Biography

Birth date: 28 November 1881
Birth place: Australia: Victoria, Longwood
Death date: 20 September 1917
Death place: Western Front: Western Front (Belgium), Passchendaele Area, Passchendaele
Final rank: Major
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: 7th Australian Infantry Battalion

Frederick Tubb was born at Longwood, Victoria, in November 1881. He left school to manage the family farm, and later became a grazier in his own right. He served with the Victorian Mounted Rifles and the 58th Infantry Regiment in which he was commissioned. Tubb enlisted in the AIF in August 1914 and was posted to the 7th Battalion as a second lieutenant. He was promoted to lieutenant in February 1915, reached Gallipoli in July, and was gazetted captain on 8 August. On the same day he took over a vital sector of trench at Lone Pine, with orders to 'hold it at any cost'.

Early the following morning the Turks launched a massive attack, advancing along a sap barricaded with sandbags. Although Tubb was blown from the parapet and the barricade repeatedly wrecked, each time it was rebuilt. At one point a large explosion blew in the barricade and Tubb, wounded in the arm and scalp, was left with Corporals Alexander Burton and William Dunstan. He led them into action, shooting three Turks and providing covering fire while the barricade was rebuilt.

After the attack Tubb was evacuated to Britain to recover, and was awarded the Victoria Cross. Rejoining his battalion in France in 1917, he took part in the Menin Road attack in Belgium in September. Again Tubb showed great courage, leading his company to its objective, but he was mortally wounded by shell-fire. He was buried in the Lijessenthoek military cemetery, Belgium.

Citation (abridged):
In the early morning of 9 August the enemy made a determined counter-attack on the centre of a newly captured trench held by Lieutenant Tubb. They advanced up a trench and blew in a sandbag barricade, leaving only a foot of it standing. Tubb led his men back, repulsed the enemy and rebuilt the barricade. Strong enemy bombing parties succeeded in twice again blowing in the barricade, but on each occasion Tubb, although wounded in head and arm, held his ground with the greatest coolness, rebuilt it and succeeded in maintaining his position under very heavy bomb fire.

Rolls and Awards

Roll of Honour

  • Rank: Major
  • Date of Death: 20 September 1917
  • Unit: 7th Australian Infantry Battalion

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Lieutenant
  • Date of embarkation: 19 October 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 7th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 7th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 7th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 7th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 7th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Private Record

Tubb, Frederick Harold, VC (Major, b.1881 - d.1917)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7 Battalion, AIF, Australia, at sea, Egypt, 1914. Collection consists of a photostat copy of a compilation of letters and diary entries written by Lieutenant (later Major) Frederick Tubb between August and... Maker: Tubb, Frederick Harold

1DRL/0584 (With records)

Tubb, Frederick Harold, VC (b.1881 - d.1917)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion, AIF. Collections consists of 14 original diaries, assorted papers and photographs. The diaries cover the period 1915-1917. Copies of his 1914 diary are held at 1DRL/0584. Maker: Tubb, Frederick Harold

PR04808 (With records)

Tubb, Frederick Harold, VC (Major, b: 1881 d: 1917)

MESSAGE FROM TUBB AS OFFICER COMMANDING D COY 7TH BN TO ADJUTANT 7TH BN. REPORTS THAT AUSTRALIAN ARTILLERY BARRAGE IS FALLING ON TROOPS OF 5TH AND 7TH BNS. CONSEQUENTLY THE OBJECTIVE CANNOT BE TAKEN WITHOUT ASSISTANCE. Maker: Tubb, Frederick Harold

EXDOC036

McCrae, Geoffrey Gordon (Major, b.1890 - d.1916)

Collection relating to the service of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 7 Battalion and 60 Battalion, AIF, 1914-1916, Egypt, Gallipoli, Cyprus, France. Collection consists of a diary kept by Major McCrae from October 1914 to December 1915; letters written by McCrae to his family between September 1914... Maker: McCrae, Geoffrey Gordon

1DRL/0427 (With records)

Maxfield, Gordon Loris, MC (Captain, b.1889 - d.1917)

Collection relating to Captain Gordon Loris Maxfield, 24 Battalion, Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front, 1915-1917. The collection consists of a bound volume made by the Australian War Memorial, entitled 'Letters of Capt. G. L. Maxfield, M.C.' The volume contains photostat copies of numerous letters... Maker: Maxfield, Gordon Loris

1DRL/0489

Photograph

A02287

The grave (right) of Major (Maj) Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion, of Longwood VIC, who was killed in action on 20 September 1917. Frederick Tubb was born at 'St Helena' Longwood, Victoria on 28 November 1881. Educated at East Longwood State School, he left to manage his father's property...

A02287

H06786

Portrait of Captain Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion, of Longwood Victoria. Frederick Tubb was born at 'St Helena' Longwood on 28 November 1881. Educated at East Longwood State School, he left to manage his father's property and become a grazier in his own right. He was active in the...

