Biography

Birth date: 18 November 1879
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales, Bathurst
Death date: 30 August 1968
Death place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney, Concord
Final rank: Captain
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: Staff

Charles Bean is perhaps best remembered for the official histories of Australia in the First World War, of which he wrote six volumes and edited the remainder. Before this, however, he was Australia's official correspondent to the war. He was also the driving force behind the establishment of the Australian War Memorial. Bean was born on 18 November 1879 at Bathurst, New South Wales and his family moved to England when he was ten. He completed his education there, eventually studying classics and law at Oxford.

Bean returned to Australia in 1904 and was admitted to the New South Wales Bar. He travelled widely in New South Wales as a barrister's assistant and, struck by the outback way of life, wrote and illustrated a book, The impressions of a new chum. The book was never published but in mid-1907 much of its content appeared in a series of Sydney Morning Herald articles under the by-line 'CW'. In these articles Bean introduced a view of Australia, particularly its men, which foreshadowed much of what he would write about the AIF.

Having dabbled in journalism, Bean joined the Sydney Morning Herald as a junior reporter in January 1908. He published several books before being posted to London in 1910. In 1913 he returned to Sydney as the Herald's leader writer. When the First World War began, Bean won an Australian Journalists Association ballot and became official correspondent to the AIF. He accompanied the first convoy to Egypt, landed at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915 and began to make his name as a tireless, thorough and brave correspondent. He was wounded in August but remained on Gallipoli for most of the campaign, leaving just a few days before the last troops.

He then reported on the Australians on the Western Front where his admiration of the AIF crystallised into a desire to memorialise their sacrifice and achievements. In addition to his journalism, Bean filled hundreds of diaries and notebooks, all with a view to writing a history of the AIF when the war ended. In early 1919 he led a historical mission to Gallipoli before returning to Australia and beginning work on the official history series that would consume the next two decades of his life.

Along with his written work, Bean worked tirelessly on creating the Australian War Memorial in Canberra. He was present when the building opened on 11 November 1941 and became Chairman of the Memorial's board in 1952. He maintained a close association with the institution for the rest of his life.

During the Second World War, Bean liaised between the Chiefs of Staff and the press for the Department of Information. He became Chairman of the Commonwealth Archives Committee and was instrumental in creating the Commonwealth Archives. Between 1947 and 1958 he was Chairman of the Promotion Appeals Board of the Australian Broadcasting Commission and continued to write - a history of Australia's independent schools and finally a book on two senior AIF figures, Two men I knew.

Bean received a number of honorary degrees and declined a knighthood. He had married Ethel Young in 1921 and the couple adopted a daughter. Bean, one of the most admired Australians of his generation, died after a long illness in Concord Repatriation Hospital in 1968.

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Press Representative
  • Date of embarkation: 21 October 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

042411

Her Majesty the Queen accompanied by Dr C E W (Charles) Bean, Chairman of the Board of Management of the Australian War Memorial, passes along the ranks of the relatives of deceased ex-servicemen and women, after her visit to the Hall of Memory, seen in the background.

042411

051306

HOBART, TAS. 1943-04-26. THE MEDICAL OFFICER OF FORT DIRECTION, HOBART COAST ARTILLERY, MAJOR J.W.B. BEAN, IS SHOWN ATTENDING TO A PATIENT'S EAR. MAJOR BEAN IS A BROTHER OF DR. C.E.W. BEAN, THE OFFICIAL HISTORIAN OF WORLD WAR I. ALSO SHOWN-: T24469 CPL. L.E. WARD (1) T23157 L/CPL A. ELLIOTT (3).

051306

129033

CANBERRA, AUSTRALIA. AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL. DR A.G. BUTLER AND DR C.E.W. BEAN.

129033

129034

CANBERRA, ACT. AT THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL. LEFT TO RIGHT: MR GAVIN LONG; DR A. G. BUTLER AND DR C. E. W. BEAN, OFFICIAL HISTORIAN.

129034

129035

CANBERRA, ACT. AT THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL, MR GAVIN LONG (LEFT), THE OFFICIAL HISTORIAN FOR THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND DR C.E.W. BEAN, OFFICIAL HISTORIAN FOR THE FIRST WORLD WAR.

129035

134626

CANBERRA, ACT. 1952-04-25. DR C. E. W. BEAN, REPRESENTING THE BOARD OF MANAGEMENT OF THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL, LAYS A WREATH ON THE STONE OF REMEMBRANCE DURING THE ANZAC DAY COMMEMORATION CEREMONY AT THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL.

134626

135632

CANBERRA, ACT. 1959-05-24. DR C. E. W. BEAN ADDRESSING THE GATHERING DURING THE OPENING CEREMONY OF THE HALL OF MEMORY AT THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL. THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL, FIELD MARSHAL SIR WILLIAM SLIM; MR RAYMOND EWERS AND MRS BEAN ARE ALSO SEEN IN THE PHOTOGRAPH.

135632

A00712A

Group portrait of staff Officers at Mena Camp. Left to right: back row: Historian Captain (Capt) Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean; Lieutenant (Lt) W. Smith; Capt J T Fitzgerald; Major T Matson; Capt W J Foster; Capt T Griffiths; Lt E C P Plant; Capt S M E R L de Bucy; Lt R G Casey, (later Governor...

A00712A

A01177

Group portrait showing nurses and patients outside Alexandra War Hospital, while in quarantine after arrival in India. Australian nurses of No. 22 Stationary Hospital in India, back row, left to right: Unidentified; Staff Nurse (S/N) Irene de Morton; Unidentified; S/N Mary Pearce; Sister Ella...

A01177

A05381

Outdoor portrait of Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean, Australia's official war correspondent, outside his tent in the AIF camp at Mena.

A05381

A05382

IMBROS, 1915. C. E. W. BEAN (FRONT) AND ASHMEAD BARTLETT (BRITISH CORRESPONDENT)

A05382

A05383

The first volume of the Official History packed and ready for transport from Tuggeranong to the publishers, Angus & Robertson, in Sydney, NSW. Identified from left to right: G. B. Lowery, John Balfour, C. E. W. Bean, P. Wightman, Arthur W. Bazley. One of a series of photographs taken by C E W ...

A05383

A05389

Informal portrait of C E W Bean working on official files in his Victoria Barracks office during the writing of the Official History. The files on his desk are probably the Operations Files, 1914-18 War, that were prepared by the Army between 1925 and 1930 and are now held by the Australian War...

A05389

A05393

Charles Edwin Woodrow. Bean and his brother Jack. C. E. W. was the eldest son of Edwin and Lucy. There were three sons. of whom the youngest was Montague. Pre-Federation album.

A05393

A05398

C. E. W. Bean and his wife Effie at the homestead, a sulphur crested cockatoo, possibly a pet, at their feet.

A05398

A05421

ANZAC, 1915-05-04. NO. 4 GUN HUGHES BATTERY FIRING OVER WHEATFIELD. SHRAPNEL WAS SOMETIMES BURST AT ZERO AND TURKS KILLED AT 25 YARDS. (FROM DR BEAN'S PERSONAL PHOTOGRAPHIC COLLECTION)

A05421

A05422

Anzac Book staff on a trawler leaving Imbros. Left to right: Arthur W Bazley, Frank R Crozier, David Barker, Australian Official Correspondent Charles E W (C. E. W.) Bean, and Ted Colles. Hewitt and Leyshon White were away. From Dr Bean's personal album. This image is also held at G01313.

A05422

E01327

Group portrait, at Champagne les Boulonnais, of Colonel L. J. Morshead DSO; Major White and officers of the 33rd Battalion, in the rest area near Fauquenbergues. Left to right, back row: Lieutenant (Lt) E. A. Clarence, Assistant Adjutant; Lt C. A. R. Cohen, Signalling Officer; Lt A. S. McLean,...

E01327

E01328

Group portrait, at Champagne les Boulonnais, of Colonel L. J. Morshead DSO; Major White and officers of the 33rd Battalion, in the rest area near Fauquenbergues. Left to right, back row: Lieutenant (Lt) E. A. Clarence, Assistant Adjutant; Lt C. A. R. Cohen, Signalling Officer; Lt A. S. McLean,...

E01328

E01934

A French farm house used by the Australian Official Correspondents during the Australian Corps' defence of Amiens. Left to right: Lieutenant F. M. Cutlack; Private Herbert; Sergeant Joyce, Army photographer; Mr C. E. W. Bean; Motor Transport (MT) Driver J. Plummer; MT Driver G. Bodie. Note the two...

E01934

E01947

A French veteran of 1870 holding a bucket in his left hand, who, on 29 March 1918, proudly refused to leave his home in the village of Ribemont, although German shells were even then smashing the buildings. Note the barricade in rear, thrown together by the Australian troops two days previously, on...

E01947

E02254

Lieutenant Colonel J. L. Whitham CMG DSO, Commanding Officer (left), leading the 52nd Battalion along the Villers Bretonneux-Amiens Road. He is accompanied by Lieutenant George Edward G. Gill.

E02254

E02818

Front view of two diggers of the 5th Division, 4172 Private (Pte) George James Giles, 29th Battalion (left) and 4015 Pte John Wallace Anderton, 32nd Battalion, just out of the trenches, in full kit (with mud), including webbing with ammunition pouches and trenching tool. The gas mask (small box...

E02818

E02819

Back view of two diggers of the 5th Division, 4172 Private (Pte) George James Giles, 29th Battalion (left) and 4015 Pte John Wallace Anderton, 32nd Battalion, just out of the trenches, in full kit (with mud). Pte Anderton has a canvas breech cover on his rifle. Pte Giles has a knife, fork and spoon...

E02819

E03292

Mr C E W Bean, Australian Official Correspondent (left), the Right Honourable W. M. Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia (centre), and Brigadier General H. A. Goddard DSO, General Officer Commanding, 9th Infantry Brigade (right), at Mont St Quentin. Mr Bean is seen explaining the operations of the...

E03292

E03374

A view of the base of the German 15 inch Naval Gun, captured by the 3rd Battalion, in Arcy Wood, near Chuignolles, showing beyond it the blackened and broken trees, evidence of the gun having been fired. This photograph is an enlargement of a vest pocket camera snap, taken on 29 August 1918, by Mr...

E03374

E00509

The Australian Official Correspondent, Mr C E W Bean, with Mr John Masefield, Lieutenant Will Dyson, Australian Official Artist, and Mr Alexis Aladin, going over the old battlefield at Pozieres.

E00509

E00794

Inspecting the cooking arrangements at a 2nd Brigade Camp at Vadencourt Wood whilst on a visit to the Australian front, are Lord Northcliffe (left), and Mr C E W Bean, the Australian Official Correspondent (second from left). The soldiers pictured are all unidentified. Note the bicycle rested...

E00794

G00827

Russo-Armenian troops in a front line position at Baku sit in a trench drinking and eating.

G00827

G00878A

Egypt, North Africa. 5 April 1915. The end of Mena camp. The men of the 1st Australian Infantry Brigade can be seen striking their tents. Camp is already almost empty.

G00878A

G00879

Egypt. 5 April 1915. A final scene at Mena camp. The kit of an improvised kitchen is being packed, prior to the departure of the 1st Australian Infantry Brigade for the landing on Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey.

G00879

G00880

Egypt. 5 April 1915. The kits of the 1st Australian Infantry Brigade stacked beside the tramway at Mena camp, pending their removal to the base for storing during the absence of their owners on Gallipoli. The troops did not see their kits again until they returned from the Peninsula.

G00880

G00881

A scene on the Atlantic transport liner Minnewaska [A11], which left Alexandria on 10 April 1915, having on board the headquarters of the 1st Australian Division and the Australian and New Zealand Corps, besides the personnel of the 1st Australian Battalion. In the background, General Cunliffe Owen...

G00881

G00881A

A vast collection of transports began gradually to gather in Mudros Harbour. The scene at night was studded with their lights.

G00881A

G00882

Troops of the 2nd and 3rd Australian Infantry Battalions, on the German prize Derfflinger. They are practising at climbing down rope ladders and landing in boats in Mudros Harbour, in preparation for the landing on Gallipoli Peninsula. The men on all transports carried out similar drill.

G00882

G00883

Boatloads of Australians leaving the German prize Derfflinger in tow in Mudros Harbour during practice for the landing at Gallipoli Peninsula. The boats carried about thirty five men each.

G00883

G00884

Members of the 3rd Australian Infantry Battalion waiting on shore to re-embark on the German prize Derfflinger in Mudros Harbour after practising for the landing on Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. The officers are Colonel Patterson (right) and Captain J. Bean.

G00884

G00885

Landing horses of the 1st Australian Divisional Staff for exercise at Mudros Harbour. Alongside may be seen a trawler from which guns are being landed for practice.

G00885

G00886

Men of the Royal Naval (RN) Division at boat drill on board a trawler in Mudros Harbour.

G00886

G00887

A street scene in Mudros. This was the first 'white' town the Australians had seen since leaving Australia.

G00887

G00888

Greece. 21 April 1915. An Australian soldier fraternising with Greek villagers at Mudros, on Lemnos Island.

G00888

G00889

A party of French sailors ashore from the French troopships assembled in Mudros Harbour.

G00889

G00890

A party of French Senegalese troops at Mudros. The Senegalese formed a big proportion of the French Force in the Dardanelles Campaign.

G00890

G00891A

Greece. 1915-04-20. Near a fleet of Australian ships off Lemnos Island was the Russian cruiser Askold. A few days later she made a spectacular bombardment of Kum Kale, at the entrance to the Dardanelles, Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey, where the French landed.

G00891A

G00892

A view of the fleet of transports in Mudros Harbour, ready to sail for the Dardanelles, Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey.

G00892

G00892A

A view of the fleet of transports in Mudros Harbour, ready to sail for the Dardanelles, Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey.

G00892A

G00892B

A view of the fleet of transports in Mudros Harbour ready to sail for the Dardanelles, Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey.

G00892B

G00893

Transports leaving Mudros Harbour for the Dardanelles, Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. The vessels in the foreground are: Prince of Wales; Derfflinger; Queen Elizabeth and the Australian transport Argyllshire, A8. The transports with Australian and New Zealand troops on board arrived off Gaba Tepe at...

G00893

G00894

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 April 1915. The landing at Anzac. Sunrise over Chunuk Bair, showing boats of the 6th and 7th Battalions leaving the Galeka (right) going to the beach, and the Novian (centre) arriving with the Headquarters of the 2nd Brigade.

G00894

G00894A

At Sea, Turkey. 25 April 1915. Troop transport ship Argyllshire, A8, passing with Minnewaska between warships to land troops at Anzac Cove, Gallipoli Peninsula, at dawn. Note two battleships abeam and Bacchante just ahead of bridge.

G00894A

G00894B

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 April 1915. The sun rising over Chunuk Bair, during the Anzac Cove landing of the 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade.

G00894B

G00895

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 April 1915. Shells from Gaba Tepe bursting ahead of the British transports during the landing at Anzac Cove. The enemy appeared to be firing at extreme range and all the shells were bursting short.

G00895

G00895A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 April 1915. Shells from Gaba Tepe bursting ahead of the British transports inshore of the troopship Minnewaska during the landing at Anzac Cove. The enemy appeared to be firing at extreme range and all the shells were bursting short.

G00895A

G00895B

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 April 1915. Shells from Gaba Tepe bursting ahead of the British transports during the landing at Anzac Cove. The enemy appeared to be firing at extreme range and all the shells were bursting short. Bacchante moves in to silence the guns of Gaba Tepe which used to...

G00895B

G00897

At Sea. 25 April 1915. Men of the 1st Australian Infantry Battalion transferring from the Minnewaska to the destroyer, Scourge, about 8 a.m. on the first day of the Gallipoli landings.

G00897

G00899

At Sea, Turkey. 25 April 1915. The destroyer Scourge towing strings of boats, alongside and astern, to the landing beach at Anzac Cove, Gallipoli Peninsula. When about 200 yards from shore, the troops were transferred to the boats and were rowed ashore.

G00899

G00900

Troops of the 1st Brigade row to the beach and empty boats return from the shore to the destroyers at about 9.45 a.m., on the morning of the Australians landing at Anzac Cove. Those landed in the morning first rushed the small outstanding plateau, afterwards called Plugge's Plateau and then went...

G00900

G00901

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 April 1915. The 1st Brigade rowing to the beach and empty boats returning from the shore to the destroyers at about 9.45 a.m., after landing the Australians, just north of Ari Burnu point.

G00901

G00902

At Sea, Turkey. 25 April 1915. A scene on the deck of the troopship HMT Minnewaska whilst the Australians were waiting to disembark for the landing on Gallipoli Peninsula.

G00902

G00903

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 April 1915. The Divisional Headquarters Staff wading ashore at Anzac Cove. The officer with the spade is thought to be Major Cecil Henry Foott DAQMG (Later Brigadier CH Foott CB CMG).

G00903

G00904

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 April 1915. A party of officers, part of Headquarters 1st Australian Division landing from the boat, the Ribble about 10 a.m. going ashore at Anzac Cove with whatever kit they could carry. Included in the party are, (left to right): Colonel Marshall, Colonel Hobbs,...

G00904

G00906

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 April 1915. Ari Burnu, looking down on the beach from Plugge's Plateau, showing a trench on the summit of Ari Burnu Knoll rushed by the 3rd Australian Brigade immediately on landing at Anzac Cove. The men had rushed across the beach, formed up under the edge of the...

G00906

G00908

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 26 April 1915. Plugge's Plateau, looking from across Shrapnel Valley on the second afternoon after the landing at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915. The troops came down the path on the left and then up the near side of the valley. The ridge connecting Plugge's Plateau with...

G00908

G00909

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 April 1915. A view of Shrapnel and Monash Valleys, in the afternoon of the landing at Anzac Cove. Troops could be seen occasionally working through the scrub on the fringe of the hill top which was under Turkish shrapnel fire all the afternoon.

G00909

G00910

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 26 April 1915. A close view of MacLaurin's Hill at Anzac, in the afternoon. Colonel MacLaurin, after whom the hill was named, was killed next day at a point in the right hand corner of the photograph.

G00910

G00914

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. September 1915. This view of the head of Mule Valley and Walker's Ridge, gives an excellent idea of the country which the Australian left flank had to surmount after the landing at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915.

G00914

G00915

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 26 April 1915. A view of the Supply Base on the beach at Ari Burnu, Anzac Cove. Colonel Austin established his first Ordnance Depot near the southern end of the beach.

G00915

G00916

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 26 April 1915. Looking towards the southern end of Ari Burnu beach showing the crowd at the Supply Depot and Clearing Station (Medical). A working party was at the time on the skyline, probably under shrapnel fire which necessarily had to be ignored during the early...

G00916

G00918

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 26 April 1915. Australian artillerymen dragging guns into position after the landing at Anzac. By 6 p.m. on the first evening one gun had been placed on the neck above the southern end of Ari Burnu beach, and next day more guns were dragged over this neck into positions...

G00918

G00918A

On the morning of 26 April 1915 I [Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean] went to Colonel McCay's Headquarters, on McCay's Hill at Anzac. This shows Bolton's Hill on which right of line then was, and Shell Green, then a cotton field. In the distance is Kilid Bahr Plateau and the hill Achi Baba.

G00918A

G00919

At Sea. Turkey. 26 April 1915. A view of some of the warships and other vessels off Ari Burnu, Anzac Cove, Gallipoli Peninsula. The Queen Elizabeth and seven other warships took the place of artillery and greatly encouraged the landing parties at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915. In the afternoon a...

G00919

G00919B

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 26 April 1915. At 3 p.m. Major Brand and 3rd Brigade Headquarters on Anzac standing up amongst bullets to direct ships' gun fire. His message reached ships within five minutes.

G00919B

G00919C

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Two photographs on same plate, one same as G00919A (No. 50). Other stragglers gathered from gully waiting to be put in.

G00919C

G00919D

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 26 April 1915. Men, probably of the 2nd Infantry Brigade advancing through the scrub on the plateau under heavy fire, during the forward movement which was made in error about 3pm on April 26. (View from Colonel Mclagan's Headquarters, "Scott's Point"). Curatorial...

G00919D

G00920

Wounded soldiers arrive at the 3rd Battalion dressing station in Shrapnel Gully, as more wounded come down the valley.

G00920

G00921

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. 700 Plateau, showing a dugout made during the early days of the occupation on Anzac, which was under enemy artillery observation from Battleship Hill. This and the other crests in the vicinity were showered with shrapnel.

G00921

G00922

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A trench on Plateau 400, dug by the remnants of various Australian battalions under Major Saker, on 26 April 1915 at Anzac. Major Saker was killed within 10 yards of the trench whilst leading a charge the same afternoon.

G00922

G00924

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A dugout made by the 14th or 15th Australian Battalion on Razor Back, under enemy shrapnel fire on Anzac.

G00924

G00925

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A view of Major Saker's Trench on Plateau 400, on Anzac, with Bolton's Ridge in the background.

G00925

G00925A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Ground where men of 14th and 15th Battalions were driven to shelter from shrapnel on Anzac on 25 April to 26 April 1915.

