Biography

Birth date: 29 April 1880
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney
Death date: 03 March 1919
Death place: United Kingdom: England, Greater London, London
Final rank: Major
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Units:
  • 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade
  • 6th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Oliver Hogue was born in Sydney on 29 April 1880. Despite growing up in the city, his ability at sports and his skill as a horseman led Hogue to consider himself a bushman and, after completing school, he travelled thousands of miles by bicycle along Australia's east coast. He worked as a commercial traveler before joining the Sydney Morning Herald in 1907 as a journalist. After the outbreak of the First World War Hogue tried unsuccessfully to become Australia's official war correspondent and instead enlisted as a trooper with the 6th Light Horse Regiment. He departed Sydney aboard HMAT Suevic on 21 December 1914.

Hogue served on Gallipoli for five months before being evacuated to England with enteric fever. He returned to his unit in the Sinai region in early 1916. Hogue developed a reputation as a loyal and enthusiastic officer unafraid of front-line service, and he was a regular writer to both his family and his former employer. Writing under the pseudonym "Trooper Bluegum", his contributions to the Sydney Morning Herald were published as books back in Australia. After participating in the battle of Romani in August 1916 he was transferred to the Imperial Camel Corps (ICC) and was involved in the battles of Magdhaba, Rafa, and Gaza in 1917. In letters home Hogue frequently referred to the fearlessness and achievements of the Australian troops, especially at Romani. He was also critical of the British press coverage of the war, which largely overlooked the accomplishments of the ICC and Australian troops in general.

In July 1918 Hogue was transferred to the 14th Light Horse Regiment and participated in the advance through the Jordan Valley. He was also promoted to major at this time. After reaching Damascus, and with the Turkish surrender in October, Hogue took leave to England in January 1919. Having survived the entirety of the First World War he soon after contracted influenza and died in London on 3 March 1919.

Rolls and Awards

Roll of Honour

  • Rank: Major
  • Date of Death: 03 March 1919
  • Unit: 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: 2nd Lieutenant
  • Date of embarkation: 21 December 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Sydney

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Cross

  • Unit: 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Cross

  • Unit: 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Private Record

Hogue, Oliver (Major, b.1880 - d.1919)

Collection relating to the service of Major Oliver Hogue, 14 Australian Light Horse, Gallipoli, Egypt, Palestine. Collection includes original letters written by Major Hogue to his family and friends in Australia, particularly to his journalist colleague, W. Farmer Whyte, between May 1915 and... Maker: Hogue, Oliver 'Trooper Bluegum'

1DRL/0355 (With records)

Australian National Defence League, NSW Division

Papers of the Australian National Defence League (N.S.W. Division) documenting the lobby group's organisation, membership, activities and influence from its creation in 1905 to its collapse in 1938. Includes three registers of subscriptions paid by members; five volumes of minutes of meetings... Maker:

2DRL/1098

Photograph

A02353

Lieutenant Oliver Hogue in his dugout at Anzac. Several portraits of a woman and one of Lord Kitchener are hanging on the wall. A bag hanging from the wall might contain an early gas mask. Hogue, a journalist, wrote several books under the penname 'Trooper Bluegum'. He died of influenza in...

A02353

A02530

The 1st Anzac Battalion of the Imperial Camel Corps, in command of Captain O Hogue, on their way to Tor (near Suez), to strengthen the small garrison at the British manganese mines in case of attack by hostile tribes.

A02530

A02531

The 1st Anzac Battalion of the Imperial Camel Corps, in command of Captain Oliver (Trooper Bluegum) Hogue, on their way to Tor (near Suez), where the small garrison at the valuable manganese mines required strengthening against the threat of attack by restless tribes.

A02531

A02533

View of the Monastery of St Catherine, which lies at the foot of Jebel Musa or Mount Sinai, showing three officers and two monks, the officers are from left to right; Major Oliver Hogue (Trooper Bluegum) of the 14th Australian Light Horse of Sydney NSW, who died of influenza on 3 March 1919 in...

A02533

A02013

An informal group portrait of well known Light Horsemen, taken outside a dugout on the right of the Australian position. From Left to right: Lieutenant Oliver Hogue (Trooper Bluegum), Brigadier General G D L Ryrie, Major W J Foster and Captain R V Pollock.

A02013

A05426

Portrait of Lieutenant (Lt) (later Major) Oliver Hogue, 2nd Light Horse Brigade, later of the 14th Light Horse Brigade, outside a dugout on Anzac. Lt Hogue of Sydney, NSW, worked as a journalist prior to his enlistment on 16 September 1914. He served through almost the entire Gallipoli campaign,...

