Biography

Birth date: 27 October 1884
Birth place: Australia: Western Australia, Northam
Death date: 13 November 1933
Death place: Australia: Western Australia, Greenmount
Final rank: Captain
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Hugo Throssell, a Western Australian farmer, joined the 10th Light Horse at the outbreak of war. He arrived on Gallipoli in August 1915 and survived the regiment's ill-fated charge at the Nek on 7 August. Throssell was awarded the Victoria Cross for an action on 29-30 August which took place at Hill 60. The 10th Light Horse was brought into an offensive action to extend the front line past Hill 60 in the early hours of the 29th. Throssell and his men became involved in a fierce bomb fight, which continued all night. Throssell was wounded twice but even with his face covered in blood he refused medical help, continuing to shout encouragement to his men. His was the first Victoria Cross awarded to a Western Australian in the war, and the only one to an Australian light horseman.

After the war Throssell married the novelist Katharine Susannah Prichard. Badly affected by his war experiences, he became a socialist and an opponent of war. Although he tried to resume his life on the land, he never fully recovered, and committed suicide in 1933.

Citation:
For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty during operations on the Kaiakij Aghala (Hill 60) in the Gallipoli
Peninsula on 29th and 30th August 1915. Although severely wounded in several places during a counter-attack, he refused to leave his post or to obtain medical assistance till all danger was passed, when he had his wounds dressed and returned to the firing-line until ordered out of action by the Medical Officer. By his personal courage and example he kept up the spirits of his party, and was largely instrumental in saving the situation at a critical period.

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Lieutenant
  • Date of embarkation: 22 January 1917
  • Place of embarkation: Fremantle

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: 2nd Lieutenant
  • Date of embarkation: 19 February 1915
  • Place of embarkation: Fremantle

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

A03688

Portrait of Captain Hugo Vivien Hope Throssell VC of the 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, who enlisted on 5 October 1914 and returned to Australia on 4 September 1918. Throssell was awarded the Victoria Cross for most conspicuous bravery at Kaiakij Aghala (Hill 66), Gallipoli on 3 August 1915.

A03688

H00144

Studio portrait of 2nd Lieutenant Hugo Vivien Hope Throssell VC, 10th Light Horse Regiment, of Northam, WA. A farmer prior to his enlistment on 5 October 1914 he embarked from Fremantle on 19 February 1915 on board HMAT Itonus. Throssell was awarded the Victoria Cross for most conspicuous bravery...

H00144

P00516.001

Studio portrait of Captain Hugo Vivien Hope Throssell VC who enlisted on 5 October 1914 and returned to Australia on 4 September 1918 after service in the 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment in the Middle East and Gallipoli. His Victoria Cross was awarded for most conspicuous bravery at Kaiakij...

P00516.001

P00516.003

Lieutenant Hugo Vivien Hope Throssell VC at Wandsworth Hospital recovering from wounds received at Gallipoli. Throssell enlisted on 5 October 1914 and returned to Australia on 4 September 1918 after service in the 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment in the Middle East and Gallipoli. His Victoria...

P00516.003

P00516.004

Lieutenant Hugo Vivien Hope Throssell VC at Wandsworth Hospital recovering from wounds received at Gallipoli. Throssell enlisted on 5 October 1914 and returned to Australia on 4 September 1918 after service in the 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment in the Middle East and Gallipoli. His Victoria...

P00516.004

P00516.005

GALLIPOLI, TURKEY, 1915. WALKER'S RIDGE, GALLIPOLI, AFTER THE CHARGE OF THE 10TH LIGHT HORSE REGIMENT AIF. IN THE FOREGROUND CAN BE SEEN A HEAP OF UNCLAIMED KITS AFTER THE CHARGE IN WHICH SEVEN OFFICERS OF THE REGIMENT WERE KILLED. NOTE THE "OFFICERS' MESS" IN THE RIGHT HAND CORNER. IT CONSISTS...