G00925A

G00926

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Shrapnel shelters on Razor Back, Gallipoli. These shelters were dug hurriedly during the early days at Anzac, and were strange contrasts to the trenches constructed later.

G00926

G00927

Gallipoli, Turkey. 25 April 1915. A dugout made on Razor Back, during the Anzacs first day of the occupation of the Peninsula.

G00927

G00928

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The relative position of Anzac dugouts on Razor Back, to the 1st Australian Divisional Headquarters, which was situated in White Valley under the telegraph pole.

G00928

G00929

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 3 May 1915. The sun sinking behind Samothrace Island. A number of transports may be seen on the skyline. At that time the submarine danger did not have to be considered.

G00929

G00929A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 May 1915. North Beach, the left flank, looking down from Plugge's Plateau. It can be seen how Anzac Cove was overlooked by Suvla Point. There was always a fear in these days that the Turks would get guns on to the point and fire into our beach from the rear. The...

G00929A

G00929B

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 May 1915. North Beach, the left flank, looking down from Plugge's Plateau. It can be seen how Anzac Cove was overlooked by Suvla Point. There was always a fear in these days that the Turks would get guns on to the point and fire into our beach from the rear. The...

G00929B

G00931

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 May 1915. The water tanks on Anzac Beach. The 1st Australian Divisional Headquarters are shown in the background. A shell has just burst overhead to the right and men may be seen watching the effect.

G00931

G00932

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 May 1915. On Anzac Beach the 3rd Field Ambulance and Ordnance were located under the cliff to the right. On the previous day the New Zealand Infantry Brigade, going to attack Baby 700, had been much hampered by the congestion on the beach.

G00932

G00933

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 May 1915. At General Bridges' first Headquarters at Anzac, during lunch. The officers in the photograph, reading from left to right, are: General Bridges, (in dugout); Lieutenant Riches; Private Wicks (Batman to General Bridges); Captain Foster (Aide-de-Camp); Major...

G00933

G00934

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. A gun position on Plugge's Plateau. Another Anzac gun was in position just to left of the niche in the skyline.

G00934

G00935

Shell Green, Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 May 1915. Colonel Rosenthal's guns were located near this point at Anzac.

G00935

G00936

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. One of the Anzac trenches, reinforced with sandbags and an enemy trench in the distance. One gun of Colonel Rosenthal's mixed Battery (7 and 9) was actually fired from the firing line.408

G00936

G00938A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 4 May 1915. Observing officers for ships were beside Hughes Battery. View of Kilid Bahr Plateau from their observation post on Anzac.

G00938A

G00939

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 4 May 1915. A post overlooking Gaba Tepe, used by Navy Observers on Anzac.

G00939

G00940

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 4 May 1915. A Navy Observer watching the valley behind Gaba Tepe on Anzac.

G00940

G00940A

Outdoor portrait of three naval gunfire observers at a post overlooking Gaba Tepe at Gallipoli. The group includes Lieutenant (Lt) Cyril Albert Clowes, 1st Field Artillery Brigade (1 FAB) and Lt Norman Siddall, 2 FAB. Lt Clowes, a graduate of the Royal Military College, Duntroon, continued to...

G00940A

G00941

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. Looking across Monash Valley to the Anzac trenches. By this time the defence line on the Australian sector of the Peninsula was fairly complete. Shown, Steele's Post where, however, the trenches were still disconnected.

G00941

G00943

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 May 1915. Steele's Post showing trenches being dug, and the narrow pathway on top of the cliff at Anzac. Major Blamey is seen using a periscope. Suicide corner where Major Irvine was killed is on the right.

G00943

G00944

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 May 1915. A machine gun and crew of the 1st Australian Battalion which was fired across Monash Valley, at Baby 700 at Anzac.

G00944

G00945

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 May 1915. Sniping at Steele's Post on Anzac. The sniper on the right is widening a loop-hole. Another sniper is using a periscope.

G00945

G00946

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 5 May 1915. The Zionist Corps leaving Anzac. It was thought unwise to keep them on the Peninsula as the Salonica Jews were hostile.

G00946

G00947

The 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade were taken down to Cape Helles, Gallipoli Peninsula, at Anzac, early in the morning. Seen, the battleship HMS Prince of Wales, one of the escorts, at sea. The sun is rising over Mal Tepe.

G00947

G00948

At Sea, Turkey. 6 May 1915. The escort and transports carrying the 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade to Cape Helles at Anzac, early in the morning, rounding the corner of Cape Tekke, Gallipoli, where the British had landed at the foot of the Peninsula.

G00948

G00949

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. 'W ' Beach (Lancashire Landing), the main British landing place on the Peninsula.

G00949

G00950

At Sea, Turkey. 6 May 1915. Ships at Cape Helles, Gallipoli Peninsula. The Agamemnon is moving off to the Dardanelles. The vessel in the foreground is the French transport La France.

G00950

G00950A

At Sea, Turkey. 6 May 1915. Trawlers at Cape Helles, Gallipoli Peninsula.

G00950A

G00950B

At Sea, Turkey. 6 May 1915. Trawlers moving under fort and old signal station of Sedd-el-Bahr, Gallipoli Peninsula.

G00950B

G00951

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 May 1915. The 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade moving in to the transport ship the River Clyde about 7 a.m. Shrapnel from the Asiatic coast was bursting over the stranded vessel. Wreckage from the landing may be seen in the water.

G00951

G00952

At Sea, Turkey. July 1915. Kum Kale (behind the tug) and Trojan Plain, as seen from off Sedd-el-Bahr, Gallipoli Peninsula, showing the mouth of the Dardanelles.

G00952

G00954

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. The landing place at Sedd-el-Bahr, later transferred to the French. Note the huge fodder stacks and general supplies at that time.

G00954

G00955

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The transport ship the River Clyde and the mouth of the Dardanelles.

G00955

G00956

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The Trojan side of the Dardanelles, from Sedd-el-Bahr. The excavations of Troy were visible through a telescope just over the foremost tugs.

G00956

G00957

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 May 1915. The 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade disembarking from a fleetsweeper beside the River Clyde landing at the pier, Cape Helles. One of the fleetsweepers which brought the brigade from Anzac can be seen close alongside the River Clyde. In the distance on the...

G00957

G00961

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A comparison between Turkish and British barbed wire. The Turkish wire was composed of a single thick strand with a barb every inch.

G00961

G00962

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A mass of Turkish barbed wire.

G00962

G00963

A flake from a shell fired by the battleship the Queen Elizabeth, found near Sedd-el-Bahr. The soldier in the centre holding the spade and rifle is 901 Private (Pte) George Gowthorp Martindale, 5th Battalion, of Brighton, Vic. In a letter to his mother dated 13 May 1915, Pte Martindale wrote, ' Mr...

G00963

G00963A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 May 1915. A battle began at 10 a.m. As I (C. E. W.) walked from Lancashire Landing (W Beach) the whole line of Turkish front was marked out by our shells. Achi Baba hill is in the centre.

G00963A

G00965

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Fields at Helles where the 2nd Australian Brigade camped.

G00965

G00965A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6/7 May 1915. French 75mm gun in a battery near Sedd-el-Bahr.

G00965A

G00965B

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 May 1915. Spoilt photo of battlefield of Achi Baba. Soldiers' graves in foreground.

G00965B

G00965C

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 9 May 1915. On 8 May at 5.30 p.m. 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade attacked and gained 550 yards, losing 1100 men out of 2,500. Attack was made from right bank of Krithia Nullah. Wounded returning by Nullah.

G00965C

G00966

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 9 May 1915. A trench dug by the 2nd Australian Brigade at Helles, at a point reached the previous night. Krithia Nullah is seen on the left. The New Zealanders occupied the heights beyond.

G00966

G00967

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 9 May 1915. The Headquarters of Colonel Bennett of the 6th Battalion in the firing line at Helles.

G00967

G00967A

Helles, Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. May 1915. Ground over which 2nd Brigade AIF (mostly Victorians) advanced on 8/9 May 1915. Photograph taken next morning from front trench looking back. The dead bodies of the Allies lie on the battlefield.

G00967A

G00967C

Helles, Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 9 May 1915. Ground over which 2nd Brigade (mostly Victorians) advanced the day before. The dead bodies of the Allies lie on the battlefield.

G00967C

G00967G

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 11 May 1945. All the men left of A Company, 6th Battalion, after the landing at Anzac and the 2nd Brigades actions at Cape Helles. The normal strength of an infantry company was approximately 150.

G00967G

G00968

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 9 May 1915. Ground over which the 2nd Australian Brigade AIF advanced at Helles.

G00968

G00969

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 12 May 1915. A detachment of the 2nd Australian Brigade AIF going down to bathe after withdrawal from the trenches at Cape Helles.

G00969

G00970

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 12 May 1915. High explosive shrapnel from an enemy gun on Achi Baba, exploding on W Beach (Lancashire Landing). Eighty mules were killed.

G00970

G00970A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 12 May 1915. High explosive shrapnel from an enemy gun on Achi Baba, exploding on W Beach (Lancashire Landing). Eighty mules were killed.

G00970A

G00971

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Looking up the Dardanelles from Morto Bay, which is inside the straits. De Totts battery was on the promontory, which was held by the French.

G00971

G00971A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 15 May 1915. Morto Bay inside Dardanelles looking up the Straits. De Totts Battery on promontory held by French.

G00971A

G00972

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 15 May 1915. A battleship firing in the Dardanelles.

G00972

G00973

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 15 May 1915. Sengalese troops in the trenches in French positions on Gallipoli.

G00973

G00976

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 31 May 1915. A view of Monash Gully, Anzac, where General Bridges was shot by a sniper on 15 May 1915. Traverses were afterwards built to minimise the danger.

G00976

G00978

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. The locality where the New Zealanders had gone out and seized the extremities of the foothills. Isolated posts, Nos. 1 and 2 were established here. A third post was taken and lost.

G00978

G00979

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Long saps were cut out to the left of the position here on account of the activities of enemy snipers. One of these saps is seen beneath the Sphinx. The donkeys were kept on the left as water carriers.

G00979

G00980

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A view of Plugge's Plateau at Anzac, ending in a precipice known as Cathedral Rock, which was often confused with the Sphinx.

G00980

G00981

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. North Beach at Anzac was very open to sniping from Sniper's nest and in consequence saps were being dug to the left.

G00981

G00982

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. View on Anzac from No. 1 Post looking back through New Sap.

G00982

G00983

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. No. 2 Post was opposite one of the boats of the 7th Battalion stranded on the left of the beach. Oars and boats' timbers were used as props for the dugouts. The man standing beside the dugout is probably Phillip (Peter) Schuler the correspondent for the Melbourne...

G00983

G00992

At Sea, Turkey. May 1915. HMS Albion went ashore off Gaba Tepe, Gallipoli Peninsula. While in that plight, the Turkish batteries opened fire on her and she replied with every gun. She was eventually gotten off by the Canopus which towed her for three hours to a place of safety.

G00992

G00994

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. May 1915. A view of Imbros, Greece, taken from Courtney's trenches. While this photograph was being taken, word was received of the torpedoing of H.M.S. Triumph off Anzac. Soon afterwards, from another point, the keel of the warship was seen with a host of small craft...

G00994

G00995

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. May 1915. A typical view of the hilly country at Anzac.

G00995

G00996

Turkey. May 1915. View from near Courtney's Trenches, Gallipoli Peninsula. At the time, a host of small craft could be seen around the keel of H.M.S. Triumph off Anzac, which had just been torpedoed.

G00996

G00997

At Sea, Turkey. May 1915. A few days after the sinking of H.M.S. Triumph, the warships off Anzac, Gallipoli Peninsula, made a vigorous search in all directions for submarines.

G00997

G00997A

At Sea. Turkey. May 1915. Destroyers dashed around in mad curves off Gallipoli Peninsula. It turned out a submarine had been reported.

G00997A

G00998

At Sea, Turkey. May 1915. A few days after the sinking of H.M.S. Triumph the warships off Anzac, Gallipoli Peninsula, made a vigorous search in all directions for submarines. Finally, the big ships left their anchorage and never returned, except for a short bombardment.

G00998

G00999

Kiphalo, Greece. A pre dreadnought battleship, possibly HMS Exmouth at anchor, protected by merchant moored on either side. An Abercrombie class monitor is in the background.

G00999

G01000

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 21 May 1915. Sniping in Courtney's trenches, Anzac, with improvised periscopes.

G01000

G01000A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 21 May 1915. Sniping in Courtney's trenches, Anzac, with improvised periscopes.

G01000A

G01001

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 21 May 1915. The wretched nature of the early trenches at Courtney's post at Anzac.

G01001

G01001A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915-05. Sergeant W. C. B. Beech, 2nd Battalion, 1st Australian Infantry Brigade, devised a means of firing a rifle with a periscopic sight with the first being set up on the beach at Anzac about the end of the month.

G01001A

G01002

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. An improvised periscope rifle which was in use at Anzac.

G01002

G01003

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 28 May 1915. The 'Y' trench, leading to Quinn's Post, looking from Pope's Hill, whilst the supports were waiting for an attack at Anzac.

G01003

G01004

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. Quinn's Post (right), seen from Russell's Top. Quinn's Post, originated on 25 April 1915, when the Anzac troops retiring from the north clung on to the edge of the hill.

G01004

G01005

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. Russell's Top, Pope's Hill and Quinn's Post. Quinn's Post, like the posts next to it (Courtney's and Steele's) was protected by a slight prominence on its left. The Anzac troops in retiring from Quinn's Post were sniped from Russell's Top, in the rear.

G01005

G01007

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 31 May 1915. The conditions at the head of Monash Valley at Anzac.

G01007

G01008

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1 June 1915. The Garland bomb mortar in action at Quinn's Post, Anzac. This mortar threw a bomb with a white calico tail. A bomb was disappearing over the triangular stick, which served as an aiming post, at the time the photograph was taken.

G01008

G01009

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1 June 1915. The Garland bomb mortar, used at Quinn's Post, Anzac. This mortar threw a bomb with a white calico tail.

G01009

G01010

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 29 May 1915. Quinn's Post, seen from the bottom of Pope's Hill during the Anzac attack on the Turks.

G01010

G01011

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 29 May 1915. Support troops belonging to the 4th Australian Infantry Brigade, waiting behind Quinn's Post at Anzac, after it was retaken.

G01011

G01014

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. General Chauvel, who was in command of Pope's, Quinn's and Courtney's Posts, from the end of May 1915 till August 1915, with Major E.M. Williams, Brigade Major of the 1st Australian Light Horse (left) and Staff Captain Walter Percy Farr (right) at Anzac.

G01014

G01015

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. May 1915. General Godley (right) outside Quinn's Post, Anzac. Brigadier-General Chauvel is seen on the left. The officer in his shirt sleeves is Lieutenant Colonel J.H. Cannon. At the left, front, is Captain Durrant.

G01015

G01016

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 7 June 1915. At the beginning of June, 4th Australian Infantry Brigade, which had held Quinn's, Pope's and Courtney's for a month was relieved and taken into Reserve Gully. The Anzac troops were massed there and addressed by General Godley.

G01016

G01017

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. The 4th Australian Infantry Brigade massed in Reserve Gully, after being relieved from the front line.

G01017

G01018

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. General Godley addressing the 4th Australian Infantry Brigade (to the left, not in view) in Reserve Gully. The officer in the jersey is Captain Anthony Herbert.

G01018

G01020

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. Courtney's Post trenches, looking from Quinn's Post on Anzac.

G01020

G01022

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. One of our bombs exploding near Courtney's Post, on Anzac.

G01022

G01023

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. Quinn's Post on Anzac was greatly improved by the efforts of the New Zealand engineers and infantry under Colonel Malone, bomb screens and extra wire having been put up.

G01023

G01024

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. Terraces and shelters on the hillside. The New Zealand engineers and infantry under Colonel Malone effected great improvements at Quinn's Post on Anzac.

G01024

G01025

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. A sniper using a periscope rifle at Quinn's Post on Anzac. The framework of a wire netting bomb screen is showing.

G01025

G01028A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. Portrait of Lieutenant A. J. Shout VC, 1st Battalion.

G01028A

G01029

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 8 June 1915. Portrait of Sergeant Harry Freame, 1st Battalion AIF, who, with Private (Pte) Morris and Pte Elart, crawled out each night through the hole shown behind him to scout the enemy's position in front of Quinn's Post.

G01029

G01030

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 8 June 1915. One of the two loopholes near the Tambour Sap in Wire Gully on Anzac, cut in the face of the hill, looking towards the Turkish lines. A sniper to reach the loophole had to crawl down a tunnel from the trenches.

G01030

G01031A

A Turkish gun on the south flank, afterwards known as "Beachy Bill", began to fire at any craft approaching too close to the beach. This shows two shells close alongside the water steamer "Jessie".

G01031A

G01032

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 30 June 1915. A six or eight inch shell bursting just astern of a transport in the Dardanelles.

G01032

G01032A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 30 June 1915. A six or eight inch shell bursting just astern of a transport in the Dardanelles.

G01032A

G01033

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. A trawler under shellfire in the Dardanelles. The picket boat with barges has cleared just in time.

G01033

G01036

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 31 May 1915. Troops bathing off barges opposite the old Divisional Headquarters at Anzac.

G01036

G01037

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 31 May 1915. Troops bathing off a barge at Anzac.

G01037

G01038

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. May 1915. A scene on Anzac Beach on a Sunday early in May, when as many as 400 bathers were in the water at one time. Watson's Pier, in the left foreground, was under construction.

G01038

G01041

Signallers of the 1st Australian Division, under Lieutenant Watson, at work building a pier at Anzac afterwards known as Watson's Pier. A dud 8 inch enemy shell filled with sand served as a pile driver.

G01041

G01042

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. Signallers of the 1st Australian Division building Watson's Pier at Anzac. Even before it was completed the pier was a great resort for bathers. The pile driver was a dud 8 inch shell from the German cruiser Goeben.

G01042

G01043

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. Troops bathing off picket boats and pinnaces at Anzac.

G01043

G01044

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. Watson's Pier at Anzac nearing completion.

G01044

G01045

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. Troops bathing off picket boats and pinnaces. Bathing was the principal pleasure at Anzac, and, though dangerous, was encouraged.

G01045

G01046

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. Lieutenant Watson (right, with pipe in mouth) supervising the building of the pier at Anzac by men of 1st Division Signal Company. The pier came to be known as Watson's Pier.

G01046

G01047A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. As soon as Watson's Pier was finished at Anzac Cove the G.H.Q. torpedo boat attempted to use it but was at once chased away by the Turkish gun known as Beachy Bill. Looking to sea from the slopes behind the beach.

G01047A

G01047B

This Greek schooner was one of the few ships that successfully used Watson's Pier at Anzac Cove in spite of fire from the Turkish gun known as Beachy Bill, which could by this time place a shell on the pier whenever it wished. Commander E H Cater RN and many others were killed there.

G01047B

G01047C

Two terraces at Anzac overlooking the beach, the site of Headquarters and offices of 1st Division. Charles Edwin Woodrow (C. E. W.) Bean's dugout was marked by a plaid rug. Colonel (Col) Austin next door under tarpaulin. Kitchen to right front. Officers (Col Foott, Major (Maj) Griffiths, Col Howse)...

G01047C

G01048

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Looking across the sea as the sun was sinking behind Samothrace. Men and officers never tired of the beautiful sunsets.

G01048

G01049

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. A sunset at Anzac. The figure in the foreground looking out to sea is Private Coffey, Divisional Headquarters Cook, who had been wounded in the head by a large fragment of shell.

G01049

G01052

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. An old paddle tug in use at Anzac, which was often under shellfire from the Turkish gun, "Beachy Bill".

G01052

G01052A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. Reinforcements were drilled on a patch of open land up Shrapnel Gully known as Reinforcement Gully.

G01052A

G01053

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. An early photograph of the graves of Australian artillerymen at the cemetery on Shell Green, Anzac. Each stone represents a soldier.

G01053

G01054

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. The cemetery on Queensland Point at the mouth of Shrapnel Gully, which was probably the largest Australian cemetery at Anzac. The spot suffered considerably from shellfire. Gaba Tepe is seen in the distance.

G01054

G01054A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 30 June 1915. For moving guns abroad a road was cut behind the crest of Bolton's Hill all along right half of 1st Division's line - called Artillery Road.

G01054A

G01054B

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 30 June 1915. The hill which a gun of Burgess' Battery used to shoot over as seen from Gaba Tepe.

G01054B

G01054C

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 30 June 1915. Gaba Tepe, at which the gun often shot, seen from crest just above Burgess' Battery.

G01054C

G01055

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 30 June 1915. A gun of Burgess' Battery which used to fire on Gaba Tepe and Olive Grove, covered with bushes as a screen from aeroplanes. General Sir J. J. T. Hobbs is standing on the left.

G01055

G01056

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 30 June 1915. No. 2 gun of Burgess' Battery in position for firing on Gaba Tepe and Olive Grove.

