Biography

Birth date: 27 October 1884
Birth place: Australia: Western Australia, Northam
Death date: 13 November 1933
Death place: Australia: Western Australia, Greenmount
Final rank: Captain
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Hugo Throssell, a Western Australian farmer, joined the 10th Light Horse at the outbreak of war. He arrived on Gallipoli in August 1915 and survived the regiment's ill-fated charge at the Nek on 7 August. Throssell was awarded the Victoria Cross for an action on 29-30 August which took place at Hill 60. The 10th Light Horse was brought into an offensive action to extend the front line past Hill 60 in the early hours of the 29th. Throssell and his men became involved in a fierce bomb fight, which continued all night. Throssell was wounded twice but even with his face covered in blood he refused medical help, continuing to shout encouragement to his men. His was the first Victoria Cross awarded to a Western Australian in the war, and the only one to an Australian light horseman.

After the war Throssell married the novelist Katharine Susannah Prichard. Badly affected by his war experiences, he became a socialist and an opponent of war. Although he tried to resume his life on the land, he never fully recovered, and committed suicide in 1933.

Citation:
For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty during operations on the Kaiakij Aghala (Hill 60) in the Gallipoli
Peninsula on 29th and 30th August 1915. Although severely wounded in several places during a counter-attack, he refused to leave his post or to obtain medical assistance till all danger was passed, when he had his wounds dressed and returned to the firing-line until ordered out of action by the Medical Officer. By his personal courage and example he kept up the spirits of his party, and was largely instrumental in saving the situation at a critical period.

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Rolls and Awards

  • Rank: 2nd Lieutenant
  • Date of embarkation: 19 February 1915
  • Place of embarkation: Fremantle
  • Rank: Lieutenant
  • Date of embarkation: 22 January 1917
  • Place of embarkation: Fremantle
  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Recommended for: Victoria Cross
  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Awarded: Victoria Cross
  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Awarded: Mention in despatches
  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Private Record

Photograph

Timeline

Date of birth 1884-10-27
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1914-10-05 Posted to WA first mounted squadron - later expanded and became 10 Light Horse Regiment.
Date promoted 1914-10-06 Appointed Sergeant.
Date commissioned 1915-02-03 Appointed 2nd Lieutenant.
Date of embarkation 1915-02-19
Other units 1915-08-05 10th Light Horse Regiment.
Date of honour or award 1915-08-30 Awarded Victoria Cross for action at Hill 60, Gallipoli, Turkey whilst serving with 10 Light Horse Regiment. THough severely wounded he refused to leave his post. After receiving medical attention he returned to his post until ordered out of action by the Medical Officer.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-09-07
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916
Date promoted 1916-02-20 Appointed Lieutenant.
Date wounded 1916-04 Invalided to Australia after contracting cerebrospinal meningitis.
Date of embarkation 1917-01-22
Other units 1917-01-22 Light Horse Reinforcements.
Date wounded 1917-04 Wounded in action at Second Battle of Gaza, in which his brother was killed.
Other units 1917-04 10 Battalion.
Date promoted 1917-08-15 Appointed Captain.
Date of discharge 1919-02-13
Date of death 1933-11-13