P00516.005

P02939.005

Portrait of Second Lieutenant (2Lt) Hugo Vivian Hope Throssell VC, 10th Light Horse Regiment, in a car, smiling down at a nurse. 2Lt Throssell was awarded the Victoria Cross "for most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty during operations on the Kaialij Aghala (Hill 60) in the Gallipoli...

P02939.005

P00516.002

AUSTRALIAN AND BRITISH TROOPS AT A STORES STOCKPILE AMID DUGOUTS AND DIFFICULT COUNTRY ON RUSSELL TOP, WALKER'S RIDGE. THE DIP, KNOWN AS MULE GULLY, IS A SHEER DROP OF 300 FEET, AND ONE FALSE STEP BY ANY OF THE MEN WOULD PROBABLY MEAN DEATH. THE TURKS ARE 80 YARDS AWAY OVER THE TOP OF THE RIDGE.

P00516.002

Art

Captain Hugo Throssell

Depicts a portrait of an officer Captain Hugo Vivian Hope Throssel, VC, 1st Australian Imperial Force, 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment. He was awarded the Victoria Cross during operations on the Kaiakij Aghala (Hill 60), at Gallipoli on 29-30 August 1915, and was severely wounded. Returning...

ART02797

Private Record

Heraldry

British War Medal 1914-20 : Captain H V H Throssell, 10 Light Horse Regiment, AIF

British War Medal 1914-20. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL/11835.003

1914-15 Star : Second Lieutenant H V H Throssell, 10 Light Horse Regiment, AIF

1914-15 Star. Impressed reverse with recipient's details.

REL/11835.002

Victory Medal : Captain H V H Throssell, 10 Light Horse Regiment, AIF

Victory Medal. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL/11835.004

Victoria Cross : Second Lieutenant H V H Throssell, 10 Light Horse Regiment, AIF

Victoria Cross. Engraved on reverse suspender with recipient's details and on reverse cross with date of award.

REL/11835.001

Camera case : Captain H V H Throssell, 10 Light Horse Regiment, AIF

Brown leather camera case lined with brown velveteen. The case is rectangular in shape with an adjustable leather strap. The strap passes through two slits at the bottom of the case, and lies flat along the sides before forming a loop over the top. It is held in place near the top by a leather loop...

REL32648

Published Collection

Cigarette card of Capt H Throssell, VC

Cigarette card showing a portrait of Captain Hugo Vivian Hope Throssell VC . Part of a series of cards depicting Australian VCs and Officers printed by Sniders and Abrahams.

RC00752

Technology

Webley Mark IV Revolver : Lieutenant Hugo Throssell, VC

Webley Mark IV double action, six shot revolver. Break open frame with a release latch on the left side. Frame stamped MARK 'IV' WEBLEY MARK IV PATENTS, a double arrow sale mark, WA over an arrow and the serial number. The barrel is also stamped with WA and an arrow mark.

REL/11836

Timeline

Date of birth 1884-10-27
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1914-10-05 Posted to WA first mounted squadron - later expanded and became 10 Light Horse Regiment.
Date promoted 1914-10-06 Appointed Sergeant.
Date commissioned 1915-02-03 Appointed 2nd Lieutenant.
Date of embarkation 1915-02-19
Other units 1915-08-05 10th Light Horse Regiment.
Date of honour or award 1915-08-30 Awarded Victoria Cross for action at Hill 60, Gallipoli, Turkey whilst serving with 10 Light Horse Regiment. THough severely wounded he refused to leave his post. After receiving medical attention he returned to his post until ordered out of action by the Medical Officer.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-09-07
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916
Date promoted 1916-02-20 Appointed Lieutenant.
Date wounded 1916-04 Invalided to Australia after contracting cerebrospinal meningitis.
Date of embarkation 1917-01-22
Other units 1917-01-22 Light Horse Reinforcements.
Date wounded 1917-04 Wounded in action at Second Battle of Gaza, in which his brother was killed.
Other units 1917-04 10 Battalion.
Date promoted 1917-08-15 Appointed Captain.
Date of discharge 1919-02-13
Date of death 1933-11-13