Biography

Birth date: 20 June 1893
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales, Wollongong, Unanderra
Death date: 28 November 1915
Death place: Ottoman Empire: Turkey, Gallipoli
Final rank: Private
Service number: 644 - First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: 1st Australian Infantry Battalion

Frederick Warren Muir, a law student from Unanderra, enlisted with the Australian Imperial Force at Randwick on 22 August 1914. He had brief military experience, having spent two-and-a-half years as a lieutenant in the cadets. Muir was assigned to the 1st Infantry Battalion and departed Sydney for Egypt aboard HMAT Afric on 18 October 1914.

After training at Egypt, Muir left with the 1st Battalion for the Dardanelles and participated in the landing on 25 April 1915. He wrote home to his mother almost every week from the trenches, describing in detail his experiences at the front line. His letters were published in the South Coast Times, a local paper in Wollongong.

In late November 1915, Muir was badly wounded and taken to the Hospital Ship Glenart Castle, just off the coast of the peninsula. Unfortunately, on 28 November he succumbed to his wounds and was buried at sea. Frederick Muir is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial, Turkey.

Rolls and Awards

Roll of Honour

  • Rank: Private
  • Date of Death: 28 November 1915
  • Unit: 1st Australian Infantry Battalion

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Private
  • Date of embarkation: 18 October 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Sydney

Collection Items

Private Record

Muir, Frederick Warren (Private, b.1893 - d.1915)

Collection relating to the service of 644 Private Frederick Warren Muir, 1 Battalion, AIF, at sea, Egypt, Gallipoli, Imbros, 1914-1915. Collection consists of thirty-five letters written by Private Muir to his mother, Mrs. Alice Blanche Chester O'Donnell of Unanderra, NSW; three letters of... Maker: Lewis, George

2DRL/0316 (With records)

Digitised Collection

Diary of Frederick Warren Muir, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of 644 Private Frederick Warren Muir, 1st Battalion. The diary was kept by Private Muir from March to November 1915 and contains short entries relating to his service at Gallipoli. Private Muir's entry for the 25 April provides a detailed description...

RCDIG0000428

Letters from Frederick Warren Muir, 1914-1915

Letters relating to the First World War service of 644 Private Frederick Warren Muir, 1st Battalion. The letters were written by Private Muir to his Mother between 1914 and 25 November 1915 and describe the training in Egypt, his experiences in Cairo and his time at Gallipoli. Of the Landing,...

RCDIG0000429

Letters relating to Frederick Warren Muir, 1915-1916

Condolence letters relating to the First World War service of 644 Private Frederick Warren Muir, 1st Battalion. The condolence letters were sent to Private Muir's Mother between 28 November 1915 and 4 February 1916 and concern the details of his death at Gallipoli. This file contains: Letter from...

RCDIG0000430

Scrapbook relating to Frederick Warren Muir, 1915

Scrapbook relating to the First World War service of 644 Private Frederick Warren Muir, 1st Battalion. The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings taken from the South Coast Times, Wollongong, NSW and excerpts Private Muir's letters, sent throughout 1915.

RCDIG0000431

Film

The Last Post Ceremony commemorating the service of (644) Private Frederick Warren Muir, 1st Battalion, AIF, First World War.

The Last Post Ceremony is presented in the Commemorative area of the Australian War Memorial each day. The ceremony commemorates more than 102,000 Australians who have given their lives in war and other operations and whose names are recorded on the Roll of Honour. At each ceremony the story behind...

PAFU2015/341.01

Timeline

Date of birth 1893-06-20
Date of embarkation 1914-10-18
Date of death 1915-11-28