Sergeant Frank Hodgkinson relaxing after the Kokoda Trail campaign, New Guinea 1942, Reference number: P00945.001 Sergeant Frank Hodgkinson relaxing in front of a tree after the Kokoda Trail campaign,
Sanananda, New Guinea 1942

Date of Birth: 28 April 1919
Place of Birth: Sydney, NSW
Date of Death: 23 November 2001
Place of Death: Kenthurst, Sydney, NSW

Francis George (Frank) Hodgkinson was born into an artistic family; his brother Roy also became an official artist during the Second World War. Leaving school at 16, Frank supported himself with casual work while studying at the Royal Art Society of New South Wales under Sydney Long, and later with Dattilo Rubbo in his breakaway studio. At the outbreak of the Second World War, Hodgkinson was working for the Herald newspaper in Melbourne. In May 1940, he enlisted in the army (service no. VX18229)and was posted to 7 Division Headquarters. By October, he was in the Middle East.  Serving in the Syrian Campaign in 1941, he was promoted to sergeant and worked as the assistant editor on the Australian War Memorial’s first army Christmas Annual, Active Service.  The black and white illustrations were often lusty renditions of Australian soldier exploits in the Middle East while on leave. One of the artist’s sketchbooks from this period containing watercolours of the Syrian landscape has been donated to the Memorial.

Hodgkinson spent much of 1942 and 1943 serving in New Guinea on the Kokoda Trail and was mentioned in despatches in 1943 for conspicuous gallantry. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1944 and took charge of 7 Military History Field Team, which was responsible for coordinating the collection of information and objects for the Memorial.  During this time, Hodgkinson continued to find time to paint and draw the men and activities around him, such as in Owen Stanley Trail.  In March 1945, he was appointed an official war artist.

Frank Hodgkinson, ‘25-pounder carried ashore and into action on a DUKH, Balikpapan’, c. 1945-46, Reference number ART25514 Frank Hodgkinson, 25-pounder carried ashore and into action on a DUKH,
Balikpapan, c. 1945-46 ART25514

Hodgkinson’s tenure was relatively short in comparison to other artists, and limited to a single theatre of war. He was attached to 7 Australian Division and sent to Morotai in May and accompanied troops in the amphibious assault on Balikpapan, Borneo, in July 1945. The works he painted around this time capture the troops' sense of frustration at the weeks of enforced inactivity onboard a transport vessel, and in contrast the frantic energy of the events at Balikpapan. As an official war artist, Hodgkinson placed himself on the front line. This is borne out in the immediacy and veracity of his works depicting the Australian infantry in close contact with the enemy as they fought their way inland.

One of Hodgkinson’s most prolific periods of art production was during his service as an official war artist. He completed and forwarded to the Memorial some 70 paintings and drawings; however one shipment of paintings, drawings and sketches were stolen on their arrival in Atherton, North Queensland.

After the war, Hodgkinson travelled to Europe to study art; and, following a few years back in Australia, later took up residency in Spain. His interest in landscape saw him revisit Papua New Guinea and resettle in Australia at the end of 1970.