Prendergast 9/1
Joseph Preston 2/2
General Sir Dighton Macnaughten Probyn 2/1, 2/2, 2/3, 2/6, 9/1
Lieutenant Colonel Quinat 2/5
Sir General Henry Seymour Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson 2/5
Edith Reid 2/3
Sir George Houstoun Reid 9/3b, 11/16
Mr Arthur Henry Renshaw, Esq 2/10
Chaplain General Professor John Laurence Rentoul 2/5, 17/1
Archibishop Charles Owen Leaver Riley 2/4, 2/5, 13/2
Eva Riordan 9/1
Catherine C S Ritchie 2/5, 2/11a
A Rivary 2/5
Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Michael de Robeck 2/2, 2/3, 2/6, 11/9b, 11/15 File 7 Part C, 11/18
Brigadier General James Campbell Robertson 2/4
Field Marshal Sir William Robert Robertson 11/15 File 7 Part C, 11/15 File 8
Miss Nellie G Roebuck 2/3
Lieutenant John David Rogers 2/3
Sir Charles Rosenthal 2/4, 7/1 Part 2
Bessie Ross-Watt 8/2b
M Rowell 2/5
Robert Rowell 2/4
General H Rugglestonzi 9/3g
Brigadier General Andrew Hamilton Russell 4/2
Frederick Charles Russell 9/1
Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Edmund Sandbach 11/18
Major General H N Sargent 2/11a
General Maurice-Paul-Emmanuel Sarrail 2/4
Dr Guy Hardy Scholefield 2/8
Florence Scott 9/1
Mrs A Seager 2/8
Abe Shannon 9/2
Reverend William Floyd Shannon 2/6
William James Sherbon 9/1
Prince Victor Duleep Singh 2/4
Raja Sir Harnam Singh 17/1
General Andrew Skeen 2/2
C Simpson 2/5
Lieutenant Colonel Ernest Hilmer Smith 2/5
General Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien 2/2
Lieutenant Colonel W G Smith 9/2
Sir Nevill Maskelyne Smyth VC 2/5, 2/11a
Colonel Smythe 9/3b
Lieutenant Colonel Robert Eccles Snowden 9/2
Robert William Stanley 9/2
Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby 2/3, 2/11a
Richard Stawell 17/1
Sir Ernest Augustus Lee-Steere 9/1
A Stevens 9/6
Captain Phillip George Stockley 2/1
Sir John Lawrence Baird Stonehaven 9/2
Major Charles Lancelot Storr 2/10, 11/7
Edith Stuart 8/2b
Colonel Alfred Sutton 2/5
John Charles Tarver 2/2
W F Thornton 2/3
C K Thrower 9/5
Admiral Sir Cecil Fiennes Thursby 2/1, 2/2, 2/4, 9/1, 11/16
Joan Torrance 9/1
Edgar Towner VC 9/5
Colonel Unsworth 17/1
A P Vaughan 9/6
Rebecca Alison Vaughn 9/1
J F Vaughton 8/2b
C H Verity 2/2
Sir Charles Gregory Wade 2/8, 2/12
Major General Cyril Mosley Wagstaff 2/4, 11/17, 12/2b
Lieutenant General Sir Harold Bridgwood Walker 2/8
Annie Isabel Wallis 9/1
Sidney H Watson 9/1
Alexander Strachan Watt 2/2
Jack H Webster 9/5
N F Wellington 9/2
M Wendt 2/5
Admiral of the Fleet Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 1st Baron Wester Wemyss 11/10, 11/13
Stephen [Windfrey?] 2/4
General Sir Cyril Brudenell Bingham White 2/5, 2/6, 9/2, 10/1b
General John Lawrence Whitham 2/5
Jean Whyte 9/1
Lord Clive Wigram 2/1, 2/2, 2/10, 11/2
Lieutenant Colonel Maurice Wilder-Neligan 2/3
Colonel Michael Guy Percival Willoughby, 11th Baron Middleton 2/11a
Grace Margaret Wilson 2/2
George E Windeath 2/6
General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate 2/4, 9/3g
General Sir Josceline Wodehouse 2/2
Edward Frederick Lindley Wood 9/3h, 11/3
Henry F Woods 2/2
Sir John Evelyn Leslie Wrench 2/8
G Wyatt 2/5
C Young 2/5
Sir Frederick William Young 13/1
Alleyne Zander 9/1
Marquess of Lansdowne 2/2
Alexandra of Denmark 9/3h
Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert, Duke of Connaught and Strathean 2/8
King George V 11/1a, 17/1
King Edward VIII 17/1

 

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