Sources

Australian War Memorial www.awm.gov.au 

Background information

Department of Veterans’ Affairs, “Keeping the peace: investigating Australia’s contribution to peacekeeping”, https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/education/activities/keeping-peace-investigating-australias-contribution-peacekeeping-3 <accessed 19 June 2019>.

Gareth Evans, “Indonesia: what Asia’s third giant means for Australia, and Australian business”,

http://www.gevans.org/speeches/speech538.html <accessed 19 June 2019>.

History learning site, “League of Nations”, https://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/modern-world-history-1918-to-1980/league-of-nations <accessed 19 June 2019>. 

“United Nations”, http://www.un.org/en/index.html <accessed 19 June 2019>. 

Indonesia 1947

Jeffrey Hays, “Indonesia in World War II”, http://factsanddetails.com/indonesia/History_and_Religion/sub6_1c/entry-3954.html <accessed 21 June 2019>.

P.J. Scully, “Spence, Louis Thomas (1917–1950)”, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/spence-louis-thomas-11741 <accessed 19 June 2019>.

Peter Londey, Other people’s wars: a history of Australian peacekeeping, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 2004.

Peter Londey, “Peacekeepers in Indonesia: then and now”, https://www.awm.gov.au/peacekeepers-in-indonesia <accessed 21 June 2019>.

Peter Londey, “The first United Nations peacekeepers”, Wartime 1, November 1997, p. 52-56

The Australian War Memorial, Last Post Ceremony commemorating the service of Wing Commander Louis Thomas Spence, https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C2096986 <accessed 19 June 2019>.

Documents courtesy of the National Archives of Australia

Cablegram to Department of External Affairs based on a report in Aneta papers, 4 October 1947. (NAA A4355 7/1/7/3, cablegram 343)

Charles Eaton, September 16–21, 1947, in Report on visit to Sumatra by Consuls-General Étienne Raux (France), Charles Eaton (Australia), and Lambert (Britain)  (NAA: A4355 7/1/7/6)

Joint report of the Security Council Consular Commission, Batavia (Jakarta), October 14, 1947. (NAA A4355 7/1/7/3)

Report from the Australian military observing offices on the military situation in Java, August–September 1947. (NAA: A4355 7/1/7/6)

Report submitted by military observing officers in the Jogjakarta area, Indonesia, c. July 1947. (NAA: A4355 7/1/7/6)

Report on visit to East Java by Mr C. Eaton, Australian Consul-General, and Mr E.T. Lambert, Deputy British Consul-General, Batavia (Jakarta), September 14, 1947. (NAA A4355 7/1/7/6) 

Indonesian Confrontation

Brian Hartigan, “Vale – WO2 William James Cunneen 1933­–2016”, http://www.contactairlandandsea.com/2017/02/08/vale-billy-cunneen

http://www.3rar.com.au/3rarhistory.html#for <accessed 19 June 2019>.

Department of Veterans’ Affairs, “The Indonesian Confrontation (1963–1966)”, https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/history/conflicts/australian-involvement-south-east-asian-conflicts/indonesian-confrontation-1963 <accessed 19 June 2019>.

Karl James, “Australia’s other Asian wars”, Wartime 41, January 2008, p. 12-15.

Peter Edwards with Gregory Pemberton, Crises and commitments: the politics and diplomacy of Australia's involvement in Southeast Asian conflicts 1948–1965, The Official History of Australia’s Involvement in Southeast Asian Conflicts 1948–75, vol. 1, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1992.

Peter Edwards, “Confrontation: Australia’s curious war of diplomacy”, Wartime 5, Summer 1999, p. 44-48.

The Australian War Memorial, “Indonesian Confrontation, 1963 – 66”, https://www.awm.gov.au/articles/event/indonesian-confrontation <accessed 21 June 2019>. 

The Australian War Memorial, “Australians and peacekeeping”, www.awm.gov.au/articles/peacekeeping <accessed 21 June 2019>.

The Australian War Memorial, “Peacekeepers in Indonesia: then and now”, www.awm.gov.au/peacekeepers-in-indonesia <accessed 21 June 2019>. 

East Timor

Desmond Ball and Hamish McDonald, Death in Balibo, lies in Canberra, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 2000.

Magistrate Dorelle Pinch Coroner, “Inquest into the death of Brian Raymond Peters”, http://www.coroners.justice.nsw.gov.au/Documents/brian%20peters%201975%20(balibo)%20-%20finding%20and%20recommendations.pdf <accessed 18 June 2019>.