G01056

G01057

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. Small Green, north of Shell Green, showing holes made by enemy shrapnel searching for Burgess' Battery. General J. J. T. Hobbs is seen in the centre. The high ground in rear is 400 Plateau.

G01057

G01057A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 30 June 1915. The wheatfield in front of the Anzac line taken from Major Hughes' observation post.

G01057A

G01058

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. A trench damaged by shellfire. In July 1915 a Turkish 6 inch howitzer caused considerable trouble by daily enfilading the Australian trenches.

G01058

G01059

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. A trench more or less repaired after enemy shelling. Some of the support trenches were never repaired after July.

G01059

G01064

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Silt Spur on Anzac looking from the trenches on Bolton's Ridge showing the amount of entrenching done here.

G01064

G01065

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A view of Silt Spur, on Anzac, from Bolton's Ridge.

G01065

G01068

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A portion of the underground firing line dug by the 3rd Australian Infantry Brigade at Anzac.

G01068

G01070

Gallipoli, Turkey. July 1915. A typical trench in the old firing line at Anzac. The earth was brick red.

G01070

G01071

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. A view of Monash Gully, Anzac, from the Point of Popes, showing on the left Courtney's, Steele's and MacLaurin's Hill.

G01071

G01073

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. A New Zealand gun on MacLagan's Ridge at Anzac. The camouflage of bushes was so effective that the gun was not visible even to the photographer.

G01073

G01074

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. MacLagan's Ridge and Plugge's Plateau at Anzac, looking from Wire Gully.

G01074

G01075

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A typical trench in the old Anzac firing line near Steele's Post. The firing position is shown on the right, and the sleeping quarters on the left. Overhead traverses were also provided in these trenches against enfilade left.

G01075

G01076

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. A scene showing how Colonel Brand improved Steele's Post at Anzac.

G01076

G01077

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A view of the road leading up to Wire Gully at Anzac.

G01077

G01079

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 31 May 1915. A view of the skyline at Quinn's Post at Anzac.

G01079

G01080

A 'bulge cruiser', one of the warships which began to reappear off the Gallipoli Peninsula. They included the old cruisers, Grafton, Endymion, Edgar and Theseus. On their sides huge bugles had been built as a protection against torpedo explosion. The bugle on this ship is seen just above the...

G01080

G01081

At Sea, Turkey. July 1915. One of the three classes of warships that began to reappear off Anzac, Gallipoli Peninsula. They were monitors of a very shallow draft, mounted with two or three big guns. The first of these to arrive was the Humber. An 8-inch gun was mounted forward, and a 6-inch gun aft.

G01081

G01082

At Sea, Turkey. July 1915. The latest class, at that time, of monitors, which, with other warships, began to reappear off Anzac, Gallipoli Peninsula. These vessels were specially built with blister sides to protect the main part of the structure against the shock and destructive effects of torpedo...

G01082

G01083

At Sea, Turkey. July 1915. A broadside view of the HMS Abercrombie, one of the latest class, at that time, of monitors which, with other warships, began to reappear off Anzac, Gallipoli Peninsula. These vessels were specially built with blister sides to protect the main part of the structure...

G01083

G01083A

At Sea, Turkey. 12 July 1915. These are three of the first shots ever fired by this class of monitor. They were fired at Erenkeui Bay on the southern side of Dardanelles, the HMS Abercrombie firing across Gallipoli Peninsula. (This is the first of three images comprising a panorama).

G01083A

G01083B

At Sea, Turkey. 12 July 1915. These are three of the first shots ever fired by this class of monitor. They were fired at Erenkeui Bay on the southern side of Dardanelles, the HMS Abercrombie firing across Gallipoli Peninsula. (This is the second of three images comprising a panorama).

G01083B

G01083C

At Sea, Turkey. 12 July 1915. These are three of the first shots ever fired by this class of monitor. They were fired at Erenkeui Bay on the southern side of Dardanelles, the HMS Abercrombie firing across Gallipoli Peninsula. (This is the third of three images comprising a panorama).

G01083C

G01084

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 30 June 1915. The war correspondents were forced to pay periodical visits to Imbros, Greece. The journeys were generally made on the G.H.Q. torpedo boat, which did the trip in one hour and a quarter. Advantage was taken by the Australian correspondent of these visits...

G01084

G01085

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 1 July 1915. Anzac Cove as it was at the end of June and early in July 1915 - a hive of activity. Here had to be landed, under the gun-fire of the enemy forts, all the material to feed both men and guns. The Army Corps Headquarters was situated near the base of the...

G01085

G01088

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. North Beach became a useful adjunct to Anzac Cove, as a landing place for various requirements. Before that time full use could not be made of it on account of enemy snipers who operated from the hills on the left. The battle which was fought in August...

G01088

G01089

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. Anzac Cove as it was, before the battle which was fought in August enabled full use to be made of North Beach. This beach was commanded by enemy snipers who operated from the hills on the left of the picture and necessitated the concentration of landing...

G01089

G01090

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. The mountain of Sari Bair and its descent to Suvla plain, which at that time had not been occupied by Anzac forces.

G01090

G01091

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. The mountain of Sari Bair. The Anzac position, slightly to the right, could easily be picked out at any distance by the whiteness of the ground, due to the constant traffic over it of our troops.

G01091

G01093

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. The real relative sizes of Anzac and Kilid Bahr Plateau are shown here. The outline of the summit of the cliffs may be seen running along the base of the mountain and just above the waterline.

G01093

G01094

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. First image in a panorama of the whole field of the Gallipoli campaign comprising five images. The section shown in the far left-hand frame is Suvla, from left of centre to the right. Up to this time the whole plain, northwards of Sari Bair, was occupied only...

G01094

G01095

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. Second image in a panorama of the whole field of the Gallipoli campaign comprising five images. The section shown here embraces Kiretch Tepe, Teke Tepe and Anafarta. Up to this time the whole plain northwards of Sari Bair was occupied only by the Broussa...

G01095

G01096

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. An image in a panorama of the whole field of the Gallipoli campaign comprising five images. The section shown here is Sari Bair, a little to the right. Up to this time the whole plain northwards of Sari Bair was occupied only by the Broussa Gendarmerie. The...

G01096

G01097

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. Fourth image in a panorama of the whole field of the Gallipoli campaign comprising five images. The section shown here is Anzac, the landing place being a little to the left. Up to this time the whole plain northwards of Sari Bair was occupied only by the...

G01097

G01098

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. Fifth image of a panorama of the whole field of the Gallipoli campaign comprising five images. The section shown here is Kilid Bahr and Gaba Tepe. Up to this time the whole plain northwards of Sari Bair was occupied only by the Broussa Gendarmerie. The plan...

G01098

G01099

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. An image of a panorama of the whole field of the Gallipoli campaign comprising five images. The section shown here embraces Achi Baba and Cape Helles. Up to this time the whole plain northwards of Sari Bair was occupied only by the Broussa Gendarmerie. The...

G01099

G01100

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Sari Bair, Anzac, Gaba Tepe, and the valley across the Maidos.

G01100

G01103

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Kiretch Tepe, Jefferson's Post, Anafarta, Teke Tepe, Chocolate Hill, "W" Hills, and Suvla Plain, in the order named, from the left.

G01103

G01104

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Portion of the coast lying left of Anzac. Also shown Abdel Rahman Bair, Sari Bair, Chunuk and Rhododendron Ridge. At a point behind the steamer and at the base of the mountain was situated No. 2 Outpost.

G01104

G01105

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. View of Anzac area from left to right, Walker's Ridge, Sphinx and Plugge's Plateau. The Sphinx is the sharp point to the left of the Plateau.

G01105

G01106

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. View of Anzac area from left to right, Chunuk, Walker's Ridge, Sphinx and Plugge's Plateau. The Sphinx is the sharp point to the left of the Plateau.

G01106

G01107

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Suvla Point, Kiretch Tepe, Jefferson's Post and Lala Aba, in the order named from the left.

G01107

G01108

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Suvla Point, Kiretch Tepe, Jefferson's Post and Lala Baba, in the order named from the left.

G01108

G01109

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Sari Bair, on the slopes of which (to the left) one of the battles of the Peninsula was fought.

G01109

G01110

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The slope of Sari Bair, towards Suvla Plain, on which the battle of Sari Bair was afterwards fought.

G01110

G01111

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 21 July 1915. A sap leading to the left of old Anzac position.

G01111

G01111A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 July 1915. Designs carved by Maori in the long sap leading to the left. New Zealanders held three outposts.

G01111A

G01114

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 July 1915. No. 3 Outpost, which is situated on the extreme left of Old Anzac. The trees show the course of Chailak Dere.

G01114

G01115

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 July 1915. This was a position at the mouth of Chailak Dere that was much used by the New Zealanders. The spot itself was safe, but to venture a few yards up the stream meant certain death, the locality being covered by expert snipers.

G01115

G01116

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 July 1915. A sailor at No. 3 Outpost, who improvised a guitar out of bully beef tins.

G01116

G01117

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 25 July 1915. This photograph depicts one of the many difficulties with which our troops were confronted on Gallipoli. Before bringing in troops for the big battle of August, it was necessary to provide stores of water. The great platform levelled for tanks above...

G01117

G01118

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 July 1915. This photograph depicts one of the many difficulties with which our troops were confronted on Gallipoli. Before bringing in troops for the big battle of August, it was necessary to provide stores of water. The great platform levelled for tanks above Anzac...

G01118

G01119

This photograph depicts one of the many difficulties with which our troops were confronted on Gallipoli. Before bringing in troops for the big battle of August, it was necessary to provide stores of water. The great platform levelled for tanks above Anzac Cove, near the summit of Plugge's Plateau,...

G01119

G01120

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 25 July 1915. This photograph depicts one of the many difficulties with which our troops were confronted on Gallipoli. Before bringing in troops for the big battle of August, it was necessary to provide stores of water. A great platform was levelled for tanks above...

G01120

G01121

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 1 August 1915. This photograph depicts one of the many difficulties with which our troops were confronted on Gallipoli. Before bringing in troops for the big battle of August, it was necessary to provide stores of water. A great platform was levelled above Anzac Cove...

G01121

G01123

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 31 July 1915. Two of our men are here shown in a front line trench ready for any emergency. Owing to the excessive heat the men discarded their tunics and also wore shorts. This provided a little physical relief during the long hours necessity compelled them at times...

G01123

G01124

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 August 1915. About 4 p.m. men of the 3rd Battalion waiting to go into the trenches for the Anzac assault on Lone Pine. All wore white armlets and white square patches on their backs to distinguish them when darkness fell. Two hours after the locality (Brown's Dip) was...

G01124

G01125

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 August 1915. Looking over the parapet at about 6 p.m., during the Anzac attack on Lone Pine. It shows in the foreground, the patch of daisies over which the First Brigade charged. The blurred patches in the distance are clouds of dust raised by our bullets about Jolly...

G01125

G01125A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 August 1915. Photograph taken during Lone Pine fight but spoiled by damp.

G01125A

G01125B

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 August 1915. Photograph taken during Lone Pine fight but spoiled by damp.

G01125B

G01129

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 August 1915. Two attacks were made from the south, the first one on Helles, and the second on Lone Pine. Shown, the position of a trench, occupied by German officers, which was assaulted after midnight. Our trench ran round the near side of the distant hill on the...

G01129

G01130

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. A portion of our line and the wire in front of it, just north of the point from which German officers' trench was attacked (Courtney's Post.)

G01130

G01130A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 7 August 1915. Just north of Courtney's was Quinn's. At 4.30 a.m., we attacked from Quinn's, but the first line was swept away as it left the trench and attack was stopped.

G01130A

G01131

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. General Legge, who arrived on the Peninsula from Egypt at the end of August, with, and in charge of the 2nd Australian Division.

G01131

G01135

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. Dead Man's Ridge, Pope's Hill (in the centre), the Nek (on the left of Pope's Hill), and the gully across which the 1st Brigade of Light Horse charged to defend Dead Man's Ridge (on the right).

G01135

G01136

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The Headquarters of the 2nd Division in Rest Gully. Shrapnel Gully is seen in the distance. The only canteen at Anzac was established by the YMCA (Young Men's Christian Association), near the tents on the right.

G01136

G01144

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. The confused nature of the country above the Nek.

G01144

G01146

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. During the operations between 6 August 1915 to 10 August 1915, New Zealand Mounted Rifles worked up three gullies to clear the foothills. Shown, the first one to be entered; also Destroyer Hill, which was cleared by 10 p.m. on the night of 6 and 7 August.

G01146

G01147

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. Table Top, a steep hill 500 feet high, is one mile and a half up this gully. Mounted Rifles had seized this hill by midnight. The western side, up which the attack was made, is shown. A Turkish flare caught the men in its brilliant light half way up, but...

G01147

G01148

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. Table Top had been shelled at nightfall that night and every night since the end of May, by a destroyer, the vessel on the right.

G01148

G01149

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A typical trench scene on Gallipoli.

G01149

G01150

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. One of a battery of light field pieces hidden among the trees. The fire from these guns was directed at the enemy positions over the hills. The guns were well camouflaged to guard against detection by Turkish airmen.

G01150

G01151

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. What appears to be a cool, cosy, weekend camp but in reality is a well camouflaged tent within the fighting zone at Anzac.

G01151

G01155

Chailak Dere, Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. It was in this gully that the Mounted Rifles were seriously blocked by an enemy trench on the night of 6/7 August 1915. The barbed wire in front of it was finally cleared away by New Zealand engineers and Maori at about 11 p.m. Meanwhile Mounted...

G01155

G01156

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Little Table Top, the limit of the Mounted Rifles' attack to clear the foothills on the night of 6/7 August 1915. The infantry force moved through against the main range shown in the background.

G01156

G01157

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A general view of the country over which the operations of the Australians and New Zealanders (Anzacs) were carried out.

G01157

G01158

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A view of Malone's Gully looking north with Suvla Bay and the Salt Lake beyond, seen from Russell's Top near the Nek and is the first of three that form a panorama with G01160 and G01161.

G01158

G01159

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Little Table Top, which was within the area covered by the operations of the Australians and New Zealanders (Anzacs).

G01159

G01160

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A view of the "Camel's Hump" (extreme right) with the Suvla Plain and the Salt Lake beyond, looking north from Russell's Top near the Nek and is the second of three photographs that form a panorama with G01158 and G01161.

G01160

G01161

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A view of the "Camel's Hump" (extreme right) and "Sniper's Nest", to the right on the same ridge line, looking north from Russell's Top near the Nek and is the second of three photographs that form a panorama with G01158 and G01160.

G01161

G01162

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 7 August 1915. It was over this country that the New Zealand infantry advanced during the early hours of the morning. Attacking up Chailak Dere they reached Rhododendron Spur, the highest point on the extreme left. Chunuk Bair, the distant hill on the right, was...

G01162

G01167

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 30 August 1915. A view of the gap through which the 4th Australian Brigade passed on the night of 6/7 August 1915, and is typical of the country, very much broken, over which the advance was made.

G01167

G01168

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Some of the foothills which were cleared by the New Zealand Mounted Rifles, preparatory to the attack early in August 1915.

G01168

G01173A

Battleship Hill from Rhododendron Ridge (near the Apex) showing the head of Sazli Beit Dere.

G01173A

G01179

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. During a long period of stagnation the time was chiefly occupied in trench digging, mining and bombing. A French trench catapult, a number of which reached Anzac in October.

G01179

G01180

The grave of "Private Savoff, 14th Battalion". In this area, two Turks were noticed engaged in a sniping duel with one Australian. An officer who saw them came back afterwards to see the result. The Australian was shot dead through the head. He had no identity disc but in his hand was a bit of...

G01180

G01181

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Showing the extension of Anzac left to Suvla Plain from which rise the "W" Hills, and behind which are Teke Tepe and Anafarta.

G01181

G01182

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Showing the extension of Anzac left to Suvla Plain from which rise the "W" Hills, and behind which are Teke Tepe and Anafarta.

G01182

G01183

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 15 August 1915. The advance in August was held up on the left in the foothills, without our objective, 971, being reached. In the foreground, the ridge which we reached, and, in the background, the range which we meant to reach. At one point the summit was actually...

G01183

G01184

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 15 August 1915. The advance in August was held up on the left in the foothills, without our objective, 971, having been reached. In the foreground, the ridge which we reached, and, in the background, the range which we meant to reach. At one point the summit was...

G01184

G01185

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. This view shows Abdul Rahman Bair in the distance.

G01185

G01186

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. A view of Chunuk Bair, Rhododendron Spur and Battleship Hill.

G01186

G01187

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Colonel Monash's Headquarters, 4th Australian Infantry Brigade, at Anzac. The officers, reading from left to right, are: Captain McGlynn, Lieutenant Colonel McGlinn, Colonel Monash, Unknown, Unknown, Captain Lock.

G01187

G01188

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 7 August 1915. Turkish prisoners began to come in to the compound above Anzac Cove. This compound was removed later to a safer spot, after one prisoner and two of the guards had been killed by shrapnel.

G01188

G01189

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Several neat Turkish graves, made by soldiers, were found on the banks of Aghyl Dere.

G01189

G01190

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 7 August 1915. A large batch of Turkish prisoners arriving at the compound, above Anzac Cove. They were sent in under a Sikh guard.

G01190

G01191

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. A Turkish prisoner, who appears to be very contented, at work. The protection of sand bags which had to be erected on Anzac Pier can be seen in the background.

G01191

G01192

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. A Turkish officer's sword. The weapon was very like a child's toy sword and could never have been meant for use on active service.

G01192

G01193

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Two Turkish prisoners at work.

G01193

G01194

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. On the morning of 7 August, the transports of the British force at Suvla and the covering warships could be seen crowding around Suvla Point. Shells at the time were bursting over the Salt Lake, which is just visible on the right.

G01194

G01195

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. September 1915. The area occupied by the fleet at Suvla was made safe from submarines by the laying down of nets.

G01195

G01196

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. September 1915. The white hospital tents on the shore, south of Suvla were the first visible signs of occupation.

G01196

G01197

Imbros, Greece. July 1915. Special Motor Lighters were built in England for the Suvla landing, and were invaluable. Troops inside were quite protected against shrapnel.

G01197

G01198

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. September 1915. The white hospital tents on the shore, south of Suvla, were the first visible signs of occupation.

G01198

G01199

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. After the extension into open country, north of Anzac, horses were used for the first time. The despatch rider went daily along the line and was frequently sniped at.

G01199

G01200

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Behind No. 3 Outpost, formerly an isolated position, there grew up a large depot, and the grass was soon trampled to dust. New Zealand Headquarters was established here.

G01200

G01201

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. Looking back from No. 3 Outpost (the new base). The ground between here and Walker's Ridge, near the tents in the distance to the right, was still covered by Turkish fire.

G01201

G01202

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. The chief depot at Anzac, which was situated on North Beach, immediately below the Sphinx.

G01202

G01202A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. A heap of rifles from dead and wounded after August battles on Anzac.

G01202A

G01203

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A French trench catapult, a number of which reached Anzac in October. During a long period of stagnation the time was occupied chiefly in trench digging, mining and bombing.

G01203

G01204

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. An old howitzer near Walker's Ridge, on North Beach. At this time it was possible to move the guns much further to the left at Anzac.

G01204

G01205

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. A new pier was built near Walker's Ridge, on North Beach. The first rails laid at Anzac are being put down by British engineers.

G01205

G01206

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 12 August 1915. The beach, shown on the left, being under the fire of snipers, it was necessary to take the sap to the right in order to get along the beach. In spite of a notice to this effect three men are seen calmly walking along the beach.

G01206

G01207

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. In order to screen traffic from the sight of the Turks on the hills brushwood screens were put up which, although affording no protection against enemy fire, made travelling along the track quite safe.

G01207

G01208

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. On most days a few Turkish prisoners came in and were sent to the prisoners' compound, on the right. The compound was removed to a safer place after one prisoner and two of the guards were killed by shrapnel.

G01208

G01209

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 31 August 1915. As the captured country was extended, hospital camps were established in the most sheltered corners. Seen from an old Turkish dugout, the 1st Light Horse Field Ambulance under Destroyer Hill.

G01209

G01210

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A camp of the Light Horse Field Ambulance squeezed in under cover of No. 1 Outpost. Nek is shown in the background.

G01210

G01211

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Although guns and stores were sometimes placed very close to hospitals, owing to lack of space, the Turks seldom sent shells among the hospital tents. Shown, three limbers just below a hospital.

G01211

G01212

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 September 1915. Mr Keith Murdoch, an Australian newspaper correspondent.

G01212

G01213

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. After the capture of Hill 60 the trenches of the Suvla force joined ours. Shown, a trench which forms the continuation of our left. Chocolate Hill may be seen on the left with a white line of trench around the crest.

G01213

G01214

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. It was decided to take Hill 60 on 21 August 1915, while the British were advancing on 'W' Hills, across the plain.

G01214

G01215

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. The newly-arrived 19th Battalion, of which a number of the men are shown here, with several Ghurkhas, were digging a sap towards the Suvla force. On the day this photograph was taken we were to link our force up with the Suvla force.

