Biography

Birth date: 05 March 1883
Birth place: United Kingdom: England, Greater London, Mile End
Death date: 15 April 1917
Death place: France: Picardie, Somme, Louverval
Final rank: Lieutenant
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Battalion

Charles Pope (1883-1917) was born in London but migrated to Canada, where he worked for the Canadian Pacific Railways. He returned to London in 1906 and joined the Metropolitan Police Force, resigning in 1910 to come to Australia with his family. He enlisted in the AIF in August 1915, and in February 1916 he was commissioned as an officer.

Pope was killed in action at Louverval in a desperate "last stand" charge, and was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. Occupying an important picquet post during a German attack on the village, he was ordered "to hold this post at all costs". The enemy attacked the post and surrounded it, while Pope sent back an urgent request for re-supply. Before anything could arrive, and with his men out of ammunition, Pope ordered them to charge the large German force. Later his body, together with those of his men, was found close to 80 dead Germans. He is buried in Moeuvres Communal Cemetery in France.

Rolls and Awards

Roll of Honour

  • Rank: Lieutenant
  • Date of Death: 15 April 1917
  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Battalion

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: 2nd Lieutenant
  • Date of embarkation: 15 July 1916
  • Place of embarkation: Fremantle

Australian Red Cross Wounded and Missing Files

  • Rank: Lieutenant
  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Battalion

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

029852

PERTH, AUSTRALIA. 1943-03-24. MARCH OF THE RECENTLY RETURNED 9TH AUSTRALIAN DIVISION THROUGH THE CITY. PHOTOGRAPH SHOWS THE SALUTING BASE. LEFT TO RIGHT:- LIEUTENANT-GENERAL H. GORDON BENNETT, CB, CMG, DSO, VD, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING 3RD AUSTRALIAN CORPS; LIEUTENANT COLONEL W.J. WAIN, DSO,...

029852

028961

PERTH, WA. 1943-01-16. CLOSE UP OF SALUTING BASE AT THE ARMY DIVISIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS AND MILITARY DISPLAY AT GLOUCESTER PARK. SIR JAMES MITCHELL, KCMG., THE LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR, IS SEEN TAKING THE SALUTE, WHILE ON HIS RIGHT IS LIEUTENANT-GENERAL H. GORDON BENNETT, CB, CMG, DSO, VD.,...

028961

029005

PERTH, WA. 1943-01-22. IN CELEBRATION OF THE BIRTH OF A THIRD PRINCESS OF ORANGE, DUTCH SERVICE PERSONNEL, LED BY AN AUSTRALIAN MILITARY BAND, MARCHED THROUGH THE STREETS OF PERTH. THE SALUTE WAS TAKEN BY REAR-ADMIRAL CHARLES A. LOCKWOOD JNR, US NAVY. THE LORD MAYOR WAS ALSO AT THE SALUTING BASE....

029005

029235

WESTERN AUSTRALIA. 1943-02. LIEUTENANT-GENERAL H. GORDON BENNETT AND ALLIED NAVAL, ARMY AND AIR FORCE CHIEFS DISCUSS TACTICAL MOVE ON SOUTH-WEST PACIFIC AREA WAR SITUATION MAP. SHOWN ARE:- AIR COMMODORE R.J. BROWNELL, RAAF (1); NX70343 LIEUTENANT-GENERAL H. GORDON BENNETT CB CMG DSO VD,...

029235

029236

WESTERN AUSTRALIA. 1943-02. LIEUTENANT-GENERAL H. GORDON BENNETT AND ALLIED NAVAL, ARMY AND AIR FORCE CHIEFS DISCUSS TACTICAL MOVE ON SOUTH-WEST PACIFIC AREA WAR SITUATION MAP. SHOWN ARE:- COMMODORE C.J. POPE, RAN - NAVAL OFFICER IN CHARGE FREMANTLE (1); CAPTAIN A.R. MCCANN, UNITED STATES NAVY (2);...