H06786

P03491.001

Informal group portrait of convalescent British and Australian officers with Lady Clementine Waring and Una V Saxton on the steps at Lady Waring's estate 'Lennel' at Coldstream in Berwickshire, Scotland. Identified standing: left to right: Belgian Second Lieutenant (2/Lt); Belgian 2/Lt; Temporary...

P03491.001

P02939.004

Portrait of Captain Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion, of Longwood Victoria. Frederick Tubb was born at 'St Helena' Longwood on 28 November 1881. Educated at East Longwood State School, he left to manage his father's property and become a grazier in his own right. He was active in the...

P02939.004

P09445.002

Informal group portrait of soldiers returning to Australia from the 2nd Australian Stationary Hospital unit aboard HMAT Port Darwin. Soldiers known to be in this group, but position unknown, include 1230 Sergeant (Sgt) William Harvey (Harvie) Hilton, 1202 Sgt James Garfield Adams, 1213 Private...

P09445.002

P09445.003

Informal group portrait of three soldiers returning to Fremantle, Australia aboard HMAT Port Darwin. Soldiers are identified as 1202 Sergeant James Garfield Adams (right) and 1260 Warrant Officer (WO) Roy Rowe (left) of the 2nd Australian Stationary Hospital unit, and unidentified 'Fred F'...

P09445.003

P09772.004

Outdoor portrait of Second Lieutenant (2nd Lt) Frederick Harold Tubb (later VC), 7th Battalion, and his older brother Lieutenant (Lt) Frank Reid Tubb, 7th Battalion, astride their horses in camp. Frederick Tubb was promoted to Lieutenant in February 1915 and was awarded the Victoria Cross for "most...

P09772.004

P09772.009

Outdoor portrait of Longwood West State School students. Longwood was the birthplace of Victoria Cross recipient Lieutenant (Lt) Frederick Tubb, who attended the school. Tubb's father Harry and his mother Emma Eliza were both school teachers, and Harry Tubb was granted a freehold of land which he...

P09772.009

P09772.006

Studio portrait of Lieutenant (Lt) Frederick Harold Tubb (later Major Tubb VC). Frederick Tubb was born at 'St Helena' Longwood on 28 November 1881. Educated at East Longwood State School, he left to manage his father's property and become a grazier in his own right. He was active in the community,...

P09772.006

A02829

The grave of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion Australian Infantry, of Longwood VIC, who was killed in action on 20 September 1917. The cross was erected by his brothers, Captain F R Tubb and Lieutenant A O Tubb. An extract from The London Gazette, No 29328 dated 15 October 1915,...

A02829

P00735.014

The grave of Major (Maj) Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion, of Longwood VIC, who was killed in action on 20 September 1917. Frederick Tubb was born at 'St Helena' Longwood, Victoria on 28 November 1881. Educated at East Longwood State School, he left to manage his father's property and become...

P00735.014

P09772.007

Group reunion of the 7th Battalion AIF. The men all wear returned service badges on their lapels. The 7th Battalion, was raised by Lieutenant Colonel Harold 'Pompey' Elliott, and along with the 5th, 6th and 8th Battalions formed the 2nd Brigade. The men of the 2nd Brigade all enlisted in Victoria....

P09772.007

P09772.005

Outdoor portrait of Captain Frederick Harold Tubb VC standing beside a horse and cart after a successful deer hunt. As a Lieutenant Tubb was awarded the Victoria Cross for "most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty at Lone Pine Trenches, Gallipoli Peninsula, on 9th August, 1915." The photograph...

P09772.005

P09772.003

The ceremony for the presentation of colours to the 58th Infantry (Essendon Rifles) Regiment, at Moonee Valley Racecourse, Melbourne, Victoria held on the 6th August 1914. Second Lieutenant Frederick Harold Tubb (later VC) kneels before His Excellency Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson KT GCMG PC, and...

P09772.003

P09772.002

Outdoor portrait of the ceremony for the presentation of colours to the 58th Infantry (Essendon Rifles) Regiment, at Moonee Valley Racecourse. Second Lieutenant Frederick Harold Tubb (later VC) kneels before His Excellency Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson KT GCMG PC, and receives one of the colour flags....

P09772.002

Digitised Collection

Photostat copy of a diary for Major Frederick Harold Tubb, 1914

Photostat copy of a diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. This file consists of part one of a diary kept by Major Frederick Harold Tubb during 1914. In the diary, covering the dates between 1 August 1914 and 1 December 1914, Major Tubb...

RCDIG0000837

Photostat copy of diary for Major Frederick Harold Tubb, 1914

Photostat copy of a diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. This file consists of part two of a diary kept by Major Frederick Harold Tubb during 1914. In this diary, written between 3 December 1914 and 30 December 1914, Major Tubb describes...

RCDIG0000838

Photostat copies of letters from Major Frederick Harold Tubb to his family, 1914

Photostat copies of letters relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The original letters were written by Major Tubb on 8 December 1914 and Christmas day 1914. In the first letter, Major Tubb describes his arrival in Cairo, his astonishment at the...

RCDIG0000839

Diary of Frederick Harold Tubb, 1914-1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 19 August 1914 to 24 May 1915 and describes his arrival in Egypt and a detailed recount of the landing at Gallipoli.