G01215

G01215A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 21 August 1915. The battle began with bombardment of Turks in front of British. Lowland 5 inch howitzer gun firing.

G01215A

G01216

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Some men engaged in bomb throwing practice, in White Gully. This type of warfare was very important on Gallipoli, owing to the trenches being so near each other at various points.

G01216

G01217

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. September 1915. Trenches were at once dug in new positions. This shows those on Rhododendron Spur a few weeks after it was taken. New Zealanders resting.

G01217

G01218

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 18 August 1915. The valley from which the New Zealanders debouched to attack Hill 60, which is just outside the mouth of the valley, to the right. The British were advancing from Chocolate Hill.

G01218

G01219

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 27 August 1915. Smoke may be seen rising from the burning scrub on the seaward slopes of Hill 60 and on Kaiajik Dere. These fires were started by bursting shells and some of the wounded were burnt.

G01219

G01219A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. The valley from which the New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade attacked Hill 60.

G01219A

G01220

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. September 1915. At this time, the 54th Division had taken part of the line on our left. The officer is General Taylor, of the Essex Regiment.

G01220

G01221

At Sea, Turkey. c. 31 August 1915. A motor lighter, known as the Beetle, fitted for hospital use, lying alongside Anzac Pier, Gallipoli Peninsula.

G01221

G01222

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 October 1915. General William Riddell Birdwood, General Officer Commanding, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (Anzacs), near Hill 60, on his rounds.

G01222

G01223

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. After the capture of Hill 60 the trenches of the Suvla force joined ours. Shown, a trench which forms the continuation of our left. Chocolate Hill may be seen on the left with a white line of trench around the crest.

G01223

G01224

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A close view of Nek, between Chocolate Hill and Green Hill where our front line ran. It was against the hill in the distance on the right that the Yeomanry made their attack on 21 August 1915.

G01224

G01225

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The Suvla line ran through several farmhouses, one of which is shown here.

G01225

G01226

A farmhouse which formed part of the Suvla Line. Mr Lawrence, Reuters corespondent, is shown on the left. Shortly after this photograph was taken in October, Mr Lawrence and Mr Bean, the Australian official correspondent, were placed under arrest and kept under a guard of four bayonets.

G01226

G01227

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The trenches in several places ran through the actual buildings of a farm. These were left alone by the Turkish artillery, probably because they knew that Turks had been buried inside them before the British arrived.

G01227

G01228

At Sea, Turkey. 6 October 1915. The battleship, HMS Glory, 20 years old, is firing her guns for the first time. She was bombarding a Turkish work, known as the Pimple, on the summit of the hills to the right where her shells can be seen bursting. This scene was taken by Mr Bean (C. E. W.), from...

G01228

G01229

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 October 1915. A view looking across the Salt Lake, showing the shells fired from the battleship, HMS Glory, bursting on the Pimple at Suvla. The Pimple must be distinguished from the 'Pimple' in the Anzac trench line. It marked the extreme limit of the British...

G01229

G01230

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A view from Lala Baba, of the Salt Lake at Suvla. In summer this was dry, but in winter, was full of water.

G01230

G01231

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The wind-lashed waters about Anzac Pier. This was the first warning of the coming winter at Anzac.

G01231

G01232

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The smashed up base of Anzac Pier, the result of the first day of rough weather experienced at Anzac.

G01232

G01233

At Sea, Turkey. 6 October 1915. The first day of rough weather experienced at Anzac in addition to smashing the base of Anzac Pier broke up a schooner which was stranded at North Beach, Gallipoli Peninsula. The remains of the wreck are seen in the centre.

G01233

G01233A

At Sea, Turkey. c. 6 October 1915. A barque was stranded off North Beach, Gallipoli Peninsula. The wreckage shown under the sun was all that was left of her after the storm.

G01233A

G01234

At Sea, Turkey. c. 6 October 1915. The Marsden, one of the tugs which served Anzac, was stranded during the first rough weather experienced by the Australians on Gallipoli Peninsula. The vessel became a target for Turkish gunners. The three members of the crew, who lived near the wreck for some...

G01234

G01235

At Sea, Turkey. c. 6 October 1915. The Marsden, one of the tugs which served Anzac, was stranded during the first rough weather experienced by the Australians on Gallipoli Peninsula. The vessel became a target for Turkish gunners. Three members of the crew lived near the wreck for some weeks in the...

G01235

G01236

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. In order to protect the North Beach, our best harbour, an old steamer, the Nile (Milo), was partially sunk and filled with sand on 26 October 1915. Telegraphic communication had made rapid development as indicated by the post and wires shown. The tents in the...

G01236

G01237

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Walker's Pier benefited by the sunken ship Nile (Milo). This vessel, an old one, was sunk and filled with sand on 26 October 1915 for the purpose of protecting North Beach which was our best harbour.

G01237

G01238

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The sap to the left was broadened to take wheeled transport. During these months an enormous amount of digging and building was done. (Sap just here cuts through remains of old Fisherman's Hut).

G01238

G01239

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The supply and ordnance depots at North Beach, showing the substantial nature of the dwellings which were built for hospital or beach staffs.

G01239

G01240

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The road up Monash Gully. MacLaurin's Hill forms the background. In order to keep traffic clear of the stream beds in the wet weather roads were cut into the hillside up all the valleys.

G01240

G01241

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. September 1915. Water-carrying was one of the most typical fatigues at Anzac, and this shows a party engaged on that work in Martyn's Lane.

G01241

G01242A

Army Service Corps (ASC) stores below the Sphinx.

G01242A

G01243

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 13 November 1915. Sandbag architecture at Anzac. Constructing new offices and post office.

G01243

G01244

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. Stores of kit, rifles and clothing in the new ordnance depot on Anzac.

G01244

G01245

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 13 November 1915. Lord Kitchener visited Anzac. He is leaving North Pier with General William Riddell Birdwood.

G01245

G01245A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 13 November 1915. Lord Kitchener speaking to the men who rushed down to North Pier to see him when he visited Anzac.

G01245A

G01246

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 November 1915. A scene in Anzac Cove during a south-west storm.

G01246

G01247

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 18 November 1915. A storm, which came up from the south-west on 17 November, broke the sunken ship Milo in two and shifted the after half about a foot. This old vessel had been partially sunk and filled with sand to protect North Beach.

G01247

G01248

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 November 1915. During a storm, which came up from the south-west, the tug Gaby was sunk, her crew just managing to escape. She had been lying under shelter of the steamer Milo which had been partially sunk and filled with sand on 26 October 1915, to protect North...

G01248

G01249

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 November 1915. During a storm, which came up from the south-west, the Indian mule carts, which were kept along the beach, were partially buried. The Turks, knowing that we must be busy clearing things up, kept up an incessant fire with 'Beachy Bill', one of their big...

G01249

G01250

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 November 1915. A view of Watson's Pier in Anzac Cove which was badly damaged during a severe storm. The stacked boxes were protection against Turkish Shrapnel.

G01250

G01251

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 November 1915. After the storm which came up from the south-west, Walker's Pier on North Beach was represented by a few posts. This shows the beach staff. The three officers on the right are Major Chamberlain, Commander Gibbs, and Captain Bradshaw. Commander Gibbs...

G01251

G01252

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 18 November 1915. The morning after the storm which came up from the south-west on 17 November, Anzac Pier had entirely gone and the stranded trawler had almost disappeared.

G01252

G01253

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 November 1915. The wood from the boats smashed up by the storm was looked upon as a Godsend by the men, who utilised it for making their dugouts more comfortable.

G01253

G01254

At Sea, Greece. 1 December 1915. For two days Anzac was served by only one dinghy, capable of carrying three men besides the crew. All our steamboats were sunk at Imbros Island by a northerly storm.

G01254

G01255

At Sea, Greece. 1 December 1915. The wreck of seven picket boats at Imbros Island, after a storm.

G01255

G01256

At Sea, Greece. 1 December 1915. This sardine boat, from the Sardine Fisheries, was the swiftest of all the boats serving Anzac. She was sunk at Imbros Island, on 29 November 1915.

G01256

G01257

At Sea, Greece. November 1915. The damage at Imbros during the storm, was caused by the central steamer in this breakwater giving way. The foremost steamer is the old Orient liner Oruba camouflaged to look like a battleship. She was sunk here for the purposes of the breakwater.

G01257

G01259

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 19 November 1915. Stationary hospitals were established for the winter. In November they were shelled by the Turks in their attempt to reach advance depots, next to which they stood. Shown, a mark made by a shell across the roof of a tent of No. 1 Stationary Hospital....

G01259

G01260

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 18 November 1915. After the storm of 17 November, Watson's Pier had to be repaired, but it was never again thoroughly completed. The Turks knew the work was going on, and from this time onward practically shelled us off Anzac beach.

G01260

G01262

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 29 November 1915. The Indian mule camp and hospital in Shrapnel Gully during a snow storm.

G01262

G01263

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 29 November 1915. A kitchen in the snow in White Gully.

G01263

G01264

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 29 November 1915. The snow covered dugout of Mr C. E. W. Bean, the Australian Official Correspondent, and his batman, Private Arthur W. Bazley standing at the doorway.

G01264

G01265

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 29 November 1915. After the blizzard, Major A. M. Martyn standing in the snow outside Artillery Headquarters, White Gully. In the background are men of the 24th Battalion being relieved from Lone Pine. The attitude of the man on the left indicates the heaviness of the...

G01265

G01266

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 28 November 1915. Some of the 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade, which had just arrived from Mudros Rest Camp, had no dugouts to sleep in, and spent the night in these shelters made of waterproof sheets only. The men were none the worse for their experience and were...

G01266

G01267

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 28 November 1915. Some of the Lone Pine trenches (facing Johnson's Jolly), under snow. The men on the right were standing on the fire step. Overhead traverses were built against enfilading fire.

G01267

G01268

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 30 November 1915. A Maori in the Apex trenches. The cheerfulness of the Maori under difficulties was the subject of general comment.

G01268

G01269

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 5 December 1915. Evacuation having been decided upon, new piers were built, one of which, extended out to the partially sunken ship Milo.

G01269

G01270

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 10 December 1915. A commencement was made with the shifting of hospital stores from North Beach as part of the evacuation process.

G01270

G01270A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 10 December 1915. Hospitals etc were cleared from North Beach first as part of the evacuation process. They left quite openly by day from Walker's Pier.

G01270A

G01271

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 10 December 1915. An ambulance leaving Rest Gully in the course of evacuation. All the troops moved down to North Beach by roads hidden from the Turks.

G01271

G01272

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 10 December 1915. Brigadier General William Holmes, Acting General Officer Commanding, 2nd Division, which was chiefly responsible for the rearguard during the evacuation of Anzac, with his Aide-de-Camp, Lieutenant W. P. MacCallum.

G01272

G01273

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 10 December 1915. This view shows how Snipers' Nest overlooked North Beach, where preparations for evacuation of Anzac were going on.

G01273

G01274

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 10 December 1915. Snipers' Nest, an old Turkish post, north of Walker's Ridge, overlooked North Beach. At this time evacuation of Anzac was going on.

G01274

G01275

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 15 December 1915. The Turks, noticing some activity on North Beach, began to try the range of the piers which were just hidden. In the foreground, a little to the left, a shell is seen bursting over Air Burnu. This fire was directed at the Milo, whose masts could be...

G01275

G01276

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. Three soldiers breaking up the rum cases.

G01276

G01277

The Assistant Provost Marshall watching a surplus quantity of rum being thrown into the sea.

G01277

G01278

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. These men are engaged in tearing buttons, badges, etc, off clothing which had to be left behind on Anzac.

G01278

G01279

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. The old naval 4.7 inch gun made in 1896, was blown up. This shows the inner and outer tubes. The gun is said to have been used at Ladysmith, South Africa. The remains were left for the Turks.

G01279

G01280

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. The old naval 4.7 inch gun made in 1896, which was said to have been used at Ladysmith, South Africa, was left for the Turks, after it was blown up.

G01280

G01281

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. The incinerators were used more freely than usual during the preparation for evacuation of Anzac. This view is of Shrapnel Gully.

G01281

G01282

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 18 December 1915. Engineers burning picks, sickles, rifles, etc, in Monash Valley.

G01282

G01283

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 18 December 1915. Nothing was left on Anzac that might have been of any practical use to the enemy. Engineers of the 5th Field Company, are breaking up a pump in Monash Gully.

G01283

G01284

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. The dugout of Mr Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean (C. E. W.), the Australian Official Correspondent.

G01284

G01284A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. Papers, etc, being burnt outside the dugout of Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean (C. E. W.), the Australian Official Correspondent.

G01284A

G01285

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 18 December 1915. In order to deceive the Turks, all hospital tents were left standing exactly as usual, but all equipment was removed except from two of them in case of casualties. These were the 14th Casualty Clearing, and the 1st Australian Casualty Clearing.

G01285

G01286

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 18 December 1915. General Howse, Major (Maj) Campbell, Maj Hurley. Maj Campbell, was to have been left in charge of the 1st Australian Clearing Hospital, to wait for the Turks in the event of casualties taking place, but as there were none of a serious nature he was...

G01286

G01287

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. A view of Watson's Pier. During the last days of the evacuation, Anzac Beach, was utterly deserted, but fortunately Turkish airmen, flew too high to notice this.

G01287

G01287A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. Another view of an empty Anzac Beach.

G01287A

G01289

A game of cricket was played on Shell Green in an attempt to distract the Turks from the imminent departure of allied troops. Major George Macarthur Onslow of the Light Horse in batting, is being caught out. Shells were passing overhead all the time the game was in progress.

G01289

G01290

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. The bomb factory and tanks in Anzac Gully, past which the last parties to leave the Peninsula had to march down by a specially marked route.

G01290

G01291

A delayed action device, commonly called a drip rifle, invented by Lance Corporal William Charles Scurry (later Captain W C Scurry MC DCM) of the 7th Battalion, AIF, for firing a rifle by means of weights operated through water escaping from one tin into another. A rifle could be left to operate 20...

G01291

G01292

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The cemetery on Queensland Point. The men paid very great attention to this and other cemeteries during the last few days of the occupation. The graves of Captain Bage, Lieutenant (Lt) William Henry Dawkins, and Major C. H. Villers-Stuart can be seen. Lt Dawkins...

G01292

G01292A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The cemetery on Queensland Point.

G01292A

G01294

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. The Shrapnel Gully cemetery, seen from the Indian camp. The men paid very great attention to this and the other cemeteries during the last few days of the occupation. The Indian in the foreground is loading his mules within full view of the Turks, 1200...

G01294

G01295

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. Graves in Shrapnel Gully cemetery, looking towards the Sap. The men paid very great attention to this and the other cemeteries during the last few days of the occupation. The soldier's cap has been placed over the grave in the foreground.

G01295

G01296

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. Shrapnel Gully, showing the cemetery, and also showing how the whole gully was commanded by the Turkish snipers on the distant ridge to the left of Baby 700.

G01296

G01297

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. The cemetery at Brown's Dip, near the back of Lone Pine. A great number of both Australian and Turkish dead were buried here after the battle of Lone Pine.

G01297

G01298

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. This view was taken from the point where Colonel MacLaurin was killed. He was shot by a sniper near the precipitous gully opposite. The remains of the old Headquarters of the 5th Battalion are shown in the foreground, and Baby 700 in the distance.

G01298

G01299

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. Colonel MacLaurin was shot on Tuesday 27 April 1915, about 4 o'clock, by a sniper. The body was interred at this spot.

G01299

G01300

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. Cemetery on Shell Green near the left of the line. The men paid very great attention to this and the other cemeteries during the last days of the occupation.

G01300

G01300A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. On the night of 17 December a great fire broke out amongst biscuits and canned meat stacks on North Beach. It looked as though the whole business was up, but Turks clearly thought their fire caused it. This is taken a quarter mile away.

G01300A

G01301

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 19 December 1915. The last day of occupation, the Turks fired heavy shells both into Anzac and Suvla. Some of them can be dimly seen bursting on Lala Baba, Suvla.

G01301

G01302

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 18 December 1915. The smouldering remains of a fire about midday which broke out in the supply dump at North Beach between 1 a.m. and 2 a.m., the day before the final evacuation. The fire, which consumed a large stack of 'Maconochie's Rations,' was at first suspected by...

G01302

G01303

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 18 December 1915. A view of Anzac. The smoke of the fire in which was destroyed useful material that could not be taken away during evacuation, can be seen towards the right. Great efforts were made to prevent this operation being observed by the enemy.

G01303

G01304

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 19 December 1915. A view of Anzac on the last day of occupation. The vessel on the left is HMS Honeysuckle, which carried General William Riddell Birdwood.

G01304

G01305

At Sea, Turkey. 19 December 1915. The HMS Honeysuckle with the Anzac staff on board, leaving Anzac on the last day of the occupation on Gallipoli Peninsula.

G01305

G01306

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 19 December 1915. The success of the evacuation depended largely on the weather. There were indications of a storm gathering on the last day, but the sea remained smooth for the Anzacs.

G01306

G01307

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The view which the Turks would have obtained from Sniper's Nest during the evacuation on 19 December 1915. This photograph was not taken during the evacuation.

G01307

G01307A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. The view showing how the Turks would have commanded the beach by advancing 300 yards. Mule Gully.

G01307A

G01308

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 19 December 1915. A view of Suvla on the last day of the Anzac occupation.

G01308

G01309

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 20 December 1915. At 4 a.m., the Suvla troops, having all embarked, set fire to the stores. The distant line of burning stores can be seen across the water.

G01309

G01309A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 20 December 1915. At about 4 a.m., burning stores at Suvla, seen across the water.

G01309A

G01309B

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 20 December 1915. At 6.45 a.m. the Turks began a furious bombardment of Anzac. This shows (inside pencilled circle) seven Turkish shells bursting near Shell Green. Turks attacked at 7.15 a.m. and could be plainly seen on the parapets of our trenches on the skyline.

G01309B

G01310

A view of Mudros Harbour to which the Australian troops were taken on evacuation of Anzac. No. 3 Australian General Hospital is in the foreground. There was no natural shelter for this position, the tents being exposed to all winds. Sarpi camp is in the background.

G01310

G01311

Some of the transport ships leaving Mudros Harbour.

G01311

G01312

At Sea. 29 December 1915. Anzac Book staff members worn out asleep on trawler coming from Imbros. On the right is Ted Colles resting.

G01312

G01314

At Sea. 29 December 1915. Four of the Anzac Book staff on a trawler coming from Imbros. Left to right: F R Crozier, David Barker, C E W Bean, Ted Colles.

G01314

G01315

Valetta, Malta. December 1915. The French fleet in the harbour after the evacuation of Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey.

G01315

G01316

Valetta, Malta. December 1915. The French fleet in the harbour after the evacuation of Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey.

G01316

G01317

At Sea. December 1915. Naval and Royal Navy Air Service officers on board SS Kinstonian between Malta and Marseilles, one of them Captain Davies VC, going home on leave. Back row, second from left, Capt Harmsworth, Royal Marine Light Infantry (afterwards killed at Beaumont Hamel, 1916).

G01317

G01318

At Sea. December 1915. Naval and Royal Navy Air Service officers on board SS Kinstonian between Malta and Marseilles, one of them Captain Davies VC, going home on leave. Back row, second from left, Capt Harmsworth, Royal Marine Light Infantry (afterwards killed at Beaumont Hamel, 1916).

G01318

G01318A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The Sphinx at Anzac and Reserve Gully.

G01318A

G01319

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. It was believed for a long time that a Turkish sniper was located in the crevice in the Sphinx's head and heavy fire from the Anzacs was directed against it in April 1915. The belief was probably without foundation.

G01319

G01320

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. The Razor Back joining Russell's Top to Plugge's Plateau. A road was afterwards cut round here by our Anzac troops. Lester Lawrence, Reuter's correspondent, is in the foreground.

G01320

G01321

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. Looking down Turkish Mule Gully on the right of Quinn's Post, Anzac. Johnston's Jolly is on the right and Turkish Quinn's on the left.

G01321

G01322

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. Looking down Turkish Mule Gully on the right of Quinn's Post, Anzac. Johnston's Jolly is on the right and Turkish Quinn's on the left.

G01322

G01323

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. Looking down Turkish Mule Gully on the right of Quinn's Post, Anzac. Johnston's Jolly is on the right and Turkish Quinn's on the left.

G01323

G01324

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 5 August 1915. A snapshot of Major Henry Llewellyn Mackworth of 1st Division, Signal Company and Captain Parker of Artillery.

G01324

G01325

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 13 November 1915. Group portrait of Brigadier General (Brig Gen) Johnson of New Zealand Field Artillery Brigade, Brig Gen Russell, Brig Gen Monash, Brig Gen Johnson of New Zealand Light Infantry, Brig Gen Stephenson and Brig Gen J. M. Antill of 3rd Australian Light...

G01325

G01326

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 18 December 1915. Portrait of General W. B. Lesslie.

G01326

G01328

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Major E. M. Williams, Brigadier General Chauvel and Captain W. P. Farr at the 3rd Section. Courtney's Post is in the distance.