Peter Londey, Other people’s wars: a history of Australian peacekeeping, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 2004.

Sara Everingham, “Balibo Five: investigation into deaths of five journalists dropped by Australian Federal Police”, https://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-10-21/balibo-five-investigation-dropped-by-afp/5828814 <accessed 18 June 2019>.

The Australian Army, “East Timor/Timor-Leste”, https://www.army.gov.au/our-stories/operations/east-timortimor-leste <accessed 18 June 2019>.

The Australian War Memorial, “Australians in East Timor”, https://www.awm.gov.au/visit/exhibitions/peacekeeping/timor/australia <accessed 18 June 2019>.

National Archives of Australia, “The ‘Balibo affair’, East Timor, October 1975 – Fact sheet 238”, http://www.naa.gov.au/collection/fact-sheets/fs238.aspx <accessed 18 June 2019>.

United Nations, “United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste completes its mandate”, https://peacekeeping.un.org/sites/default/files/past/unmit/documents/unmit_fact_sheet_11dec2012_2.pdf <accessed 18 June 2019>.

Returned Services League Australia, “Peacekeeping operations”, http://rslnsw.org.au/commemoration/heritage/peacekeeping-operations <accessed 19 June 2019>. 

Indonesian tsunami and earthquake

ABC News, “Boxing Day tsunami: how the disaster unfolded 10 years ago”, https://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-12-24/boxing-day-tsunami-how-the-disaster-unfolded/5977568 <accessed 19 June 2019>.

Canon Australia, “Stephen Dupont’s ‘Don’t look away’”, https://www.canon.com.au/about-canon/news-and-press-releases/dont-look-away <accessed 20 June 2019>.

Dave Roos, “The 2004 tsunami wiped away towns with ‘mind boggling’ destruction”, https://www.history.com/news/deadliest-tsunami-2004-indian-ocean <accessed 20 June 2019>.

Department of Defence, “Defence magazine issue 5, 2009, p.13“,

http://www.defence.gov.au/defencemagazine/editions/2009_5/defmag_0905.pdf <accessed 20 June 2019>.

Department of Defence, “Operation Sumatra Assist”, http://www.defence.gov.au/AnnualReports/04-05/01_01_review02_spf.htm <accessed 20 June 2019>.

Department of Foreign Affairs, “Humanitarian preparedness and response”, https://dfat.gov.au/aid/topics/investment-priorities/building-resilience/humanitarian-preparedness-and-response/Pages/humanitarian-prepraredness-and-response.aspx <accessed 20 June 2019>.

Department of Foreign Affairs, “Indian Ocean tsunami”, https://dfat.gov.au/news/news/Pages/indian-ocean-tsunami.aspx <accessed 20 June 2019>.

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, “Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami response”,

https://dfat.gov.au/crisis-hub/Pages/sulawesi-earthquake-and-tsunami-response.aspx <accessed 20 June 2019>.

Department of Foreign Affairs, “Where we give aid”, https://dfat.gov.au/aid/where-we-give-aid/Pages/where-we-give-aid.aspx <accessed 20 June 2019>.

EU Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, “The humanitarian principles”, www.youtube.com/watch?v=hWtdpxxVy2A <accessed 20 June 2019>.

Nurdin Hasan, “10 years on: the photographer who documented the tsunami”, https://www.rappler.com/world/regions/asia-pacific/indonesia/77026-2004-aceh-tsunami-photographer-destruction <accessed 20 June 2019>.

ReliefWeb, “HMAS Kanimbla background fact sheet – Operation Sumatra Assist”, https://reliefweb.int/report/indonesia/hmas-kanimbla-background-fact-sheet-operation-sumatra-assist <accessed 20 June 2019>.

Royal Australian Air Force, “Recent history of Air Force humanitarian assistance”, https://www.airforce.gov.au/operations/humanitarian-support/recent-history-air-force-humanitarian-assistance<accessed 20 June 2019>.

http://defence.gov.au/factsheets/09..pdf

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, “Humanitarian principles”, https://www.unocha.org/sites/dms/Documents/OOM-humanitarianprinciples_eng_June12.pdf <accessed 20 June 2019>.

World Health Organization, “Tsunami mortality in Aceh Province, Indonesia”,

https://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/85/4/06-033308/en <accessed 20 June 2019>.