Biography

Birth date: 17 May 1879
Birth place: Australia: Victoria, Stawell
Death date: 27 August 1957
Death place: Australia: Western Australia, Mandurah
Final rank: Major
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)
Units:
  • 3 Light Horse Brigade
  • 10 Light Horse Regiment
  • Western Australia Mounted Infantry
  • 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade
  • 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Thomas Anderson Kidd was born on 17 May 1879 in Victoria and at the time of enlistment he was working as a farmer and living in Geraldton, Western Australia. Kidd had previously served with Australian forces in the Boer War, as a trooper in the Border Horse Regiment. On 28 October 1914, Kidd joined the 10th Light Horse Regiment with the rank of second lieutenant. By February 1915, Kidd had received a promotion to lieutenant, and in the same month departed Australia for Egypt aboard HMAT Mashobra.

After arriving at Gallipoli in May, Kidd served with distinction, being commended for his actions in leading a party that would capture, but unsuccessfully hold enemy trenches at Quinn's Post on 30 May 1915. He was also heavily involved in the fighting during August, particularly the charge at The Nek and the assault on Hill 60. During the later event, he witnessed the actions of Second Lieutenant Hugo Throssell, and as a result recommended him for the Victoria Cross. Kidd himself was Mentioned-In-Despatches on 26 August 1916 for his "conspicuous bravery" and continual encouragement of his troops.

In January 1916, Kidd was admitted to the First Australian General Hospital in Heliopolis with debility. Once he recovered, Kidd returned to active duty at Serapeum where the 10th Light Horse Regiment was defending the Suez Canal from the advancing Ottoman Army. In August 1916, he contracted cholera and was evacuated to Romani on 13 September 1916. After continuing to suffer from neuritis, stomach inflammation, and gastro enteritis Thomas Kidd returned to Australia as a major to continue his services in home duties.

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Lieutenant
  • Date of embarkation: 08 February 1915
  • Place of embarkation: Fremantle

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Cross

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : French Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, Fifth Class

  • Unit: 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Collection Items

Private Record

Kidd, Thomas Anderson (Major, b.1879 - d.1957)

Collection relating to the service of Major Thomas A Kidd during the First World War. Collection consists of a message book and diary with detailed entries and sketches of activities at Quinn's Post, Walker's Ridge, Hill 60, Canterbury Slope and The Nek with later entries covering unit activities... Maker: Kidd, Thomas Anderson

PR82/137 (With records)

Kidd, Thomas Anderson (Lieutenant, 5th WA Mtd Inf)

Collection relating to the service of Thomas Anderson Kidd, 5th Western Australian Mounted Infantry, during the Boer War. Collection includes diary kept by Lieutenant Kidd, recording experiences in South Africa, including action in Ermelo and Brakpan districts where the Australians fought as part... Maker: Kidd, Thomas Anderson

3DRL/3525

Digitised Collection

Message book of Thomas Anderson Kidd, 1915

Message book relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Thomas Anderson Kidd, 10th Light Horse Regiment. The message book, kept by Lieutenant Kidd between 20 May 1915 and 27 June 1915, contains a number of nominal rolls, casuality lists and information on troop duties. The end of the...

RCDIG0000432

Notepad of Thomas Anderson Kidd, 1915

Note book relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Thomas Anderson Kidd, 10th Light Horse Regiment. The note book was kept by Lieutenant Kidd between 30 May 1915 and 7 August 1915, and contains detailed reports of daily events and sketches accompanied by explanations. Lieutenant Kidd...

RCDIG0000433

Diary of Thomas Anderson Kidd, 1915-1916

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Thomas A Kidd, 10 Light Horse Regiment. The diary was kept by Major Kidd between 21 August 1915 and 2 August 1916. In the diary, Major Kidd describes his daily activities at Quinn's Post, Walker's Ridge, Hill 60, Cantebury Slope and The Nek. ...

RCDIG0000434

Field message book of Thomas Anderson Kidd, 1915-1916

Field message book relating to the First World War service of Major Thomas Anderson Kidd, 10th Light Horse Regiment. The field message book was kept by Major Kidd between 20 October 1915 and 16 January 1916, and contains messages, reports and lists distributed to various other Battalions and...

RCDIG0000435

Message book of Thomas Anderson Kidd, 1915

Message book relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Thomas Anderson Kidd, 10th Light Horse Regiment. The message book was used by Lieutenant Kidd between 30 September 1915 and 4 November 1915, and contains patrol reports, messages aconcerning ammunition and sketches of the...

RCDIG0000436

Notepad of Thomas Anderson Kidd, 1915-1916

Notepad relating to the First World War service of Major Thomas Anderson Kidd, 10th Light Horse Regiment. The note pad was kept by Major Kidd between 4 August 1916 and 19 September 1916, and provides a detailed account of the Battle of Romani.

RCDIG0000437

Timeline

Date of birth 1879-05-17
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915
Date of embarkation 1915-02-08
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-09-07
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-12-12
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-04-29
Date of death 1957-08-27