G01328

G01329

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) C. B. B. White and Lt Col N. R. Howse VC, outside the 1st Divisional Headquarters, White Gully.

G01329

G01330

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. September 1915. Colonel J. M. Antill of 3rd Australian Light Horse, on Rhodendron Spur.

G01330

G01331

Lemnos, Greece. 29 December 1915. Griffin, Bazley and Sergeant Balfour at Mudros.

G01331

G01332

Portrait of Lieutenant (Lt) (Later Major) Oliver Hogue, 2nd Light Horse Brigade, later of the 14th Light Horse Brigade, outside a dugout on Anzac. Lt Hogue of Sydney, NSW, worked as a journalist prior to his enlistment on 16 September 1914. He served through almost the entire Gallipoli campaign,...

G01332

G01333

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. Captain J. W. B. Bean, 3rd Battalion Medical Officer, and Captain L. W. Dunlop in the 3rd Battalion dressing station, Wire Gully.

G01333

G01334

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Private (Pte) M. Arthur, 6 foot 5 inches tall, and Pte Duncan S. Maxwell, 6 foot 3 inches, of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, outside a dugout on Anzac.

G01334

G01335

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. September 1915. Lieutenant C. T. Butler of Tasmania, Dorset Yeomanry, outside a dugout on Anzac.

G01335

G01336

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Lieutenant Ramsey, 1st Division Headquarters, standing on a ridge on Anzac.

G01336

G01337

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Major Henry Llewellyn Mackworth of 1st Division, Signal Company, with an improvised bomb gun found in the Turkish trenches at Lone Pine. It was made from an old shell case and was fired like a rocket.

G01337

G01338

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A portable canvas wash stand outside a sand bagged dugout at Anzac.

G01338

G01339

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A machine gun of the 10th Light Horse, hidden on Rhodendron Spur, in its day position. This was used for sniping at Sniper's Nest, and was never found by the Turks. The officer is Major Nicholas of 9th Light Horse.

G01339

G01340

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 26 June 1915. This scene shows how a gun is located by the enemy. The haze is the dust blown up by a 5 inch howitzer on being fired.

G01340

G01341

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 26 June 1915. This scene shows how a gun is located by the enemy. The haze is the dust blown up by a 5 inch howitzer.

G01341

G01342

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 26 June 1915. This scene shows how a gun is located by the enemy. The white patch near the beach is dust thrown up by the blast of a 5 inch howitzer on being fired.

G01342

G01343

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. The shield of an Australian 18 pounder gun, showing the damage done by Turkish shells.

G01343

G01344

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. September 1915. A Turkish prisoner brought up to the 1st Divisional Headquarters for examination by the interpreter, Mr Nicholas. Sentry is shown on the left.

G01344

G01345

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A cigarette case which was thrown over by the Turks at Quinn's in September 1915. On the outside was the inscription in blue pencil 'With pleasure to our heroic enemies.'

G01345

G01346

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. May 1915. The arrival of a mail for the Anzacs. Newspapers ready for distribution outside the 1st Brigade Headquarters, Wire Gully.

G01346

G01347

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Captain William McKenzie of the Salvation Army, in Wire Gully.

G01347

G01348

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. The smoke from a fire in a dugout in Anzac Gully.

G01348

G01349

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. Beating out a fire in a dugout in Anzac Gully.

G01349

G01349A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 21 August 1915. New Zealander carrying swag in fashion of Australian swaggie at Taylor's Gap.

G01349A

G01350

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Indian mules in the shelter of Mule Gully.

G01350

G01351

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Indian mules in very deep shelters dug for them at the Indian hospital camp, Shrapnel Gully, Anzac.

G01351

G01352

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Indian mules in very deep shelters dug for them at the Indian hospital camp, Shrapnel Gully, Anzac. These excavations afforded protection from the shells from the Turkish gun, 'Beachy Bill'.

G01352

G01353

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The position of the Indian hospital camp, Shrapnel Gully, Anzac, where dugouts were made for the protection of the Indian mules.

G01353

G01354

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The cook's dugout at the 1st Divisional Headquarters, Anzac Gully. The soldier on the right is 69 private Arthur William Bazley, the photographer's batman and later his secretary during the writing of the official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918.

G01354

G01355

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A dugout in Anzac Gully.

G01355

G01356

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A dugout above Shell Green, Anzac. The officers are Lieutenant B. Lowing and Wills-Allen.

G01356

G01357

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Some of the dugouts in Anzac Gully.

G01357

G01358

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. June 1915. Two soldiers standing beside the entrance to a dugout on Artillery Road, in the 12th Battalion lines. These deep dugouts became very common towards the end of the occupation.

G01358

G01359

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Dugout at 1st Australian Divisional Headquarters, Anzac Gully. Private W. Smith, Postal Orderly.

G01359

G01360

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. A dugout in Anzac Gully wrecked by a shell.

G01360

G01361

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. April 1915. A 'hair' raid. Hairdressing operations outside a dugout.

G01361

G01362

Imbros, Greece. July 1915. The Anzac correspondents' camp, situated in a vineyard.

G01362

G01363

Looking from the right of Anzac towards Helles. Achi Baba can be faintly seen in the distance

G01363

G01364

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The Helles Coast. Achi Baba is the highest point in the background, a little to the right. The British left was at a point about the centre.

G01364

G01365

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The Helles coastline. Achi Baba and Gully Ravine are a little to the right. A shell, slightly to the left, can be seen bursting over the British lines.

G01365

G01366

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Breakwater at Helles made out of sunken steamer. This was not nearly so solid as the French breakwater at Sedd-El-Bahr, which was protected by the sunken battleship Massena.

G01366

G01367

At Sea, Turkey. October 1915. Hospital ships off Cape Helles, Gallipoli Peninsula.

G01367

G01368

At Sea, Turkey. October 1915. The black spot in the centre is part of the keel of HMS Majestic which remained showing above the water off Cape Helles, Gallipoli Peninsula, for many months.

G01368

G01369

At Sea, Turkey. October 1915. In the distance just above and beyond the bows of the barque can be seen the keel of HMS Majestic. After showing above the water off Cape Helles, Gallipoli Peninsula, for many months it disappeared in December 1915.

G01369

G01370

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Breakwater at Helles made out of sunken steamer. This was not nearly so solid as the French breakwater at Sedd-El-Bahr, which was protected by the sunken battleship Massena.

G01370

G01371

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Breakwater at Helles made out of sunken steamer. This was not nearly so solid as the French breakwater at Sedd-El-Bahr, which was protected by the sunken battleship Massena.

G01371

G01372

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The breakwater at Helles made out of sunken steamers. This was not nearly so solid as the French breakwater at Sedd-El-Bahr, which was protected by the sunken battleship Massena.

G01372

G01373

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A French transport column on the road at Helles.

G01373

G01374

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A battery of French 75mm guns on the right at Helles.

G01374

G01375

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A battery of French 75mm guns on the right at Helles.

G01375

G01376

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A French battery commander's vegetable garden outside his dugout at Helles.

G01376

G01377

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A Turkish shell-hole near a French battery of 75mm guns on the right at Helles.

G01377

G01378

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. French cooks on the right at Helles.

G01378

G01379

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. French dugouts on the right at Helles.

G01379

G01380

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. Tombstones engraved by the French at Helles.

G01380

G01381

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. A Turkish graveyard at Helles. This and other such places were carefully preserved by our troops.

G01381

G01382

At Sea. July 1915. The Navy balloon ship Hecla, which was in attendance on the fleet off Gallipoli Peninsula, from the first day. She carried a large captive balloon forward which used to be sent up with cradle attachment from which observers directed the naval fire. Bombs were often dropped at...

G01382

G01383

At Sea. July 1915. The seaplane ship Ark Royal, which was off Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey, from the commencement of the campaign. The crane forward is for launching and hoisting in seaplanes.

G01383

G01384

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. July 1915. Some of the large monitors, Abercrombie, Roberts and Raglan, armed with American 14.5 inch guns. These ships were shallow and were protected against torpedo explosion by 'blisters'. Their speed was six knots.

G01384

G01385

At Sea, Turkey. July 1915. HMS Humber, the first monitor which appeared off Anzac, Gallipoli Peninsula.

G01385

G01386

Imbros, Greece. July 1915. The balloon ship Hecla and warships. The Hecla was in attendance on the fleet from the first day. She carried a large captive balloon forward which used to be sent up with a cradle attachment from which observers directed the naval fire. Bombs were often dropped at this...

G01386

G01387

At Sea, Turkey. July 1915. The General Headquarters torpedo boat passing the seaplane ship Ark Royal off Gallipoli Peninsula.

G01387

G01387A

Dardanelles, Turkey. July 1915. Seaplane flying low searching for submarines as seen from a torpedo boat half way between Anzac and Imbros.

G01387A

G01388

At Sea, Turkey. September 1915. The small scouting airship, known as the 'Silver Sausage', which was taken to Imbros for submarine work, but was sent away without being used. See G01419, G1419A.

G01388

G01389

Imbros, Greece. October 1915. The armoured cruiser HMS Cornwall which replaced HMS Bacchante in the harbour. She was one of the ships which engaged the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau off Falkland Islands.

G01389

G01390

Imbros, Greece. October 1915. The cruiser HMS Cornwall which replaced the Bacchante, in the harbour.

G01390

G01391

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. HMS Prince George lying in Suvla Bay off Anzac. The nets are out against submarine attack. The rigging of the topmasts is made secure by a system of strapping which may be seen zigzagging from the upper turrets.

G01391

G01392

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. HMS Swiftsure, sister ship of the Triumph, lying in Suvla Bay off Anzac. The HMS Prince George is lying astern. These ships were lying within range of the Turkish batteries, and were frequently fired at but seldom hit.

G01392

G01393

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The forward guns of HMS Swiftsure as she lay in Suvla Bay off Anzac. The wave painted at the bows and the wash painted on the side are meant to deceive the enemy gunners. The Swiftsure's guns were 10-inch and 7.5-inch, and it was said, at that time, that...

G01393

G01394

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. October 1915. The cranes of HMS Swiftsure. Lying in Suvla Bay off Anzac, the Swiftsure and Triumph, which were originally built for a South American navy, were always distinguished by these big cranes.

G01394

G01395

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. HMS Hindustan which arrived just before the evacuation of Anzac, shows the main mast 'struck' by these battleships in order to avoid risk of its falling.

G01395

G01396

At Sea. November 1915. The old Orient liner Oruba, which was turned into a sham battleship. She was afterwards sunk to provide the breakwater at Imbros. A dismantled airship shed can be seen in the distance.

G01396

G01397

Imbros, Greece. December 1915. The Imbros breakwater after the storm of 28-29 November 1915. The middle ship had disappeared, and all the smaller craft lying behind were driven ashore, including the General Headquarters' torpedo boat.

G01397

G01398

Imbros, Greece. November 1915. The bows of the Oruba as she appeared, showing the lines of the old merchantman, and the canvas superstructure, to make her appear like a warship, rigged on wooden frames.

G01398

G01399

At Sea, Turkey. October 1915. The General Headquarters' torpedo boat off Anzac, Gallipoli Peninsula. It was necessary to keep the boat moving in a circle in order to avoid giving 'Beachy Bill', the big Turkish gun, a target.

G01399

G01400

At Sea, Turkey. October 1915. The General Headquarters' torpedo boat off Anzac, Gallipoli Peninsula. It was necessary to keep the boat moving in a circle in order to avoid giving 'Beachy Bill', the big Turkish gun, a target.

G01400

G01400A

At Sea. c. 31 October 1915. The voyage across in the General Headquarters' torpedo boat during the autumn months was often a rough one. Nobody locked forward to taking these trips during the winter.

G01400A

G01400B

At Sea. c. 31 October 1915. The voyage across in the General Headquarters' torpedo boat during the autumn months was often a rough one. Nobody locked forward to taking these trips during the winter.

G01400B

G01400C

Imbros, Greece. October 1915. HMS Triad in the harbour.

G01400C

G01401

Imbros, Greece. October 1915. Trawlers and Greek schooners in the harbour. These trawlers used to conduct a ferry service to an advertised time-table as regular as the journeys across the English channel.

G01401

G01402

Imbros, Greece. December 1915. Typical trawler sailors.

G01402

G01404

The sunsets were often magnificent. A view of Kephalo Harbour. The old cruiser, Grafton or Endymion is in the foreground. The 'bulge' which had been placed on her side as a protection against submarines is clearly visible.

G01404

G01405

Imbros, Greece. c. 31 October 1915. An autumn sunset.

G01405

G01406

Imbros, Greece. c. 31 October 1915. An autumn sunset.

G01406

G01407

Imbros, Greece. c. 31 October 1915. An autumn sunset.

G01407

G01408

Imbros, Greece. November 1915. General Headquarters.

G01408

G01409

Imbros, Greece. October 1915. Villa Pericles. This is the cottage occupied by the war correspondents. The addition to the house was being built by our men to serve as a dining room.

G01409

G01410

Imbros, Greece. August 1915. A view of General Headquarters, from the war correspondents' old camp.

G01410

G01411

Imbros, Greece. 1915. Correspondents Messrs H. W. Nevinson of Provincial Press, Malcolm Ross of NZ Government, Lester Lawrence, English war correspondent for Reuter's Press.

G01411

G01412

Imbros, Greece. October 1915. A road. The method of working was to sing a song in which the men were lead by one of their number. At the end of every other line they would lift their long-handled rammers and drop them down again.

G01412

G01413

Imbros, Greece. November 1915. Only an hour and a half from the trenches, was one of the most peaceful places on the earth. This view was from a point from which could almost be seen the big shells bursting over the Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey.

G01413

G01414

Imbros, Greece. October 1915. Mr Lester Lawrence, Reuter's correspondent, during the customary walk.

G01414

G01415

Imbros, Greece. 1915. The town of Panagia, two hours' journey over the hills from Kephalos. The sea is to the north of the island.

G01415

G01416

Imbros, Greece. 1915. A view on the road to Panagia, a town which is two hours' journey over the hills from Kephalos.

G01416

G01417

Imbros, Greece. 1915. A scene in the little town of Panagia, which could be reached within three hours from Anzac by the very few who had the chance of making the visit.

G01417

G01418

Imbros, Greece. 1915. A village cafe under the great trees of Panagia. This town could be reached within three hours from Anzac by the very few who had the chance of making the visit to Imbros.

G01418

G01419

Imbros, Greece. September 1915. The "Silver Sausage". This small scouting non rigid airship was taken to Imbros in September for submarine work but was sent away without being used. [See G01388, G1419A].

G01419

G01419A

IMBROS. 1915. VIEW OF THE "SILVER SAUSAGE" NON RIGID AIRSHIP IN THE AIR OFF IMBROS. [SEE G01388, G01419]

G01419A

G01419B

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Battleships at Suvla Bay.

G01419B

G01419C

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Battleships at Suvla Bay.

G01419C

G01419D

An old friend at Mudros, one of the Messageries, Australian liners.

G01419D

G01419E

The Hussar, flagship of General Wemyss.

G01419E

G01419F

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. The 'Lord Nelson' or 'Agammemnon'.

G01419F

G01419G

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. Turkish shells bursting on edge of Plugge's Plateau, but meant for battery on top.

G01419G

G01419H

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. December 1915. Turkish shells bursting on edge of Plugge's Plateau, but meant for battery on top.

G01419H

G01419I

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. 2nd Division Headquarters.

G01419I

G01420

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 17 December 1915. The road up Rest Gully shows some of the men, in the process of evacuation, leaving the advanced positions unobserved by the Turks.

G01420

G01421

Divisional Headquarters' grooms at Mena.

G01421

G01422

A group of Maori who visited Mena.

G01422

G01423

Divisional Headquarters' grooms at Mena.

G01423

G01424

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Warships, lying off Ocean Beach, shelling the Turkish positions. Suvla Bay is at the far end of the horseshoe curve in the coastline.

G01424

G01425

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Warships in the distance, lying off Ocean Beach, shelling the Turkish positions. Suvla Bay is to the right but not shown in the photograph.

G01425

G01426

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The warship in the distance has come in close to shell the Turkish positions. Ocean Beach is on the right and Suvla Bay further on.

G01426

G01427

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The warship in the distance has come in close to shell the Turkish positions. Ocean Beach is on the right and Suvla Bay further on.

G01427

G01428

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Owing to the confusing nature of the country notice boards were necessary to facilitate the movements of troops and to ensure the speedy delivery of despatches and supplies.

G01428

G01429

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A strip of the precipitous coastline of Gallipoli. The hospital tents are clearly visible at the base of the hills.

G01429

G01429A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A strip of the precipitous coastline of Gallipoli. The hospital tents are clearly visible at the base of the hills.

G01429A

G01429B

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 August 1915. Two photos taken on one plate at moment when 1st Brigade charged from trench against Lone Pine at 5.30. Photo should show men scrambling from trench.

G01429B

G01430

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A strip of the precipitous coastline of Gallipoli. The hospital tents are clearly visible at the base of the hills.

G01430

G01431

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A scene at Anzac Pier during the landing of supplies, which were taken in Indian mule carts to the various depots.

G01431

G01432

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. An open-air communion service at Anzac.

G01432

G01433

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The graveyard at Brighton Beach, Shrapnel Gully. Special attention was paid to this and the other graveyards by the men just prior to the evacuation.

G01433

G01434

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A view of Quinn's Post where some heavy fighting took place in May 1915. The scrub is burning as the result of shellfire.

G01434

G01435

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A view of Quinn's Post where some heavy fighting took place in May 1915. The scrub is burning as the result of shellfire.

G01435

G01436

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A view of Quinn's Post where some heavy fighting took place in May 1915.

G01436

G01437

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A view of Quinn's Post where some heavy fighting took place in May 1915.

G01437

G01438

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A view of Quinn's Post. Smoke clouds can be seen rising from the scrub which is burning as a result of shellfire. Some hard fighting took place in May 1915.

G01438

G01439

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A view of Quinn's Post where some heavy fighting took place in May 1915.

G01439

G01440

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Part of the old Turkish line which was taken in the August fighting.

G01440

G01441

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A scene on Anzac Beach, showing the landing of engineering appliances.

G01441

G01442

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. A complete system of telephone communication was established on the Peninsula by the Anzacs.

G01442

G01442A

The last of the German raider SMS Emden at Cocos Island. A life-boat from the Australian cruiser HMAS Sydney is on its way to the Emden.

G01442A

G01442C

New dugouts of Anzac HQ staff at head of N.Z. Gully

G01442C

G01442D

Corps H.Q. staff in snow

G01442D

G01442G

Photo taken in snow around camp of Indian Mule Cart Corps

G01442G

G01442H

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. Snow around camp of Indian Mule Cart Corps at Anzac.

G01442H

G01442J

North Beach, Anzac, showing piles of stores of A.S.C. and Ordnance

G01442J

G01442K

The evacuation of Anzac. Trawlers with strings of rowing-boats starting from Kephalos Harbour, Imbros, for Anzac on the evening of December 19th. The increased smoke of the fleet that night was noticed by the Turks.

G01442K

G01442L

The evacuation of Anzac. Trawlers with strings of rowing-boats starting from Kephalos Harbour, Imbros, for Anzac on the evening of December 19th. The increase smoke of the fleet that night was noticed by the Turks.

G01442L

G01442M

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Lord Kitchener and other Generals coming down from Walker's Ridge.

G01442M

G01442PR

Panorama composed of G01442P and G01442R

G01442PR

G01442R

Sniper's Nest, the Turkish vantage point affording a view of North Beach

G01442R

G01443

France. 1916. A view showing traffic in Marseilles while Mr Bean (C.E.W.), the Australian official correspondent, was on his way to England from Egypt.

G01443

G01444

The peculiar painting of a neutral ship as a precaution against submarine attack.

G01444

G01445

The peculiar painting of a neutral ship as a precaution against submarine attack.

G01445

G01446

The Sphinx. In the annals of Egyptian Antiquity, the Sphinx is the colossal stone figure of a creature with the head of a man or an animal with the body of a lion, situated near the pyramids of El Giza near Cairo, and was a popular tourist attraction for Australian troops in Egypt during the First...

G01446

G01447

The head of the Sphinx. In the annals of Egyptian Antiquity, the Sphinx is the colossal stone figure of a creature with the head of a man or an animal with the body of a lion, situated near the pyramids of El Giza near Cairo, and was a popular tourist attraction for Australian troops in Egypt...

G01447

G01448

The monitor, M23, alongside wharf. The Australians were given the central or Ismailia section of the Suez Canal defences. In Lake Timsah at Ismailia, were several warships which had become familiar in the operations off Gallipoli.

G01448

G01449

There was a ferry across the Suez Canal at Ismailia. The Australians built a bridge here in the winter of 1914-1915, and it was one of the chief posts along the canal and the headquarters of the 2nd Division. This year the garrison line was built miles out in the desert. The floating bridge is here...

G01449

G01450

The floating bridge, built by the Australians on the Suez Canal, being opened. This was one of the chief posts of the garrison and the headquarters of the 2nd Division before the line was shifted out into the desert.

G01450

G01451

The old French battleship, Requin, in Lake Timsah.