A05426

B02797

Officers of the Anzac Section of the Imperial Camel Corps. The centre figure is the late Major Oliver Hogue who died from an illness on 3 March 1919.

B02797

B02808

Portrait of Lieutenant (later Major) Oliver Hogue, Camp Commandant at the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade camp, mounted on his horse. Major Hogue died in England of influenza on 3 March 1919.

B02808

G01332

Portrait of Lieutenant (Lt) (Later Major) Oliver Hogue, 2nd Light Horse Brigade, later of the 14th Light Horse Brigade, outside a dugout on Anzac. Lt Hogue of Sydney, NSW, worked as a journalist prior to his enlistment on 16 September 1914. He served through almost the entire Gallipoli campaign,...

G01332

G01688

Egypt. 1915. Lieutenant Oliver Hogue (Trooper Bluegum of the Sydney Morning Herald newspaper), Orderly Officer to Colonel M'Cay, Commanding Officer, 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade.

G01688

H15731

England. 11 November 1931. The grave of Major Oliver Hogue (known as Trooper Bluegum) of the 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, in Brookwood Military Cemetery. (Donor Captain R.W. Murphy, Imperial War Graves Commission)

H15731

H02695

ABBASSIA, EGYPT. 1915. FIVE MEMBERS OF THE 4TH BATTALION, ANZAC SECTION, IMPERIAL CAMEL CORPS. THE MAN IN THE CENTRE IS CAPTAIN OLIVER HOGUE WHO DIED OF ILLNESS ON 1919-03-03.

H02695

H02759

Maadi, Egypt. 1915. 2nd Lieutenant Oliver Hogue, Camp Commandant 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade. (Donor A. Balland)

H02759

J06248

GALLIPOLI, TURKEY. LIEUTENANT OLIVER HOGUE (TROOPER BLUEGUM) 2ND AUSTRALIAN LIGHT HORSE (2ALH) BRIGADE HEADQUARTERS, AT HIS DUGOUT ON SHELL GREEN, ANZAC, IN 1915-08. (DONATED BY MR. H.H. SHELLEY.)

J06248

P11277.002

Australian Lighthorsemen lying prone on the edge of a sunken road. "On the road at Rafa within about 500 yards of the Turks trenches we had a good few hit before we reached this road this is the only cover we got advancing from about 1200 yards" (original inscription). From a collection relating to...

P11277.002

P11277.004

Portrait of Lieutenant (Lt) (later Major) Oliver Hogue, 2nd Light Horse Brigade, later of the 14th Light Horse Regiment, mounted on his horse. Lt Hogue of Sydney, NSW, worked as a journalist prior to his enlistment on 16 September 1914. This photograph was sent as a postcard to W Farmer Whyte at...

P11277.004

J05868

Colonel George Furner Langley, Major Mills and Lieutenant Oliver Hogue preparing for a swim in the Suez Canal at Ferry Post. (DONATED BY CAPTAIN J.D. CRAMB.)

J05868

J05869

COLONEL LANGLEY, MAJOR MILLS AND LIEUTENANT HOGUE SWIMMING IN THE SUEZ CANAL AT FERRY POST. (DONATED BY CAPTAIN J.D. CRAMB.)

J05869

P01588.012

LONDON, ENGLAND. 1919-03. FUNERAL PROCESSION BEFORE THE BURIAL OF MAJOR OLIVER HOGUE (`TROOPER BLUEGUM'), 14TH AUSTRALIAN LIGHT HORSE REGIMENT.

P01588.012

P01588.013

LONDON, ENGLAND. 1919-03. GRAVE OF MAJOR OLIVER HOGUE (`TROOPER BLUEGUM'), 14TH AUSTRALIAN LIGHT HORSE REGIMENT, ON THE DAY OF HIS BURIAL.

P01588.013

P01588.014

LONDON, ENGLAND. 1919-03. AUSTRALIAN TROOPS TAKE PART IN THE BURIAL CEREMONY FOR MAJOR OLIVER HOGUE (`TROOPER BLUEGUM'), 14TH AUSTRALIAN LIGHT HORSE REGIMENT.

P01588.014

Manuscript

Hogue, Oliver (Trooper Bluegum) (Major, 14 Light Horse Regiment, Camel Corps, AIF b: 1880 d: 1919)

MANUSCRIPTS, PROOFS AND PRESS CUTTINGS OF ARTICLES AND VERSE CONCERNING EXPERIENCES OF SOLDIERS IN THE LIGHT HORSE BRIGADE AND CAMEL CORPS. INCLUDES AN EULOGY TO A SOLDIER KILLED DURING THE CAPTURE OF LONE PINE RIDGE, AN ACCOUNT OF THE BATTLE OF ROMANI AND AN ARTICLE ON PRESS CRITICISM OF THE...