029236

029237

WESTERN AUSTRALIA. 1943-02. CONFERENCE OF ALLIED NAVAL, ARMY AND AIR FORCE CHIEFS, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL H. GORDON BENNETT PRESIDING. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- NX70343 LIEUTENANT-GENERAL H. GORDON BENNETT, CB, CMG, DSO, VD, GENERAL-OFFICER-COMMANDING 3 AUSTRALIAN CORPS (1) COMMODORE C.J. POPE, CBE,...

029237

029238

WESTERN AUSTRALIA. 1943-02. CONFERENCE OF ALLIED NAVAL, ARMY AND AIR FORCE CHIEFS, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL H. GORDON BENNETT PRESIDING. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- NX70343 LIEUTENANT-GENERAL H. GORDON BENNETT, CB, CMG, DSO, VD, GENERAL-OFFICER-COMMANDING 3 AUSTRALIAN CORPS (1) COMMODORE C.J. POPE, CBE,...

029238

029239

WESTERN AUSTRALIA. 1943-02. CONFERENCE OF ALLIED NAVAL, ARMY AND AIR FORCE CHIEFS, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL H. GORDON BENNETT PRESIDING. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- NX70343 LIEUTENANT-GENERAL H. GORDON BENNETT CB CMG DSO VD, GENERAL-OFFICER-COMMANDING 3 AUSTRALIAN CORPS (1); COMMODORE C.J. POPE, CBE, RAN...

029239

050638

FREMANTLE, WA. 1943-04-09. THE WESTERN AUSTRALIAN L. OF C. AREA BAND LEADING THE NAVY DAY MARCH PAST THE SALUTING BASE. THE MARCH WAS TO FURTHER THE THIRD LIBERTY LOAN APPEAL. ON THE DAIS IN BACKGROUND ARE, LEFT TO RIGHT:- PAY COMMANDER C.E.S. CROWLEY, RN; MR. F.E. GIBSON, NLC, MAYOR OF FREMANTLE;...

050638

050640

FREMANTLE, WA. 1943-04-09. MEMBERS OF THE WOMEN'S ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVAL SERVICE MARCHING PAST THE SALUTING BASE DURING THE NAVY DAY MARCH HELD FOR THE PURPOSE OF FURTHERING THE THIRD LIBERTY LOAN. AT THE SALUTING BASE ARE, LEFT TO RIGHT:- PAY LIEUTENANT COMMANDER A.T. VANDERSTOEL, ROYAL AUSTRALIAN...

050640

050641

FREMANTLE, WA. 1943-04-09. PERSONNEL OF THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY MARCHING PAST THE SALUTING BASE DURING THE NAVY DAY MARCH HELD FOR THE PURPOSE OF FURTHERING THE THIRD LIBERTY LOAN. AT THE SALUTING BASE ARE, LEFT TO RIGHT:- PAY LIEUTENANT COMMANDER A.T. VANDERSTOEL, ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVAL...

050641

050642

FREMANTLE, WA. 1943-04-09. PERSONNEL OF THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY MARCHING PAST THE SALUTING BASE DURING THE NAVY DAY MARCH HELD FOR THE PURPOSE OF FURTHERING THE THIRD LIBERTY LOAN. AT THE SALUTING BASE ARE, LEFT TO RIGHT:- PAY LIEUTENANT COMMANDER A.T. VANDERSTOEL, ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVAL...

050642

050643

FREMANTLE, WA. 1943-04-09. PERSONNEL OF THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY MARCHING PAST THE SALUTING BASE DURING THE NAVY DAY MARCH HELD FOR THE PURPOSE OF FURTHERING THE THIRD LIBERTY LOAN. AT THE SALUTING BASE ARE, LEFT TO RIGHT:- PAY LIEUTENANT COMMANDER A.T. VANDERSTOEL, ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVAL...