G01451

G01452

The old French battleship, Requin, in Lake Timsah. Her guns were high, thus giving her gunners an advantage for shooting over sandhills.

G01452

G01453

The monitor, Sir Thomas Picton, which carried the old 12-inch guns of HMS Mars.

G01453

G01454

The cruiser, Euryalus, sister ship of the Bacchante, in Lake Timsah.

G01454

G01455

The 2nd Division occupied Ferry Post, Ismailia. Here the men are seen loading trucks on a railway which was built from Ferry Post to the garrison lines in the desert.

G01455

G01456

The 2nd Division occupied Ferry Post, Ismailia. Here some of the men are seen loading camels with water.

G01456

G01457

Messrs Leys Smith and Maurice Maxwell on the railway service at Ferry Post, Ismailia.

G01457

G01458

The train from the garrison line, which had been shifted well into the desert after the evacuation of Gallipoli, arriving at Ferry Post, Ismailia.

G01458

G01459

Water tanks being filled at Ferry Post, ready for conveyance by camel transport to the garrison line in the desert.

G01459

G01460

At the end of the patrol line connecting Ferry Post, Ismailia, with the garrison line in the desert, was a very light Decauville line leading further into the desert. The engines were very small.

G01460

G01461

Types of petrol and Decauville engines used on the railways leading into the desert.

G01461

G01462

A petrol locomotive at the end of the railway leading from Ferry Post, Ismailia, to the garrison line in the desert.

G01462

G01463

A view of the railhead in front of Ferry Post, Ismailia.

G01463

G01464

The desert end of the railway which connected Ferry Post, Ismailia, with the garrison line.

G01464

G01464A

On the desert train approaching the Ferry Post railhead.

G01464A

G01464B

On the desert train near Ferry Post railhead.

G01464B

G01464C

Beyond the Ferry Head railhead the conveyance was almost entirely by camel, of which endless streams would be met crossing the sandhills.

G01464C

G01465

A string of camels near the garrison line carrying water to the front line in the desert east of Ferry Post. These animals were extensively used for both supply transport and reconnoitring operations.

G01465

G01466

Camels crossing the desert near the garrison line. These animals were extensively used for both supply transport and reconnoitring operations.

G01466

G01467

The camp of the 21st Battalion behind the lines in the desert.

G01467

G01468

A camel driver who has just arrived at the camp of the 21st Battalion which was located behind the desert lines.

G01468

G01469

The 16th Battery, 6th Australian Field Artillery Brigade strengthening the Suez Canal defences. The men are seen here making two gun emplacements behind the desert lines. Lieutenant A. G. Esnouf (1).

G01469

G01470

Some of the trenches in the desert line east of Ferry Post, Ismailia. Great difficulty was experienced in constructing earthworks in the sandy waste.

G01470

G01471

Some of the trenches in the desert line in front of Ferry Post, Ismailia. Great difficulty was experienced in constructing earthworks in the sandy waste.

G01471

G01472

Great difficulty was experienced in constructing earthworks in the desert. The difficulty was overcome by building wood and matting revetments.

G01472

G01473

Great difficulty was experienced in constructing earthworks in the desert. The difficulty was overcome by building wood and matting revetments. There was no means however, of countering the wind, which filled even the last trenches with sand.

G01473

G01474

Some of the old fortifications of 1914, on the west bank of the canal near Tussum, where the Turks attacked. The 1st Australian Division was at Serapeum, eight miles south, along the Suez Canal.

G01474

G01475

Large quantities of stone were obtained from this point for making roads into the desert.

G01475

G01475A

The old post at Tussum on the East Bank where the Turks attacked in 1914 was held by Australians in 1916.

G01475A

G01476

One of the traces of the Turkish attack on the eastern bank of the Suez Canal. Some clothing left by the Turks opposite Tussum station during the fight on 3 February 1915.

G01476

G01477

This view, from the bank of Suez Canal, shows the desert over which the Turks advanced. The object in the foreground is an old boat.

G01477

G01478

It was on the shelf by the water's edge, that the Turks dragged their boats for launching on the canal.

G01478

G01479

The high bank over which the Turks came on to the canal, and made preparations for launching their boats. Tussum Station is to the right, Tussum Post being just visible.

G01479

G01480

It was through this gap, just south of Tussum Post, and within seventy yards of our trenches, and through another gap further north that the Turks brought their boats unperceived on to the canal bank.

G01480

G01481

One of the gaps in the high bank of sand along the Suez Canal through which the Turks brought their boats to the water's edge. Another similar break further north towards Tussum Post and within seventy yards of our trenches was also used to cover their approach.

G01481

G01481A

The bank facing the Turks. The New Zealanders were firing at them during the night from behind the stumps on the bank.

G01481A

G01482

The small building seen on the bank of the canal was the object which enabled the Turkish artillerymen to set the range of their guns.

G01482

G01483

The position here was occupied by the New Zealanders during the Suez Canal fight.

G01483

G01484

It was just to the right of Tussum Post, shown here, that a few of the Turks got across the canal.

G01484

G01484A

Turkish boots discarded on reaching Canal Bank.

G01484A

G01484B

Valley back from Canal in which main Turkish supports were driven off by our guns, chiefly East Lancashire Territorial Artillery.

G01484B

G01485

A transport passing through the Suez Canal. The vessel is exactly between Tussum Station, on the west bank and Tussum Post, on the east bank.

G01485

G01486

A New Zealand Mounted Rifles patrol is riding along the eastern bank of the Suez Canal between Tussum and Serapeum.

G01486

G01487

The cross on the horizon marks the grave of a German soldier, on the east bank of Suez Canal.

G01487

G01488

The dugout occupied by the water guard at Serapeum.

G01488

G01489

A dugout occupied in the sand in a fortified point at Serapeum.

G01489

G01490

Pipes laid down at the railhead in the desert at Serapeum, to carry supplies of water to the units at the outlying posts.

G01490

G01491

Pipes at railhead in the desert at Serapeum.

G01491

G01491A

Men working in the desert at Serapeum railhead.

G01491A

G01492

The end of the road at Serapeum. The stone with which this road was made was obtained from a quarry on the canal.

G01492

G01493

A portion of the 9th Battalion trenches in the desert at Serapeum.

G01493

G01494

The 29th Battalion, men of the new Australian divisions marching through Ismailia to take the place of the New Zealand and Australian troops ordered to France.

G01494

G01495

The 29th Battalion marching up to its allotted position in the desert trenches. These troops belonged to the new divisions formed to take the place of the 1st and 2nd Australian divisions and the New Zealand division ordered to France.

G01495

G01496

Transport of the 29th Battalion marching up to its allotted position in the desert trenches. These troops belonged to the new divisions formed to take the places of the New Zealand division and the 1st and 2nd Australian divisions ordered to France.

G01496

G01497

Australian troops who had served on Gallipoli, leaving Ismailia for France.

G01497

G01498

A view of the platform bridge at Ismailia Railway Station.

G01498

G01499

Transport, with Australian troops who had served on Gallipoli, leaving Alexandria for France.

G01499

G01500

Transport, with Australian troops who had served on Gallipoli, leaving Alexandria, for France.

G01500

G01501

Alexandria, Egypt. 29 March 1916. Transports, waiting for the embarkation of Australian troops who had served on Gallipoli, and were under orders to proceed to France.

G01501

G01502

Egypt. 29 March 1916. The HMT Minnewaska, one of the transports waiting at Alexandria, for the embarkation of Australian troops who had served on Gallipoli, and were under orders to proceed to France.

G01502

G01503

Alexandria, Egypt. 30 March 1916. The gun mounted on the stern of the transport HMT Minnewaska. The vessel in the stream is just leaving for France with a full complement of troops who had served on Gallipoli.

G01503

G01504

One of the transports leaving Alexandria. After the Gallipoli campaign the New Zealand Division, and the 1st and 2nd Australian Divisions were ordered to France.

G01504

G01505

Transports assembled at Alexandria for the embarkation of the troops. After the Gallipoli campaign the New Zealand Division, and the 1st and 2nd Australian Divisions were ordered to France.

G01505

G01506

At Sea. 30 March 1916. Troops on the transport HMT Transylvania, while on the way from Alexandria, Egypt to Marseilles, France. Everyone had to wear a lifebelt at all times, even to meals.

G01506

G01507

At Sea. 30 March 1916. Troops who had served on Gallipoli, on the transport HMT Transylvania leaving Alexandria, Egypt, for France.

G01507

G01508

At Sea. 30 March 1916. Chirnside and Ross in lifebelts on the transport HMT Transylvania leaving Alexandria, Egypt, for France.

G01508

G01509

At Sea. 30 March 1916. General William Riddell Birdwood on the transport HMT Transylvania leaving Alexandria, Egypt, for France.

G01509

G01510

At Sea. April 1916. The boats on the transport HMT Transylvania, ready for launching in the event of a torpedo attack while on the voyage from Alexandria, Egypt, to France.

G01510

G01511

At Sea. April 1916. Lieutenant Moors of submarine guard, on the troopship HMT Transylvania, while on the voyage from Alexandria, Egypt, to France.

G01511

G01512

At Sea. April 1916. Submarine guard on the troopship, HMT Transylvania, which was taking troops who had served on Gallipoli to France. Special guards were detailed for this work, the sentries being placed at various posts about the vessel.

G01512

G01512A

At Sea. March 1916. On the deck of HMT Transylvania between Alexandria, Egypt, and Marseilles, France.

G01512A

G01513

At Sea. April 1916. A scene on one of the decks of the transport, HMT Transylvania, which was taking troops, who had served on Gallipoli, to France.

G01513

G01514

At Sea. April 1916. The escort, Veronica in the process of turning. During the voyage of the transport, HMT Transylvania, from Egypt to France, a man fell overboard off Crete. He was picked up dead after an hour's search, during which, the vessel kept moving in a circle.

G01514

G01515

At Sea. April 1916. The escort, HMS Veronica assisting in the search. During the voyage of the transport, HMT Transylvania, from Egypt to France, a man fell overboard off Crete. He was picked up dead after an hour's search, during which, the vessel kept moving in a circle.

G01515

G01516

At Sea. April 1916. During the voyage of the transport, HMT Transylvania, from Egypt to France, a man fell overboard off Crete. He was picked up dead after an hour's search. Officers on the bridge are watching the body being brought alongside.

G01516

G01517

A view of a road in Ismailia, a city at the southern end of the Suez Canal. On the right can be seen a sailor of the French Navy.

G01517

G01518

A 14 inch monitor in Suez Canal, off Ismailia.

G01518

G01519

The ferry at Serapeum, Suez Canal, off Ismailia. Huts of 1st Australian Division HQ are above the bank of the canal.

G01519

G01520

The water pump at Serapeum, Suez Canal, off Ismailia.

G01520

G01521

The reservoir at Serapeum, Suez Canal, off Ismailia.

G01521

G01522

Filling the water tanks, mounted on railway trucks, at Serapeum, Suez Canal, off Ismailia.

G01522

G01523

View of 1st Australian Division camp, Serapeum, Suez Canal, off Ismailia, from 1st Division Headquarters.

G01523

G01524

View of 1st Australian Division camp, Serapeum, Suez Canal, off Ismailia, on main road from canal.

G01524

G01525

Railhead at Serapeum, Suez Canal, off Ismailia.

G01525

G01526

At Sea. c. 30 March 1916. General William Riddell Birdwood (centre) talking to men (mostly reinforcements) on board the HMT Transylvania on a Sunday morning, during the voyage from Alexandria, Egypt to Marseilles, France.

G01526

G01527

At Sea. c. 30 March 1916. General William Riddell Birdwood (centre) talking to men (mostly reinforcements) on board the HMT Transylvania on a Sunday morning, during the voyage from Alexandria, Egypt to Marseilles, France.

G01527

G01528

At Sea. c. 30 March 1916. General William Riddell Birdwood (centre) talking to men (mostly reinforcements) on board the HMT Transylvania on a Sunday morning, during the voyage from Alexandria, Egypt to Marseilles, France.

G01528

G01529

At Sea. c. 30 March 1916. Band playing on board the HMT Transylvania before General William Riddell Birdwood's speech to the men during the voyage from Alexandria, Egypt to Marseilles, France.

G01529

G01530

At Sea. c. 30 March 1916. Men listening to General William Riddell Birdwood on board HMT Transylvania during the voyage from Alexandria, Egypt to Marseilles, France.

G01530

G01531

At Sea. c. 30 March 1916. Men listening to General William Riddell Birdwood on board HMT Transylvania during the voyage from Alexandria, Egypt to Marseilles, France.

G01531

G01534

Submarine guard on board HMT Transylvania.

G01534

G01535

Portrait of Captain Jack W. B. Bean, Australian Army Medical Corps, Medical Officer, 3rd Battalion AIF.

G01535

G01536

Portrait of Captain Jack W. B. Bean, Australian Army Medical Corps, Medical Officer, 3rd Battalion AIF.

G01536

G01537

Portrait of Captain Jack W. B. Bean, Australian Army Medical Corps, Medical Officer, 3rd Battalion AIF.

G01537

G01539

Melbourne, Vic. 21 October 1914. HMT Orvieto (A3) leaving Port Melbourne pier. The crowd had rushed the pier.

G01539

G01540

French cruiser "Descaux" and HMS "Swiftsure". In the foreground is a French Nieuport floatplane being towed from the seaplane carrier "Foudre" to the aeroplane sheds on the pier on the right.

G01540

G01541

Melbourne, Vic. 21 October 1914. The ribbons breaking at the departure of the HMT Orvieto (A3) from Port Melbourne pier.

G01541

G01542

Albany, WA. 1 November 1914. HMT Southern and HMT Pera following us (HMT Orvieto) out of King George's Sound.

G01542

G01543

Albany, WA. c. 30 October 1914. The meeting of the transports. Transports coaling and watering in the inner harbour. The escort met us (HMT Orvieto) here. HMS Minotaur and HMAS Melbourne can be seen opposite the pier.

G01543

G01544

Albany, WA. 1 November 1914. The slow ship HMT Southern astern of us (HMT Orvieto). Looking over the hospital, aft part of ship.

G01544

G01544A

At Sea. 1 November 1914. One of the New Zealand lines leaving Albany, WA. The New Zealanders followed in two lines immediately astern of the three lines of Australian transports.

G01544A

G01545

The fleet as we saw it from HMT Orvieto when inspecting it on one occasion.

G01545

G01546

At Sea. November 1914. "The slow ship of the fleet, the HMT Southern (A27). Her speed probably cost us about 15,000 pounds sterling." CEW Bean

G01546

G01547

Albany, WA. 1 November 1914. The first Australian and New Zealand convoy crossing the Indian Ocean, sailing in three parallel lines. Left to right: 3rd Division; 1st Division; 2nd Division. The New Zealand ships, in the distance, are hidden by smoke."The fleet sailed in three lines parallel to one...

G01547

G01548

Albany, WA. 1 November 1914. The first Australian Convoy conveying the first Australian contingent to the Middle East. The convoy, escorted by HMAS Sydney, HMAS Melbourne, and the Japanese ship HIJMS Ibuki, is sailing in three parallel lines shortly after its departure from Albany.

G01548

G01549

Indian Ocean. November 1914. "HMS Minotaur, flagship of the British China Squadron which usually led the fleet of the First Convoy. On the horizon can be seen the smoke of the Japanese cruiser Ibuki, she burnt 200 tons of coal per day. Early on 8 November 1914 HMS Minotaur left us and HMS Melbourne...

G01549

G01550

At Sea. November 1914." The Japanese battleship Ibuki, which formed one of our escort. This photograph was taken in the early morning. She was generally out on our starboard beam. The fleet can be seen far behind to the right." C E W Bean

G01550

G01551

At Sea. 9 November 1914. The Japanese battleship Ibuki, and HMAS Melbourne getting back to their stations after HMAS Sydney had signalled in the early afternoon, "Emden beached and done for".

G01551

G01552

At Sea. 9 November 1914." At 5.30 a.m. I woke and at 6 we altered course to turn to the Cocos Islands, fifty miles to our west. At 6 a.m. a message was received from Cocos reporting a strange warship. At 7 a.m. the HMAS Sydney left and by 9.30 a.m. reported she was engaging the enemy, who was...

G01552

G01553

At Sea. 9 November 1914. "The Japanese battleship Ibuki crossing over at full speed to put herself between us (HMT Orvieto) and the German raider SMS Emden, about 11 a.m." C E W Bean

G01553

G01554

CEW Bean original caption : At Sea. November 1914. M. Guillaux, a French aviator, to whom we (HMT Orvieto) gave a passage". The AWM embarkation roll for the 1st Division Headquarters ( AWM 8 Sub-Class 1/42 ) lists him as Aviator accompanied by attendant and grouped with the other non-combatants...

G01554

G01555

At Sea. November 1914. On the bridge of the HMT Orvieto.

G01555

G01556

At Sea. November 1914. The sentry outside the cabin of the Emden's Captain. At Colombo we took on board the Captain, Prinz Franz Josef von Hohenzollern, and two other officers, and some sailors of the SMS Emden, and brought them as far as Port Said.

G01556

G01559

At Sea. November 1914. The two French interpreters M. Peticol and M. de Marigny whom we carried on board HMT Orvieto, chiefly to give French lessons.

G01559

G01560

At Sea. November 1914. Phillip (Peter) Schuler, Melbourne Age newspaper correspondent.

G01560

G01562

At Sea. November 1914. "The armoured Cruiser HMS Hampshire. Her principle in escorting us (HMT Orvieto) was quite different from that of the Minotaur. The Minotaur kept the escort far away from us, the Hampshire was often right in amongst us. All day long she kept two men (changed every hour)...

G01562

G01563

At Sea. November 1914. HMS Hampshire. Her principle in escorting us (HMT Orvieto) was quite different from that of the Minotaur. The Minotaur kept the escort far away from us, the Hampshire was often right in amongst us. All day long she kept two men (changed every hour) standing on the little...

G01563

G01564

At Sea. November 1914. Officers of HMS Hampshire waiting on the quarter deck to receive General Bridges.

G01564

G01565

At Sea. November 1914. Another view of the HMS Hampshire.

G01565

G01566

At Sea. November 1914. "HMS Hampshire coming alongside for fresh meat. She had had none for about two months and sores were breaking out. We gave her five carcases a day." C E W Bean

G01566

G01567

At Sea. November 1914. General Bridges leaving to go aboard the HMS Hampshire. He and Parker, Naval Secretary, can be seen in the stern of the boat, the General standing up, and Parker making way for him. Bean describes General Bridges as "a very good hand at getting down a rope ladder having been...

G01567

G01568

Colombo, Ceylon, Indian Ocean. November 1914. Russian cruiser Askold, our guardship.

G01568

G01569

At Sea. 1 November 1914. Convoy leaving Albany, WA, passing the New Zealand transports, all of which were painted grey.

G01569

G01569A

At Sea. 1 November 1914. Convoy leaving Albany, WA, passing the New Zealand transports, all of which were painted grey.

G01569A

G01570

Port Said, Egypt. November 1914. A seaplane being hoisted out of the Foudre, French seaplane ship, on to a barge.

G01570

G01571

Port Said, Egypt. November 1914. The silver streak beyond the near bank shows where the sea had been let in to flood the desert about fifteen to twenty miles southwards.

G01571

G01572

Port Said, Egypt. 2 November 1914. Port Said was really the first place where we all saw the other transports at close range. They lined up on either side of the harbour and on the evening after we arrived, we in the HMT Orvieto and the New Zealand transports steamed down this lane and out to our...

G01572

G01573

Albany, WA. c. 31 October 1914. The concentration of transports. Escort arriving and steaming into inner harbour are Minotaur, Philomel, and Psyche.

G01573

G01574

Port Said, Suez Canal, Egypt. c. 30 November 1914. French seamen cheering from Foudre, the seaplane ship, and Requin.

G01574

G01574A

Albany, WA. c. 31 October 1914. Transports Hororata and Star of Victoria watering in the inner harbour.

G01574A

G01575

Colombo Harbour. c. 15 November 1914. "Warships and New Zealand transports inside, we (HMT Orvieto) anchored outside. The transport Euripides, A14, the largest in our fleet, 15,000 tons, on our starboard beam. For five weeks she was always there, and my brother, Captain J. W. B. Bean, Australian...

G01575

G01576

Meeting in the Suez Canal at Port Said was really the first place where we all saw the other transports at close range. They lined up on either side of the harbour and on the evening after we arrived, we in the HMT Orvieto and the New Zealand transports steamed down this lane and out to our last...

G01576

G01576A

As the Euripides and other transports passed the French ships the French sailors crowded into the bows and cheered them.

G01576A

G01577

Alexandria, Egypt. 3 December 1914. Troops disembarking from the HMT Orvieto (A3).

G01577

G01578

Alexandria, Egypt. 3 December 1914. Our train was opposite the New Zealand transport Arawa (No. 10). In the foreground are Captain (Capt) T. Griffiths, Capt Fitzgerald and Capt Leahy.

