Biography

Birth date: 1889
Birth place: Australia: Queensland, Bundaberg
Death date: 1974
Final rank: Major
Service number: 2 - First World War, 1914-1918
Units:
  • 3rd Field Company, Australian Engineers
  • 5th Field Company, Australian Engineers
  • 8th Field Company, Australian Engineers

William Gordon Farquhar was born in Woongarra, Bundaberg, Queensland in 1889 to William Gordon and Margaret Wallace Farquhar. Prior to enlisting, he spent six years as a senior cadet and worked as a surveyor. Farquhar enlisted in Brisbane, Queensland on 18 August 1914 as a Sapper and was assigned to the 3rd Field Company Engineers where he was soon promoted to lance corporal. He embarked for Egypt on 22 September 1914 aboard HMAT Geelong. After training in Egypt, Farquhar served at Gallipoli with 3rd Field Company Engineers. He was promoted to sergeant on 15 May 1915. He was transferred in July 1915 to the 8th Field Company Engineers (at that time 5th Field Company Engineers) in Egypt.

Farquhar was commissioned as a second Lieutenant on 26 July 1915. Farquhar retuned to Gallipoli on 12 September, leading No. 3 Section at Quinn's Post, until the evacuation in December. Farquhar was promoted to lieutenant during this time. Between January and June 1916, the 8th Field Company Engineers trained in Egypt where Farquhar was promoted to captain on 14 March. The unit embarked for France in June 1916. Farquhar was promoted to major on 21 March 1917 and took command of the 8th Field Company Engineers from 23 March 1917. He was twice Mentioned in Despatches (December 1917 and December 1918) and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order on 1 January 1918 for his actions on the Somme and at Lagnicourt. He was awarded the Croix de Guerre (Belgian) on 5 April 1919 "for continued gallant and devoted services under fire". Farquhar returned to Australia in February 1919 aboard HMAT Berrima.

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Lance Corporal
  • Date of embarkation: 22 September 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Belgian Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: 8th Field Company, Australian Engineers
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 8th Field Company, Australian Engineers
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 5th Field Company, Australian Engineers
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 8th Field Company, Australian Engineers
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 8th Field Company, Australian Engineers
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Belgian Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: 8th Field Company, Australian Engineers
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 8th Field Company, Australian Engineers
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 8th Field Company, Australian Engineers
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Collection Items

Private Record

Farquhar, William Gordon, DSO (Major)

Collection relating to service of Major William Gordon Farquhar, DSO, 8 Field Company Engineers, Gallipoli, 1915. Collection includes works diary maintained by Farquhar at Quinn's Post. Maker: Farquhar, William Gordon

1DRL/0278 (With records)

Digitised Collection

Diary of William Gordon Farquhar, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant William Gordon Farquhar DSO, 8th Field Company Engineers. The diary was written by William Farquhar at Quinn's Post, Gallipoli between 13 September and 11 December 1915. The diary records the major engineering works undertaken by...

RCDIG0000158

Sketch of Turkish Mortar Bomb by William Gordon Farquhar, 1915

Sketch of a Turkish mortar bomb by Lieutenant William Gordon Farquhar DSO, 8th Field Company Engineers. The sketch was made at Quinn's Post, Gallipoli on 14 October 1915.

RCDIG0000159

Written report of a mine explosion by William Gordon Farquhar, 1915

Report on a mine explosion written by Lieutenant William Gordon Farquhar DSO, 8th Field Company Engineers. The report was written at Quinn's Post, Gallipoli on 11 November 1915 and gives information on the size of the charge, the type of tamping used and the effect of the detonation.

RCDIG0000160

Timeline

Date of birth 1889
Date of embarkation 1914-09-22
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-01-02
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-09-24
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-09-25
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-10-11
Date of death 1974