Birth date: 11 February 1890
Birth place: Australia: Queensland, Gin Gin
Death date: 7 June 1917
Death place: Belgium: Flanders, West-Vlaanderen, Messines
Final rank: Private
Service number: 2614 - First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: 49th Australian Infantry Battalion

Josiah Allen was born at Gin Gin, Queensland, on 11 February 1890. He was considered a skilled marksman and horseman, and was a member of the Gin Gin Rifle Club. The 26-year-old farmer and grazier enlisted for service with the Australian Imperial Force on 5 July 1916, as did his brothers Ernest and James Edward. The three brothers departed Sydney with reinforcements for the 49th Infantry Battalion aboard HMAT Ceramic on 7 October 1916.

Having been sent to the Western Front, Allen wrote two letters to his brother William back in Australia in which he responded to news from home and described the conditions at the Front. Grateful for the food packages from home he despaired at the continual rain and cold weather on the Front. On 7 June 1917, Allen and his two brothers fought at the Battle of Messines. It was on this day that Josiah Allen, initially listed as missing, was later confirmed to have been killed in action, along with his brother James. His body was never recovered, and today Josiah Allen is commemorated on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium.

Rolls and Awards

Roll of Honour

  • Rank: Private
  • Date of Death: 7 June 1917
  • Unit: 49th Australian Infantry Battalion

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Private
  • Date of embarkation: 7 October 1916
  • Place of embarkation: Sydney

Australian Red Cross Wounded and Missing Files

  • Rank: Private
  • Unit: 49th Australian Infantry Battalion

Collection Items

Private Record (1)

1. Allen, Ernest (Private, d.1918); 2. Allen, Josiah (Private, d.1917); 3. Allen, James Edward (P 1DRL/0027

Private Record

1. Allen, Ernest (Private, d.1918); 2. Allen, Josiah (Private, d.1917); 3. Allen, James Edward (Private, d.1917)

Collection relating to the First World War service of three Allen brothers: 2615 Private Ernest Allen, 49 Battalion; 2614 Private Josiah Allen, 49 Battalion, and 2616a James Edward Allen, 49 Battalion. The collection consists of 28 letters written by the brothers between 1916 and 1918 to another...


Digitised Collection

Letters from Josiah Allen to his brother, 1917

Letters relating to the First World War service of 2614 Private Josiah Allen, 49th Battalion. In this series of letters to his brother, Allen details his experiences whilst serving with 49th Battalion. He was one of the three Allen brothers to serve during the conflict, all of whom served with 49th...



Date of birth 1890-02-11
Date of embarkation 1916-10-07
Date of death 1917-06-07