G01578

G01579

A view of the site for the camp and pipe line for water. On the night of 3 December 1914, the 5th Battalion marched from Cairo to the Pyramids Camp. Roads were just being made.

G01579

G01580

The camp valley, showing a road being made. The stone for the roads was brought by camels from a limestone quarry near the Pyramids.

G01580

G01581

Some shelters amongst the tents. They remained there for a month or more.

G01581

G01582

Some shelters amongst the tents. They remained there for a month or more.

G01582

G01583

The 5th Battalion at the Pyramids Camp.

G01583

G01584

Mena, Egypt. January 1915. Soldiers on horses on the main camp road up the valley.

G01584

G01585

Mena, Egypt. January 1915. Many thirty yard rifle ranges were set up behind the camp for preliminary shooting.

G01585

G01586

Mena, Egypt. January 1915. Why a road was needed. Horses and cart leaving camp across the sandy desert.

G01586

G01587

Mena, Egypt. 3 February 1915. The band plays as 7th Battalion leave camp for Ismailia.

G01587

G01588

Mena, Egypt. 3 February 1915. The band plays as 7th Battalion get ready to start for Ismailia.

G01588

G01589

Mena, Egypt. c. 4 January 1915. The 5th Battalion in camp.

G01589

G01590

Mena, Egypt. 25 December 1914. Open air church service of 3rd Brigade. Smoke of the Christmas dinners rise from the open air cooker in the foreground.

G01590

G01590A

Mena, Egypt. 25 December 1914. Church service on Christmas Day of 1st Australian Infantry Brigade.

G01590A

G01591

Mena, Egypt. 25 December 1914. Smoke of the Christmas dinners behind lines of tents in the camp. A shadow of a pyramid is in the background.

G01591

G01592

Mena, Egypt. 25 December 1914. Smoke of the Christmas dinners behind lines of tents in the camp.

G01592

G01593

Mena, Egypt. 25 December 1914. A view of the camp. Horses exercising on the flats and going to and from water.

G01593

G01594

Mena, Egypt. 25 December 1914. A view of the camp. Church parade, 1st Brigade.

G01594

G01595

Mena, Egypt. January 1915. One of the two reservoirs above camp burst just after it was finished. This shows the breach and the wall built to replace the broken one.

G01595

G01596

Mena, Egypt. January 1915. Building a reservoir above the camp. This reservoir afterwards burst (see G01595). Men can be seen drilling all over the hills beyond the camp. The desert for three miles on every side looked just the same.

G01596

G01597

Mena, Egypt. January 1915. One of the many picture shows going up. The camp began to work very hard about this time, out in the desert. The camp itself began to turn into a regular town, with amusements for the troops.

G01597

G01598

Mena, Egypt. December 1914. The occasion of Sir George Reid's visit to the camp with the bagpipes playing.

G01598

G01599

Mena, Egypt. December 1914. Battalions formed up stand at shoulder arms waiting the arrival of Sir George Reid's visit to the camp. Note the pyramid in the background.

G01599

G01601

Mena, Egypt. December 1914. Battalions formed up, lines of troops stand at shoulder arms for Sir George Reid's visit to the camp.

G01601

G01602

Mena, Egypt. December 1914. Battalions formed up, lines of troops stand at shoulder arms for Sir George Reid's visit to the camp.

G01602

G01603

Mena Camp, Egypt. 1914-12. Sir George Reid, High Commissioner for Australia in England, standing on the dais delivering his address to the troops. Other identified personnel are: General Sir John Maxwell (on the dais), General Bridges (top of the steps), Colonel Brudenell White, Major Duncan...

G01603

G01604

The Dean of Sydney and Captain J W B Bean shaving at Mena Camp.

G01604

G01605

Staff of 1st Australian Division.

G01605

G01606

Group portrait of the staff of 1st Australian Division. Left to right, back row: Lieutenant (Lt) W. Smith, AD, Remounts; Captain (Capt) J. T. Fitzgerald, Field Cashier; Major (Maj) J. Gellibrand, Deputy-Adjutant and Quartermaster-General; Maj T. Matson, ADVS; Capt W. J. Foster, Aide-de-Camp (ADC)...

G01606

G01607

Mena, Egypt. c. 20 January 1915. About this time I (Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean) bought an Arab pony.

G01607

G01608

Arthur Bazley mounted on a pony at Mena Camp. Note the rocks on either side of the road.

G01608

G01609

Mena camp tents of staff of 1st Australian Division Headquarters.

G01609

G01610

A view of the opening of some of the Mena camp tents of staff of 1st Australian Division Headquarters.

G01610

G01611

Captain Baker on horse in front of the fodder and stacks that soon grew up at Mena Camp.

G01611

G01612

" When we first arrived at Mena Camp, as there were not enough tents (owing to our change of plan) men built little mia mias or dugouts, which they covered with waterproof sheets. See also G01581 and G01582. On the hill lines of men can be seen passing down stones to line camp roads, etc." C E W...

G01612

G01613

At Mena Camp the Officers' mess tent, 7th Battalion, falling in.

G01613

G01614

Tents provided by the civilians living at Maadi Camp for our soldiers.

G01614

G01615

A YMCA or mess tent at Maadi Camp.

G01615

G01616

Several rows of shops went up along various streets in the Mena Camp.

G01616

G01617

The fodder stacks at Maadi Camp.

G01617

G01618

Colonel (Col) M'Cay, General Bridges and Col White watching the 1st Australian Division manoeuvres in the Sahara Desert at Mena Camp at the foot of the Pyramids.

G01618

G01619

The 1st Australian Division manoeuvres in the Sahara Desert at Mena Camp. Division Headquarters getting out the Operation Order.

G01619

G01620

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres in Sahara Desert. Getting out the Operation Order. Second stage - the artillery order already being drawn up (on right) by O.C. Artillery (Colonel (Col) J. J. T. Hobbs and Major S.M. Anderson). General Bridges and Col White drawing up...

G01620

G01621

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. The firing line in the sham fight. It can be just seen lining the ridges.

G01621

G01622

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. Firing line (5th Battalion, 2nd Infantry Brigade). Enemy (1st Brigade) advancing. This was about as close as they used to get.

G01622

G01623

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. Captain W. J. Foster, Aide-de-Camp to General Officer Commanding, 1st Australian Division, watching the manoeuvres.

G01623

G01624

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Colonel White on horse. Colonel M'Cay, Commanding Officer 2nd Infantry Brigade, wiping his forehead.

G01624

G01625

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. Looking from desert over Nile valley, in distance. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Two companies of 5th Battalion, under cover in reserve.

G01625

G01625A

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. Manoeuvres south of the Pyramids. Infantry advancing in platoons towards line of their own infantry, which can just be seen lining the sand ridges.

G01625A

G01626

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Light Horse moving off to envelop the enemy.

G01626

G01627

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Colonel (Col) White, Col M'Cay and General Bridges at 2nd Brigade Headquarters.

G01627

G01628

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. Conference of officers after 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. General Bridges is in the centre with Colonel M'Cay facing him.

G01628

G01629

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Two companies, 5th Battalion, in reserve.

G01629

G01630

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Division Headquarters horses.

G01630

G01631

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Division Headquarters in foreground. Infantry and artillery moving in background.

G01631

G01632

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Infantry and artillery under cover in desert.

G01632

G01633

1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Division Headquarters are in the foreground. Infantry and artillery are moving in background. Local orange sellers are moving amongst the troops.

G01633

G01634

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Engineers working in dust storm.

G01634

G01635

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Desert scrub in the Sahara. Rather like our own desert scrub in Australia.

G01635

G01636

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. The Sahara Desert.

G01636

G01637

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Trench in desert.

G01637

G01638

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Trenches dug in desert.

G01638

G01639

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres. Trench in desert.

G01639

G01640

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. Petrified wood in Sahara Desert.

G01640

G01641

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Beginning of Mena Camp. Passing down stones to line roads. A line of stones can be seen in the foreground.

G01641

G01642

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Pyramids and Mena Camp valley looking from north east.

G01642

G01643

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Colonel H. N. MacLaurin and staff, 1st Infantry Brigade, and interpreter on route march through the Nile flats.

G01643

G01644

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Route march. Infantry and pack mules. Animals with tools and ammunition.

G01644

G01644A

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Some Light Horse returning from work.

G01644A

G01645

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Captain Jack W. B. Bean, Medical Officer, 3rd Battalion, walking at the head of his section in route march through the Nile flats.

G01645

G01646

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Ammunition wagons in route march through the Nile flats.

G01646

G01647

Mena, Egypt. 1915. 1st Brigade route march. Artillery wagons passing along ruined road.

G01647

G01648

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Pyramids and Mena Camp valley looking from north east.

G01648

G01649

Mena, Egypt. 1915. General Bridges watching troops on Divisional manoeuvres.

G01649

G01650

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Pyramid of Cephren. Some Light Horse can be seen returning from work.

G01650

G01651

Phillip (Peter) Schuler, the Age special correspondent, standing on a Pyramid, on New Year's Day. Beneath him is Mena Camp.

G01651

G01652

The Pyramid of Cephren and excavations.

G01652

G01653

End of Mena Camp and excavations.

G01653

G01654

Mena Camp in the valley. Mena House Hotel may be seen in the foreground and the 2nd Field Ambulance on extreme left. The dar area bordering the horizon is the irrigated Nile-basin.

G01654

G01655

The western end of Mena Camp.

G01655

G01656

Mena, Egypt. 1 January 1915. Mena House hotel. The edge of the desert.

G01656

G01657

Mena, Egypt. 1 January 1915. The Pyramids Road, Cairo in far distance.

G01657

G01657P

Panorama of the Mena Camp, Egypt.

G01657P

G01658

Captain Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean (C. E. W.) standing on a Pyramid, on New Year's Day. Beneath him is Mena Camp.

G01658

G01659

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Excavations at Pyramids.

G01659

G01660

Mena, Egypt. 1915. The Pyramids in the background. Tram line on the right.

G01660

G01661

Mena, Egypt. 1915. The Pyramids in the background. Tram on the line on the right.

G01661

G01662

Mena, Egypt. 1915. The Pyramids in the background. Australian engineers were bridging a canal and their shears can be seen.

G01662

G01664

Egypt. 1915. Said Enani, M.L.A. The wealthy Egyptians are very like Europeans.

G01664

G01665

Along the Pyramids-Gizeh road showing the pyramids in the background and tram line on the right.

G01665

G01666

The Pyramids-Gizeh Road. It is a favourite afternoon drive for Cairo people. The leakkh avenue, planted by Ismail for Impress Eugene's visit to Pyramids, runs the whole way.

G01666

G01667

Mena, Egypt. 1915. The Pyramids in the background. Australian engineers were bridging a canal and their shears can be seen.

G01667

G01668

Mena, Egypt. 1915. The Pyramids in the background. Australian engineers were bridging a canal and their shears can be seen.

G01668

G01669

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Back view of men at the counter of a shop in camp.

G01669

G01670

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Arthur Bazley mounted on my (Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean) Arab pony in camp.

G01670

G01671

Egypt. 1915. Type of country over which manoeuvres carried out. The hill on which the Aboukir Fort lies is (like most of the hummocks around Alexandria) composed largely of broken potsherds and bits of broken stone.

G01671

G01672

Egypt. 1915. Wall of fort at Aboukir. Several old grape shot are lying on the sand in front of it.

G01672

G01673

Egypt. 1915. The tent of the modern Arab on grass flats behind Aboukir Point.

G01673

G01674

Egypt. 1915. Aboukir Bay and distant fort on point, looking from fort on hill. Dry moat in foreground.

G01674

G01676

Aboukir, Egypt. 1915. Gateway of fort on the hill. I don't know if this actual building is as old as Abercrombie's attack; but it was under the scarp of it we found the grape shot.

G01676

G01677

Aboukir, Egypt. 1915. Looking east over the Bay of Aboukir from the fort.

G01677

G01678

Aboukir, Egypt. 1915. Woolwich Infants in fort on hill.

G01678

G01678A

Aboukir, Egypt. 1915. The fort at the west end of Aboukir Bay, showing breakers on the reefs. Nelson's battle was fought somewhere here.

G01678A

G01679

Aboukir, Egypt. 1915. Greek fishing boats on the beach showing ancient shape (almost like Roman galley).

G01679

G01680

Egypt. 3 February 1915. 7th and 8th Battalions left for Suez but were just too late to see fighting.

G01680

G01681

Egypt. February 1915. Mena camp nearly ran Egypt out of firewood. Stacks of it in camp.

G01681

G01682

Egypt. February 1915. 7th Battalion falling in to leave for Canal.

G01682

G01683

Maadi, Egypt. 1915. How they soon improved the Camp. Soldiers in the background are breaking up large rocks into smaller ones to use to mark out the garden border and plantings beside tent.

G01683

G01684

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Plots of oats were planted in Camp.

G01684

G01685

Mena, Egypt. 1915. Horses of 2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance (Lieutenant Colonel H. K. Bean) immediately after arrival.

G01685

G01686

Maadi, Egypt. 1915. The 2nd Light Horse Brigade takes place of 1st Light Horse Brigade at Maadi Camp.

G01686

G01687

A small statue of a male figure (unidentified), presumably of some significance to the photographer, for inclusion in a private collection.

G01687

G01688

Egypt. 1915. Lieutenant Oliver Hogue (Trooper Bluegum of the Sydney Morning Herald newspaper), Orderly Officer to Colonel M'Cay, Commanding Officer, 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade.

G01688

G01689

A small statue of a male figure (unidentified), presumably of some significance to the photographer, for inclusion in a private collection.

G01689

G01690

Egypt. 1915. We went to tea with Dr Makarius, Syrian Editor of the Mokattam.In the background war correspondent Jeffries of the Daily Mail and Phillip Schuler of The Age, playing with the gazelle.

G01690

G01691

Egypt. 1915. We went to tea with Dr Makarius, Syrian Editor of the Mokattam.

G01691

G01692

Egypt. 1915. We went to tea with Dr Makarius, Syrian Editor of the Mokattam.

G01692

G01693

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. Major D. J. Glasfurd in front of Roman door in Temple of Luxor. Notice scratchings on wall where women have been scraping dust of ancient building for medicine.

G01693

G01694

Karnak, Egypt. 1915. The Sanctuary showing altar. Captain J. W. B. Bean and Youssef, the guide.

G01694

G01694A

Egypt. 1915. Snake charmer playing with a snake which he stated he found there. He certainly found it but whether he had put it there the night before I don't know.

G01694A

G01695

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. Joseph (Youssef) and his two sons at the foot of one of Colossi of Ramses II in Luxor temple.

G01695

G01696

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. The fallen Colossus of Ramses II in the Ramesseum.

G01696

G01697

Egypt. 1915. This bell-shaped object is made of mud and is built for children and their mothers to sleep in, in order to be out of the way of snakes and scorpions. The little cups are for their food.

G01697

G01698

Karnak, Egypt. 1915. Youssef Mahommed, our guide, and his two sons. He was guide to Lieutenant R. A. Ramsay of the Automobile Corps, twenty years ago when he visited Luxor.

G01698

G01699

A group of statues in the Ramesseum at Luxor, a town in Egypt, on the Nile. On the bottom right is the fallen Colosius of Ramses II, one of the twelve kings of Ancient Egypt.

G01699

G01700

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. The Temple of Medinet Habn.

G01700

G01701

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. At Medinet Habn. Ramses II counts the enemies he has killed. The third man in the top row is pouring out a number of hands cut off at the wrist, while the front man of those facing Ramses in the row below this is pouring out a collection of tongues.

G01701

G01702

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. Apartments of Ramses II in temple of Medinet Habn, the only palace building we saw.

G01702

G01703

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. Outer wall of temple Medinet Habn. The pylon in front is unfinished stone, smooth and carved on one part of side and rough and uncarved on another part. Egyptian village and rubbish heaps beside temple, this used almost to cover it.

G01703

G01704

Egypt. 1915. Sethos I fighting the Bedouins in Southern Palestine. The inhabitants of a fortress of Canaan begging mercy (lefthand side). Above, Sethos is making the inhabitants of Lebanon fell trees.

G01704

G01705

Part of the ruins at Karnak, a village on the Nile in Egypt. They form the northern part of the ruins of ancient Thelus, a former capital of Egypt.

G01705

G01706

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. Blocks which used to form part of old quay.

G01706

G01707

Egypt. 1915. Youssef Mahommed, standing in front of inscriptions of Queen Hatshepsut erased by her brother, Thulmosis II.

G01707

G01708

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. Whilst we were at Luxor a Hamseen (hot desert wind) began to blow. First the hills opposite disappeared as if in a slightly yellow fog. That afternoon across the river by the statues of Memnon we were in the thick of it.

G01708

G01709

Karnak, Egypt. 1915. Karnak Temple looking to the Nile.

G01709

G01710

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. Hollow Pylon, originally filled with mud.

G01710

G01711

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. Modern dwelling showing old style of Egyptian architecture still influencing the modern style.

G01711

G01712

Karnak, Egypt. 1915. Festive Hall. Pillars inverted Lotus-tent pole shape.

G01712

G01713

Karnak, Egypt. 1915. Pylon on south side of Karnak Temple showing a cartouche made into a niche by the Christians (on left side of the door). The Pylon was built by Thutmosis III.

G01713

G01714

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. Entrance of temple of Medinet Habn.

G01714

G01715

Karnak, Egypt. 1915. Altar, Temple of Ptah, showing groove for blood of sacrifices.

G01715

G01716

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. The height of the Hamseen (hot desert wind). Statues of Memnon - hills behind invisible.

G01716

G01717

Karnak, Egypt. 1915. Duck, plover, snipe, etc, in relief.

G01717

G01718

Luxor, Egypt. 1915. Rough unfinished wall at Temple of Medinet Habn showing how Ramses and other Pharaohs stole stones from earlier temples, built them in first and smoothed them afterwards. This wall had not been smoothed. The older carvings can be seen on the stones.

G01718

G01720

Egypt. 1915. Sethos fighting Bedouins of South Palestine. Dress etc quite different from Jews.

G01720

G01721

Egypt. 1915. Sethos fighting Bedouins of South Palestine. Dress etc quite different from Jews.

G01721

G02066

Nagara Point taken from a ship on the Dardanelles. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02066

G02067

Kilia Liman taken from the Dardanelles. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02067

G02068

Kilid Bahr Plateau under cloud taken from Chanak. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02068

G02069A

View across the Dardanelles from Chanak. A jetty is to the left and a ship is in the left background. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. ...

G02069A

G02069B

View across the Dardanelles from Chanak. A felucca is in the foreground and two ships are in the background. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March,...

G02069B

G02069C

View across the Dardanelles from Chanak. Ships are in the background and two sail boats are to the right. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. ...

G02069C

G02069P

View across the Dardanelles from Chanak, showing ships in the background. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is a digitally combined...

G02069P

G02070

A Greek woman spinning cotton thread at Varos. A pile of sticks are leaning against the building. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02070

G02071

The grave of Colonel Richard Linton, Commanding 6th Australian Infantry Brigade, of Middle Brighton Vic, who died of shock and exposure at sea on 2 September 1915, after the torpedoing and sinking of HMT Southland. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction...

G02071

G02072

Mudros cemetery containing the graves of Allied soldiers who were killed in the Gallipoli Campaign. A memorial stands in the background. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the...

G02072

G02073

Mudros cemetery containing the graves of Allied soldiers who were killed in the Gallipoli Campaign. Two memorials are to the left and several buildings are on the hill in the distance. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the...

G02073

G02074

Kaiajik Aghala taken from near the head of the valley, showing the gully which the 4th Australian Infantry Brigade crossed. The sea is in the background. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission,...

G02074

G02075A

Kaiajik Aghala looking toward the Aegean Sea. A trench line is to the right. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is the left hand image...

G02075A

G02075B

Kaiajik Aghala looking toward the hills with the Aegean Sea beyond. A trench line is in the foreground. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. ...

G02075B

G02075P

View taken from Kaiajik Aghala looking toward the Aegean Sea. A trench line is in the foreground. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is...

G02075P

G02076

Hill 60 from right flank of the New Zealand attack looking eastwards up the gully towards the position where the old oak trees stood. Trench lines are covering the hill. Note Hill 60 is out of view towards the left. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the...

G02076

G02077

Trenches on the right of the New Zealand attack at Hill 60, looking towards trenches made by 4th Australian Infantry Brigade when they attacked on 21 August 1915 and 28 August 1915. Note Hill 60 is out of view towards the left. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under...

G02077

G02078

Hill 60 looking east across the gully on the flank of the New Zealanders towards the old burnt oak trees. Two smaller older oak trees are visible. The old oak tree was half way between two. Note Hill 60 is out of view towards the left. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli...

G02078

G02079

Hill 60 showing bones of members of the 4th Australian Infantry Brigade and New Zealanders near the position of the old oak tree just beside Turkish trenches. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical...

G02079

G02080

Hill 60 showing the remains of one of the smaller oak trees. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02080

G02081

Hill 60 looking from the position near the old oak tree from where the 4th Australian Infantry Brigade attacked. Note the metal sniper's shields in the foreground. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian...