050643

050644

FREMANTLE, WA. 1943-04-09. MEMBERS OF THE WOMEN'S ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVAL SERVICE MARCHING PAST THE SALUTING BASE DURING THE NAVY DAY MARCH HELD FOR THE PURPOSE OF FURTHERING THE THIRD LIBERTY LOAN. AT THE SALUTING BASE ARE, LEFT TO RIGHT:- PAY LIEUTENANT COMMANDER A.T. VANDERSTOEL, ROYAL AUSTRALIAN...

050644

050645

FREMANTLE, WA. 1943-04-09. PERSONNEL OF THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY, WITH NAVAL FIELD GUN, PASSING THE SALUTING BASE DURING THE NAVY DAY MARCH HELD TO BOOST THE THIRD LIBERTY LOAN. COMMODORE C.J. POPE, CBE, RAN, IS TAKING THE SALUTE, AND ON HIS RIGHT IS MR. F.E. GIBSON, MLC, MAYOR OF FREMANTLE.

050645

050646

FREMANTLE, WA. 1943-04-09. NAVY DAY MARCH THROUGH THE STREETS OF FREMANTLE. SCENE AT THE SALUTING BASE AFTER THE MARCH HAD PASSED THAT POINT. ON THE DAIS MR. F.E. GIBSON, MLC, MAYOR OF FREMANTLE, IS SEEN TALKING TO COMMODORE C.J. POPE, CBE, RAN, WHO TOOK THE SALUTE.

050646

A02648

Studio portrait of Lieutenant (Lt) Charles Pope VC, 11th Battalion, of Perth WA, formerly of London, England who was killed in action on 15 April 1917 at Louverval, France. Lt Pope was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for 'most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty when in command of a...

A02648

P02939.015

Studio portrait of Lieutenant (Lt) Charles Pope VC, 11th Battalion. Lt Pope was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for "most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty when in command of a very important picquet post in the sector held by his battalion, his orders being to hold this post at all...

P02939.015

A02648A

Cropped studio portrait of Lieutenant (Lt) Charles Pope VC, 11th Battalion, of Perth WA, formerly of London, England who was killed in action on 15 April 1917 at Louverval, France. Lt Pope was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for 'most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty when in...

A02648A

Heraldry

Victoria Cross : Lieutenant C Pope, 11 Battalion, AIF

Victoria Cross. Engraved reverse suspender with recipient's details; reverse cross with date of action.

REL/18182.001

British War Medal 1914-20 : Lieutenant C Pope, 11 Battalion, AIF

British War Medal 1914-20. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL/18182.002

Victory Medal : Lieutenant C Pope, 11 Battalion, AIF

Victory Medal re-issue. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL/18182.003

Private Record

Pope, Charles VC (Lieutenant, b.1883 - d.1917)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Charles Pope VC, 11 Battalion, France. Collection consists of an original 2 page typed letter written by General Birdwood to Mrs Pope following the death of her husband at Louverval on 15 April 1917; and an extract from the London... Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

PR88/208 (With records)

Digitised Collection

Letter from General Birdwood to Mrs Pope, 1917

Letter relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Charles Pope VC, 11th Battalion. The letter was written by General Birdwood to Mrs Pope on 1 July 1917. The letter was sent following the death of Charles Pope Louverval in April 1917 and in it, General Birdwood expresses his both his...

RCDIG0000305

Letter from the Department of Defence to Mrs Pope, 1917

Letter relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Charles Pope VC, 11th Battalion. The letter was sent Mrs Pope by the Department of Defence on 26 October 1917 and contains the citation for Charles Pope's VC.

RCDIG0000306

Timeline

Date of birth 1883-03-05 Mile End, London, England.
Other 1910 Migrated to Australia.
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1915-08-25 11 Battalion.
Date commissioned 1916-02-10 Appointed 2nd Lieutenant.
Date of embarkation 1916-07-15
Date promoted 1916-12-26 Appointed Lieutenant.
Date of death 1917-04-15 Louverval, France.
Date of honour or award 1917-04-15 Awarded Victoria Cross for action at Louverval, France whilst serving with 11 Battalion, 3 Brigade, 1 Division as a Lieutenant
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-04-28