Biography

Birth date: 11 November 1894
Birth place: Australia: South Australia, Adelaide, Norwood
Death date: 03 April 1917
Death place: France: Picardie, Somme, Noreuil
Final rank: Captain
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: 50th Australian Infantry Battalion

Harold Edwin Salisbury "Rollo" Armitage was born 11 November 1894 at Norwood, South Australia. He was educated at public schools in Adelaide and at the University of Adelaide. Armitage worked as a junior teacher at the school house in Millicent, South Australia and was completing a university course in Arts before the outbreak of the First World War. He had also spent some time with the cadets.

Armitage enlisted on 24 March 1915 as a private, but quickly received a commission as a second lieutenant and was assigned to the 10th Infantry Battalion. He departed Australia aboard HMAT Hororata on 20 April 1915. He was promoted to lieutenant on 7 August 1915 and later captain. Armitage was transferred to the 50th Infantry Battalion on 2 March 1916 while stationed in Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt. He was transferred to France and arrived at Marseilles on 12 June 1916. He received a Mention in Despatches for leading his men on the night of 12 and13 August 1916. Harold Armitage was killed in action on 3 April 1917 and is buried at Noreuil Australian Cemetery, France.

Rolls and Awards

Roll of Honour

  • Rank: Captain
  • Date of Death: 03 April 1917
  • Unit: 50th Australian Infantry Battalion

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: 2nd Lieutenant
  • Date of embarkation: 20 April 1915
  • Place of embarkation: Adelaide

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 50th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 50th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

P09291.100

Outdoor portrait of Captain (Capt) Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage, 50th Battalion from Millicent, South Australia. A 20 year old Adelaide University student prior to being appointed a Second Lieutenant on 24 March 1915, he embarked for overseas with the 5th Reinforcements of the 10th Battalion...

P09291.100

Film

The Last Post Ceremony commemorating the service of Captain Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage, 50th Battalion (Infantry), First World War

The Last Post Ceremony is presented in the Commemorative area of the Australian War Memorial every day. The ceremony commemorates more than 102,000 Australians who have given their lives in war and other operations and whose names are recorded on the Roll of Honour. At each ceremony the story...

PAFU/869.01

Private Record

Armitage, Harold Edwin Salisbury (known as Rollo) (Captain, b.1894 - d.1917)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Captain Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage, 10 Battalion and 50 Battalion, Egypt, Gallipoli and France, 1915-1917. Collection consists of three letterbooks with carbon copies of transcriptions of letters written by Armitage to his parents. The... Maker: Armitage, Harold Edwin Salisbury

1DRL/0053 (With records)

Digitised Collection

Diary of Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage, 1915

Carbon copy of a diary relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage, 10th Battalion. The original diary was kept by Captain Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage between 20 April 1915 and 24 November 1915. The diary describes his departure from Adelaide and...

RCDIG0000396

Letterbook for Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage, 1915-1916

Transcribed letterbook relating to the First World War service of Captain Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage, 50th Battalion. The original letterbook was sent by Captain Armitage to his Parents and written between 2 December 1915 to 4 June 1916. The letters cover the activities of the company,...

RCDIG0000397

Letterbook for Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage, 1916-1918

Transcribed letterbook relating to the First World War service of Captain Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage, 50th Battalion. The original letters were written whilst serving in Mudros and France and sent by Harold Armitage to his parents between 5 June 1916 and 10 January 1918. The letters describe...

RCDIG0000398

Timeline

Date of birth 1894-11-11
Date of embarkation 1915-04-20
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-03-02
Date of death 1917-04-03