Biography

Also Known as: Fred Leslie Biddle
Birth date: 27 October 1885
Birth place: Australia: Victoria, Clifton Hill
Death date: 17 August 1917
Death place: Belgium
Final rank: Major
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Units:
  • 1st Australian Division
  • 2nd Australian Field Artillery Brigade
  • 4th Australian Field Artillery Battery

Frederick Leslie Biddle was born on 27 October 1885 and educated at Hawthorne College. He had also matriculated twice at the University of Melbourne and had spent 10 years with the Citizen Militia Force as a gunner. He was promoted to Captain with the CMF on 1 September 1913.

At the time of enlistment on 18 August 1914, he was 28 years old and was working as a warehouseman in East Melbourne. He was assigned to 2nd Field Artillery with the rank of captain and departed Melbourne aboard HMAT Shropshire on 20 October 1914. Biddle served in Egypt and France before being killed in action on 17 August 1917. Frederick Biddle is buried at Brandhoek New Military Cemetery, Belgium.

Rolls and Awards

Roll of Honour

  • Rank: Major
  • Date of Death: 17 August 1917
  • Unit: 2nd Australian Field Artillery Brigade

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Captain
  • Date of embarkation: 20 October 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Field Artillery Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Field Artillery Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 4th Australian Field Artillery Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 4th Australian Field Artillery Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 4th Australian Field Artillery Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 4th Australian Field Artillery Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 4th Australian Field Artillery Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 4th Australian Field Artillery Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

A01511

Studio portrait of Major (Maj) Fred Leslie Biddle, DSO, 2nd Field Artillery Brigade (2 FAB). A soldier, of East Melbourne, Victoria, prior to the war, he served for 10 years in the Australian Field Artillery where he was commissioned on 20 October 1910 and promoted to Captain (Capt) on 1 September...

A01511

A01512

An informal group portrait of four officers of the 2nd Australian Field Artillery Brigade. Major F L Biddle is on the left holding a magnum of champagne, the other three men are unidentified. Two of the men are smoking cigarettes.

A01512

H15137

Mena, Egypt. Major F.L. Biddle DSO (in helmet) with two other AIF artillerymen on the roof of a house observing artillery manoeuvres in the River Nile delta.

H15137

H15139

Gallipoli, Turkey. 1915. The 2nd Australian Field Artillery Brigade Headquarters. The person sitting in front of a dugout in the centre of the photograph is Major F.L. Biddle DSO.

H15139

P03954.001

Group portrait of Officers of the Australian Field Artillery in front of the sphinx and pyramids at Giza. All of the officers embarked on HMAT Shropshire from Melbourne on 20 October 1914. Identified, left to right: standing: Captain (Capt) Gideon Jervis Crespin, Officer Commanding 2nd Field...

P03954.001

Art

Farewell to Anzac 20th December 1915

This painting shows a scene in the saloon of the transport ship "Arran". The saloon assumed the atmosphere of a crowded hotel parlour as friends relaxed amid the din of conversation and a haze of tobacco smoke after weary months of fighting and danger. Several Australian Imperial Force leaders are...

ART09582

Private Record

Biddle, Frederick Leslie (Major, b.1885 - d.1917)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Leslie Biddle DSO, 2 Field Artillery Brigade, Egypt, Gallipoli and France, 1914-1917. Collection consists of seventy-five letters written by Biddle to his family in Australia. Major Biddle died on 18 August 1917 in Belgium. Maker: Biddle, Frederick Leslie

1DRL/0119 (With records)

Ellsworth, Norman Griffiths (Battery Sergeant Major, d:1917)

Collection relating to the First World War service of 843 Battery Sergeant Major Norman Griffiths Ellsworth, 102 Howitzer Battery (2 Field Artillery Brigade), Egypt, Gallipoli, France and Belgium, 1914-1917. Collection consists of letters written home to family in South Yarra, Victoria. Maker: Ellsworth, Norman Griffiths

1DRL/0266 (With records)

Spurge, Cyril Herman (Lieutenant Colonel)

Collection relating to the service of Lieutenant Colonel Cyril Herman Spurge, 1 Division Artillery, Egypt, Gallipoli, France, Belgium, 1914-1919. Collection consists of a photograph album containing numerous snapshots, chiefly of Spurge's fellow officers, some Gallipoli scenes, street scenes of... Maker: Spurge, Cyril Herman

PR82/094.001

Digitised Collection

Letters from Fred Leslie Biddle to his Family, 1914-1915

Letters relating to the First World War service of Captain Fred Leslie Biddle, 2nd Field Artillery Brigade. The letters were written by Fred Biddle to his family in Australia between 13 November 1914 to 13 December 1915. These letters provide detailed recounts of life in Mena camp, his Brigade's...

RCDIG0000202

Letters from Fred Leslie Biddle to his Mother, 1916-1917

Letters relating to the First World War service of Major Fred Leslie Biddle DSO, 2nd Field Artillery Brigade. The letters were written by Fred Biddle to his mother between 1 January 1916 and 12 August 1917. In the letters, Fred Biddle describes the evacuation of ANZAC Cove, his actions at...

RCDIG0000203

Miscellaneous items from Fred Leslie Biddle, 1915-1916

Miscellaneous items relating to the First World War service of Major Fred Leslie Biddle DSO, 2nd Field Artillery Brigade. The items were written between 21 April 1915 to 3 August 1916. This file contains: Ration Scale from a Divisional Order, annotated by Fred Biddle, 21 April 1915; Cablegram from...

RCDIG0000204

Letter from Fred Biddle to Norman Griffiths Ellsworth, 1916

Letter relating to the First World War service of 843 Battery Sergeant Major Norman Griffiths Ellsworth, 102nd Howitzer Battery, 2nd Field Artillery Brigade. The letter was written by Major Fred Leslie Biddle DSO to Norman Ellsworth on the 12 February 1916, and describes the evacuation of 4th...

RCDIG0000234

Timeline

Date of birth 1885-10-27
Date of embarkation 1914-10-20
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-08-29
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-09-07
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-09-10
Date of death 1917-08-17