Birth date: 11 February 1890
Birth place: Australia: Queensland, Gin Gin
Death date: 07 June 1917
Death place: Western Front: Western Front (Belgium), Messines Area, Messines
Final rank: Private
Service number: 2614 - First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: 49th Australian Infantry Battalion

Josiah Allen was born at Gin Gin, Queensland, on 11 February 1890. He was considered a skilled marksman and horseman, and was a member of the Gin Gin Rifle Club. The 26-year-old farmer and grazier enlisted for service with the Australian Imperial Force on 5 July 1916, as did his brothers Ernest and James Edward. The three brothers departed Sydney with reinforcements for the 49th Infantry Battalion aboard HMAT Ceramic on 7 October 1916.

Having been sent to the Western Front, Allen wrote two letters to his brother William back in Australia in which he responded to news from home and described the conditions at the Front. Grateful for the food packages from home he despaired at the continual rain and cold weather on the Front. On 7 June 1917, Allen and his two brothers fought at the Battle of Messines. It was on this day that Josiah Allen, initially listed as missing, was later confirmed to have been killed in action, along with his brother James. His body was never recovered, and today Josiah Allen is commemorated on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium.

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Rolls and Awards

  • Rank: Private
  • Date of Death: 07 June 1917
  • Unit: 49th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Rank: Private
  • Date of embarkation: 07 October 1916
  • Place of embarkation: Sydney
  • Rank: Private
  • Unit: 49th Australian Infantry Battalion

Collection Items


Date of birth 1890-02-11
Date of embarkation 1916-10-07
Date of death 1917-06-07