G02081

G02082A

View looking towards Mal Tepe and Anderson Knoll showing Turkish gun positions just behind the ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This...

G02082A

G02082B

View looking towards Mal Tepe and Anderson Knoll showing Turkish gun positions just behind the ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This...

G02082B

G02082C

View looking towards Mal Tepe and Anderson Knoll showing Turkish gun positions just behind the ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This...

G02082C

G02082D

View looking towards Mal Tepe and Anderson Knoll showing Turkish gun positions just the behind ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This...

G02082D

G02082P

View looking towards Mal Tepe and Anderson Knoll showing Turkish gun positions just the behind ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This...

G02082P

G02083A

View from Anderson Knoll (?) showing from the slopes east of Hill 971 to Gaba Tepe. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is the fourth...

G02083A

G02083B

View from Anderson Knoll (?) showing from the slopes east of Hill 971 to Gaba Tepe. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is the fifth...

G02083B

G02083C

View from Anderson Knoll (?) showing from the slopes east of Hill 971 to Gaba Tepe. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is the first...

G02083C

G02083D

View from Anderson Knoll (?) showing from the slopes east of Hill 971 to Gaba Tepe. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is the second...

G02083D

G02083E

View from Anderson Knoll (?) showing from the slopes east of Hill 971 to Gaba Tepe. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is the third...

G02083E

G02083P

View of Anzac from Anderson Knoll (?) showing from the slopes east of Hill 971 to Gaba Tepe. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is a...

G02083P

G02084

Anzac Cove, showing barbed wire fencing along the beach, which was erected by the Turkish after the evacuation. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March,...

G02084

G02085

Hell Spit graveyard showing graves 'faked' (remade) by the Turks. This was done across many of the Gallipoli cemeteries in anticipation of the diplomatic visit by an envoy of the Pope in 1916. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W...

G02085

G02086

Imbros Island and Samothrace Island at sunset. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02086

G02087

Imbros Island and Samothrace Island at sunset. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02087

G02088

Imbros Island and Samothrace Island at sunset. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02088

G02089

Imbros Island and Samothrace Island at sunset. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02089

G02090

Imbros Island and Samothrace Island at sunset. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02090

G02091

Imbros Island and Samothrace Island at sunset. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02091

G02092

Imbros Island and Samothrace Island at sunset. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02092

G02093

Imbros Island and Samothrace Island at sunset. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02093

G02094

Turkish trenches on Sniper's Ridge near where the Turkish were attacked by the 9th Battalion. The Turks have reinforced the unstable ground with a mud brick retaining wall. Gaba Tepe is seen in the left background. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the...

G02094

G02095

Turkish trenches on Sniper's Ridge near where the Turkish were attacked by the 9th Battalion. The Turks have reinforced the unstable ground with a mud brick retaining wall. Gaba Tepe is seen in the left background. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the...

G02095

G02096A

Leane's trench taken from Sniper's Ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is the left hand image in a two part panorama. See G02096P...

G02096A

G02096B

Leane's trench taken from Sniper's Ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is the right hand image in a two part panorama. See G02096P...

G02096B

G02096P

Leane's trench taken from Sniper's Ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is a digitally combined composite panorama made up of two...

G02096P

G02097A

View showing Bolton's Hill, Chatham's Post and Balkan gunpits to Gaba Tepe, taken from Sniper's Ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. ...

G02097A

G02097B

View showing Bolton's Hill, Chatham's Post and Balkan gunpits to Gaba Tepe, taken from Sniper's Ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. ...

G02097B

G02097C

View showing Bolton's Hill, Chatham's Post and Balkan gunpits to Gaba Tepe, taken from Sniper's Ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This...

G02097C

G02097D

View showing Bolton's Hill, Chatham's Post and Balkan gunpits to Gaba Tepe, taken from Sniper's Ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. ...

G02097D

G02097E

View showing Bolton's Hill, Chatham's Post and Balkan gunpits to Gaba Tepe, taken from Sniper's Ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This...

G02097E

G02097P

View showing Bolton's Hill, Chatham's Post and Balkan gunpits to Gaba Tepe, taken from Sniper's Ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. ...

G02097P

G02098

Two concrete blocks in a Turkish trench near Quinn's Post. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02098

G02099

Two concrete blocks in a Turkish trench near Quinn's Post. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02099

G02100

Turkish and Australian trenches to the left of the Australian position at Quinn's Post. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02100

G02102

A Beachy Bill (Turkish gun) battery position. A horse is grazing in the left. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02102

G02103

Beachy Bill (Turkish gun) position looking towards Anzac with Mal Tepe on right. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02103

G02104

A Beachy Bill (Turkish gun) position. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02104

G02105

Bones of men of the 6th Battalion, 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade, in scrub on Pine Ridge. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02105

G02106

The old gun position into which Lieutenant Robert Murdoch Finlayson Hooper of the 5th Battalion, 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade, penetrated on the first day, 25 April 1915, on the extreme southern end of Pine Ridge. Lieutenant Hooper of Albert Park Vic later became Captain and was killed in...

G02106

G02107

The old gun position into which Lieutenant Robert Murdoch Finlayson Hooper of the 5th Battalion, 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade, penetrated on the first day, 25 April 1915, on the extreme southern end of Pine Ridge. Lieutenant Hooper of Albert Park Vic later became Captain and was killed in...

G02107

G02108

British trenches round the vineyard at Cape Helles. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02108

G02109

Two unidentified members of the Australian Historical Mission at the vineyard at Cape Helles. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02109

G02110

A portable torpedo tube in an old Turkish fort at Kilid Bahr. Note the steps cut into the hill in the background. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and...

G02110

G02111

A Turkish field howitzer and limbers in an old fort at Kilid Bahr. Note the stone wall in the middle background. Buildings are on top of the hill. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission,...

G02111

G02112

A line of old Turkish field howitzer and limbers (left) in an old fort at Kilid Bahr. Note the timber recoil ramps on top of the guns. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months...

G02112

G02113

Two Turkish torpedo tubes on trucks at an old fort at Kilid Bahr. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02113

G02114

The British transport ship River Clyde (left) and the French battleship Massena (right) at the old fort at Sedd-el-Bahr. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and...

G02114

G02115

The olive tree near Tommies' Trench. Members of the Australian Historical Mission can be seen to the left. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02115

G02116

The Vineyard at Cape Helles, which was part of the enemy's trench line during the attack on Krithia by the 2nd Brigade on 8 May 1915. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of...

G02116

G02117

The Vineyard at Cape Helles, looking towards Achi Baba. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02117

G02118

Old Krithia Road looking towards Cape Helles. The right hand extremity of the AIF 2nd Brigade advance at Cape Helles, on 8 May 1915. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of...

G02118

G02119

Old Krithia Road looking towards Achi Baba. The right hand extremity of the AIF 2nd Brigade advance at Cape Helles, on 8 May 1915. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of...

G02119

G02120

Old Krithia Road looking towards Achi Baba. The right hand extremity of the AIF 2nd Brigade advance at Cape Helles, on 8 May 1915. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of...

G02120

G02121

Krithia Nullah near Tommies' Trench. The left hand extremity of the AIF 2nd Brigade advance at Cape Helles, on 8 May 1915. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February...

G02121

G02122

Waterfall at Krithia Nullah. The left hand of the AIF 2nd Brigade advance at Cape Helles, on 8 May 1915. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02122

G02123

The ruins of Achi Baba taken from Krithia. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02123

G02124

Ruins in the villages of Kirithia and Achi Baba. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02124

G02125

Gully Ravine showing an old Turkish cemetery (middle ground) near the British front line. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02125

G02126

View near the old British front in Gully Ravine. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02126

G02127

The steep slopes of Gully Ravine. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02127

G02128

English dugouts which have been dug into the rock face on the side of the hill at Gully Ravine. A member of the Australian Historical Mission is mounted on his horse in the foreground, two other horses are grazing nearby. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the...

G02128

G02129A

The mouth of Gully Ravine showing Turkish wire fencing, an old British pier and lighter which went ashore on the night of the evacuation. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the...

G02129A

G02129B

The mouth of Gully Ravine showing Turkish wire fencing, an old British pier and lighter which went ashore on the night of the evacuation. An unidentified member of the Australian Historical Mission is in the foreground. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the...

G02129B

G02129C

The mouth of Gully Ravine showing a section of a lighter which went ashore on the night of the evacuation. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. ...

G02129C

G02129D

View of Gully Ravine. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919. This is the fourth image in a disjointed, poorly composed four part panorama. See...

G02129D

G02129P

The mouth of Gully Ravine showing Turkish wire fencing, an old British pier and lighter which went ashore on the night of the evacuation. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the...

G02129P

G02130

A stone walled German cemetery and monument (left) near Taurus railway at Hadji Kairi. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March,...

G02130

G02131

A cultivated plain seen from the train as it came down from the Taurus Mountains near Darak. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and...

G02131

G02132

Railway construction engineers' huts at Taurus Mountain tunnels near Darak. Several Turkish soldiers are standing by the railway line. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical...

G02132

G02133

Turkish troops being crowded into trucks for passage through the Taurus Mountain tunnels at Adana. Deaths from sickness and railway accidents are frequent on these journeys of demobilised men. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the...

G02133

G02135

Turkish troops being crowded into trucks for passage through the Taurus Mountain tunnels at Adana. Deaths from sickness and railway accidents are frequent on these journeys of demobilised men. Note the Turkish star and crescent symbol and Baghdad painted on the side of the trucks, also the Arabic,...

G02135

G02136

Turkish troops being crowded into trucks for passage through the Taurus Mountain tunnels at Adana. Deaths from sickness and rail accidents are frequent on these journeys of demobilised men. Note the sign in German 'Mil-Gen Direktion Warschau' (Warsaw) at left behind the unidentified Australian...

G02136

G02137

An unidentified Russian cruiser (left) with the German battle cruiser Goeben (centre) and a British destroyer in the distance (right) at the Gulf of Ismidt. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the...

G02137

G02138

Five members of the Australian Historical Mission in one of the railway trucks which served as their living quarters while in the Taurus Mountains with Lieutenant (Lt) Mackinnon, Railway Control Officer, near Eregli. Back row left to right: Lt J Balfour and Captain (Capt) George Hubert Wilkins....

G02138

G02139

Five members of the Australian Historical Mission in one of the railway trucks which served as their living quarters while in the Taurus Mountains with Lieutenant (Lt) Mackinnon, Railway Control Officer, near Eregli. Back row left to right: Lt J Balfour and Captain (Capt) George Hubert Wilkins....

G02139

G02140

Tauris railway summit at Bozanti. Snow capped mountains are in the background. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02140

G02141

Rolling stock of Taurus railway and construction companies taken over by the British at Karapunar. Some Australian prisoners of the Turks helped build and maintain parts of this railway between 1915 and 1918. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of...

G02141

G02142

Rolling stock of Taurus railway and construction companies taken over by the British at Karapunar. Some Australian prisoners of the Turks helped build and maintain parts of this railway between 1915 and 1918. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of...

G02142

G02143

The daily train being pulled by a German engine on the Taurus railway line at Karapunar. Some Australian prisoners of the Turks helped build and maintain parts of this railway between 1915 and 1918. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under...

G02143

G02144

Local railway workers' huts beside Taurus railway at Karapunar. Men are walking in the left foreground and two children are sitting on logs in the centre foreground. Australian prisoners of war were also employed for quite some time on the construction of the Taurus Mountain railway. One of a...

G02144

G02145

Glimpse of the mountains from the entrance to a Taurus Mountain railway tunnel. Australian prisoners of war were employed for some time on the construction of the Taurus Mountain railway. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the direction...

G02145

G02146

Glimpse of the mountains from the entrance to a Taurus Mountain railway tunnel. Australian prisoners of war were employed for some time on the construction of the Taurus Mountain railway. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the direction...

G02146

G02147

Glimpse of the mountains from the entrance to a Taurus Mountain railway tunnel. Australian prisoners of war were employed for some time on the construction of the Taurus Mountain railway. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the direction...

G02147

G02148

Glimpse of the mountains from the entrance to a Taurus Mountain railway tunnel. Railway construction buildings are in the foreground and on the side of the hill (right). Australian prisoners of war were employed on the construction of the Taurus Mountain railway. One of a series of photographs...

G02148

G02149

The railway station near Islahiye on the Taurus Mountain railway. Local people are sitting next to the railway line in the foreground. Australian prisoners of war were employed for some time on the construction of the Taurus Mountain railway. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli...

G02149

G02150

Arab and Turkish soldiers at Islahiye Station on the Taurus Mountains railway line. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March,...

G02150

G02151

Turkish troops leaving a train in the Taurus mountains. French Armenian soldiers are in trucks and an Indian sentry is in the centre. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical...

G02151

G02152

A British patrol and demobilised Turkish soldiers at Adana. The 'Tommies' were well liked in the Levant. One of a series of photographs taken on the Gallipoli Peninsula and other areas of Turkey under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of...

G02152

G02153

The island of Imbros here seen at sunset is one of a group of islands in the Aegean Sea situated to the west of the entrance to the Dardanelles. Together with the islands of Lemnos and Tenedos, Imbros was lent by the Greek Government to the British and French Governments for use as bases for the...

G02153

G02154

Four members of the Staff of the Official History of the AIF on HMT Kildonan Castle. Left to right: Corporal Robinson, draftsman; Private Brown, draftsman; Staff Sergeant Bazley, librarian; Sergeant Rogers, draftsman. (Photograph by C E W Bean, Australian Historical Mission.)

G02154

G02155

Ruins of Baalbek taken from the railway. Cattle are in the foreground. One of a series of photographs taken under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02155

G02156

Mount Lebanon from the valley between Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon. One of a series of photographs taken under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02156

G02157

Orchards thriving in the desert at Baalbek, the result of effective irrigation. One of a series of photographs taken under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02157

G02158

Orchards thriving in the desert at Baalbek, the result of effective irrigation. Note the scarecrow (centre) next to the stone wall. One of a series of photographs taken under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02158

G02159

The ruins of Baalbek from the railway. One of a series of photographs taken under the direction of Captain C E W Bean of the Australian Historical Mission, during the months of February and March, 1919.

G02159

G02160

An informal portrait of Lieutenant Colonel Brazenor, Commanding Officer, 23rd Battalion, on the HMT Kildonan Castle, when returning with troops from England to Australia.

G02160

J02158

Portrait of 15 Private Jack Markey, a 1st Divisional Headquarters groom, on Mr C E W Bean's Arab pony, at Mena, Egypt.

J02158

P00601.001

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1915-05-25. PORTRAIT OF NO 3357 PRIVATE G.H. ROGERS, WHO DREW THE MAPS FOR BEAN'S OFFICIAL HISTORY. (DONOR: S.M. MCCALL)

P00601.001

P01146.001

SUVLA, GALLIPOLI, 1915. INSCRIPTION ON VERSO READS: "SUVLA FLATS, 1915. THE ENGLISH GUNNER (MIDDLE) ... WARNED US TO KEEP OUR HEADS DOWN AT HILL 60. THE BOXES ON LEFT CONTAINED FAULTY AMERICAN SHELLS. HILL 60 IS BEYOND RIDGE IN BACKGROUND. (JAMES DID NOT KNOW THIS NEITHER DID DR BEAN)". AUSTRALIAN...

P01146.001

P02751.002

A white cockatoo in a cage on the deck of the paddle-steamer Jandra. The cockatoo was kept as a pet by Walter Brown of Bourke, NSW, the skipper of the Jandra. Note the legs of Walter Brown at right One of a series of photographs taken by C E W Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to...

P02751.002

P02751.003

A man standing at the top of a slope with a small brick building in the background. Photograph was possibly taken at Dunlop sheep station north of Winbar, NSW. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the...

P02751.003

P02751.004

Ern Bently of Bourke, NSW aged 10 years rowing a dinghy on the Darling River. Ern was ferrying two cyclists across the river in the dinghy and one of the them is standing directly behind Ern. The paddle-steamer Jandra can be seen in the backgound cruising down the river. Probably taken just north...

P02751.004

P02751.005

One of the passengers on the paddle-steamer Jandra shooting at ducks from the bow of the steamer. One of a series of photographs taken by C E W Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to research...

P02751.005

P02751.007

A house on the bank of the Darling River seen from the paddle-steamer Jandra, with a ramp running down to the water. It is possibly a fueling station for paddle-steamers. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist...

P02751.007

P02751.008

The Darling river seen from the paddle-steamer Jandra. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to research the wool industry of western NSW and the...

P02751.008

P02751.009

The bank of the Darling River seen from the paddle-steamer Jandra. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to research the wool industry of western...

P02751.009

P02751.010

The Darling River seen from the paddle-steamer Jandra. Note the large rocks on the right.One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to research the wool...

P02751.010

P02751.011

A man, probably Herbert Brown with his back to the camera chopping firewood for the paddle-steamer Jandra. Photograph probably taken above the Yanda Rocks south of Bourke, NSW. One of a series of photographs taken by C E W Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a...

P02751.011

P02751.012

A large gum tree on the bank of the Darling river seen from the paddle-steamer Jandra. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to research the wool...

P02751.012

P02751.013

The Darling River and bank seen from the paddle-steamer Jandra. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to research the wool industry of western NSW...

P02751.013

P02751.014

John Mackay of Clover Creek, NSW leaning against the wheelhouse door of the paddle-steamer Jandra. The skipper of the Jandra, Walter Brown of Bourke, NSW can be seen in the background at the wheel of the Jandra. Probably taken on the Darling River, near Clover Creek, NSW south of Bourke, NSW....

P02751.014

P02751.015

The Darling River and river bank. A dark coloured horse can be seen grazing by a wooden fence near the river in the middle of the photograph. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning...

P02751.015

P02751.016

A paddock of sheep ready to be shorn, possibly in western NSW. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to research the wool industry of western NSW...

P02751.016

P02751.017

The Darling River seen from the paddle-steamer Jandra. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to research the wool industry of western NSW and the...

P02751.017

P02751.018

A series of small huts and tents, possibly part of a Aboriginal mission near Coopers Creek, SA. Note the tent in the forefround has been burnt and a series of telegraph wires can be seen running across the middle of the photograph. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during a trip...

P02751.018

P02751.019

The crew of the paddle-steamer Jandra unloading stores along the Darling River seen from the river bank. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to...

P02751.019

P02751.020

A man with a wiskered face, wearing a suit and hat, probably one of the passengers from the paddle-steamer Jandra, sitting on top of the bank of the Darling river seen from the paddle-steamer. One of a series of photographs taken by C E W Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional...

P02751.020

P02751.021

A view seen from the bank of the Darling River showing the vegetation and terrain of the surrounding area. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to...

P02751.021

P02751.022

The bank of the Darling River seen from the paddle-steamer Jandra. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to research the wool industry of western...

P02751.022

P02751.023

The Darling river seen from the paddle-steamer Jandra. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to research the wool industry of western NSW and the...

P02751.023

P02751.024

A disused brick building with wooden fence seen from the front. Note the letters AWU written on the front and side windows, probably the building used by the Australian Workers Union near Coopers Creek, SA. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during a trip he made in 1914 to...

P02751.024

P02751.025

A number of small, wooden buildings surrunded by trees probably part of a shearing station seen from a distance. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips...

P02751.025

P02751.026

A man, with his back to the camera on the paddle steamer Jandra. One of a series of photographs taken by C E W Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips was to research the wool industry of western NSW...

P02751.026

P02751.027

A single horse drawn buggy seen from behind with the driver standing a few metres to the right. Probably taken near the Tallywalka east of Menindie, NSW. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney...

P02751.027

P02751.028

A man in a trenchcoat and hat, standing in front of a railway carriage, possibly near Lake Burrinjuck, NSW.Note the steep, rocky terrain in the background and the railway line in the foreground appears to a 4'8 1/2" gauge commonly used in NSW. Lake Burrinjuck was created by the construction of the...

P02751.028

P02751.029

The paddle-steamer Jandra seen from the bank of the Darling River. Note the man climbing the bank, probably Walter Brown, and two men on the deck of the Jandra, possibly Ern Bentley and Herbert Brown. Photograph was probably taken above the Yanda Rocks south of Bourke, NSW. One of a series of...

P02751.029

P02751.030

A paddle-steamer moored and a barge beached on the bank of the Darling River seen form the paddle-steamer Jandra. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during two trips he made in 1908 and 1909 to regional NSW as a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald. The purpose of these trips...

P02751.030

P02751.031

A women standing in a drainage channel and acompanying levy that was probably made by a mechanical digger. Low level marsh lands can be seen in the left of the photograph.The drainage channel and levy were possibly made as part of a land reclaimation scheme. One of a series of photographs taken by...

P02751.031

P02751.033

The flat, desolate terrain of the Coopers Creek region. Note what appears to be a scattering of bones in the foreground. One of a series of photographs taken by C. E. W. Bean during a trip he made in 1914 to Coopers Creek, SA with the South Australian Parliamentary Committee. The purpose of this...

P02751.033

P02751.034

The Darling River seen from the paddle-steamer Jandra. One of a series of photogr