MSS1331

Published Collection

Item 2: Programme

Souvenir program for a concert held during the First World War. This program is for a concert held at the Connaught Rooms in Great Queen Street, London on 26 January 1917. The concert was the second annual 'corroboree' of the Australian Natives' Association to celebrate Australia Day. The concert...

PUBS002/006/001/004/002

Item 3: Programme

Souvenir program for a concert held during the First World War. This program is for a concert held at the Connaught Rooms in Great Queen Street, London on 26 January 1917. The concert was the second annual 'corroboree' of the Australian Natives' Association to celebrate Australia Day. The concert...

PUBS002/006/001/004/003

Digitised Collection

Letters relating to Oliver 'Trooper Bluegum' Hogue, 1915-1927

Letters relating to the First World War service of Major Oliver 'Trooper Bluegum' Hogue, 14th Light Horse Regiment. In a series of letters to members of his family as well as his colleague at the Sydney Morning Herald, William Farmer Whyte, Hogue details his experiences in the First World War....

RCDIG0000997

AWM4 10/2/3 - March - April 1915

Includes diaries of Col G de L Ryrie, Commanding Officer, and Lieut O Hogue, Orderly Officer

RCDIG1012010

AWM4 10/2/4 - May 1915

Includes diaries of Col G de L Ryrie, Commanding Officer, and Lieut O Hogue, Orderly Officer

RCDIG1012021

AWM4 10/2/5 - June 1915

Includes diaries of Col G de L Ryrie, Commanding Officer, and Lieut O Hogue, Orderly Officer

RCDIG1012031

AWM4 10/2/6 - July 1915

Includes diaries of Col G de L Ryrie, Commanding Officer, and Lieut O Hogue, Orderly Officer

RCDIG1012543

AWM4 10/2/7 - August 1915

Includes diaries of Col G de L Ryrie, Commanding Officer, and Lieut O Hogue, Orderly Officer

RCDIG1012544

AWM4 10/2/8 - September 1915

Includes diaries of Col G de L Ryrie, Commanding Officer, and Lieut O Hogue, Orderly Officer

RCDIG1012641

AWM4 10/2/1 - December 1914 - January 1915

Including diaries of Col G de L Ryrie, Commanding Officer, Maj T J Lynch, Brigade Major, and Lieut O Hogue, Orderly Officer

RCDIG1013515

AWM4 10/2/2 - February 1915

Including diaries of Col G de L Ryrie, Commanding Officer, and Lieut O Hogue, Orderly Officer

RCDIG1013524

Heraldry

Turkish Prisoner of War beadwork bookmark : Major O Hogue, 14 Light Horse Regiment, AIF

Loomwork beaded bookmark made by a Turkish prisoner of war. The bookmark is composed of small glass beads threaded vertically on to heavy cotton thread. The beads are also separated horizontally by the same thread. The main body of the book mark is composed of white beads set with blue beaded...

REL33540

Timeline

Date of birth 1880-04-29 Sydney, NSW.
Other 1907 Employed with the Sydney Morning Herald.
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1914-09-16 Enlisted with in the Army.
Other 1914-09-16 Posted to the 6th Light Horse Regiment, 2nd Light Horse Brigade.
Date commissioned 1914-11 Promoted to 2nd lieutenant.
Date of embarkation 1914-12-21 Embarked for Eygpt from Sydney.
Date promoted 1915-05 Promoted to lieutenant.
Other 1915-05 The 2nd Light Horse Brigade landed at Gallipoli and was attached to the 1st Australian Division.
Other 1915-10 Evacuated from Gallipoli to England with enteric fever.
Other 1916 Hogue returned to the 6th Light Horse Regiment, now stationed in Sinai, Egypt.
Other units 1916-11-01 Transferred to the 4th Camel Regiment, Imperial Camel Corps.
Other units 1917-02-03 The 4th Camel Regiment was broken up to form the 17th and 18th Company, 4th Anzac Battalion, Camel Corps. Hogue became a lieutenant in the 18th Company, 4th Anzac Battalion, Camel Corps.
Date promoted 1917-07 Appointed captain and took command of the 3rd Company, 1st ANZAC Battalion, Camel Corps.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918
Other units 1918-07-25 On the disbandment of the Camel Corps Hogue was promoted to temporary major and officer commanding A squadron, 14th Light Horse Brigade.
Date of death 1919-03-03 Died of influenza whilst on leave in London and was buried at Brookwood Cemetery in Surrey.