Biography

Birth date: 17 February 1894
Birth place: Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, Brunswick
Final rank: Major
Service number: First World War, 1914-1918
W34185 - Second World War, 1939-1945
WX33412 - Second World War, 1939-1945
Units:
  • 28 Battalion
  • 2 Pioneer Battalion
  • 7 Army Troops Company
  • 2nd Australian Pioneer Battalion
  • 28th Australian Infantry Battalion

George Duncan Shaw was born in Melbourne during 1894. Prior to the First World War he was a mechanical engineer and gained military experience through his engagement with the Citizen Military Forces, as a lance sergeant in the 86th Battalion. In 1914 Shaw attempted to enlist in the Australian Imperial Force, but could not gain the consent of his parents, forcing him to wait until he was 21. On 10 May 1915 Shaw joined the 28th Infantry Battalion as a second lieutenant, training at Blackboy Camp until departing Fremantle aboard the HMAT Ascanius on 29 June 1915.

At Gallipoli, Shaw was involved in the evacuation in December, remaining behind with a number of men at Russell's Top to support the retreat. After a short period in Egypt, Shaw was transferred to 2nd Pioneer Battalion in France and by the end of 1916 was promoted to captain. Shaw was Mentioned-in-Despatches by Sir Douglas Haig on 9 April 1917 and was gassed at the battle of Bullecourt in May 1917. On 20 September 1917 Captain Shaw took charge of a party proceeding with road works around Ypres, the party came under intense shelling and suffered a number of casualties. Shaw evacuated the wounded before motivating the remaining members of the party to complete the road works. For this action Shaw was awarded the Military Cross.

In mid-1918 Shaw was wounded and eventually invalided to Wandsworth Hospital, returning to Australia in December of that year. After the war George Shaw returned to the 86th Battalion and then enlisted in the Second World War.

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: 2nd Lieutenant
  • Date of embarkation: 09 June 1915
  • Place of embarkation: Fremantle

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Cross

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Pioneer Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Cross

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Pioneer Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Military Cross

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Pioneer Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Pioneer Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Collection Items

Private Record

Shaw, George (Lieutenant, b.1894 - d.?)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant George Shaw, 28th Battalion. Collection consists of copies of letters and papers detailing Lieutenant Shaw's experiences at Gallipoli, particularly the events leading up the evacuation of the peninsula in December 1915. Many of the... Maker:

PR83/027 (With records)

Digitised Collection

Letters and papers of George Shaw, 1915-1979

Copies of letters and papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant George Shaw, 28th Battalion. The letters and papers detail Lieutenant Shaw's experiences at Gallipoli, particularly the events leading up the evacuation of the peninsula in December 1915. Many of the later letters...

RCDIG0000402

Timeline

Date of birth 1894-02-17
Date of embarkation 1915-06-29
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-09-25
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-09-26