RCDIG0000274

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 1 January to 28 February 1915. The diary describes in detail his experiences training and sightseeing in Egypt.

RCDIG0000275

Diary of Frederick Harold Tubb, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 1 March and 25 April 1915. In the diary, Tubb provides an extensive description of the landing at ANZAC Cove and the anticipation of the troops prior to...

RCDIG0000276

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 25 April and 10 May 1915. In the diary, Tubb describes life in the trenches at Gallipoli, the constant shelling and the high casualty numbers suffered by...

RCDIG0000277

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 10 and 31 May 1915 and describes his leave in Egypt, his duties tending to horses and a record of pay for the month.

RCDIG0000278

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 1 June and 6 July 1915. In the diary, Tubb describes life at Gallipoli, the effect of diseases on troop numbers and morale, and the capacity of medical...

RCDIG0000279

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 6 July to 15 August 1915. In the diary, Tubb describes the actions at Lone Pine that led to his Victoria Cross award and the wounds he received as a...

RCDIG0000280

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 17 August and 6 October 1915. In this diary, Tubb recounts his movement off Gallipoli due to the wounds he received at Lone Pine and the lengthy games of...

RCDIG0000281

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 7 October and 21 November 1915. In the diary, Tubb describes his continued convalescence at 3rd London General Hospital in Wandsworth and meeting another...

RCDIG0000282

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1915-1916

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 22 November 1915 and 2 January 1916. In the diary, Tubb recounts sightseeing around London, visiting members of his extended family for Christmas, the...

RCDIG0000283

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1915-1916

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 31 December 1915 and 30 June 1916. In the diary, Tubb comments on the newspaper reports about the direction of the war, his promotion and continued...

RCDIG0000284

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1916-1917

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 1 July 1916 and 1 January 1917. In the diary, Tubb describes his time visiting relatives around Britain, returning to the front in France and comments on...

RCDIG0000285

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1917

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 1 January and 13 July 1917. In the diary, Tubb recounts his experiences in the trenches in France, the continuous bombardment, effectiveness of aerial...

RCDIG0000286

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1917

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 14 July and 12 September 1917. In the diary, Tubb describes his time on leave in Ireland, commenting on the beautiful landscape and his lack success...

RCDIG0000287

Series 1: Diaries and notebook of Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 1914-1915

This series contains the diaries and notebook of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 7th Battalion. The three diaries cover McCrae’s journey to Egypt in 1914 and his service at Gallipoli the following year. The diaries have been transcribed from originals by McCrae’s father. This series also contains...

RCDIG0001240

Diary of Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 1914

Diary relating to the First World War service of Captain Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 7th Battalion. In this diary McCrae details his journey from Australia to Egypt on the troopship HMAT Hororata and his entries range from 18 October to 5 December 1914. The entries cover: his embarkation from Melbourne...

RCDIG0001241

Published Collection

Cigarette card of Major F H Tubb VC

Cigarette card showing a portrait of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC. Part of a series of cards depicting Australian VCs printed by Sniders and Abrahams.

RC09124

Heraldry

Cigarette case : Captain F H Tubb, 7 Battalion AIF

Curved silver cigarette case, hinged at either end, with a central opening. There is a press catch located at the centre on either side of the case. Inside is a single blue and white elastic strap to retain cigarettes, and mountings for several other straps which are not present. The inside of the...

RELAWM15367

Victoria Cross : Captain F H Tubb, 7 Battalion AIF

Victoria Cross. Engraved reverse suspender with recipient's details and reverse cross with date of action.

RELAWM15368.001

1914-15 Star : Second Lieutenant F H Tubb, 7 Battalion, AIF

1914-15 Star. Impressed reverse with recipient's details.

RELAWM15368.002

Victory Medal : Major F H Tubb, 7 Battalion AIF

Victory Medal. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

RELAWM15368.004

Victoria Cross : Corporal A S Burton, 7 Battalion, AIF

Victoria Cross. Engraved reverse suspender with recipient's details; reverse cross with date of action.

RELAWM16499.001

British War Medal 1914-20 : Major F H Tubb, 7 Battalion AIF

British War Medal 1914-20. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

RELAWM15368.003

Victoria Cross : Corporal W Dunstan, 7 Battalion, AIF

Victoria Cross. Engraved on reverse suspender with recipient's details and on reverse cross with date of award.

REL/03274.001

Timeline

Date of birth 1881-11-28
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1914-08-24 Appointed 2nd Lieutenant with 7 Battalion.
Date of embarkation 1914-10-19
Date promoted 1915-02-01 Appointed Lieutenant.
Date promoted 1915-08-06 Appointed Captain.
Date of honour or award 1915-08-09 Awarded Victoria Cross for action at Lone Pine, Gallipoli, Turkey whilst serving with 7 Battalion, 2 Brigade, 1 Division as a Captain
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-08-20
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-09-01
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-10-16
Date promoted 1917-02-17 Appointed Major.
Date of death 1917-09-20
Date wounded 1917-09-20 Wounded and evacuated, later dying from the wounds received.